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1. (WO2008060768) SOLS D'OXYDE MÉTALLIQUE ENROBÉS DE SILICE PRÉSENTANT UN RAPPORT OXYDE MÉTALLIQUE-SILICE VARIABLE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

The claimed invention is:

1. A metal-rich siliceous composition comprising a metal oxide dispersion including one or more metal oxides, a siliceous material including one or more colloidal silica particles, wherein at least a portion of the metal oxide dispersion is coated with the siliceous material.

2. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the metal oxide dispersion is coated with one or more colloidal silica particles.

3. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the metal oxide dispersion is fully coated with at least one layer of the siliceous material.

4. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide dispersion includes a plurality of different metal oxides.

5. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide dispersion is from about 0.01 weight percent to about 99.99 weight percent based on silica.

6. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the siliceous material includes silicic acid monomers having a molecular formula of [SiOχ(OH)4-2χ]N, wherein X is from 0 to about 4 and N is from 1 to about 16.

7. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 7, including one or more colloidal silica nanoparticles being made up of the silicic acid monomers and having a diameter from about 2 nanometers to about 1000 nanometers.

8. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the siliceous material has an inner volume and at least a portion of the metal oxide dispersion resides completely within the inner volume.

9. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide dispersion includes a metal selected from the group consisting of: an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a first row transition metal, a second row transition metal, a lanthanide, and combinations thereof.

10. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide has the formula MN+OA(OH)B; wherein M includes an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a first row transition metal, a second row transition metal, or a lanthanide; "N" is from 1 to about 4; "A" is from 1 to about 3; and "B" is from 0 to about 3.

11. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide dispersion includes aluminum oxide, aluminum oxide hydroxide, or boehmite crystals.

12. The metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1, wherein the metal oxide dispersion includes fumed zirconia.

13. A material for use in an industrial application comprising the metal-rich siliceous composition of Claim 1.

14. The material of Claim 15, wherein the industrial application is selected from the group consisting of: dental applications, protein separation processes, molecular sieves, nanoporous membranes, wave guides, photonic crystals, refractory applications, clarification of wines and juices, chemical mechanical planarization of semiconductor and disk drive components, catalyst supports, retention and drainage aids in papermaking, fillers, surface coatings, ceramic materials, investment casting binders, flattening agents, proppants, cosmetic formulations, and polishing abrasives.

15. A method of controlling a metal oxide to silica ratio within a composition including a metal-rich siliceous material, said method comprising:
(a) preparing a silicic acid, a metal oxide dispersion, and a basic heel solution;
(b) mixing a known proportion of the silicic acid and the metal oxide dispersion to form a blend;
(c) combining the blend with the basic heel solution to form one or more colloidal silica-coated metal oxide particles having an adjustable silica to metal ratio, said ratio dependent upon the known proportion; and
(d) optionally further processing the composition including the colloidal silica-coated metal oxide particles.

16. The method of Claim 17, including deionizing a sodium silicate with an ion exchange resin to produce the silicic acid.

17. The method Claim 17, wherein the basic heel solution includes a base selected from the group consisting of: sodium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, primary amines, secondary amines, tertiary amines, quaternary amines, quaternary compounds, and combinations thereof.

18. The method of Claim 17, including combining the blend with the basic heel solution at a controlled rate to form the colloidal silica-coated metal oxide particles.

19. The method of Claim 1, wherein further processing the composition includes one or more process selected from the group consisting of: ultra-filtration, deionization, heating, and surface functionalization.

20. The method of Claim 17, including forming one or more colloidal silica-coated metal oxide particles having a metal oxide content from about 0.01 weight percent to about 99.99 weight percent based on silica.