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1. (WO2008054397) SYSTÈME DE FIXATION À FAIBLE CHARGE DE MATRIÇAGE, ET PROCÉDÉ
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique
CLAIMS

1. A low swage load fastening system for a swage-type fastener structured to secure a plurality of workpieces together, said swage-type fastener including a pin member having an elongated pin shank adapted to be located in aligned openings in the workpieces, said pin member terminating at one end in an enlarged head adapted to engage a surface on one side of the workpieces and at its opposite end in a grooved portion adapted to extend past an opposite surface on the opposite side of the workpieces, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said low swage load fastening system comprising:
an installation tool including an anvil member with a swage cavity; and
an as-headed collar including a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin member in response to a relative axial force or swage load applied between said pin member and said as-headed collar by said installation tool, thereby providing a desired magnitude of clamp load on the workpieces which are fastened together to define a fastened joint, said swage cavity of said installation tool being structured to engage said collar shank and to swage it radially inward, said as-headed collar when swaged, having collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders, said pin member and said as-headed collar being of different materials having ultimate shear stresses of different magnitudes in order that yielding of said pin member is substantially avoided upon swaging said collar to said pin member, and the collet having a protrusion from said collet thereby extending the length of the pull section in a direction towards the collar thereby to increase the contact area with said anvil;

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LA 126656682V1 093630.010100 wherein said as-headed collar does not require thermal processing, and the generally straight collar shank of said as-headed collar has a wall thickness which is relatively thin thereby reducing the swage load required to said as-headed collar.

2. The low swage load fastening system of claim I wherein the relatively thin wall thickness of the generally straight shank of said as-headed collar is structured to resist overpacking of said lock grooves of said pin, thereby further reducing the swage load required to swage said as-headed collar.

3. The low swage load fastening system of claim 1 wherein said collar exhibits physical properties, sufficient to qualify for a fastener Grade selected from the group consisting of Grade 5 and Grade 8.

4. The low swage load fastening system of claim 3 wherein the hardness of said as-headed collar is between about 85 Rb to 95 Rb.

5. The low swage load fastening system of claim 1 wherein said as-headed collar is made from unannealed or annealed low carbon steel.

6. The low savage load fastening system of claim 1 including an enlarged flange at one end of said collar shank portion, said enlarged flange structured to engage a confronting surface on the adjacent one of said workpieces.

7. The low swage load fastening system of claim 1 including an assembly tab adapted to engage said lock grooves of said pin in order to hold said fastener in an assembled position with an optional, predetermined preload, before said as-headed collar is swaged.

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8. The low swage load fastening system of claim 1 wherein said as-headed collar has an outer diameter and an inner diameter; and wherein the ratio of the outer diameter to the inner diameter of the collar is between about 1.47 to 1.55.

9. A low swage load fastening system for securing a plurality of workpieces together using a swage-type fastener, said low swage load fastening system comprising:
a pin member having an elongated pin shank adapted to be located in aligned openings in the workpieces and terminating at a first end in an enlarged head which engages a surface on one side of the workpieces and at a second end in a grooved portion which extends past an opposite surface on the opposite side of the workpieces, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said locking portion of said pin having an outer diameter:
a substantially straight pull portion extending from the second end of said pin, and including a plurality of pull grooves, said pull portion having an outer diameter which is smaller than the outer diameter of said locking portion of said pin;
an installation tool including an anvil member with a swage cavity, and a collet having a pull section with a plurality of teeth structured to complimentarily engage the pull grooves of said pull portion, and the collet having a protrusion from said collet thereby extending the length of the pull section in a direction towards the collar thereby to increase the contact area with said anvil; and
a collar including a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin member in response to a relative axial

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 pulling force applied to said pull portion of said pin member by said pull section of said installation tool thereby providing a desired magnitude of clamp load on the workpieces, which are fastened together to define a fastened joint by said swage cavity of said installation tool which is structured to apply a swage load by engaging said collar shank and swaging it radially inward, said collar when swaged, having collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders, said pin member and said collar being of different materials having ultimate shear stresses of different magnitudes in order that yielding of said pin member is substantially avoided upon swaging said collar thereto.

