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1. WO2005065216 - SYSTEME DE TRAITEMENT DE DEFICIENCES TELLES QUE LA DYSLEXIE PAR LE RENFORCEMENT DE LA PERCEPTION HOLISTIQUE DE LA PAROLE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A method for enhancing receptive language skills of a subject comprising:
a) preparing a first sound stimulus;
b) playing the first sound stimulus to the subject;
c) inducing the subject to perceive a first verbal transformation different than the first sound stimulus;
d) preparing a second sound stimulus;
e) playing the second sound stimulus to the subject;
f) inducing the subject to perceive a second verbal transformation different than the second sound stimulus; and
g) repeating steps a, b, c, d, e and f sufficient times to enhance the receptive language skills of the subject.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus based upon information about the first verbal transformation.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus which comprises a recorded verbal transformation (RVT).

4. The method of claim 3 wherein step c) comprises recording the voice of the subject speaking the first verbal transformation to create the RVT.

5. The method of claim 4 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the RVT.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus by selecting a plurality of verbal sounds and arranging the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure wherein one of the plurality of verbal sounds comprises the RVT.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus by selecting a plurality of verbal sounds and arranging the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story comprising said plurality of sequences.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus by selecting a plurality of verbal sounds and arranging the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story comprising said plurality of sequences thereby enhancing holistic auditory perception in the subject of blocks of speech comprising a plurality of phrases.

9. The method of claim 8 further comprising playing a third sound stimulus to the user between the beginning of the first sound stimulus and the end of the first sound stimulus wherein the third sound stimulus comprises a sound selected from the group consisting of: a verbal instruction; a verbal directional cue; a verbal timing cue; and a misleading verbal cue.

10. The method of claim 6, wherein a computer performs the arranging of the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure.

11. The method of claim 6, wherein a person performs the arranging of the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure.

12. The method of claim 2 wherein step d) comprises preparing a second sound stimulus by selecting a plurality of verbal sounds and arranging the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure thereby enhancing holistic auditory perception of phrases in the subject.

13. The method of claim 2 wherein step b) and step e) are performed while the subject is performing other activities.

14. The method of claim 2, wherein step b) and step e) are performed while the subject is sleeping.

15. The method of claim 2 wherein step b) and step e) are performed while the subject is reading.

16. The method of claim 2 wherein step b) and step e) are performed while the subject is writing.

17. The method of claim 1 wherein the first sound stimulus comprises a left channel stimulus and a right channel stimulus different from the left channel stimulus wherein the left channel stimulus is played at the subject's left ear and the right channel stimulus is be played at the subject's right ear.

18. The method of claim 17 further comprising surround-sound processing whereby the subject is induced to perceive a sound source location.

19. The method of claim 18 further comprising changing the surround-sound processing such that the subject is induced to perceive a change in the sound source location.

20. The method of claim 17 wherein the right channel stimulus consists essentially of non-verbal sounds.

21. The method of claim 20 wherein the right channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

22. The method of claim 21 wherein the right channel stimulus is synchronized with the diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

23 The method of claim 17 wherein the left channel stimulus comprises verbal sounds.

24. The method of claim 23 wherein the left channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

25. The method of claim 24 wherein the left channel stimulus is synchronized with the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

26. The method of claim 1 wherein step a) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus by selecting a verbal sound and processing the verbal sound to enhance its ability to induce the perception of verbal transformations in the subject.

27 The method of claim 1 wherein step a) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus by selecting a verbal sound and novel attention processing the verbal sound to enhance attention of the subject to the first sound stimulus.

28. The method of claim 27 further comprising monitoring an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

29. The method of claim 28 comprising monitoring at least one of the subject's pulse, heart cycle, breathing cycle and brainwave activity.

30. The method of claim 29 further comprising assessing the attention of the subject.

31. The method of claim 30 further comprising changing at least one parameter of the novel attention processing based on the attention of the subject.

32. The method of claim 26 wherein step a) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus by selecting a recorded verbal sound and masking a portion of the recorded verbal sound with a non-verbal sound.

33. The method of claim 1 wherein step b) comprises playing the first sound stimulus to the subject such that at least one quality of the first sound stimulus varies in time varying correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

34. The method of claim 1 wherein step b) comprises playing the first sound stimulus to the subject such that at least one quality of the first sound stimulus is synchronized with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

35. The method of claim 1 wherein step a) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus by selecting a recorded verbal sound based upon the characteristics of the user's voice.

