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1. WO1993016642 - FIL DE GUIDAGE POUR IMAGERIE A ULTRASONS

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

1. A medical guidewire having a substantially uniform small diameter throughout its length and
incorporating means for lateral acoustic scanning,
said guidewire comprising a proximal connector, an extended main guidewire body portion, an axially
elongated transition section, and a floppy tip portion,
said main body portion comprising a stationary outer wall including means capable of transmitting torque and, within said outer wall, an elongated rotatable shaft with a distally positioned acoustic imaging transducer mounted thereon,
said proximal connector being constructed to be attached to and detached from a drive device to enable a therapeutic device to be introduced over the guidewire, said connector having a stationary portion secured to said outer wall and an inner drive portion secured to said shaft,
said floppy tip portion comprising an outer wire coil and a core rod which tapers from a relatively large diameter, at a proximal joint with said outer wire coil, to a smaller diameter at a floppy distal tip,
said transition section joining said main body portion to said floppy tip section in a manner retaining substantially the same lateral stiffness as said main body portion and sufficient torquability to enable torquing of said floppy tip by torque applied to the proximal end of said guidewire.

2. The guidewire of claim 1 wherein said
transition section which joins said main body portion and said floppy tip portion comprises an axially elongated central member joined to one of said portions, said central member interfitting, with running clearance, with an outer member joined to the other said portion,
substantially the full length of said transition section being occupied by structure that imparts lateral
stability to render said transition section kink-resistant.

3. A medical guidewire incorporating means for lateral acoustic scanning,
said guidewire comprising an extended main guidewire body portion, an axially elongated transition section, and a floppy tip portion,
said main body portion comprising a stationary outer wall including means capable of transmitting torque and, within said outer wall, an elongated rotatable shaft with a distally positioned acoustic imaging transducer mounted thereon,
said elongated transition section joining said main body portion to said floppy tip section in a manner retaining substantially the same lateral stiffness as said main body portion and sufficient torquability to enable torquing of said floppy tip by torque applied to the proximal end of said guidewire,
said transition section, which joins said main body portion and said floppy tip portion, comprising an axially elongated central member joined to one of said portions, said central member interfitting, with running clearance, with an outer member joined to the other said portion, substantially the full length of said transition section being occupied by structure that imparts lateral stability to render said transition section kink-resistant.

4. The guidewire of claims 2 or 3 wherein said central member of said transition section comprises a proximal extension of a core rod of said floppy tip portion.

5. The guidewire of claim 4 wherein said
transducer is disposed in a housing rotatable in
conjunction with said rotatable shaft, said housing carrying at its distal end a member having a central bore, said proximal extension of said core rod of said floppy tip extending proximally through said bore and being joined to a retainer element within said housing proximal of said bore.

6. The guidewire of claims 2 or 3 wherein said central member is an elongated extension which extends from said elongated rotatable shaft distally to an end immediately adjacent to a joint that connects said transition section with an outer wire coil of said floppy tip portion.

7. The medical guidewire of claims 1 or 3 wherein said stationary outer wall of the main body of said guidewire includes a torsion-transmitting multifilar helical coil, a distal portion of said coil extending over the region occupied by said rotatable transducer, the filaments of said coil in said region being
substantially spread apart for providing a substantially sonolucent window for said transducer, and extremities of said filaments of said coil located distally of said transducer being secured to transmit torque to said floppy tip portion.

8. A medical guidewire incorporating means for lateral acoustic scanning,
said guidewire comprising an extended main
guidewire body portion and a floppy tip portion,
said main body portion comprising a stationary outer wall including means capable of transmitting torque and, within said outer wall, an elongated rotatable shaft with a distally positioned acoustic imaging transducer mounted thereon,
said stationary outer wall of the main body of said guidewire including a torsion-transmitting
multifilar helical coil, a distal portion of said coil extending over the region occupied by said rotatable transducer, the filaments of said coil in said region being substantially spread apart for providing a
substantially sonolucent window for said transducer, and extremities of said filaments of said coil located distally of said transducer being secured to transmit torque to said floppy tip portion.

9. The medical guidewire of claim 8 wherein said filaments have a pitch angle of the order of 45° in the region in register with said transducer.

10. The medical guidewire of claim 8 wherein said helical coil is comprised of at least 3 filaments, the width of each filament, in the region in register with said transducer, being about 1/3 or less of the
corresponding dimension of the aperture of the transducer so that a substantial portion of said aperture is
unobstructed at any point during rotation of said
transducer.

11. The medical guidewire of claims 8 or 10 wherein the portion of said coil in the region of said transducer has an anti-echoic coating.

12. The medical guidewire of claims 8 or 10 wherein the portion of said coil in the region of said transducer has a convex contour directed inward toward said transducer.

13. The medical guidewire of claim 8 wherein the filaments of said torsion-transmitting coil of the wall of said guidewire have a pitch angle that is smaller in a region distal of said transducer than in a region in register with said transducer, so that turns of said coil in said region distal of said transducer, which are closer together than the coil turns in register with said transducer, provide the extremities that are joined to said floppy tip portion.

14. The medical guidewire of claim 1 wherein said connector includes an electrically conductive grounded shaft stub secured to a coil of said rotatable shaft.

15. The medical guidewire of claim 1 wherein said proximal connector is a mini-connector of substantially the same diameter as said main body guidewire portion, a proximal extension of at least the outermost part of the stationary outer wall of said main guidewire body portion extending over and being joined to said mini-connector.

16. The medical guidewire of claim 1 wherein said elongated rotatable shaft has a radial dimension
sufficient to provide radial support to said outer wall to prevent kinking thereof.

17. The medical guidewire of claim 1 wherein said rotatable transducer is distally supported by an
elongated, lateral-load-bearing trunnion, to permit a lateral load to be uniformly transmitted through and from said transition section.

18. A medical guidewire having a substantially uniform diameter throughout its length and incorporating means for lateral acoustic scanning, said guidewire comprising a proximal connector portion, an extended main body portion, an axially elongated transition portion, and a floppy tip portion, said main body portion being substantially hollow and having a torque-transmitting winding therearound, said winding extending from said proximal portion across said transition portion, said transition portion
containing an acoustic scanning means, said winding attaching to said floppy tip portion to permit full torque transmission from the proximal end to the distal end of said guidewire.

19. The medical guidewire of claim 18 wherein said torque-transmitting winding is a woven braid.

20. The medical guidewire of claim 18, wherein said transition portion includes a window opening for receipt of acoustic transmission fluid.