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1. WO2020159844 - CORRECTION DE DISTORSION D'IMAGE BASÉE SUR LE CHATOIEMENT POUR MICROSCOPIE À BALAYAGE LASER

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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method of correcting distortion of an image, comprising:

analyzing, by a processor, an image segment of the image to identify a speckle artifact, the image segment being obtained from a scanning imaging device; determining, by the processor, an aspect ratio of a shape of the speckle artifact;

determining, by the processor, a correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio; and

adjusting, by the processor, a dimension of the image segment based on the correction factor.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein determining the correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio further comprises:

determining the correction factor based on a polynomial function which relates the aspect ratio to the correction factor.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the image is obtained from at least one of a rotational scanning device or a linear scanning device.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the image segment is derived by dividing the image into a plurality of strips,

wherein each of the plurality of strips is subdivided into a plurality of substrips, wherein the image segment comprises one of the plurality of substrips.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the image is generated by rotational scanning of the sample,

wherein each of the plurality of strips corresponds to data collected in a rotational scanning direction of the sample.

6. The method of claim 4, further comprising:

adjusting a dimension of each of the plurality of substrips based on a respective correction factor determined for each of the plurality of substrips,

reassembling each of the adjusted substrips into a plurality of corrected strips, and reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image further comprises:

determining a cross-correlation between two adjacent strips of the plurality of corrected substrips,

calculating a phase delay value which maximizes the cross-correlation, and aligning the two adjacent strips based on the calculated phase delay.

8. The method of any one of claims 1-7, wherein analyzing the image segment to identify the speckle artifact further comprises:

extracting a speckle image of the image segment based on filtering the image segment, and

wherein determining the aspect ratio of the shape of the speckle artifact further comprises:

determining the aspect ratio based on an autocovariance of the speckle artifact in the speckle image.

9. The method of any one of claims 1-7, wherein the speckle artifact is caused by a coherent light source.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the coherent light source comprises a laser.

11. An apparatus for correcting distortion of an image, comprising:

a processor; and

a memory in communication with the processor having stored thereon a set of instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:

analyze an image segment of the image to identify a speckle artifact, the image segment being obtained from a scanning imaging device, determine an aspect ratio of a shape of the speckle artifact,

determine a correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio, and

adjust a dimension of the image segment based on the correction factor.

12. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the processor, when determining the correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio, is further caused by the instructions to:

determine the correction factor based on a polynomial function which relates the aspect ratio to the correction factor.

13. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the image from which the image segment is derived is generated by at least one of rotational or linear scanning of a sample.

14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein the image segment is derived by dividing the image into a plurality of strips,

wherein each of the plurality of strips is subdivided into a plurality of substrips, wherein the image segment comprises one of the plurality of substrips.

15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the image is generated by rotational scanning of the sample,

wherein each of the plurality of strips corresponds to data collected in a rotational scanning direction of the sample.

16. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the processor is further caused by the instructions to:

adjust a dimension of each of the plurality of substrips based on a determined correction factor for each of the plurality of substrips,

reassemble each of the adjusted substrips into a plurality of corrected strips, and reassemble the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image.

17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the processor, when reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image, is further caused by the instructions to:

determine a cross-correlation between two adjacent strips of the plurality of corrected substrips,

calculate a phase delay value which maximizes the cross-correlation, and align the two adjacent strips based on the calculated phase delay.

18. The apparatus of any one of claims 11-17, wherein the processor, when analyzing the image segment to identify the speckle artifact, is further caused by the instructions to:

extract a speckle image of the image segment based on filtering the image segment, and

wherein the processor, when determining the aspect ratio of the shape of the speckle artifact, is further caused by the instructions to:

measure the aspect ratio based on an autocovariance of the speckle artifact in the speckle image.

19. The apparatus of any one of claims 11-17, wherein the speckle artifact is caused by a coherent light source.

20. The apparatus of claim 19, wherein the coherent light source comprises a laser.

21. A method of distortion correction, the method comprising:

providing an image;

dividing the image into a plurality of substantially parallel strips, each strip extending in a first direction;

dividing each strip into a plurality of substrips along a second direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction;

analyzing each of the plurality of substrips to locate at least one locally bright feature; adjusting at least a portion of each substrip to urge the at least one locally bright feature toward a predetermined shape to create a corrected substrip;

reassembling the plurality of corrected substrips into a corrected strip; and

reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image.

22. The method of claim 21, wherein at least one locally bright feature comprises a laser speckle artifact.

23. The method of claim 21, wherein providing an image includes obtaining an image from a rotational imaging sensor.

24. The method of any one of claims 21-23, wherein reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image further comprises:

performing cross-correlation between pairs of adjacent strips of the plurality of corrected strips,

readjusting relative positions of the pairs of adjacent strips based on performing the cross-correlation, and

reassembling the plurality of corrected substrips into the corrected image based on readjusting the relative positions of the pairs of adjacent strips.

25. An apparatus for correcting distortion of an image, comprising:

a scanning imaging device including a coherent light source,

the scanning imaging device being configured to obtain an image of a sample; a processor in communication with the scanning imaging device; and

a memory in communication with the processor having stored thereon a set of instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:

analyze an image segment of the image to identify a speckle artifact, determine an aspect ratio of a shape of the speckle artifact,

determine a correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio, and

adjust a dimension of the image segment based on the correction factor.

26. The apparatus of claim 25, wherein the processor, when determining the correction factor for the shape of the speckle artifact based on the aspect ratio, is further caused by the instructions to:

determine the correction factor based on a polynomial function which relates the aspect ratio to the correction factor.

27. The apparatus of claim 25, wherein the scanning imaging device obtains the image from the sample using at least one of rotational or linear scanning of the sample.

28. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the image segment is derived by dividing the image into a plurality of strips,

wherein each of the plurality of strips is subdivided into a plurality of substrips, wherein the image segment comprises one of the plurality of substrips.

29. The apparatus of claim 28, wherein the image is obtained by rotational scanning of the sample,

wherein each of the plurality of strips corresponds to data collected in a rotational scanning direction of the sample.

30. The apparatus of claim 28, wherein the processor is further caused by the instructions to: adjust a dimension of each of the plurality of substrips based on a determined correction factor for each of the plurality of substrips,

reassemble each of the adjusted substrips into a plurality of corrected strips, and reassemble the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image.

31. The apparatus of claim 30, wherein the processor, when reassembling the plurality of corrected strips into a corrected image, is further caused by the instructions to:

determine a cross-correlation between two adjacent strips of the plurality of corrected substrips,

calculate a phase delay value which maximizes the cross-correlation, and align the two adjacent strips based on the calculated phase delay.

32. The apparatus of any one of claims 25-31, wherein the processor, when analyzing the image segment to identify the speckle artifact, is further caused by the instructions to:

extract a speckle image of the image segment based on filtering the image segment, and

wherein the processor, when determining the aspect ratio of the shape of the speckle artifact, is further caused by the instructions to:

measure the aspect ratio based on an autocovariance of the speckle artifact in the speckle image.

33. The apparatus of any one of claims 25-31, wherein the speckle artifact is caused by the coherent light source.

34. The apparatus of claim 33, wherein the coherent light source comprises a laser.