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1. WO1997019482 - PROCEDE DE PREPARATION D'ELECTRODES POUR PILE ELECTROCHIMIQUE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is Claimed is:
1. A method of preparing an electrochemical cell comprising the steps of:

(a) preparing an anode mixture comprising a first polymer, an intercalation carbon material, and a first inert liquid solvent wherein the first polymer is homogeneously distributed within said anode mixture;
(b) evaporating the first inert liquid solvent from the anode mixture to form an anode film;
(c) preparing a cathode mixture comprising a second polymer, a cathode active material, and a second inert liquid solvent wherein the second polymer is homogeneously distributed with said cathode mixture;
(d) evaporating the second liquid solvent from the cathode mixture to form a cathode film;
(e) forming an anode by laminating said anode film onto at least one side of an anode cuπent collector;
(f) forming a cathode by laminating said cathode film onto at least one side of a cathode cuπent collector;
(g) interposing a polymeric layer between said anode and cathode;
(h) placing an electrolyte solution comprising an electrolyte solvent and an inorganic salt into said anode, cathode, and polymeric layer.

2. The method of Claim 1 wherein the anode mixture, cathode mixture, and polymeric layer each further comprises a plasticizer and said method further comprises the step of removing said plasticizer before step (e).

3. The method of Claim 1 wherein the step of preparing the anode mixture comprises the steps of:
(i) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(ii) mixing the intercalation carbon material and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and (iii) mixing the mixtures of steps (i) and (ii) under low shear conditions; and wherein the step of preparing the cathode mixture comprises the steps of:

(iv) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said second inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(v) mixing the cathode active material and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(vi) mixing the mixtures of steps (iv) and (v) under low shear conditions.

4. The method of Claim 1 wherein the anode mixture, cathode mixture, and polymeric layer each further comprises a plasticizer and said method further comprises the step of removing said plasticizer prior to step (h), wherein the step of preparing the anode mixture comprises the steps of:
(i) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(ii) mixing the intercalation carbon material, plasticizer, and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(iii) mixing the mixtures produced in steps (i) and (ii) under low shear conditions; and wherein the step of preparing the cathode mixture comprises the steps of:
(iv) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said second inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(v) mixing the cathode active material, plasticizer, and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(vi) mixing the mixtures produced in steps (iv) and (v) under low shear conditions.

5. The method of Claim 1 wherein said first and second polymers comprise polyvinylidenedifluoride.

6. The method of Claim 1 wherein said first and second solvents comprise acetone.

7. The method of Claim 2 wherein said plasticizer comprises dibutyl phthalate.

8. The method of Claim 1 wherein each of said anode mixture and cathode mixture further comprise an electrically conductive material and a surfactant.

9. The method of Claim 1 wherein the polymeric layer comprises polymeric matrix and third inert liquid solvent, said third inert liquid solvent being removed prior to step (h).

10. A method of preparing an electrochemical cell comprising the steps of:
(a) preparing an anode mixture comprising a first polymer, an
intercalation carbon material, and a first inert liquid solvent wherein the first polymer is homogeneously distributed within said anode mixture;
(b) coating the anode mixture onto at least one side of an anode cuπent conductor layer to form an anode;
(c) preparing a cathode mixture comprising a second polymer, a cathode active material, and a second inert liquid solvent wherein the second polymer is homogeneously distributed with said cathode mixture;
(d) coating the cathode mixture onto at least one side of a cathode cuπent collector layer to form a cathode;
(e) interposing a polymeric layer between said anode and cathode;
(f) removing said first and second inert liquid solvents; and
(g) placing an electrolyte solution comprising an electrolyte solvent and an inorganic salt into said anode, cathode, and polymeric layer.

11. The method of Claim 10 wherein the anode mixture, cathode mixture, and polymeric layer each further comprises a plasticizer and said method further comprises the step of removing said plasticizer before step (e).

12. The method of Claim 10 wherein the step of preparing the anode mixture comprises the steps of:
(i) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(ii) mixing the intercalation carbon material and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(iii) mixing the mixtures of steps (i) and (ii) under low shear conditions; and wherein the step of preparing the cathode mixture comprises the steps of:

(iv) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said second inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(v) mixing the cathode active material and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(vi) mixing the mixtures of steps (iv) and (v) under low shear conditions.

13. The method of Claim 10 wherein the anode mixture, cathode mixture, and electrolyte composition each further comprises a plasticizer and said method further comprises the step of removing said plasticizer prior to step (e), wherein the step of preparing the anode mixture comprises the steps of:
(i) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(ii) mixing the intercalation carbon material, plasticizer, and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(iii) mixing the mixtures produced in steps (i) and (ii) under low shear conditions; and wherein the step of preparing the cathode mixture comprises the steps of:
(iv) mixing the first polymer and a portion of said second inert liquid solvent under low shear conditions;
(v) mixing the cathode active material, plasticizer, and a portion of said first inert liquid solvent; and
(vi) mixing the mixtures produced in steps (iv) and (v) under low shear conditions.

14. The method of Claim 10 wherein said first and second polymers comprise polyvinylidenedifluoride.

15. The method of Claim 10 wherein said first and second solvents comprise acetone.

16. The method of Claim 11 wherein said plasticizer comprises dibutyl phthalate.

17. The method of Claim 10 wherein each of said anode mixture and cathode mixture further comprise an electrically conductive material and a surfactant.

18. The method of Claim 10 wherein the polymeric layer comprises polymeric matrix and third inert liquid solvent, said third inert liquid solvent being removed prior to step (e).

19. An electrochemical cell fabricated in accordance to the method defined in Claim 1.

20. An electrochemical cell fabricated in accordance to the method defined in Claim 10.

21. An electrochemical cell comprising:
an anode having anode cuπent collector and a film of anode material laminated on at least one side of the anode cuπent collector, wherein the anode material comprises a first polymer that is homogeneously distributed in the film;
a cathode having cathode cuπent collector and a film of cathode material laminated on at least one side of the cathode cuπent collector, wherein the cathode material comprises a second polymer that is homogeneously distributed in the film;
a polymeric layer interposed between the anode and cathode and which comprises an electrolyte solution comprising an electrolyte solvent and an inorganic salt.

22. The method of Claim 1 wherein said first and second polymers comprise a copolymer of polyvinylidenedifluoride and hexafluoropropylene.

23. The method of Claim 10 wherein said first and second polymers comprise a copolymer of polyvinylidenedifluoride and hexafluoropropylene.