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1. WO1988006813 - COUPE-CIRCUIT DETECTEUR D'IMMERSION

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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Claims
1. A circuit interrupter for interrupting the
delivery of alternating current to an electrical
appliance through a plurality of conductors, said circuit interrupter comprising:
switch means connected to each of the conductors for interrupting the delivery of alternating current therethrough to the appliance;
sensor means located substantially near the
appliance for conducting electrical current;
coil means connected to said sensor means for actuating said switch means and interrupting the delivery of alternating current to the appliance when said coil means is energized;
a plurality of rectifier means connected in series with said coil means and said sensor means at the other end of said sensor means, each rectifier means connected 'in a parallel fashion to each of the respective conductors for conducting current in one direction through said coil means and said sensor means and for preventing a short circuit between the conductors; and,
.latch means for retaining said switch means
actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted after said coil means actuates said switch means.
2. The circuit interrupter of Claim 1, wherein said connection of each said rectifier means to each of the conductors is located between said switch means and the appl iance .
3. The circuit interrupter of Claim 1, wherein two said switch means are provided for interrupting two conductors delivering alternating current to the
appliance, said two switch means, in their actuated state, are adapted to provide alternating current to said latch means through two poles and, wherein said latch means includes two second rectifier means each connected to one of said poles and to opposite ends of said coil means in series therewith for conducting rectified current in one direction through said coil means, thereby
retaining said coil means energized, said switch means actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted as long as alternating current is provided to said switch means.
4. The circuit interrupter of Claim 3, further
comprising third rectifier means connected to said sensor means in series with said coil means for conducting current in the opposite direction to said second rectifier means and for preventing current flow to said sensor means when said coil means is retained energized with rectified current .
5. The circuit interrupter of Claim 4, wherein said first, second, and third rectifier means are diodes.
6. The circuit interrupter of Claim 3, further
comprising capacitor means connected across said coil means and parallel thereto for aiding in retaining said coil means energized with the rectified current.
7. The circuit interrupter of Claim 1, further
comprising zener means connected in series between said sensor means and said coil means for allowing current to flow therethrough after a predetermined voltage is applied thereto .
8. The circuit interrupter of Claim 1, wherein said sensor means substantially surrounds the electrical components of the appliance.
9. The circuit interrupter of Claim 1, further
comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating
current to the appliance is interrupted.

10. The circuit interrupter of Claim 2, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted, said signal means being an electrical light emitting source connected between said poles.
11. The circuit interrupter of Claim 2, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted, said signal means being an electrical sound emitting source connected between said poles.
12. A circuit interrupter for interrupting the
delivery of alternating current to an electrical
appliance through a plurality of conductors, said circuit interrupter comprising:
switch means connected to each of the conductors for interrupting the delivery of alternating current therethrough to the appliance;
sensor means located substantially near the
appliance for conducting electrical current;
coil means connected to said sensor means for actuating said switch means and interrupting the delivery of alternating current to the appliance when said coil means is energized;
a plurality of rectifier means connected in series with said coil means and said sensor means at the other end of said sensor means, each rectifier means connected in a parallel fashion to each of the respective conductors between said switch means and the appliance for conducting current in one direction through said coil means and said sensor means and for preventing a short circuit between the conductors; and, latch means for retaining said switch means
actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted after said coil means actuates said switch means.
13. The circuit interrupter of Claim 12, wherein two said switch means are connected to two conductors and in their actuated state are adapted to provide alternating current to said latch means through two poles, and wherein said latch means includes two second rectified means each connected to one of said poles and to opposite ends of said coil means in series therewith for conducting
rectified current in one direction through said coil means, thereby retaining said coil means energized, said switch means actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted as long as
alternating current is provided to said switch means.
14. The circuit interrupter of Claim 13, further comprising third rectifier means connected to said sensor means in series with said coil means for conducting current in the opposite direction to said second rectifier means and for preventing current flow to said sensor means when said coil means is retained energized with rectified current.
15. The circuit interrupter of Claim 14, wherein said first, second, and third rectifier means are diodes.
16. The circuit interrupter of Claim 13, further comprising capacitor means connected across said coil means and parallel thereto for aiding in retaining said coil means energized with the rectified current.
17. The circuit interrupter of Claim 12, further comprising zener means connected in series between said sensor means and said coil means for allowing current to flow therethrough after a predetermined voltage is applied thereto.

18. The circuit interrupter of Claim 12, wherein said sensor means substantially surrounds the electrical components of the appliance.
19. The circuit interrupter of Claim 12, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted.
20. The circuit interrupter of Claim 13, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted, said signal means being an electrical light emitting source connected between said poles.
21. The circuit interrupter of Claim 13, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted, said signal means being an electrical sound emitting source connected between said poles.
22. A circuit interrupter for interrupting the
delivery of alternating current to an electrical
appliance through two conductors, said circuit
interrupter comprising:
switch means connected to each of the two
conductors for interrupting the delivery of alternating current therethrough to the appliance;
sensor means located substantially near the appliance for conducting electrical current;
coil means connected to said sensor means for actuating said switch means and interrupting the delivery of alternating current to the appliance when said coil means is energized;
two first rectifier means connected in series with said coil means and said sensor means at the other end of said sensor means, each first rectifier means connected in a parallel fashion to the respective two conductors between said switch means and the appliance for conducting in one direction through said coil means and said sensor means and for preventing a said short circuit between the conductors;
latch means for retaining said switch means
actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted after said coil actuates said switch means and, wherein said switch means, in their actuated state, are adapted to provide alternating current to said latch means through two poles and, wherein said- latch means includes two second rectifier means each connected to one of said poles and to opposite ends of said coil means for conducting rectified current in one direction through said coil means thereby retaining said coil means energized, said switch means actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance interrupted as long as the alternating current is provided to said switch means; and,
third rectifier means connected to said sensor means and in series with said coil means for conducting current in the opposite direction to said second rectifier means and for preventing current flow to said sensor means when said coil means is retained energized with rectified current.
23. The circuit interrupter of Claim 22, wherein said first, second, and third rectifier means are diodes.
24. The circuit interrupter of Claim 22, further comprising capacitor means connected across said coil means and parallel thereto for aiding in retaining said coil means energized with the rectified current and while said switch means are being .actuated.

25. The circuit interrupter of Claim 22, further comprising zener means connected in series with said third rectifier means between said coil means and said sensor means for allowing current to flow therethrough and to said coil means after a predetermined voltage is applied thereto.
26. The circuit interrupter of Claim 22, wherein said sensor means substantially surrounds the electrical components of the appliance.
27. The circuit interrupter of Claim 22, further comprising signal means for signaling when said switch means are actuated and the delivery of alternating current to the appliance is interrupted.
28. The circuit interrupter of Claim 27, wherein said signal means is an electrical light emitting source connected between said poles.
29. The circuit interrupter of Claim 27, wherein said signal means is an electrical sound emitting source connected between said poles.