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1. US5254271 - Ammonium compounds, preparation thereof and use thereof as cleaning agent, cosmetic raw material and softener, in particular as final-rinse fabric softner

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[ EN ]
What is claimed is:
1. An aqueous final-rinse fabric softener comprising 5 to 30% by weight of at least one ammonium compound of the general formula (1) wherein R 1 and R 11 are the same or different and each is H, --CH 3, --C 2 H 5, --(C 3 H 6 O) p H, or --(C 2 H 4 O) e H;
R 2, R 3, R 7 and R 8 are the same or different and each is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical containing 1-18 carbon atoms, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene radical containing 2-18 carbon atoms;
R 4 and R 6 are the same or different and are represented by the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O) d -- wherein d is zero to 20 and in each of the units of the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O)-- R 9 is independently H or --CH 3, and wherein the oxygens of said alkoxy groups are attached to the carboxyl groups in formula (1), provided that R 9 is --H in up to 10 of said units and R 9 is --CH 3 in up to 10 of said units; is the radical of a dimerized fatty acid, said fatty acid containing 16-22 carbon atoms before dimerization;
x and y are independently --O-- or --NH--;
A and B are the same or different and each is the anion of a water-soluble monobasic or polybasic inorganic or organic acid, and a, b and c are integers related such that c=[(a)(α)+(b)(β)]/2;
k and n are the same or different and each is an integer from 2-4;
p and e are the same or different and each is an integer from 1-5; and
j and m are the same or different and each is zero or one, provided that j is zero when x is --NH-- and m is zero when y is --NH--.
2. A conditioner in accordance with claim 1, further comprising one or more components selected from the group consisting of water, dyes, perfume, thickeners and customary auxiliary and additive substances.
3. An aqueous final-rinse fabric conditioner as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the general formula (1) R 1 and R 11 are the same or different and each is H or --CH 3 ;
R 2, R 3, R 7 and R 8 are methyl;
R 5 is the radical of a dimerized fatty acid having a dimer content of at least about 80% by weight;
k and n are each 2 or 3;
j and m are zero; and
A and B are the same or different and each is lactate or methylsulfate; said at least one compound of formula (1) being formed from one or more dimeric acids of the formula HOOC--R 5 --COOH formed by dimerization of fatty acids, wherein said one or more dimeric fatty acids comprise at least about 80% by weight of all products of said dimerization present in said conditioner.
4. An aqueous hair cleaning and conditioning composition comprising
a) 0.5-10 parts by weight of at least one of the ammonium compounds of the general formula (1) wherein R 1 and R 11 are the same or different and each is H, --CH 3, --C 2 H 5, --(C 3 H 6 O) p H, or --(C 2 H 4 O) e H;
R 2, R 3, R 7 and R 8 are the same or different and each is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical containing 1-18 carbon atoms, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene radical containing 2-18 carbon atoms;
R 4 and R 6 are the same or different and are represented by the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O) d -- wherein d is zero to 20 and in each of the units of the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O)-- R 9 is independently H or --CH 3, and wherein the oxygens of said alkoxy groups are attached to the carboxyl groups in formula (1), provided that R 9 is --H in up to 10 of said units and R 9 is --CH 3 in up to 10 of said units; is the radical of a dimerized fatty acid, said fatty acid containing 16-22 carbon atoms before dimerization,
x and y are independently --O-- or --NH--;
A and B are the same or different and each is the anion of a water-soluble monobasic or polybasic inorganic or organic acid, and a, b and c are integers related such that c=[(a)(α)+(b)(β)]/2;
k and n are the same or different and each is an integer from 2-4;
p and e are the same or different and each is an integer from 1-5; and
j and m are the same of different and each is zero or one, provided that j is zero when x is --NH-- and m is zero when y is --NH--;
b) 1.0-20 parts by weight of at least one nonionic, amphoteric, zwitterionic, or ionic surfactant;
c) 0.1-10 parts by weight of one or more components selected from the group consisting of thickeners, scents, preservatives, dyes, plant extracts and other additive and auxiliary substances; and
d) ad 100 water.
