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1. WO1992017721 - SOUPAPE POUR MILIEU COULANT EN PHASE LIQUIDE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]
VALVE FOR FLOWING LIQUID-PHASE MEDIUM

The present invention relates to a valve for flowing liquid-phase media, especially for use in refrigerating plants or heating plants, respectively, based on the supply of
refrigerated or heated liquid, respectively.

For the purpose of refrigerating or heating, respectively, a flowing liquid having a temperature adapted to the purpose in question is supplied to a refrigerating or heating plant, respectively. Usually, the liquid is supplied via a shunt valve adjusted by means of an electric motor.

A shunt valve assigned an adjusting electric motor represent an expensive solution, l.a. Decause the electric motor has to be equipped with a gear device for gearing-down, which means that one, in addition to the electric motor as such, must have a gear device or another transmission means.
Likewise, such known plants require complex adjusting equipment for the purpose of supplying the necessary pulses to the electric motor regarding the valves;s degree of opening .

In prior art technique, one cannot use a ordinary thermostat ro control said electric motor, joecause a thermostat
emits a on/off-signal .

Another disadvantage in normally useα shunt valves is tnat
r.ar t. c aαattβ- t.

every pipe dimension in order to achieve the correct valve characteristics .

Therefore, a main object of the present invention is to provide a substantially simplified and improved valve/ regulator-assembly, i.e. a valve having an adjusting/closing device, wherein the valve may be controlled by means of a thermostat in combination with an electro magnet. This means that one, according to the invention, uses the most simple adjusting equipment known, namely a thermostat emitting an on/off-signal to an electro magnet effecting the actuation of the valve. This represents a very simple and inexpensive solution .

In accordance with the invention, said objects are realized in designing the valve such that it exhibits the features appearing from the following claims.

An example of a suitable embodiment is shown in the
accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figures 1 - 3 show axial sections through the valve housing, illustrating the valve bodies in mutually differing
positions ,

Figure 1 shows the valve in a closed position,

Fig. 2 shows the valve in a partly open intermediate
position between closed and open position,

Fig. 3 shows the valve in an entirely open position; and

Fig. 4 shows a perforated valve seat plate having a central flow opening and peripheric flow openings for the liquid flowing through;

Fig. 5 shows an axial section corresponding to figures 1 - : tnrouαh a valve accordinσ to a somewhat modified embodiment wherein the longitudinal axis of the valve housing forms ar angle m relation to the common axis of the inlet and the outlet. The spindle carrying the valve bodies and the valve seat form an acute angle m relation to the general flov.
direction of the liquid-phase medium. Otherwise, this embodiment is designed exactly according to the same
principles as the embodiment of the preceding figures, and identical reference numerals have been used; the embodiment according to figure 5 should, therefore, not need to be further disclosed in the following.

In the various figures of the drawing, the general flowing direction of the liquid-phase medium has been indicated through arrow heads .

In order to explain the constructural features of the valve, reference is first made to figures 1 and 4 , the same
features appearing from figure 5, showing an embodiment best suited to be mounted into a straight pipe line.

Reference numeral 1 denotes a valve housing having two tubular connecting pieces 1" and 1' for the valve's inlet and outlet, the axis of said inlet and that of said outlet -according to figures 1 - 3 - being positioned to cross eacπ other perpendicularly; said axes coinciding according to figure 5. Thus, the directional extent of the inlet 1" m relation to the outlet 1' is not critical for the invention.

A sleeve-shaped housing portion l'1' establishes a guide for a valve spindle 2 , coaxial to one tubular connecting piece 1'; reference numeral 3 denoting the axis of the valve.
Later terms such as "axial" and "radial" refer everywhere to the axis 3 of the valve. Around the spindle 2, O-rmgs 4 extend peripherically , said O-rmgs 4 being accommodated within internal circumferential grooves of tne sleeve portion 1 ' ' ' .

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valve housing 1 is provided with a radially directed
perforated plate 5 constituting the seat of the valve. At the circumference, this seat plate 5 may be screwed to the adjacent internal housing portion, or the plate 5 may be attached to the housing 1 in another suitable way.

