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1. WO2020112682 - APPAREIL ET PROCÉDÉ DE SURVEILLANCE DE PATIENT SUR LA BASE D'UNE MODULATION ULTRASONORE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device for noninvasive biological function monitoring, comprising:

an electromagnetic component to emit electromagnetic energy toward tissue of a patient to cause the electromagnetic energy to be absorbed by the tissue;

an ultrasound transmission component to transmit acoustic energy toward the tissue to cause a biological response from the tissue; and

an ultrasound sensing component to sense the biological response from the tissue to permit a status of the tissue to be determined,

wherein the biological response is sensed based on the electromagnetic energy absorbed by the tissue during the biological response.

2. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic energy includes light, and wherein the electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device further comprises:

a housing,

wherein the housing comprises a transparent material or a translucent material that enables light pulses to be emitted through the housing toward the tissue.

3. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic component comprises an optical component that includes:

an optical fiber bundle, and

a light source,

wherein the light source is to emit the electromagnetic energy as light pulses via the optical fiber bundle.

4. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic component comprises a thermal component that includes:

a microwave generator, and

a microwave emitter to emit the electromagnetic energy as thermal microwave energy.

5. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, wherein the ultrasound sensing component and the ultrasound transmission component are a piezoelectric element.

6. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 5, wherein the electromagnetic component includes a tubular electromagnetic element and the piezoelectric element is situated coaxially within the tubular electromagnetic element.

7. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 5, wherein the piezoelectric element comprises a tubular piezoelectric element and the electromagnetic component is coaxially situated within the tubular piezoelectric element.

8. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic component includes a tubular electromagnetic element and the ultrasound sensing component comprises a tubular piezoelectric element, and

wherein the ultrasound transmission component is situated coaxially within the tubular electromagnetic element and the tubular electromagnetic element is situated coaxially within the tubular piezoelectric element.

9. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic component includes a tubular electromagnetic element and the ultrasound transmission component comprises a tubular piezoelectric element, and

wherein the ultrasound sensing component is situated coaxially within the tubular electromagnetic element, and the tubular electromagnetic element is situated coaxially within the tubular piezoelectric element.

10. The electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device of claim 1, further comprising:

an electroencephalography (EEG) component configured to record electrical activity associated with the biological response,

wherein the electrical activity provides electrical activity data associated with the biological response and indicates a timing associated with biological response.

11. A system for biological function monitoring comprising:

an electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device comprising:

an electromagnetic component,

an ultrasound transmission component, and

an ultrasound sensing component; and

a control device, wherein the control device includes one or more processors to:

control the electromagnetic component to emit electromagnetic energy toward tissue of a patient;

control the ultrasound transmission component to transmit acoustic energy toward the tissue to incite a biological response from the tissue;

receive, from the ultrasound sensing component, imaging data associated with the biological response,

wherein the imaging data is representative of the electromagnetic energy being absorbed by the tissue during the biological response; and

perform an action associated with the biological response.

12. The system of claim 11, wherein at least one of:

the electromagnetic component comprises an optical component and the electromagnetic energy comprises light, or

the electromagnetic component comprises a microwave emitter and the electromagnetic energy comprises thermal microwave energy.

13. The system of claim 11, wherein the one or more processors, when performing the action, are to:

generate an image of the biological response based on the imaging data; and

cause the image to be displayed via a user interface that is communicatively coupled with the control device.

14. The system of claim 11, wherein the one or more processors are further to:

identify the biological response based on the imaging data;

measure a parameter associated with the tissue based on the biological response; and determine that the parameter satisfies a threshold,

wherein the one or more processors, when performing the action, are to:

cause a user interface to issue an alert based on the parameter satisfying the threshold.

15. The system of claim 11, wherein the electromagnetic-evoked acoustic device further comprises an electroencephalography component to detect electrical activity associated with the biological response, and

wherein the one or more processors, are further to:

determine timing associated with the biological response based on the electrical activity; and

cause the ultrasound sensing component to provide the imaging data based on the timing.

16. A method comprising:

causing, by a control device, an electromagnetic component of a monitoring device to emit electromagnetic energy toward tissue of a patient to cause the electromagnetic energy to be absorbed by the tissue;

causing, by the control device, an ultrasound transmission component of the monitoring device to transmit acoustic energy toward the tissue to cause a biological response from the tissue; and

obtaining, by the control device and from an ultrasound sensing component of the monitoring device, imaging data associated with the biological response,

wherein the imaging data is generated from the electromagnetic energy being absorbed by the tissue; and

performing, by the control device, an action associated with the imaging data.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein at least one of:

the electromagnetic component comprises an optical component and the electromagnetic energy comprises light, or

the electromagnetic component comprises a microwave emitter and the electromagnetic energy comprises thermal microwave energy.

18. The method of claim 16, wherein causing the electromagnetic component to emit the electromagnetic energy comprises:

causing the electromagnetic component to emit light or thermal microwave energy with a threshold frequency to enable detection of the biological response in an image generated from the imaging data.

19. The method of claim 16, wherein causing the ultrasound transmission component to transmit the acoustic energy comprises:

causing the ultrasound transmission component to transmit the acoustic energy at a neuromodulation frequency to cause a neural response.

20. The method of claim 16, further comprising:

causing the ultrasound sensing component to generate the imaging data associated with the biological response.