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1. WO2007101914 - SYSTÈME ET MÉTHODE POUR DÉSHUMIDIFIER L'AIR D'UNE SERRE ET SERRE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A system for drying and cooling greenhouse air, characterised in that the system comprises water distribution devices (1) by means of which water cooler than the dewpoint temperature of the greenhouse can be sprayed directly into the air space of the greenhouse without separate condenser chambers, structures and fans.

2. A system as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the devices are dimensioned so that by using them, at least 50 litres of water per square meter of greenhouse can be sprayed into the greenhouse air space in an hour,

3. A system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which further comprises water collec-tion devices (4) for collecting the water sprayed into the air space of the greenhouse and for returning it at least partly to the devices of the system.

4. A system as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, where the water distribution devices (1) are located in the upper part of the greenhouse for spraying water between the plant rows.

5. A system as claimed in any of the above claims, where the water distribution devices (1) are located in the upper part of greenhouse and the collection devices above the growth.

6. A system as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, where the water distribution devices (1) are located laterally in the greenhouse.

7. A system as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, where the water distribution de-vices (1) are located under the cultivation tables in the greenhouse.

8. A system as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 7, which further comprises a heat exchanger (6) by means of which the water (5) circulated in the drying and cooling apparatus is cooled.

9. A system as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 7, which further comprises an evaporator apparatus (8) located outside the greenhouse space to be dried and cooled, by means of which apparatus the water circulated in the drying and cooling equipment is cooled.

10. A system as claimed in claim 9, the evaporator apparatus consisting of a water supply (7) and devices (9) intended for spraying water, by means of which the water in the water supply can be sprayed into the air in such a way that the water being sprayed comes into contact with the outdoor air and after this returns again to the water supply or directly to the greenhouse air drying and cooling apparatus.

11. A method for cooling and drying greenhouse air, characterised in that the cooling and drying of the air takes place directly in the air space of the greenhouse, without separate condenser or heat exchanger structures or fans, by conveying water (3) cooler than the dewpoint of the greenhouse air into the air space of the greenhouse by spraying or other means, the amount of water conveyed per time unit and the temperature being dimensioned in such a way that as the water conveyed passes through the air space of the greenhouse, more humidity is condensed into it from the greenhouse air than water is evaporated from it into the greenhouse air.

12. A method as claimed in claim 11, where at least some of the water conveyed into the air space of the greenhouse is recovered to be conveyed again for recirculation into the air space of the greenhouse.

13. A method as claimed in claim 11 or 12, where the temperature of the water circulated in the apparatus intended for drying and cooling greenhouse air is lowered and the condensed humidity of air is recovered by circulating the water through a heat exchanger (6).

14. A method as claimed in any of the claims 11 to 13, where the temperature of the water circulated in the apparatus intended for drying and cooling greenhouse air is lowered by means of an evaporator (8) located outside the greenhouse being cooled.

15. A greenhouse, the air in which can be dried and cooled by means of cool water, characterised in that the greenhouse comprises devices (1) for conveying water (3) cooler than the dewpoint temperature of the greenhouse air into the air space of the greenhouse.

16. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15, the devices in which are dimensioned so that the amount of water used for cooling may be more than 50 litres/m2 of greenhouse area/h.

17. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15 or 16, which further comprises devices (4) by means of which can be recovered at least some of the water falling or flowing through the air space, and devices by means of which at least some of the recovered water can be conveyed again into the greenhouse air space.

18. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15 or 16, where the water distribution devices used for drying and cooling the greenhouse air are located in the upper part of the greenhouse for spraying water between the plant rows.

19. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15 or 16, where the water distribution devices used for drying and cooling the greenhouse air are located in the upper part of the greenhouse and the collection devices above the growth.

20. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15 or 16, where the water distribution devices used for drying and cooling the greenhouse air are located laterally in the greenhouse.

21. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 15 or 16, where the water distribution devices used for drying and cooling the greenhouse air are located under the cultivation tables in the greenhouse.

22. A greenhouse as claimed in any of the claims 15 to 21, which further comprises a heat exchanger (6) for cooling the water circulating in the drying and cooling devices and for recovering the condensed water.

23. A greenhouse as claimed in any of the claims 15 to 22, in connection with which is further located an evaporation apparatus (8) for cooling the water circulated in the drying and cooling apparatus of the greenhouse.