36. A method for enhancing receptive language skills of a subject comprising:
a) selecting a recorded verbal sound from a library of recorded sounds;
b) preparing a first sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal sound; c) playing the first sound stimulus to the subject;

d) inducing the subject to perceive a verbal transformation different than the first sound stimulus; and
repeating steps a, b, c, d, and sufficient times to enhance the receptive language skills of the subject.

37. The method of claim 36 further comprising:
producing a recorded verbal transformation (RVT);
selecting a second verbal sound from the library of recorded sounds;
preparing a second sound stimulus by arranging the second verbal sound and the RVT into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure; and playing the second sound stimulus to the subject.

38. The method of claim 37 wherein step a), step b), step c) and step d) are repeated a plurality of times before playing the second sound stimulus to the subject.

39. The method of claim 38 comprising playing the second sound stimulus to the subject sufficient times to enhancing holistic auditory perception of phrases in the subject.

40. The method of claim 39, wherein a computer performs the arranging of the second verbal sound and the recorded verbal transformation into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure.

41. The method of claim 39, wherein a person performs the arranging of the second verbal sound and the recorded verbal transformation into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure. .

42. The method of claim 37 wherein the RVT is recorded in the voice of the subject.

43. The method of claim 36 further comprising:
producing a recorded verbal transformation (RVT);
selecting a plurality of verbal sounds;
preparing a second sound stimulus by arranging the RVT and the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story comprising said plurality of sequences; and
playing the second sound stimulus to the subject.

44 The method of claim 43 wherein step a), step b), step c) and step d) are repeated a plurality of times before playing the second sound stimulus to the subject.

45. The method of claim 44 comprising playing the second sound stimulus to the subject sufficient times to enhance in the subject holistic auditory perception of blocks of speech comprising a plurality of phrases.

46. The method of claim 45 wherein a computer performs the arranging of the RVT and the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story.

47. The method of claim 45, wherein a person performs the arranging of the RVT and the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story.

48. The method of claim 44 wherein playing the second sound stimulus further comprises modifying the second verbal sound and the recorded verbal transformation in order to introduce prosodic characteristics into the second sound stimulus.

49. The method of claim 44 wherein modifying the second verbal sound and the recorded verbal transformation in order to introduce prosodic characteristics into the second sound stimulus comprises modifying the prosodic characteristics of the second verbal sound and the recorded verbal transformation are performed such that at least one prosodic characteristic varies in time varying correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

50. The method of claim 47 wherein the RVT is recorded in the voice of the subject.

51. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) is performed while the subject is performing other activities.

52. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) is performed while the subject is sleeping.

53. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) is performed while the subject is reading.

54. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) is performed while the subject is writing.

55. The method of claim 36 wherein the first sound stimulus comprises a left channel stimulus and a right channel stimulus different from the left channel stimulus wherein the left channel stimulus is played at the subject's left ear and the right channel stimulus is played at the subject's right ear.

56. The method of claim 55 further comprising surround-sound processing whereby the subject is induced to perceive a sound source location.

57. The method of claim 56 further comprising changing the surround-sound processing such that the subject is induced to perceive a change in the sound source location.

58. The method of claim 55 wherein the right channel stimulus consists essentially of non-verbal sounds.

59. The method of claim 58 wherein the right channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

60. The method of claim 59 wherein the right channel stimulus is synchronized with the diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

61 The method of claim 55 wherein the left channel stimulus comprises verbal sounds.

62. The method of claim 61 wherein the left channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

63. The method of claim 62 wherein the left channel stimulus is synchronized with the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

64. The method of claim 36 wherein step b) comprises preparing the first sound stimulus by processing the recorded verbal sound to enhance its ability to induce the perception of verbal transformations in the subject.

65 The method of claim 64 wherein step b) comprises preparing the first sound stimulus by selecting a verbal sound and novel attention processing the verbal sound to enhance attention of the subject to the first sound stimulus.

66. The method of claim 65 further comprising monitoring an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

67. The method of claim 66 comprising monitoring at least one of the subject's pulse, heart cycle, breathing cycle and brainwave activity.

68. The method of claim 67 comprising assessing the attention of the subject.

69. The method of claim 68 further comprising changing at least one parameter of the novel attention processing based on the attention of the subject.

70. The method of claim 36 wherein step b) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal sound and masking a portion of the recorded verbal sound with a non-verbal sound.

71. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) comprises playing the first sound stimulus to the subject such that at least one quality of the first sound stimulus varies in time varying correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

72. The method of claim 36 wherein step c) comprises playing the first sound stimulus to the subject such that at least one quality of the first sound stimulus is synchronized with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subj ect.

