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1. WO2020113330 - NANORÉSEAUX POUR L'ÉLIMINATION DE CONTAMINANTS DE SOLUTIONS AQUEUSES, TROUSSES ASSOCIÉES ET LEURS PROCÉDÉS D'UTILISATION

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. A kit for sequestering non-water moieties from an aqueous solution, the kit comprising:

a) a surfactant aggregate having an average aggregate diameter; and

b) a polymer having an average particle diameter which average particle diameter is the same or smaller than the average aggregate diameter; and

c) a precipitation agent,

provided that when the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, N-dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside (DDM), sodium oleate, sodium cholate, sodium deoxycholate (DOC), beta-octyl glucoside (Beta-OG), lauryl dimethylamine n-oxide (LDAO), then the polymer is not selected from the group consisting of: SMA-2000™ SMA-2021™, and Di-isobutylene-co-maleic acid (DIBMA).

2. The kit of claim 1 wherein the precipitation agent is selected from the group consisting of: a cation generator, a cation, an acid, a divalent cation, a trivalent cation and mixtures thereof.

3. The kit of claim 1 wherein the precipitation agent is selected from the group consisting of: acetic acid, malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, fumaric acid, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and phosphoric acid.

4. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, sugar-derived surfactants, glycidyl-derived surfactants, fatty acid alcohol-derived surfactants, nonionic surfactants, saccharide polyethyleneoxide combination surfactants, saccharide ester surfactants, sulfonated sugar based surfactants, aldonamide based surfactants, amide sugar based surfactants, amino alcohol surfactants,

amino acid based surfactants, polyol surfactants, 1 ,2 glycol surfactants, and zwitterionic surfactants.

5. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the surfactant is a nonionic surfactant.

6. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the surfactant is an ionic surfactant.

7. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the surfactant is an anionic surfactant.

8. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein the surfactant has a neutral charge.

9. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein the surfactant is an uncharged surfactant.

10. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein the surfactant is soluble in water.

11. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 9 wherien the surfactant is insoluble in water.

12. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the polymer is a long polymer.

13. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 1 ,500 Da.

14. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 26,000 Da.

15. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 100,000 Da.

16. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 125,000 Da.

17. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 16 wherein the polymer is an amphipathic polymer.

18. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 17 wherein the polymer comprises an alkyl chain having at least 8 carbon atoms in length.

19. The kit of any one of claims 1 to 18 wherein the polymer is a block co polymer.

20. The kit of claim 19 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of

hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 4:1.

21. The kit of claim 20 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of

hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 3:1.

22. The kit of claim 20 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of

hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 2:1 to about 3:1.

23. The kit of claim 20 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of

hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 2:1.

24. The kit of claim 20 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of

hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 3:1.

25. The kit of claim 1 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: octylphenol ethoxylates, nonylphenol ethoxylates, PGL1 , PGL2. PGL3, PGL4, PGL5, Triton X-45™, Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, sodium oleate, LDAO, and mixtures thereof.

26. The kit of claim 1 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and sodium oleate.

27. The kit of claim 1 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and potassium oleate.

28. The kit of any one of claims 1 , and 25 to 27 wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of: SMA-725™, SMA-2000™, SMA-3000™, SMA-2021™, polymethacrylate, DIBMA, styrene carbamate block co-polymers, and styrene maleimide block co-polymers.

29. The kit of any one of claims 1 , and 25 to 27 wherein the polymer is SMA-725™.

30 The kit of any one of claims 1 to 29 wherein at least a portion of the polymer is hydrolyzed.

31. A nanonet comprising:

a) a surfactant aggregate having an average aggregate diameter; and

b) a polymer having an average particle diameter which average particle diameter is the same or smaller than the average aggregate diameter,

provided that when the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, N-dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside (DDM), sodium

oleate, sodium cholate, sodium deoxycholate (DOC), beta-octyl glucoside (Beta-OG), lauryl dimethylamine n-oxide (LDAO), then the polymer is not selected from the group consisting of: SMA-2000™ SMA-2021™, and Di-isobutylene-co-maleic acid (DIBMA).

32. The nanonet of claim 31 wherein the nanonet has a diameter larger than the average polymer particle diameter.

33. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, sugar-derived surfactants, glycidyl-derived surfactants, fatty acid alcohol-derived surfactants, nonionic surfactants, saccharide polyethyleneoxide combination surfactants, saccharide ester surfactants, sulfonated sugar based surfactants, aldonamide based surfactants, amide sugar based surfactants, amino alcohol surfactants, amino acid based surfactants, polyol surfactants, 1 ,2 Glycol surfactants, and zwitterionic surfactants.

34. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is a nonionic surfactant.

35. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is an ionic surfactant.

36. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is an anionic surfactant.

37. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 34 wherein the surfactant has a neutral charge.

38. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 34 wherein the surfactant is an uncharged surfactant.

39. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 38 wherein the surfactant is soluble in water.

40. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 38 wherein the surfactant is insoluble in water.

41. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 40 wherein the polymer is a long polymer.

42. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 40 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 1 ,500 Da.

43. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 40 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 26,000 Da.

44. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 40 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 100,000 Da.

45. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 40 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 125,000 Da.

46. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 45 wherein the polymer is an amphipathic polymer.

47. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 46 wherein the polymer comprises an alkyl chain having at least 8 carbon atoms in length.

48. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 47 wherein the polymer is a block co-polymer.

