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1. (WO2019032415) METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TRIGGERING EXOTHERMIC REACTIONS USING AC OR DC ELECTROMAGNETICS
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Claims

What is claimed is:

1. A method for inducing a magnetic field in an exothermic reactor to trigger an exothermic reaction, the exothermic reactor comprising a vessel and one or more reaction materials, the reactor maintaining a pressure and a temperature and being surrounded by one or more coils, the method comprising:

supplying a current to the one or more coils, wherein the strength of the current is determined based on a desired characteristic of the magnetic field; and

switching off the current after a first time period;

wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period are determined to trigger the exothermic reaction and wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period are dependent on the type of the exothermic reactor.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field is a desired strength of the magnetic field or a desired polarity of the magnetic field.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein, when the current is supplied to the one or more coils, the strength of the magnetic field increases until the current is switched off, and wherein the first time period is determined based on the desired strength of the magnetic field and the current.

4. The method of claim 2, wherein, when the current is supplied to the one or more coils, the strength of the magnetic field reaches the maximum when the current reaches the maximum before the current is switched off, and wherein the first time period is determined based on the desired strength of the magnetic field and the current.

5. The method of claim 1, further comprising supplying the current to the one or more coils after a second time period.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the direction of the current is reversed.

7. The method of claim 5, wherein the current is turned on and off periodically with a predetermined frequency for triggering the exothermic reaction.

8. The method of claim 6, wherein the frequency at which the direction of the

current is reversed is determined for triggering the exothermic reaction.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein a first coil of the one or more coils is parallel to a second coil of the one or more coils, and wherein the magnetic field generated by the first coil is aligned with the magnetic field generated by the second coil.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein a first coil of the one or more coils is

perpendicular to a second coil of the one or more coils, and wherein a current running through the first coil and a current running through the second coil are turned on and off alternately.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the current in the first coil and the current in the second coil are phase locked.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period further depend on one or more of the following factors: the one or more reaction materials, the temperature, the pressure, a substrate used for holding the one or more reaction materials, the shape of the exothermic reactor, and the size of the exothermic reaction.

13. An apparatus for inducing a magnetic field in an exothermic reactor to trigger an exothermic reaction, the exothermic reactor comprising a vessel, one or more

reaction materials, the exothermic reactor maintaining a temperature and a pressure, said apparatus comprising:

one or more coils positioned in the surround of the exothermic reactor; one or more power supplies for supplying one or more currents to the one or more coils;

wherein the one or more power supplies are configured to:

supply the currents to the one or more coils, wherein the strength of each of the currents is determined based on a desired characteristic of the magnetic field; and

switch off the currents after a first time period;

wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period are determined to trigger the exothermic reaction and wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period are dependent on the type of the exothermic reactor.

14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field is a desired strength of the magnetic field or a desired polarity of the magnetic field.

15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein, when the current is supplied to the one or more coils, the strength of the magnetic field increases until the current is switched off, and wherein the first time period is determined based on the desired strength of the magnetic field and the current.

16. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein, when the current is supplied to the one or more coils, the strength of the magnetic field reaches the maximum when the current reaches the maximum before the current is switched off, and wherein the first time period is determined based on the desired strength of the magnetic field and the current.

17. The apparatus of claim 13, further comprising supplying the current to the one or more coils after a second time period.

18. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein the direction of the current is reversed.

19. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein the current is turned on and off periodically with a predetermined frequency for triggering the exothermic reaction.

20. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the frequency at which the direction of the current is reversed is determined for triggering the exothermic reaction.

21. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein a first coil of the one or more coils is parallel to a second coil of the one or more coils, and wherein the magnetic field generated by the first coil is aligned with the magnetic field generated by the second coil.

22. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein a first coil of the one or more coils is

perpendicular to a second coil of the one or more coils, and wherein a current running through the first coil and a current running through the second coil are turned on and off alternately.

23. The apparatus of claim 22, wherein the current running through the first coil and the current running through the second coil are phase locked.

24. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the desired characteristic of the magnetic field and the first time period further depends on one or more of the following factors: the one or more reaction materials, the temperature, the pressure, a substrate used for holding the one or more reaction materials, the shape of the exothermic reactor, and the size of the exothermic reaction.