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1. (WO2005063868) COMPOSITIONS DE POLYESTER
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS
We claim:

1. A polymer composition comprising:
(A) a copolyester having a glass transition temperature of less than about 10°C and comprised of:
(1) diacid residues comprising about 1 to 65 mole percent aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues; and 99 to about 35 mole percent of non- aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues selected from the group consisting of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids residues containing from about 4 to 14
carbon atoms and cycloaliphatic dicarboxylic acids residues containing from about 5 to 15 carbon atoms; wherein the total mole percent of
diacid residues is equal to 100 mole percent; and
(2) diol residues selected from the group consisting of one or more aliphatic diols containing about 2 to 8 carbon atoms, polyalkylene
ethers containing about 2 to 8 carbon atoms, and cycloaliphatic diols
containing from about 4 to 12 carbon atoms; wherein the total mole
percent of diol residues is equal to 100 mole percent; and
(B) a plasticizing effective amount of one or more compatible plasticizers.

2. The polymer composition of Claim 1 comprising one or more plasticizers
selected from the group consisting of acid residues, alcohol residues,
benzoates, phthalates, phosphates or isophthalates.

3. The polymer composition of Claim 2 wherein said acid residues comprise one or more residues selected from the group consisting of phthalic acid, adipic acid, trimellitic acid, benzoic acid, azelaic aid, terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, butyric acid, glutaric acid, citric acid or phosphoric acid.

4. The polymer composition of Claim 2 wherein said alcohol residues comprise one or more residues of an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, or aromatic alcohol
containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms.

5. The polymer composition of Claim 4 wherein said alcohol residues comprise one or more residues selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butanol, isobutanol, stearyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol,
phenol, benzyl alcohol, hydroquinone, catechol, resorcinol, ethylene glycol, neopentyl glycol, 1-4-cyclohexanedimethanol or diethylene glycol.

6. The polymer composition of Claim 1 wherein said one or more plasticizers is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toluenesulfonamide, 2- ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate, isodecyl diphenyl phosphate, tributyl
phosphate, t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate,
chloroparaffin (60% chlorine), chloroparaffin (50% chlorine), diethyl succinate, di-n-butyl maleate, di-(2-ethylhexyl) maleate, n-butyl stearate, acetyl triethyl citrate, triethyl citrate, tri-n-butyl citrate, acetyl tri-n-butyl citrate, methyl oleate, dibutyl fumarate, diisobutyl adipate, dimethyl azelate, epoxidized linseed oil, glycerol monooleate, methyl acetyl ricinloeate, n-butyl acetyl ricinloeate,
propylene glycol ricinloeate, polyethylene glycol 200 dibenzoate, diethylene glycol dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, di-n-butylphthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, butyl benzyl phthalate or glycerol triacetate.

7. The polymer composition of Claim 6 wherein said plasticizer is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toluenesulfonamide, 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate, isodecyl diphenyl phosphate, tributyl phosphate, t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate, chloroparaffin (60% chlorine),
chloroparaffin (50% chlorine), diethyl succinate, di-n-butyl maleate, di-(2- ethylhexyl) maleate, n-butyl stearate, acetyl triethyl citrate, triethyl citrate, tri- n-butyl citrate, dimethyl azelate, polyethylene glycol 200 dibenzoate,
diethylene glycol dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, dimethyl
phthalate, diethyl phthalate, di-n-butylphthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, butyl benzyl phthalate or glycerol triacetate.

8. The polymer composition of Claim 7 wherein said one or more plasticizer(s) is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toluenesulfonamide, 2- ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate, isodecyl diphenyl phosphate, t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate, chloroparaffin (60% chlorine),
chloroparaffin (50% chlorine), diethyl succinate, di-n-butyl maleate, n-butyl stearate, polyethylene glycol 200 dibenzoate, diethylene glycol dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, di-n- butylphthalate, diisobutyl phthalate or butyl benzyl phthalate.

9. The polymer composition of Claim 8 wherein said one or more plasticizer(s) is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toluenesulfonamide, 2- ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate, isodecyl diphenyl phosphate, t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate, chloroparaffin (60% chlorine),
polyethylene glycol 200 dibenzoate, diethylene glycol dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, di-n-butylphthalate or butyl benzyl phthalate.

