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1. WO1986003230 - REDUCTION ELECTROLYTIQUE D'AMINE DE COBALT

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An electrolytic process for the reduction of Co to Co A in an aqueous ammoniacal solution in an electrolytic cell, comprising an anode compartment, a cathode compartment and a permeable membrane in contact with the anode and located between the anode and cathode compartments and wherein said cathode compartment contains a porous electrode having a porosity in the range of from about 30 to 60 percent comprising introducing the aqueous ammoniacal cobaltic (III) solution into the cathode compartment of the electrolytic cell, providing an aqueous electrolyte in the anode compartment, applying direct current to the anode and cathode to produce cobaltous (II) ions in the cathode compartment while substantially preventing migration of cobaltous anions between the cathode and anode compartments by maintaining a permeable membrane between the anode and the porous cathode, removing
produced gas from the ariode compartment and removing the electrolyte containing cobaltous ions from the cathode compartment.

2. The process of Claim 1 which comprises
conducting the electrolytic process at a temperature ranging from 20°C to 50°C.

3. The process of Claim 1 wherein the cathode is a stainless steel mesh.

4. The process of Claim 1 wherein the electrolyte in the anode compartment is an aqueous solution of sodium sulfate.

5. The process of Claim 1 wherein the electrolyte in the anode compartment is an aqueous ammoniacal
solution.

6. The process of Claim 1 wherein the electrolyte in the cathode compartment is an aqueous ammonia-ammonium sulfate solution or ammonia-ammonium carbonate solution.

7. The process of Claim 1 wherein the aqueous electrolyte has a pH of from 8.5 to 10.

8. The process of Claim 1 wherein the Eh of the aqueous electrolyte in the cathode compartment is reduced to the range of from -50 mv to -100 mv versus SHE.

9. The process of Claim 1 wherein no cobalt metal is deposited on the porous electrode.

10. The process of Claim 1 which comprises treating the cathode with an aqueous ammoniacal cobaltic (III) solution for a time sufficient to dissolve any cobalt which may have deposited on said cathode .

11. The process of Claim 1 wherein the cathode is in contact with the permeable membrane.

12. The process of Claim 1 wherein the aqueous ammoniacal cobaltic (III) solution is passed over
activated carbon prior to introducing said solution into said cathode compartment of the electrolytic cell.