5. An aqueous shower and hair shampoo composition comprising
a) 0.5-10 parts by weight of one or more ammonium compounds of the general formula (1) wherein R 1 and R 11 are the same or different and each is H, --CH 3, --C 2 H 5, --(C 3 H 6 O) p H, or --(C 2 H 4 O) e H;
R 2, R 3, R 7 and R 8 are the same or different and each is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical containing 1-18 carbon atoms, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene radical containing 2-18 carbon atoms;
R 4 and R 6 are the same or different and are represented by the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O) d -- wherein d is zero to 20 and in each of the units of the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O)-- R 9 is independently H or --CH 3, and wherein the oxygens of said alkoxy groups are attached to the carboxyl groups in formula (1), provided that R 9 is --H in up to 10 of said units and R 9 is --CH 3 in up to 10 of said units; is the radical of a dimerized fatty acid, said fatty acid containing 16-22 carbon atoms before dimerization;
x and y are independently --O-- or --NH--;
A and B are the same or different and each is the anion of a water-soluble monobasic or polybasic inorganic or organic acid, and a, b and c are integers related such that c=[(a)(α)+(b)β)]/2;
k and n are the same or different and each is an integer from 2-4;
p and e are the same or different and each is an integer from 1-5; and
j and m are the same or different and each is zero or one, provided that j is zero when x is --NH-- and m is zero when y is --N--, said one or more ammonium compounds being formed from one or more dimeric fatty acids of the formula HOOC--R 5 --COOH formed by dimerization fatty acids, wherein said one or more dimeric fatty acids comprise at least about 80% by weight of all products of said dimerization present in said composition;
k and n are the same or different and each is 2 or 3;
j and m are both zero; and
A and B are the same or different and each is the lactate or methylsulfate;
b) 1.0-10 parts by weight of at least one nonionic, amphoteric, zwitterionic, or ionic surfactant;
c) 0.1-5 parts by weight of one or more components selected from the group consisting of thickeners, scents, preservatives, dyes, plant extracts and other additive and auxiliary substances; and
d) ad 100 water.
6. An aqueous hair conditioning composition comprising
a) 1-7 parts by weight of one or more ammonium compounds of the general formula (1) wherein R 1 and R 11 are the same or different and each is H, --CH 3, --C 2 H 5, --(C 3 H 6 O) p H, or --(C 2 H 4 O) e H;
R 2, R 3, R 7 and R 8 are the same or different and each is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical containing 1-18 carbon atoms, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene radical containing 2-18 carbon atoms;
R 4 and R 6 are the same or different and are represented by the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O) d -- wherein d is zero to 20 and in each of the units of the formula --(CH 2 --CHR 9 --O)-- R 9 is independently H or --CH 3, and wherein the oxygens of said alkoxy groups are attached to the carboxyl groups in formula (1), provided that R 9 is --H in up to 10 of said units and R 9 is --CH 3 in up to 10 of said units; is the radical of a dimerized fatty acid, said fatty acid containing 16-22 carbon atoms before dimerization;
x and y are independently --O-- or --NH--;
A and B are the same or different and each is the anion of a water-soluble monobasic or polybasic inorganic or organic acid, and a, b and c are integers related such that c=[(a)(α)+(b)(β)]/2;
k and n are the same or different and each is an integer from 2-4;
p and e are the same or different and each is an integer from 1-5; and
j and m are the same or different and each is zero or one, provided that j is zero when x is --NH-- and m is zero when y is --NH--, said one or more ammonium compounds being formed from one or more dimeric fatty acids of the formula HOOC--R 5 --COOH formed by dimerization of fatty acids, wherein said one or more dimeric fatty acids comprise at least about 80% by weight of all products of said dimerization present in said composition;
k and n are the same or different and each is 2 or 3;
j and m are both zero; and
A and B are the same or different and each is lactate or methylsulfate;
b) 1.0-20 parts by weight of at least one nonionic, amphoteric, zwitterionic, or ionic surfactant;
c) 0.1-5 parts by weight of one or more components selected from the group consisting of thickeners, scents, preservatives, dyes, plant extracts and other additive and auxiliary substances; and
d) ad 100 water.