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Paramétrages

Paramétrages

1. EP3146174 - SYSTÈME DE TRAITEMENT DES GAZ D'ÉCHAPPEMENT D'UN VÉHICULE ÉQUIPÉ D'UN MOTEUR À COMBUSTION INTERNE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique
Claims

1. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14), the internal combustion engine (14) comprising:

- a fly-wheel (24) placed at the rear part with respect to the internal combustion engine (14);

- a cooling system (28) placed at the front part with respect to the internal combustion engine;

- a forced induction group consisting of a turbine (22), placed on the same side of the fly-wheel (24), and of a compressor (30), placed on the same side of the cooling system (28); and

- a system (10) for treating the exhaust gases provided with a conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases, operatively connected to the exit door of the turbine (22), a conduit (20) for the outlet of exhaust gases and a main body or shell (38) internally hollow for containing a substrate (44) through which the exhaust gases are conveyed so that they are subject to predefined chemical reactions,

wherein said system (10) for treating exhaust gases is placed on the head of the internal combustion engine (14), characterised in that said main body or shell (38) has a cross-sectional shape, with respect to the driving direction of the vehicle (12), an ellipsoid the larger axis of which is oriented according to a substantially horizontal direction and the smaller axis of which is oriented according to a substantially vertical direction, so that said main body or shell (38) has a widened and compressed shape that allows it to occupy the least height-wise possible space with respect to the head of the internal combustion engine (14), and wherein said conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases and said conduit (20) for the outlet of exhaust gases are placed in fluid communication with a same transverse side wall (46), with respect to the driving direction of the vehicle (12), of said main body or shell (38).
  2. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to claim 1, characterised in that, with respect to the diameter (D RIF) of the compressor inlet door (30) and with respect to a longitudinal reference axis (X) passing through the centre of the compressor inlet door (30), the maximum overall height-wise A of the system (10) for treating the exhaust gases, the transverse overall dimension B of said system (10) for treating the exhaust gases on the right side with respect to the longitudinal reference axis (X) and the transverse overall dimension of said system (10) for treating the exhaust gases on the left side with respect to the longitudinal reference axis (X) are equivalent to:


  3. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases is heat insulated with respect to the internal combustion engine (14).
  4. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to any claim 1 to 3, characterised in that the conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases consists in sequence of a flange (32) for coupling to the outlet door of the turbine (22), of a first pipe (34) with a 90° elbow curve, of a flexible element (36), configured for absorbing the heat dilations and mechanical vibrations, and of a second pipe (40) with a 90° elbow curve, which allows the removable coupling of said conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases with the main body or shell (38) of the system (10) for treating the exhaust gases, so that said conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases assumes a substantially U-shape and is capable of diverting by about 180° the flow of said exhaust gases.
  5. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to claim 4, characterised in that on the transverse side wall (46) of the main body or shell (38) an inlet fitting (62), which can be connected to the conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases, as well as the conduit (20) for the outlet of exhaust gases, which can be connected to an exhaust piping (26) of the internal combustion engine (14) or a further system (52) for the treatment of exhaust gases are obtained.
  6. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to claim 5, characterised in that the inlet fitting (62) is connected to the second pipe (40) with a 90° elbow curve of the conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases through a coupling device (42) of the " V-clamp" type.
  7. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to any claim 1 to 6, characterised in that the main body or shell (38) encloses a divergent conduit (56) interposed between the conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases and the substrate (44), so that the exhaust gases exiting from said conduit (18) for the inlet of exhaust gases are expanded and slowed in said divergent conduit (56) and so that the time the exhaust gases remain within the substrate (44) is sufficient for completing the chemical reactions.
  8. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to any claim 1 to 7, characterised in that the main body or shell (38) is provided with an end wall (58), opposite with respect to the transverse side wall (46), capable of diverting by 180°, towards the conduit (20) for the outlet of exhaust gases, the exhaust gases exiting from the substrate (44), so that said exhaust gases lap the side walls of the main body or shell (38) with the aim of maintaining the temperature of the substrate (44) at a constant value as much as possible and of facilitating the heating step of the system (10) for treating the exhaust gases.
  9. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to claim 8, characterised in that the outer surface of the main body or shell (38) is at least partially coated with a layer (60) made of heat insulating material, which also covers the end wall (58) for diverting the exhaust gases.
  10. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to any of the preceding claims, characterised in that the compressor (30) is installed upstream of the turbine (22) so as to avoid, considering the flow of air discharged by the cooling system (28), a further increase of the temperature of said compressor (30), as well as the temperature of the air which passes through said compressor (30).
  11. Vehicle (12) in combination with an internal combustion engine (14) according to any of the preceding claims, characterised in that the system (10) for the treatment of exhaust gases is provided with a substrate (44) selected from the group consisting of:

- a catalyst device of the DOC (Diesel Oxidation Catalyst) type;

- a catalyst device of the DOC + POC (Particulate Oxidation Catalyst) type;

- a filter of the DPF (Diesel Particulate Filter) type.