49. The nanonet of claim 48 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 4:1.

50. The nanonet of claim 48 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 3:1.

51. The nanonet of claim 48 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 2:1 to about 3:1.

52. The nanonet of claim 48 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 2:1.

53. The nanonet of claim 48 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 3:1.

54. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: octylphenol ethoxylates, nonylphenol ethoxylates, PGL1 , PGL2. PGL3, PGL4, PGL5, Triton X-45™, Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, sodium oleate, LDAO, and mixtures thereof.

55. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and sodium oleate.

56. The nanonet of claim 31 or 32 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and potassium oleate.

57. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 , 32, and 54 to 56 wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of: SMA-725™, SMA-2000™, SMA-3000™, SMA-2021™, polymethacrylate, DIBMA, styrene carbamate block co-polymers, and styrene maleimide block co-polymers.

58. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 , 32, and 54 to 56 wherein the polymer is SMA-725™.

59. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 58 wherein at least a portion of the polymer is hydrolyzed.

60. The nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 59 further comprising a

sequestered non-water moiety.

61. The nanonet of claim 60 wherein the sequestered non-water moiety is an iron moiety.

62. A method of sequestering a non-water moiety from an aqueous solution, the method comprising:

a) adding a surfactant aggregate having an average aggregate diameter to the aqueous solution comprising the non-water moiety; and

b) adding a polymer having an average particle diameter which average particle diameter is the same or smaller than the average aggregate diameter to the aqueous solution comprising the non-water moiety,

thereby forming a treated aqueous solution,

provided that when the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, N-dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside (DDM), sodium oleate, sodium cholate, sodium deoxycholate (DOC), beta-octyl glucoside (Beta-OG), lauryl dimethylamine n-oxide (LDAO), then the polymer is not selected from the group consisting of: SMA-2000™ SMA-2021™, and Di-isobutylene-co-maleic acid (DIBMA)

63. The method of claim 62 further comprising adding a precipitation agent to the treated aqueous solution.

64. The method of claim 62 or 63 further comprising mixing.

65. The method of any one of claims 62 to 64 further comprising removal of solid particles from the treated aqueous solution.

66. The method of claim 65 wherein the removal of solid particles comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of: filtration, centrifugation, gravity separation, flotation, skimming, and electromagnetic attraction.

67. The method of any one of claims 62 to 66 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, sugar-derived surfactants, glycidyl-derived surfactants, fatty acid alcohol-derived surfactants, nonionic surfactants, saccharide polyethyleneoxide combination surfactant, saccharide ester surfactants, sulfonated sugar based surfactants, aldonamide based surfactants, amide sugar based surfactants, amino alcohol surfactants, amino acid based surfactants, polyol surfactants, 1 ,2 glycol surfactants, and zwitterionic surfactants.

68. The method of any one of claims 62 to 66 wherein the surfactant is a nonionic surfactant.

69. The method of any one of claims 62 to 66 wherein the surfactant is a anionic surfactant.

70. The method of any one of claims 62 to 66 wherein the surfactant has a neutral charge.

71. The method of any one of claims 62 to 68 wherein the surfactant is an uncharged surfactant.

72. The method of any one of claims 62 to 71 wherein the surfactant is soluble in water.

73. The method of any one of claims 62 to 71 wherein the surfactant is insoluble in water.

74. The method of any one of claims 62 to 73 wherein the polymer is a long polymer.

75. The method of any one of claims 62 to 73 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 1 ,500 Da.

76. The method of any one of claims 62 to 73 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 26,000 Da.

77. The method of any one of claims 62 to 73 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 100,000 Da.

78. The method of any one of claims 62 to 73 wherein the polymer has a molecular weight of at least 125,000 Da.

79. The method of any one of claims 62 to 78 wherein the polymer is an amphipathic polymer.

80. The method of any one of claims 62 to 78 wherein the polymer comprises an alkyl chain having at least 8 carbon atoms.

81. The method of any one of claims 62 to 78 wherein the polymer is a block co-polymer.

82. The method of claim 81 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 4:1.

83. The method of claim 81 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 1 :1 to about 3:1.

84. The method of claim 81 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic: hydrophilic groups of from about 2:1 to about 3:1.

85. The method of claim 81 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 2:1.

86. The method of claim 81 wherein the polymer comprises a ratio of hydrophobic:hydrophilic groups of about 3:1.

87. The method of claim 62 wherein the surfactant is selected from the group consisting of: octylphenol ethoxylates, nonylphenol ethoxylates, PGL1 , PGL2. PGL3, PGL4, PGL5, Triton X-45™, Triton X-100™, Triton X-305™, sodium oleate, LDAO, and mixtures thereof.

88. The method of claim 62 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and sodium oleate.

89. The method of claim 62 wherein the surfactant is a mixture of PGL5 and potassium oleate.

90. The method of any one of claims 62, and 87 to 89 wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of: SMA-725™, SMA-2000™, SMA-3000™, SMA-2021™, polymethacrylate, DIBMA, styrene carbamate block co-polymers, and styrene maleimide block co-polymers.

91. The method of any one of claims 62, and 87 to 89 wherein the polymer is SMA-725™.

92. The method of any one of claims 62 to 91 wherein at least a portion of the polymer is hydrolyzed.

93. A method of sequestering a non-water moiety from an aqueous solution, the method comprising adding the nanonet of any one of claims 31 to 61 to the aqueous solution comprising a non-water moiety, thereby forming a treated aqueous solution.

94. The method of claim 93 further comprising adding a precipitation agent to the treated aqueous solution.

95. The method of claims 93 or 94 further comprising mixing.

96. The method of any one of claims 93 to 95 further comprising removal of solid particles from the treated aqueous solution.

97. The method of claim 96 wherein the removal of solid particles comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of: filtration, centrifugation, gravity separation, flotation, skimming, and electromagnetic attraction.