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1. (WO2015175766) PROCÉDÉS ET SYSTÈMES DE RÉALISATION DE PROSPECTIONS SISMIQUES MARINES DE RECONNAISSANCE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method of acquiring a marine seismic survey, comprising:

towing a plurality of streamers behind an acquisition vessel, the plurality of streamers defining a swath; and

towing an independent source by an independent source vessel above one or more of the plurality of towed streamers.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the independent source is a first independent source and the independent source vessel is a first independent source vessel, the method further comprising:

towing one or more additional independent sources by one or more respective additional independent source vessels above the one or more of the plurality of towed streamers.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the first independent source vessel and the one or more respective additional independent source vessels move between a left side of a source navigation region and a right side of the source navigation region over the one or more towed streamers.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the first independent source vessel and the one or more respective additional independent source vessels undulate between the left side and the right side of the source navigation region over the one or more towed streamers.

5. The method of claim 3, wherein the first independent source vessel moves in a pseudorandom pattern over the one or more towed streamers.

6. The method of claim 3, wherein the one or more additional independent source vessels include a second independent source vessel and a third independent source vessel towing respective second and third independent sources, and the first independent source vessel undulates closer to the left side of the source navigation region than the second and third independent source vessels, and the third independent source vessel undulates closer to the right side of the source navigation region than the first and second independent source vessels.

7. The method of claim 2, wherein, upon the first independent source vessel being at least temporarily taken out of service, the one or more additional independent source vessels continue to operate.

8. The method of claim 7, further comprising adjusting sail paths for the one or more additional independent source vessels upon the first independent source vessel being taken out of service.

9. The method of claim 2, wherein at least one of the one or more additional sources are towed at a different depth than the first independent source.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein a plurality of receivers associated with each of the plurality of streamers are towed at variable depths so as to define respective slanted streamers.

11. The method of claim 1 , wherein the acquisition vessel does not tow a source.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the independent source vessel moves between a left side of a source navigation region and a right side of the source navigation region as the independent source vessel advances in a same general direction as the acquisition vessel.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region are approximately aligned with respective left and right sides of the swath defined by the plurality of towed streamers.

14. The method of claim 12, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region extend beyond respective left and right sides of the swath defined by the plurality of towed streamers.

15. The method of claim 12, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region are approximately aligned with a sub-swath defined by a subset of the plurality of towed streamers.

16. The method of claim 12, wherein the movement of the independent source vessel substantially follows an undulating sinusoidal pattern.

17. The method of claim 1, further comprising interpolating data acquired using the plurality of streamers to regularize a seismic image.

18. A non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer-executable code for wireless communication, the code executable by a processor to:

facilitate towing of a plurality of streamers behind an acquisition vessel, the plurality of streamers defining a swath; and

facilitate towing of an independent source by an independent source vessel above one or more of the plurality of towed streamers.

19. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 18, wherein the independent source is a first independent source and the independent source vessel is a first independent source vessel, the code further executable by the processor to:

facilitate towing of one or more additional independent sources by one or more respective additional independent source vessels above the one or more of the plurality of towed streamers.

20. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 19, the code further executable by the processor to:

facilitate movement of the first independent source vessel and the one or more respective additional independent source vessels between a left side of a source navigation region and a right side of the source navigation region over the one or more towed streamers.

21. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 20, the code further executable by the processor to:

facilitate the first independent source vessel and the one or more respective additional independent source vessels to undulate between the left side and the right side of the source navigation region over the one or more towed streamers.

22. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 20, the code further executable by the processor to:

facilitate movement of the first independent source vessel in a pseudorandom pattern over the one or more towed streamers.

23. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 20, wherein the one or more additional independent source vessels include a second independent source vessel and a third independent source vessel towing respective second and third independent sources, the code further executable by the processor to:

facilitate the first independent source vessel to undulate closer to the left side of the source navigation region than the second and third independent source vessels, and to facilitate the third independent source vessel to undulate closer to the right side of the source navigation region than the first and second independent source vessels.

24. The non-transitory computer-readable medium of claim 18, the code further executable by the processor to:

interpolate data acquired using the plurality of streamers to regularize a seismic image.

25. A method of acquiring a marine seismic survey, comprising:

towing a plurality of streamers behind an acquisition vessel, the plurality of streamers defining a swath;

towing an independent source by an independent source vessel above one or more of the plurality of towed streamers such that the independent source is towed between a left side of a source navigation region and a right side of the source navigation region as the independent source vessel advances in a same general direction as the acquisition vessel.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region are approximately aligned with respective left and right sides of the swath defined by the plurality of towed streamers.

27. The method of claim 25, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region extend beyond respective left and right sides of the swath defined by the plurality of towed streamers.

28. The method of claim 25, wherein the left and right sides of the source navigation region are approximately aligned with a sub-swath defined by a subset of the plurality of towed streamers.

29. The method of claim 25, wherein the movement of the independent source vessel substantially follows an undulating sinusoidal pattern.

30. The method of claim 25, further comprising:

interpolating data acquired using the plurality of streamers to regularize a seismic image.