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1. WO2020112043 - GÉNÉRATEUR DE PUISSANCE COMPRENANT UN NOMBRE VARIABLE DE CYLINDRES À PUISSANCE ET VITESSE DE ROTATION AJUSTABLES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

POWER GENERATOR WITH VARIABLE NUMBER OF CYLINDERS WITH ADJUSTABLE ROTATION POWER AND RATE

TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention is related to a power and energy generator that can meet the relevant needs with power and energy generation with the help of a hydromotor, can increase the small amount of energy it receives depending on the number and size of its elements, can be manufactured and assembled as desired based on it intended place of use and state.

PRIOR ART

Today, the energy need, which is one of the biggest needs of the world, is increasing day by day. Various studies are conducted on alternative solutions to the depleting petroleum, natural gas, solid fuel and similar fossil fuels with increasing population. In addition to the rapid depletion of fossil fuels, their environmental damages and consequent damages to human health are also their negative aspects.

Solar power systems promoted as an alternative to fossil fuels can be quite efficient. But these systems has certain drawbacks such as high costs of installation, having a structure that occupies a lot of space and the need to store the electrical energy so that the electric energy obtained from the solar energy can be used after the sunset, and consequent need for additional equipment.

Wind power plant which is another alternative power generation source cannot be widely used in all areas due to high installation and energy transmission costs. In addition, there may be drawbacks in the energy production efficiency in the windless periods.

Another alternative source of energy generation is hydroelectric power plants. Although hydroelectric power plants are clean and efficient energy generation sources, they are advantageous in the short term but they constitute a problematic investment in the long term due to the environmental damages they create.

It is intended to develop the power generation system mentioned in the patent application with the file number 2018/03220 for the solution of the above-mentioned problems.

As a result, the need for eliminating the drawbacks of power and power generation systems, which are present in the current art and which are currently in use, necessitated an improvement in the relevant technical field.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a power and energy generator to eliminate the aforementioned drawbacks and provide new advantages to the relevant technical field.

The object of the invention is to provide the power from the power supply to be increased exponentially.

Another object of the invention is to provide the conversion of low rotational force to high rotational power exponentially increasing the power received from the power supply.

Another object of the invention is to enable doing more work with less energy thanks to the conversion of low rotational force to high rotational power.

Another object of the invention is to minimize the amount of energy consumed and thus, provide energy conservation by doing more work with less energy.

A further object of the invention is to provide for the elimination or reduction of a plurality of devices in especially mobile vehicles and belonging to systems utilizing fossil fuels.

A further object of the invention is to provide a long-lasting and low-maintenance construction with the elimination or reduction of a plurality of devices in especially mobile vehicles and belonging to systems utilizing fossil fuels.

A further object of the invention is to provide a construction that can be manufactured and assembled based on the intended place of use and state thanks to the reduction of the number of parts and equipment and its modular structure.

A further object of the invention is to provide the hydromotor within the generator of the invention with the ability to make sudden reversions at high power and speed.

The structural and characteristic features and all advantages of the invention will become apparent from the detailed description of the figures provided below and by reference to these figures, and therefore the evaluation should be made taking these figures and the detailed description into consideration.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

Embodiments of the present invention briefly summarized above and discussed in more detail below can be understood by reference to the exemplary embodiments described in the accompanying drawings. It should be noted, however, that the accompanying drawings only illustrate the typical structures of the present invention and therefore, they will are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, since it may allow other equally effective structures.

Identical reference numbers are used where possible to identify identical elements common in the figures to facilitate understanding. The figures are not drawn with a scale and can be simplified for clarity. It is contemplated that the elements and features of an embodiment may be usefully incorporated into other embodiments without further explanation.

Figure-1 : Operation and element diagram of the power generator of the invention Figure-2: Another alternative operation and element diagram where the power generator of the present invention operates in a reversible manner.

Figure-3: Another alternative operation and element diagram where the power generator of the present invention operates in a sequential manner.

Figure-4: Another alternative operation and element diagram where the power generator of the present invention operates with the crankshaft

Figure-5: A further alternative operation and element diagram where the power generator of the present invention operates

REFERENCE NUMBERS

10. Power supply

20. Reducer

30. Gear

40. Disc

50. Annular Gear

60. Ball screw

70. Upper sensor

80. Lower sensor

90. Hydraulic cylinder shaft

100. Hydraulic cylinder

110. Connection point

120. Centering apparatus

130. Hydraulic reservoir

140. Hydromotor

150. Valve

160. Check valve

170. Output shaft

180. Crankshaft

190. Piston shaft

200. Piston

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In this detailed description, preferred alternatives of the power generation embodiment of the invention are described only for a better understanding of the subject and without any limiting effect.