10. The low swage load fastening system of claim 9 wherein said pull portion of said pin has a length; wherein, the length of said pull portion is substantially less than the length of said locking portion of said pin in order that the protrusion length of said pull portion from the second end of said pin is relatively short; and wherein said pull portion is structured to remain on the second end of said pin after the installation of said fastener.

11. The low swage load fastening system of claim 9 wherein all of the pull grooves of said pull portion of said pin have substantially the same diameter; and wherein all of the teeth of said pull section of said installation tool are structured to fully engage the pull grooves of said pull portion in order to resist stripping and galling of said pull grooves.

12. The low swage load fastening system of claim 11 wherein said pull section of said installation tool has an engagement end; wherein the first tooth of said teeth of said pull section which is adjacent said engagement end has a first inner diameter, wherein the remainder of the teeth of said pull section have a second inner diameter; and wherein the first inner diameter of said first tooth is greater than the second diameter.

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13. The low swage load fastening system of claim 9 wherein the collet of said installation tool has a cross-sectional thickness; and wherein the difference between the outer diameter of the lock portion of the pin and the smaller outer diameter of the pull portion of said pin provides for a corresponding increase in said cross-sectional thickness of said collet, thereby extending the fatigue life of said installation tool.

14. The low swage load fastening system of claim 9 wherein said collet is a single split gripper collet; wherein the pull portion of said split gripper collet is adapted to expand to receive said pull portion of said pin and constrict in order that said teeth of said pull portion complimentarily engage said pull grooves of said pull portion without requiring the collet to be spun onto the pull portion, and without requiring any use of a separate ejector, a separate pair of opposing jaws, and a separate follower and spring.

15. The low swage load fastening system of claim 9 wherein the swage cavity of said anvil member of said installation tool has a radiused entrance section structured to receive said collar, a swage land adjacent said entrance section and having a first diameter, and an inner bore having a second diameter, said swage land being structured to provide said radially inward swage load on said collar; wherein said swage land is relatively narrow in order to reduce the swage load required to swage said collar; and wherein the second inner diameter of said inner bore is greater than said first inner diameter of said swage land in order to relieve some of said radially inward swage load and thereby further reduce said load.

16. A low swage load fastening system for securing a plurality of workpieces together using a swage-type fastener, said low swage load fastening system comprising:

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 a pin member having an elongated pin shank adapted to be located in aligned openings in the workpieces and terminating at a first end in an enlarged head which engages a surface on one side of the workpieces and at a second end in a grooved portion which extends past an opposite surface on the opposite side of the workpieces, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said locking portion of said pin having a outer diameter;
an installation tool including an anvil member with a swage cavity;
a collar including a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin member in response to a relative axial force or swage load applied between said pin member and said collar by said installation tool, thereby providing a desired magnitude of clamp load on the workpieces which are fastened together to define a fastened joint, said swage cavity of said installation tool being structured to engage said collar shank and to swage it radially inward, said collar when swaged, having collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders, said pin member and said collar being of different materials having ultimate shear stresses of different magnitudes in order that yielding of said pin member is substantially avoided upon swaging said collar thereto; and
a collet having a protrusion from said collet thereby extending the length of the pull section in a direction towards the collar thereby to increase the contact area with said anvil;
wherein said lock grooves of said pin comprise a thread form defined by a number of radii for each of said pin grooves, said pin shoulders, and said pin crests of said lock grooves, said radii being blended in order to have a substantially smooth transition between said radii and thereby promote the complimentary interlocking engagement of said collar grooves with said lock

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 grooves when said collar is swaged, and to reduce the swage load required to swage said collar.

17. The low swage load fastening system of claim 16 wherein said crests of each pin groove include a first crest and a second crest; wherein the distance between said first and second crests defines the pitch of said lock grooves; wherein said radii includes first, second, third and fourth radii; and wherein said second radius and said third radius define the bottom portion of said pin groove, said first, second, third, and fourth radii being blended to provide said substantially smooth transition therebetween.

18. The low swage load fastener of claim 17 wherein the thread form defined by said blended radii is selected from the group consisting of an annular thread form, and a helical thread form, and a wave thread form.

19. The low swage load fastener of claim 16 wherein the ratio of the shear strength between said pin and said collar is between about 1.5 to 2.1.