The seat plate 5 is formed with a plurality of axial flow openings, namely a large central opening 6 and, according to the embodiment shown, confer figure 4, eight smaller
openings 7 distributed according to mutually equal angular spacings along a circle concentrical to the circular
circumference of the seat plate. The shape of the openings and their mutual size relationship as well as the
positioning thereof may be varied and modified substantially within the scope of the invention. However, it represents a practical solution to position one 6 of the openings 6,7 centrally and to dimension the same such that it exhibits an opening area exceeding the remaining openings, but such a solution does not represent a binding precondition for the achievement of the intentional effect. Possibly, an oblong shape may be imparted to the peripheric openings 7, the larger hole dimension being in the peripheric direction, and their flow area may be reduced or increased, e.g. for the adaption to the field of application, the liquid's speed of flow, etc.

The spindle-guiding sleeve portion l1'' of the valve housing 1 is formed integrally with an annular flange 1"" which, together with the sleeve portion l'11, forms the end cover of the valve housing 1, said cover enabling opening of the housing and being screwed to the remaining housing body at 8; 9 denoting a seal.

The valve spindle 2 is, at the end thereof not shown,
connected to an electro magnet not shown adapted to actuate the valve whenever the magnet becomes actuated by means of a thermostat. At the other end thereof, the spindle 2 carries a first valve bodv consisting cf £ hollov: piece IC havin a screwed-on plate-shaped gable piece 10' intended to be brought to rest sealingly against the seat plate 5, in order to close the central flow opening 6 thereof. This first valve body 10,10' has a limited axial displaceability in relation to the spindle, this being further explained later on. Temporarily, it should only be mentioned that the first valve body 10,10' has an axially restricted, circular-cylindrical cavity 10" as well as a coaxial guiding bore 10' ' • .

Likewise, the valve spindle 2 carries a second valve body constituted by a cyl'indrical cup-shaped hollow piece 11 having an outwardly directed annular flange 11 ' adapted to come into a position resting sealingly against the seat plate 5, thereby closing the peripheric flow openings 7, as well as a radial "cup bottom portion" which centrally passes into a short guiding sleeve portion 11". In the radial bottom portion of the second valve body 11, 11 ',11", axial through-going holes 11a have been formed for the sake of compensation of pressure, so that the internal and external pressures of the second valve body correspond to each other at all times. The purpose of said compensation of pressure associated to the second valve body will be expained later on .

The first as well as the second valve body 10,11 are each assigned a special pressure spring 12 and 13, respectively. The pressure spring 12 for the first valve body 10 supports itself at one end against the inner side of the gable piece and, at the other end thereof, supports itself against the inner side of the valve body's 11 bottom piece; the pressure spring 13 for the second valve body 11 supporting itself, at one end thereof, against the annular flange 11' and, at the other end, against the inner side of the valve housing's 1 end piece.

Reference numerals 14 and 15 denote two rings locked to the valve srir.ii. 11 at soacei location; tn. r r, 1- functioning as a carrier for the first valve body 10 and the ring 15 as a carrier for the second valve body 11 whenever one valve body or the other is displaced from closed toward open valve position.

As mentioned, the first valve body 10 has a guiding bore 10' ' ' in the area of the spindle 2. In order to evacuate liquid within the cavity 10", there should either be
sufficient clearance between spindle and valve body in the area of the bore 10 ' ' ' , or a radial bore 16 - dotted lines in figures 1-3 - may be formed through the wall of the valve body 10.

Figure 1 shows the valve in a closed position wherein the the gable piece 10' of the first valve body 10 rests
sealingly against the seat plate 5, closing the central flow opening 6 thereof, the annular flange 11' of the second valve body likewise resting sealingly against the seat plate 5, closing the peripheric flow openings 7 thereof.

One imagines that this valve is coupled into a closed circuit system wherein a centrifugal pump rotates without liquid supply when the valve is closed.