The power generator of the invention comprises at least one disk (40), at least one power supply (10) acting on the disk (40), at least one hydraulic cylinder (100) creating pressure on the fluid the by movement from the disk 40, and at least one hydromotor (140) operating thanks to the pressurized fluid coming from the hydraulic cylinder (100).

As shown in Figure-1 , at least one reducer (20) is provided between the disk 40 in the power generator of the invention and the power supply (10) acting on the disc 40, so as to increase the rotation power obtained from the power supply (10) and transfer it to the disc 40. At least one gear (30) is used to provide motion transfer between the reducer (20) and the disc 40.

The disk 40, which receives the rotational force increased by the reducer (20) from the power supply (10) with the help of the gear (30) and the reducer (20), increases this rotational force again depending on its diameter and transmits this increased power to the ball screw (60) with the help of the annular gear (50) connected to the center of the disk (40).

By means of the connection point (1 10) and the centering apparatus (120), the ball screw (60) and the hydraulic cylinder shaft (90) of the hydraulic cylinder (100) are connected to each other. The increased power delivered by the annular gear (50) to the ball screw (60) is transferred to the hydraulic cylinder (100) as a high pressure force by means of the hydraulic cylinder shaft (90). Depending on the size of the force applied, the pressurized fluid reaches the hydromotor (140) through the hydraulic cylinder (100), providing the rotation of the hydromotor (140) and the output shaft (170) connected to the hydromotor (140).

As the hydraulic cylinder shaft (90) enters into the hydraulic cylinder (100), the upper valve (150) of the valves (150) shown in Figure-1 is turned to open position and the lower valve (150) to closed position. The open valve (150) stores fluid for the next position while hydraulic cylinder shaft (90) enters inside. The closed valve (150) prevents the return of the pressurized fluid to the hydraulic reservoir (130) as a result of the force applied and enables the fluid to be completely sent to the hydromotor (140). The check valves (160) allow one-way passage, thus forcing the pressurized fluid to move in the direction of the hydromotor (140).

The pressurized fluid, which rotates the hydromotor (140) and thereby the output shaft (170), leaves the hydromotor (140) and returns to the hydraulic reservoir (130). Thus, sustainability is ensured in the power generator of the invention.

The upper and lower sensors (70), (80) of the power generator of the invention as shown in Figure-1 detect the maximum forward and backward movements of the hydraulic cylinder shaft (90) and control the open or closed positions of the valves (150) and adjust the direction of rotation of the power supply (10).

It is possible to change the power of the generator by changing the speed and power of the power supply (10) which provides the first movement to the power generator of the invention, or by using multiple power supplies (10) and reducers (20). It is also possible to change the diameter of the disc (40) and width and length of the hydraulic cylinder (100) to allow for a change in the rotation power and speed of the hydromotor (140).

In an alternative embodiment of the invention where the power generator of the present invention operates in a reversible manner; as shown in Figure-2, four additional valves (150) are positioned in front of the hydromotor (140). The open/closed positions of these valves (150) are changed so that the fluid whose direction is changed is applied to the hydromotor (140) and thus giving the hydromotor (140) the ability to change directions under load, high power and speed.

In another alternative embodiment, the power generator operating in a sequental manner is discussed.

As shown in Figure-3, a plurality of discs (40) and hydraulic cylinders (100) are used in this structure. Such embodiment allows a wide variety of forces to be applied to the discs (40) and hydraulic cylinders (100) at different powers and speeds. All of the power supplies (10) in this embodiment can be operated at the first time and once the starting torque has been provided, optionally, all power supplies (10) can continue to operated or some of the power supplies (10), along with some of the discs (40) and the hydraulic cylinders (100) may be deactivated. This saves energy. In the sequential power generator the synchronization of various forces to be applied to the discs (40) and the hydraulic cylinders (100) at different powers and speeds may be performed with a programmed PLC (programmable logic controller).

In another alternative embodiment, the power generator operating with the aid of the crankshaft (180) is mentioned. As shown in Figure-4 and Figure-5, in this alternative embodiment, a crankshaft (180) is used instead of the annular gear (50) and the ball screw (60). The disc (40) rotating with the movement from the power supply (10) rotates the crankshaft (180) positioned on its axis and thereby pressurizes the fluid inside the piston (200) by the forward and backward movement of the piston shafts (190). The pressurized fluid is delivered to the hydromotor (140) so that the hydromotor

(140) is rotated. In said alternative embodiment, it is possible to provide pressurized fluid to a plurality of pistons (200) using a single disc (40). The upper and lower sensors (70), (80) positioned in the power generator operating with the aid of the crankshaft (180) detect the maximum forward and backward movements of the piston shafts (190) and control the open or closed states of the valves (150).