20. The low swage load fastener of claim 16 wherein each of said lock grooves has a pitch length and a depth; and wherein the ratio of the pitch length to the depth is between about 2.5 to 4.

21. A method of installing a swage-type fastener using a low swage load fastening system, said swage-type fastener including a pin member having an elongated pin shank, said pin member terminating at a first end in an enlarged head and at a second end in a grooved portion, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said method comprising:

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M 126656682V1 093680.010100 inserting said elongated pin shank of said pin through aligned openings in a plurality of workpieces;
applying a collar to said pin said collar having a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin in order that, when swaged, said collar has collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders;
engaging a pull portion of said pin with an installation tool, said pull portion comprising a substantially straight pull portion extending from the second end of the pin, said pull portion including a plurality of pull grooves and having an outer diameter which is smaller than the outer diameter of said locking portion of said pin, said installation tool comprising an anvil member with a swage cavity, and a collet having a pull section with a plurality of teeth structured to complimentarily the pull groves of said pull portion, and having a protrusion from said collet thereby extending the length of the pull section in a direction towards the collar thereby to increase the contact area with said anvil;
actuating said installation tool thereby closing said pull section of said collet in order that said teeth complimentarily engage the pull grooves of said pull portion and drawing said collet into said anvil and, said collet pulling said pin and said collar into said anvil in order to swage said collar into said lock grooves; and
deactivating said installation tool in order to withdraw said collet, releasing said pull portion and ejecting said collar when said fastener has been installed and said workpieces are clamped together.

22. The method of claim 21 further comprising employing as said collar an as-headed collar which does not require thermal processing

23. The method of claim 21 further comprising employing as said lock groove of said pin, a lock groove defined by a number of radii for each of said lock

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 grooves, said radii being blended in order to have a substantially smooth transition between said radii and thereby promoting complimentary interlocking engagement of said collar grooves with said lock grooves when said collar is swaged.

24. The system of claim 1 further comprising having the protrusion form a flat circular face ahead of and adjacent to the leading thread of the collet, and then a circular forwardly angled face ahead of the flat face, and a second flat face, and an angular flat face back tow a line of intersection with the outer diameter of the collet.

25. The system of claim 9 further comprising having the protrusion form a flat circular face ahead of and adjacent to the leading thread of the collet, and then a circular forwardly angled face ahead of the flat face, and a second flat face, and an angular flat face back tow a line of intersection with the outer diameter of the collet.

26. The system of claim 16 further comprising having the protrusion form a flat circular face ahead of and adjacent to the leading thread of the collet, and then a circular forwardly angled face ahead of the flat face, and a second flat face, and an angular flat face back tow a line of intersection with the outer diameter of the collet.

27. The method of claim 21 further comprising having the protrusion form a flat circular face ahead of and adjacent to the leading thread of the collet, and then a circular forwardly angled face ahead of the flat face, and a second flat face, and an angular flat face back tow a line of intersection with the outer diameter of the collet.

28. A low swage load fastening system for a swage-type fastener structured to secure a plurality of workpieces together, said swage-type fastener

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 including a pin member having an elongated pin shank adapted to be located in aligned openings in the workpieces, said pin member terminating at one end in an enlarged head adapted to engage a surface on one side of the workpieces and at its opposite end in a grooved portion adapted to extend past an opposite surface on the opposite side of the workpieces, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said low swage load fastening system comprising:
an installation tool including an anvil member with a swage cavity; and
an as-headed collar including a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin member in response to a relative axial force or swage load applied between said pin member and said as-headed collar by said installation tool, thereby providing a desired magnitude of clamp load on the workpieces which are fastened together to define a fastened joint, said swage cavity of said installation tool being structured to engage said collar shank and to swage it radially inward, said as-headed collar when swaged, having collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders, said pin member and said as-headed collar being of different materials having ultimate shear stresses of different magnitudes in order that yielding of said pin member is substantially avoided upon swaging said collar to said pin member, and wherein the end of the pull is not rolled down to a diameter position in line with the base of the groove thereby to increase the shear strength of the end pull crest of the pull;
wherein said as-headed collar does not require thermal processing, and the generally straight collar shank of said as-headed collar has a wall thickness which is relatively thin thereby reducing the swage load required to said as-headed collar.