10. The polymer composition of Claim 9 wherein said one or more plasticizer(s) is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toIuenesulfonamide, t- butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate, diethylene glycol
dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, dimethyl phthalate, diethyl
phthalate or butyl benzyl phthalate.

11. The polymer composition of Claim 10 wherein said one or more plasticizer(s) is selected from the group consisting of N-ethyl-o,p-toluenesulfonamide,
diethylene glycol dibenzoate, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, or dimethyl
phthalate.

12. The polymer composition of Claim 11 wherein said plasticizer(s) comprises diethylene glycol dibenzoate.

13. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein polyester (A)
comprises diacid residues are selected from the group consisting of
terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, or mixtures thereof.

14. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein polyester (A)
comprises about 25 to 65 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues.

15. A polymer composition according to Claim 14 wherein polyester (A)
comprises about 35 to 65 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues.

16. A polymer composition according to Claim 15 wherein polyester (A)
comprises about 40 to 60 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues.

17. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein the non-aromatic
dicarboxylic acid residues are selected from the group consisting of adipic acid, glutaric acid or mixtures thereof.

18. A polymer composition according to Claim 17 wherein polyester (A)
comprises about 75 to 35 mole percent of non-aromatic dicarboxylic acid(s) selected from the group consisting of adipic acid, glutaric acid, or mixtures thereof.

19. A polymer composition according to Claim 18 wherein the polyester (A)
comprises about 65 to 35 mole percent of non-aromatic dicarboxylic acid(s) selected from the group consisting of adipic acid, glutaric acid, or mixtures thereof.

20. A polymer composition according to Claim 19 wherein the polyester (A)
comprises about 40 to 60 mole percent of non-aromatic dicarboxylic acid(s) selected from the group consisting of adipic acid, glutaric acid, or
combinations of two or more diol residues thereof.

21. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein the diol residue(s) of polyester (A) are selected from the group consisting of ethylene glycol,
diethylene glycol, propylene glycol, 1,3-propanediol, 2,2-dimethyl-1 , 3- propanediol, 1 ,3-butanediol, 1 ,4-butanediol, 1,5-pentanediol, 1 ,6-hexanediol, polyethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1 ,6-hexanediol, thio- diethanol, 1 ,3-cyclohexanedimethanol, 1 ,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, 2,2,4,4- tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol or combinations of two or more diol residues thereof.

22. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein the diol residues of
polyester (A) consist essentially of aliphatic diol residues.

23. A polymer composition according to Claim 22 wherein polyester (A)
comprises diol(s) selected from the group consisting of 1,4-butanediol, 1 ,3- propanediol, ethylene glycol, 1 ,6-hexanediol, diethylene glycol, 1 ,4- cyclohexanedimethanol or combinations of two or more diol residues thereof.

24. A polymer composition according to Claim 22 wherein polyester (A)
comprises diol(s) selected from the group consisting of 1,4-butanediol,
ethylene glycol, 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol or combinations of two or more
diol residues thereof.

25. A polymer composition according to Claim 24 wherein the diol residues of
polyester (A) comprise 1 , 4-butanediol.

26. A polymer composition according to Claim 25 wherein polyester (A)
comprises diol residues further comprising about 80 to 100 mole percent of
1 ,4-butanediol; wherein the total mole percent of diol residues is equal to
100 mole percent.

27. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein the diacid and diol
residues of polyester (A) consist essentially of: (1) aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues comprising about 25 to 65 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues and 75 to about 35 mole percent non-aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues; and
(2) diol residues consisting of aliphatic diols.

28. A polymer composition according to Claim 27 wherein the diacid and diol residues of polyester (A) consist essentially of:
(1) aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues comprising about 25 to 65 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues and 75 to about 35 mole percent of adipic acid residues, glutaric acid residues, or combinations of adipic acid residues and glutaric acid residues; and
(2) diol residues consisting of 1,4-butanediol.