73. The method of claim 36 wherein step b) comprises preparing a first sound stimulus by selecting a recorded verbal sound based upon the characteristics of the user's voice.

74. The method of claim 36 further comprising playing a second sound stimulus to the user between the beginning of the first sound stimulus and the end of the first sound stimulus wherein the second sound stimulus comprises a sound selected from the group consisting of: a verbal instruction; a verbal directional cue; a verbal timing cue; and a misleading verbal cue.

75. A system for enhancing receptive language skills in a subject wherein the system comprises:
a computer system comprising a processor, memory, a sound output means, and a sound recording means;
a source of recorded verbal sounds;
a source of recorded non-verbal sounds;
means for selecting a first sound stimulus from the source of recorded verbal sounds;
means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject a sufficient number of times to induce the subject to perceive a verbal transformation different than the first sound stimulus;
means for recording the subject speaking said verbal transformation as a recorded verbal transformation;
means for preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal transformation;
means for playing the second sound stimulus to the subject a sufficient number of times to induce the subject to perceive a verbal transformation different than the second sound stimulus.

76. The system of claim 75 wherein the means for preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal transformation comprises: means for selecting a plurality of verbal sounds and arranging the recorded verbal transformation and the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure.

77. The system of claim 76 wherein the means for arranging is a computer program.

78. The system of claim 77 wherein the means for preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal transformation comprises: means for preparing a second sound stimulus by arranging the recorded verbal transformation and the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story comprising said plurality of sequences.

79. The system of claim 75 wherein the means for preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal transformation comprises: means for preparing a second sound stimulus by arranging the recorded verbal transformation and the plurality of verbal sounds into a plurality of sequences having syntactic-like grammatical structure and composing an imaginary story comprising said plurality of sequences thereby enhancing holistic auditory perception in the subject of blocks of speech comprising a plurality of phrases.

80. The system of claim 79 wherein the means for arranging is a computer program that operates without human input.

81. The system of claim 79, wherein the means for arranging requires human input to arrange the plurality of verbal sounds into a sequence having a syntactic-like grammatical structure.

82. The system of claim 75 wherein the means for preparing a second sound stimulus comprising the recorded verbal transformation comprises means for modifying the sound stimulus to enhance its ability to induce the perception of verbal transformations in the subject.

83. The system of claim 82 further comprising means for novel attention processing the verbal sound to enhance attention of the subject to the first sound stimulus.

84. The system of claim 83 further comprising means for assessing the attention of the subject.

85. The system of claim 84 further comprising means for novel attention processing the first sound stimulus.

86. The system of claim 85 further comprising means for changing at least one parameter of the novel attention processing based on the attention of the subject.

87. The system of claim 82 wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for preparing the first sound stimulus by masking a portion of the recorded verbal sound with a non-verbal sound.

88. The system of claim 82 wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject such that at least one quality varies in time varying correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

89. The system of claim 82 wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for filtering the recorded verbal sound.

90. The system of claim 75, wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for playing a left channel stimulus at the subject's left ear and a right channel stimulus different from the left channel stimulus at the subject's right ear.

91. The system of claim 90 wherein the left channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

92. The system of claim 91 wherein the left channel stimulus comprises verbal sounds.

93. The system of claim 92 wherein the left channel stimulus is synchronized with the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

94. The system of claim 90 wherein the right channel stimulus is played in correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

95. The system of claim 94 wherein the left channel stimulus consists essentially of non-verbal sounds.

96. The system of claim 95 wherein the right channel stimulus is synchronized with the diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

97. The method of claim 90 further comprising surround-sound processing whereby the subject is induced to perceive a sound source location.

98. The method of claim 97 further comprising changing the surround-sound processing such that the subject is induced to perceive a change in the sound source location.

99. The system of claim 75 wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for filtering the recorded verbal sound such that at least one filtering quality varies in time varying correlation with an intrinsically variable cyclic physiological activity of the subject.

100. The system of claim 75, wherein the means for playing the first sound stimulus to the subject comprises means for playing a left channel stimulus at the subject's left ear and a right channel stimulus different from the left channel stimulus at the subject's right ear and means for providing novel attentional stimuli to attract attention from one channel to the other channel.

101. The system of claim 75 wherein the means for selecting comprises means for selecting based upon the characteristics of the user's voice.

102. The method of claim 75 further comprising means for playing a third sound stimulus to the user between the beginning of the first sound stimulus and the end of the first sound stimulus wherein the third sound stimulus comprises a sound selected from the group consisting of: a verbal instruction; a verbal directional cue; a verbal timing cue; and a misleading verbal cue.