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M 12β656682v1 093680.010100

29. A low swage load fastening system for a swage-type fastener structured to secure a plurality of workpieces together, said swage-type fastener including a pin member having an elongated pin shank adapted to be located in aligned openings in the workpieces, said pin member terminating at one end in an enlarged head adapted to engage a surface on one side of the workpieces and at its opposite end in a grooved portion adapted to extend past an opposite surface on the opposite side of the workpieces, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said low swage load fastening system comprising:
an installation tool including an anvil member with a swage cavity; and
an as-headed collar including a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin member in response to a relative axial force or swage load applied between said pin member and said as-headed collar by said installation tool, thereby providing a desired magnitude of clamp load on the workpieces which are fastened together to define a fastened joint, said swage cavity of said installation tool being structured to engage said collar shank and to swage it radially inward, said as-headed collar when swaged, having collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders, said pin member and said as-headed collar being of different materials having ultimate shear stresses of different magnitudes in order that yielding of said pin member is substantially avoided upon swaging said collar to said pin member, and having the last pull crest of the pull have a contour to conform with an enlarged puller radius of the last tooth of the collet;
wherein said as-headed collar does not require thermal processing, and the generally straight collar shank of said as-headed collar has a wall

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 thickness which is relatively thin thereby reducing the swage load required to said as-headed collar.

30. A method of installing a swage-type fastener using a low swage load fastening system, said swage-type fastener including a pin member having an elongated pin shank, said pin member terminating at a first end in an enlarged head and at a second end in a grooved portion, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said method comprising:
inserting said elongated pin shank of said pin through aligned openings in a plurality of workpieces;
applying a collar to said pin said collar having a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin in order that, when swaged, said collar has collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders'
engaging a pull portion of said pin with an installation tool, said pull portion comprising a substantially straight pull portion extending from the second end of the pin, said pull portion including a plurality of pull grooves and having an outer diameter which is smaller than the outer diameter of said locking portion of said pin, said installation tool comprising an anvil member with a swage cavity, and a collet having a pull section with a plurality of teeth structured to complimentarily the pull groves of said pull portion, and wherein the end of the pull is not rolled down to a diameter position in line with the base of the groove thereby to increase the shear strength of the end pull crest of the pull;
actuating said installation tool thereby closing said pull section of said collet in order that said teeth complimentarily engage the pull grooves of said pull portion and drawing said collet into said anvil and, said collet pulling said pin

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LA 126656682V1 093680.010100 and said collar into said anvil in order to swage said collar into said lock grooves; and
deactivating said installation tool in order to withdraw said collet, releasing said pull portion and ejecting said collar when said fastener has been installed and said workpieces are clamped together.

31. A method of installing a swage-type fastener using a low swage load fastening system, said swage-type fastener including a pin member having an elongated pin shank, said pin member terminating at a first end in an enlarged head and at a second end in a grooved portion, said grooved portion comprising a locking portion having a plurality of lock grooves defined by circumferentially extending pin grooves and associated pin shoulders terminating in pin crests, said method comprising:
inserting said elongated pin shank of said pin through aligned openings in a plurality of workpieces;
applying a collar to said pin said collar having a generally straight collar shank adapted to be swaged into said lock grooves on said pin in order that, when swaged, said collar has collar grooves and shoulders interlocking said pin grooves and shoulders'
engaging a pull portion of said pin with an installation tool, said pull portion comprising a substantially straight pull portion extending from the second end of the pin, said pull portion including a plurality of pull grooves and having an outer diameter which is smaller than the outer diameter of said locking portion of said pin, said installation tool comprising an anvil member with a swage cavity, and a collet having a pull section with a plurality of teeth structured to complimentarily the pull groves of said pull portion, and having the last pull crest of the pull have a contour to conform with an enlarged puller radius of the last tooth of the collet;

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M 126656682V1 093680.010100 actuating said installation tool thereby closing said pull section of said collet in order that said teeth complimentarily engage the pull grooves of said pull portion and drawing said collet into said anvil and, said collet pulling said pin and said collar into said anvil in order to swage said collar into said lock grooves; and
deactivating said installation tool in order to withdraw said collet, releasing said pull portion and ejecting said collar when said fastener has been installed and said workpieces are clamped together.

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