Thereby, a pressure difference over the openings 6 and 7 of the plate 5 will arise. As previously mentioned, the second valve body 11 is perforated at 11a so that the same pressure prevails within the hollow piece 11 as well as within the valve housing 1 surrounding said hollow piece constituting the second valve body 11.

If measures have not been effected in order to establish such a compensation of pressure, one would have had to overcome closing forces both at the central opening 6 and at the peripheric openings 7 when withdrawing the second valve body 11 from closed to open valve position. This is not necessary due to tne compensation of pressure caused by the noles lla. Thuε , when the second valve bodv 11 is t: be withdrawn to open valve position, one only has to overcome the pressure difference at the peripheric holes 7 whenever the spindle is actuated by means of the electro magnet, not shown, which has been actuated by means of a thermostat coupled into the flow path for the cold/warm liquid flowing within the circuit system. In addition to said pressure difference at the peripheric holes 7 , one has to overcome the pressure force of the spring 13. However, this spring may be made rather weak, the only task thereof being to prevent the second valve body 11 from resting to loosely against the seat plate 5 via the annular flange ll« of the former.

Figure 2 shows the valve in an intermediate position, wherein the valve spindle 2 by said electro magnet has been displaced an initiating distance to the right, whereby the ring 15 thereof has pulled with it the second valve body 11 which radially is positioned externally of the first valve body 10, so that the sealing engagement between the annular flange 11' and the seat plate 5 has been brought to an end; the peripheric flow openings 7 of the seat ring 5 being uncovered, while the first, radially inner valve body 10 still closes the central flow opening 6 by means of the gable piece 10' thereof.

In this intermediate position, the peripheric openings 7 are fully opened, and the pressure is then balanced between the two sides of the plate 5, i.e. only a rather small force is required to move the first valve body 10 toward open valve position; only a pressure force slightly exceeding that of the spring 12 has to be overcome.

Upon further axial displacement to the right, tne ring 14 cf the spindle 2 takes with it the first valve body IC.

Thereby, full opening of the valve has oeen achieved, figure Now, reference is made to the previous account relating to the seat plate 5. Additionally, it should be stated that a large central flow opening 6 and smaller peripheric flow openings have been found to give a very good flowing pattern for the liquid passing through the valve.

Whenever said thermostat records that the desired liquid temperature has been achieved in the circuit system
whereinto the valve according to the invention has been coupled, the thermostat emits a puls to said electro magnet actuating the valve spindle 2, and the current to the magnet is disconnected. Thereby, the valve spindle 2 will be pushed axially in the direction toward the seat plate 5 by means of the pressure spring 13 as well as by the by-passing liquid exerting a suction pressure on both first and second valve bodies 10,11, whereby the first, radially inner valve body 10 is moved to closed position, so that the central opening 6 of the seat plate 5 is closed, figure 2.

Then, the liquid flow through the valve will be throttled during its passage through merely the peripheric openings 7. The liquid's speed of flow will then increase in relation to that associated to full flow area, and one will not
experience any undesired stroke within the piping; such strokes could have arisen upon the establishment of a complete closure/opening momentarily in one and the same operation. This throttling effect causes a very advantageous damped liquid flow.

The second, radially outer valve body 11 is thereafter closed slowly due to the fact that liquid within the cavity 10" has to be displaced via the annulus at 10''' along the spindle 2; the spindle 12 then being capable of moving further to the left according to figure 2. As previously mentioned, a radial bore 16 may be formed through the wall of first valve boldy 10 in order to evacuate liquid from the cavity 10" , said bore 16 being shown in dotted lines as an alternative υartial solution in icrures 1 - 1. It is tne dimensions of the cavity 10'' ' and/or the radial bore 16, respectively, that decide at which speed the second, radially outer valve body 11 is brought to close, the valve spindle 2 thereunder pressing some of the liquid within the cavity 10" out prior to the complete closure of the valve, i.e. that the ultimate closure phase secures slow closing movements, not giving rise to undesired strokes within the system.