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1. US5994583 - Two step synthesis of D- and L- .alpha.-amino acids and D- and L- .alpha.-amino-aldehydes

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]
What is claimed is:
1. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product, said asymmetric α-amino acid product being selected from a group consisting of amino acids and protected amino acids having a protected β-amino radical, the method comprising the following steps:
Step A: catalytically converting the olefinic substrate to a protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide having a protected β-amino radical and a hydroxyl radical, said conversion employing a reaction solution which includes a source of the protected amino radical, an osmium compound as a catalyst, a chiral ligand for enantiomerically directing said asymmetric addition, and a solvent; then
Step B: optionally deprotecting the protected amino radical of the protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said Step A to form a deprotected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide;
Step C: oxidizing the hydroxyl radical of a first intermediate selected from the group consisting of the protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said step A and the deprotected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said Step B to form the asymmetric α-amino acid product; and
Step D: optionally deprotecting the protected amino radical of the protected amino acid to form the amino acid.
2. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product as described in claim 1 wherein:
in said Step A: the source of the protected amino radical is a carbamate and the solvent has an organic component, the olefinic substrate and carbamate being present and soluble at a stoichiometric Molar concentration within the reaction solution, the osmium compound being present and soluble in catalytic amounts within the reaction solution, and the chiral ligand is present and soluble within the reaction solution at a Molar concentration within a range which is greater or equal to the catalytic Molar concentration of the osmium compound and less than stoichiometric Molar concentration of the olefinic substrate and carbamate.
3. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product as described in claim 2, wherein:
in said Step A: the chiral ligand is present and soluble within the reaction solution at a concentration within a range approximately equivalent to the catalytic Molar concentration of the osmium compound.
4. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product as described in claim 1 wherein:
in said Step A: the source of the protected amino radical is a carbamate and the solvent has an organic component, the olefinic substrate and carbamate being present and soluble at a stoichiometric concentration within the reaction solution, the osmium compound is present and soluble in catalytic amounts within the reaction solution, the solvent further including an aqueous component present at 10% or greater on a volume basis of the reaction solution; and the chiral ligand is present and soluble within the reaction solution at a Molar concentration which is approximately equivalent to the catalytic Molar concentration of the osmium and less than stoichiometric concentration of the olefinic substrate and carbamate.
5. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product as described in claim 4, wherein:
in said Step A: the chiral ligand being present and soluble within the reaction solution at a Molar concentration within a range approximately equivalent to the catalytic Molar concentration of the osmium compound.
6. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product as described in claim 1 wherein:
in said Step A: the source of the protected amino radical is a sulfonamide.
7. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid product, said asymmetric α-amino acid product being selected from a group consisting of amino acids and protected amino acids having a protected β-amino radical, the method comprising the following steps:
Step A: catalytically converting the olefinic substrate to a protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide having a protected β-amino radical and a hydroxyl radical by means of catalytic asymmetric oxyamination reaction; then
Step B: optionally deprotecting the protected β-amino radical of the protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said Step A to form a deprotected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide;
Step C: oxidizing the hydroxyl radical of a first intermediate selected from the group consisting of the protected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said step A and the deprotected asymmetric β-aminohydroxide of said Step B to form the asymmetric α-amino acid product; and
Step D: optionally deprotecting the protected β-amino radical of the protected amino acid to form the amino acid.
8. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid as described in claim 7 wherein the catalytic asymmetric oxyamination reaction of said Step A includes a reaction solution with a source of the protected amino radical, an osmium compound as a catalyst, a chiral ligand, and a solvent.
9. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid as described in claim 8 wherein the chiral ligand is selected from the group consisting of monovalent cinchona alkaloids, hydroquinine 1,4-phthalazinediyl diether ((DHQ) 2 PHAL), hydroquinidine 1,4-pthalazinediyl diether ((DHQD) 2 PHAL), and hydroquinidine-p-chlorobenzoate.
10. A method for converting an olefinic substrate to an asymmetric α-amino acid as described in claim 9 wherein the chiral ligand is selected from the group consisting of hydroquinine 1,4-phthalazinediyl diether ((DHQ) 2 PHAL) and hydroquinidine 1,4-pthalazinediyl diether ((DHQD) 2 PHAL).