29. A polymer composition according to Claim 28 wherein the diacid and diol
residues of polyester (A) consist essentially of:
(1) aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues comprising about 35 to 65
mole percent of terephthalic acid residues and 65 to about 35 mole percent of adipic acid residues, glutaric acid residues, or combinations of adipic acid residues and glutaric acid residues; and
(2) diol residues consisting of 1,4-butanediol.

30. A polymer composition according to Claim 29 wherein the diacid and diol
residues of polyester (A) consist essentially of:
(1) aromatic dicarboxylic acid residues comprising about 40 to 60 mole percent of terephthalic acid residues and 60 to about 40 mole percent of adipic acid residues, glutaric acid residues, or combinations of adipic acid residues and glutaric acid residues; and
(2) diol residues consisting of 1,4-butanediol.

31. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein polyester (A) an
inherent viscosity (IN.) of about 0.4 to 2.0 dL/g as determined at 25°C using

0.50 gram of polymer per 100 mL of a solvent composed of 60 weight
percent phenol and 40 weight percent tetrachloroethane.

32. A polymer composition according to Claim 1 wherein the total weight percent of the plasticizer is from about 5 to 40 weight percent and the weight percent of polyester (A) is from about 95 to 60 weight percent, wherein the total
weight percent of said plasticizer and polyester (A) is equal to 100 weight
percent.

33. A polymer composition according to Claim 32 wherein the total weight
percent of the plasticizer is from about 5 to 20 weight percent and the weight percent of polyester (A) is from about 80 to 95 weight percent, wherein the
total weight percent of said plasticizer and polyester (A) is equal to 100
weight percent.

34. A polymer composition according Claim 33 wherein the polyester (A)
comprises component (C) which further comprises one or more phosphorus catalyst quenchers which provide an elemental phosphorus concentration of about 0 to 0.5 weight percent based on the weight of components (A) and
(B).

35. The polymer composition of Claim 1 wherein polyester (A) comprises one or more branching agents comprising about 0.01 to about 10.0 weight percent, based on the total weight of polyester (A).

36. The polymer composition of Claim 35 containing one or more branching
agents comprising about 0.05 to about 5 weight percent, based on the total weight of polyester (A).

37. The polymer composition of Claim 36 wherein said branching agents comprise one or more residues of monomers having 3 or more carboxyl substituents, hydroxyl substituents, or a combination thereof.

38. The polymer composition of Claim 37 wherein said branching agents comprise one or more residues of: trimellitic anhydride, pyromellitic dianhydride,
glycerol, sorbitol, 1 ,2,6-hexanetriol, pentaerythritol, trimethylolethane, or
trimesic acid.

39. The polymer composition of Claim 1 comprising about 5 to about 40 weight%, based on the total weight of said polymer composition, of a flame retardant.

40. The polymer composition of Claim 39 comprising one or flame retardants
selected from the group consisting of phosphorous based compounds.

41. The polymer composition of Claim 40 comprising one or more monoesters, diesters, or triesters of phosphoric acid.

42. A process for the manufacture of film or sheet or molded object comprising the steps of extruding or calendering or injection molding a polymer composition according to Claim 1.

43. A film or sheet or molded object comprising a polymer composition according to Claim 1.

44. Affilm or sheet or molded object according to Claim 42 wherein said film or sheet was produced by extrusion or calendering.

45. A molded object comprising a polymer composition according to Claim 1.

46. The polymer composition of Claim 1 wherein the solubility of said plasticizer falls within plus or minus 2 (cal/cc/*4 of the solubility value of the polyester itself.

47. The polymer composition of Claim 46 wherein the solubility of said plasticizer falls within plus or minus 1.5 (cal/cc)1,4 of the solubility value of the polyester itself.

48. The polymer composition of Claim 47 wherein the solubility of said plasticizer falls within plus or minus 1 (cal/cc)1/2 of the solubility value of the polyester itself.

49. The polymer composition of Claim 1 wherein polyester (A) is a copolyester comprising 45 mole% of terephthalic acid residues, 55 mole% of adipic acid and consisting essentially of 100 mole% 1,4-butanediol and wherein the
solubility of said plasticizer falls within a solubility value range of 8.17 to 12.17 (cal/cc)17