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1. US6664095 - Solid state fermentation

Office
États-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de la demande 09565546
Date de la demande 05.05.2000
Numéro de publication 6664095
Date de publication 16.12.2003
Numéro de délivrance 6664095
Date de délivrance 16.12.2003
Type de publication B1
CIB
C12N 1/00
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
NMICRO-ORGANISMES OU ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS LES CONTENANT; CULTURE OU CONSERVATION DE MICRO-ORGANISMES; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE; MILIEUX DE CULTURE
1Micro-organismes, p.ex. protozoaires; Compositions les contenant; Procédés de culture ou de conservation de micro-organismes, ou de compositions les contenant; Procédés de préparation ou d'isolement d'une composition contenant un micro-organisme; Leurs milieux de culture
C12M 1/00
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
MAPPAREILLAGE POUR L'ENZYMOLOGIE OU LA MICROBIOLOGIE
1Appareillage pour l'enzymologie ou la microbiologie
C12M 1/02
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
MAPPAREILLAGE POUR L'ENZYMOLOGIE OU LA MICROBIOLOGIE
1Appareillage pour l'enzymologie ou la microbiologie
02avec des moyens d'agitation; avec des moyens d'échange de chaleur
C12M 1/12
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
MAPPAREILLAGE POUR L'ENZYMOLOGIE OU LA MICROBIOLOGIE
1Appareillage pour l'enzymologie ou la microbiologie
12avec des moyens de stérilisation, filtration ou dialyse
C12M 1/14
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
MAPPAREILLAGE POUR L'ENZYMOLOGIE OU LA MICROBIOLOGIE
1Appareillage pour l'enzymologie ou la microbiologie
14avec des moyens fournissant des couches minces ou avec des plateaux à niveaux multiples
C12M 1/16
CCHIMIE; MÉTALLURGIE
12BIOCHIMIE; BIÈRE; SPIRITUEUX; VIN; VINAIGRE; MICROBIOLOGIE; ENZYMOLOGIE; TECHNIQUES DE MUTATION OU DE GÉNÉTIQUE
MAPPAREILLAGE POUR L'ENZYMOLOGIE OU LA MICROBIOLOGIE
1Appareillage pour l'enzymologie ou la microbiologie
16contenant ou adaptés pour contenir des milieux solides
CPC
C12M 23/44
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
23Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
44Multiple separable units; Modules
A61L 2/07
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
2Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
02using physical phenomena
04Heat
06Hot gas
07Steam
C12M 21/16
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
21Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
16Solid state fermenters, e.g. for koji production
C12M 23/04
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
23Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
02Form or structure of the vessel
04Flat or tray type, drawers
C12M 23/20
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
23Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
20Material Coatings
C12M 27/02
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
27Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
Déposants Biocon India Limited
Inventeurs Suryanarayan, Shrikumar
Mazumdar, Kiran
Mandataires Choate, Hall & Stewart
Pasternak, Sam
Données relatives à la priorité 09193384 17.11.1998 US
Titre
(EN) Solid state fermentation
Abrégé
(EN)

The present invention provides an improved solid state fermentation device that combines all of the operations of microorganism cultivation (sterilization, inoculation, cultivation, extraction, and post extraction treatment). This solid state fermentation device is modular in nature and operates in a contained manner so that the live microorganisms from the reactor cannot come into contact with the environment and pollute the environment and also so that the environment inside the bioreactor is aseptic. Another aspect of this invention allows fermentation of microorganisms without inhibiting the growth of the microorganism. Specifically, the bioreactor is designed to remove heat that accumulates inside the bioreactor during fermentation by conduction. Additionally, there is a mechanism to add fluid to the interior of the bioreactor that permits equal distribution and precise control of a variety of environmental parameters. For example, the bioreactor of the present invention provides a means to add nutritive media to the microorganisms at any time during the fermentation process without disturbing the fermenting microorganisms. Furthermore, the bioreactor of the present invention provides a mechanism to mix the contents of the bioreactor at any time and for any duration during the fermentation process. Finally, the present bioreactor provides a means of extracting desired microbial products from the bioreactor without opening the bioreactor.