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1. (WO2019046175) ISOLATING DECOUPLER
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Claims

I claim:

1. An isolating decoupler comprising:

a hub ;

a pulley journalled to the hub;

a torsion spring having a first torsion spring end welded directly to the hub;

a wrap spring having a first wrap spring end welded directly to a second torsion spring end;

a wrap spring outer surface fictionally engaged with a pulley inner surface; and

a wrap spring second end temporarily engagable with the torsion spring first end whereby the frictional engagement between the wrap spring outer surface and the pulley inner surface is progressively released as a torque load increases.

2. The isolating decoupler as in claim 1, wherein the torsion spring is loaded in a winding direction.

3. The isolating decoupler as in claim 1, wherein the wrap spring is disengaged from the inner surface in a wrap spring winding direction.

4. The isolating decoupler as in claim 1, wherein the wrap spring is engaged with the inner surface in a wrap spring unwinding direction.

5. The isolating decoupler as in claim 1, wherein the torsion spring is disposed concentrically within the wrap spring .

6. The isolating decoupler as in claim 5, wherein the torsion spring has a clearance fit within the wrap spring .

7. An isolating decoupler comprising:

a hub ;

a pulley journalled to the hub;

a torsion spring directly connected to the hub by a weld;

a wrap spring directly connected to the torsion spring by a weld; and

the wrap spring fictionally engaged with a pulley surface .

8. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the torsion spring is concentrically disposed within an axial length of the wrap spring.

9. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the torsion spring is welded to a hub shoulder.

10. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the torsion spring is loaded in a winding direction.

11. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the wrap spring is disengaged from the pulley surface by a torque load in a winding direction.

12. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the wrap spring is engaged with the pulley surface by a torque load in a wrap spring unwinding direction.

13. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the weld of the torsion spring is a laser weld.

14. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7, wherein the weld of the wrap spring is a laser weld.

15. The isolating decoupler as in claim 7 further comprising :

a wrap spring end releasably engagable with the torsion spring whereby upon a progressing engagement with the torsion spring the frictional engagement between the wrap spring and the pulley surface is incrementally released as a torque load increases.

16. An isolating decoupler comprising:

a hub ;

a pulley journalled to the hub;

a torsion spring having a first end directly connected to the hub by a laser weld;

a wrap spring directly connected to a torsion spring second end by a laser weld;

the wrap spring radially expandable to fictionally engage a pulley surface to transmit a torque load; and a wrap spring end releasably engagable with the torsion spring whereby upon engagement with the torsion spring the frictional engagement between the wrap spring and the pulley surface is progressively released as a torque load increases.

17. The isolating decoupler as in claim 16, wherein the progressive frictional engagement release is caused by radial contraction of the wrap spring.

18. The isolating decoupler as in claim 16, wherein the torsion spring first end is laser welded to a hub shoulder, the hub shoulder radially extending from a hub surface .

19. The isolating decoupler as in claim 16, wherein the torsion spring radially contracts under load.

20. The isolating decoupler as in claim 16, wherein the torsion spring is concentrically disposed within the wrap spring and within an axial length of the wrap spring.

21. The isolating decoupler as in claim 18, wherein the hub shoulder comprises a ring.

22. The isolating decoupler as in claim 21 further comprising a second ring welded to the torsion spring second end, the second ring having a clearance fit on the hub .

23. A method of manufacturing an isolating decoupler comprising:

journaling a pulley to a hub;

welding a torsion spring first end directly to the hub with a weld bead;

selectively adjusting the weld bead length to achieve a desired torsion spring characteristic;

welding a wrap spring end directly to a torsion spring second end; and

engaging the wrap spring fictionally with a pulley surface .

24. The method as in claim 23 comprising controlling a number of active torsion spring coils by selectively adjusting the weld bead length.

25. The method as in claim 23, wherein the torsion spring characteristic is a spring rate.

26. The method as in claim 23, wherein the torsion spring characteristic is a deflection angle.