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1. (WO2019028849) METHODS AND APPARATUS OF TIMING/FREQUENCY TRACKING FOR RECEIVING PAGING
Document

Description

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Claims

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Drawings

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Description

Title of Invention : METHODS AND APPARATUS OF TIMING/FREQUENCY TRACKING FOR RECEIVING PAGING

[0001]
FIELD OF INVENTION
[0002]
This disclosure relates generally to wireless communications, and, more particularly, to methods and apparatus for timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003]
In RRC-idle/inactive mode, UE needs to monitor paging occasion (PO) according to a Discontinuous Reception (DRX) cycle which is configured from the set of {32, 64, 128, 256} radio frame. When a UE wakes up to monitor paging in each DRX cycle, timing and frequency synchronization may be lost due to clock drift and frequency drift of crystal oscillator within a DRX cycle, especially in the case of a large DRX cycle, e.g. 2.56s DRX cycle. Thus, timing/frequency synchronization needs to be reacquired to guarantee reliable paging detection. In LTE system, timing/frequency tracking is based on CRS (Cell-specific Reference Signal) which always be transmitted in each subframe. However, in 5G NR (5 th Generation New Radio) system, there may be no CRS considering resource overhead, and new reference signal may be required to replace CRS for timing/frequency tracking.
[0004]
Thus, it is desirable for new methods of timing/frequency tracking in 5G communication system, in which new reference signal may be used to replace the CRS.
[0005]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0006]
Methods and apparatus for UE to determine reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking in RRC-idle/inactive mode for receiving paging are disclosed. The method comprising: determining reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving Paging Occasion (PO) according to an explicit or implicit configuration, wherein the reference signal source includes Synchronization Signal (SS) block and/or Tracking Reference Signal (TRS) . In one embodiment, the explicit configuration is cell specific and broadcasted in Master Information Block (MIB) or System Information Block (SIB) . In one embodiment, the explicit configuration is UE specific or UE-group specific and configured by UE-specific RRC signaling. In one embodiment, the implicit configuration is implied by quasi co-located (QCL) information, SS periodicity, TRS configuration, location of PO and/or frequency band. In one embodiment, there is an association relationship between reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking and PO. In one embodiment, the PO is a paging DCI for scheduling paging message, or a paging indication to indicate presence or absence of paging message. In one embodiment, the PO is a window including a burst of paging transmission.
[0007]
A method for UE to perform timing/frequency tracking based on TRS for receiving paging is disclosed. In one embodiment, TRS is dedicated for timing/frequency tracking. In one embodiment, TRS is exactly Channel Status Information-Reference Signal (CSI-RS) which is dedicated for measurement. In one embodiment, TRS is included within a PO and dedicated for the PO. And, the TRS can also be used for demodulation of PO. In one embodiment, TRS is shared for timing/frequency tracking for receiving broadcast and/or unicast information, e.g. RMSI, RAR, PO, CSI-RS and/or unicast PDCCH/PDSCH in RRC-connected mode. And, the TRS is cell-specific and periodically transmitted. In one embodiment, the TRS patterns in frequency domain and/or time domain are configurable. In one embodiment, TRS has two patterns, wherein one pattern includes at least two OFDM symbols and another pattern includes at least three OFDM symbols. And, the pattern to be used is determined according to an explicit or implicit configuration. In one embodiment, the explicit configuration on TRS pattern is cell specific or UE specific. In one embodiment, the implicit configuration on TRS pattern is implied by an indicator of high-speed rail.
[0008]
A method for UE to perform timing/frequency tracking based on SS block for receiving paging is disclosed. In one embodiment, each PO is associated with a SS block. In one embodiment, the paging bandwidth is the same as the SS block bandwidth by default. In one embodiment, the paging bandwidth is configurable and may be different from the SS block bandwidth. In one embodiment, there are multiple paging-bands configured in the System Information Block (SIB) , and the paging band to be used is determined by UE ID. In one embodiment, simultaneous receiving of SS block and paging is supported by a UE with a wide receiver bandwidth. In another embodiment, simultaneous receiving of SS block and paging is not supported by a UE without a wide receiver bandwidth, and RF retuning is required when switching SS block receiving and paging receiving. In one embodiment, for a UE with a wide receiver bandwidth, RF retuning is adopted to switch the SS block receiving and paging receiving to save power consumption, when the SS block and paging transmission are not overlapped.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009]
The invention can be more fully understood by reading the subsequent detailed description and examples with references made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
[0010]
FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a schematic diagram of a wireless communications system according to one embodiment of the present invention.
[0011]
FIG. 2 shows a method for UE to determine reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving PO.
[0012]
FIG. 3 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving PO is based on adjacent SS block.
[0013]
FIG. 4 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving PO is based on associated SS block with 1-to-1 mapping.
[0014]
FIG. 5 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving PO is based on associated SS block with 1-to-2 mapping.
[0015]
FIG. 6 shows an illustration on TDM pattern for multiplexing PO with associated SS block.
[0016]
FIG. 7 shows an illustration on FDM pattern for multiplexing PO with associated SS block.
[0017]
FIG. 8 shows an illustration on beam sweeping of PO and allocated SS block with TDM pattern.
[0018]
FIG. 9 shows an illustration on beam sweeping of PO and allocated SS block with FDM pattern.
[0019]
FIG. 10 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on adjacent TRS.
[0020]
FIG. 11 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated TRS with 1-to-1 mapping.
[0021]
FIG. 12 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated TRS with 1-to-2 mapping.
[0022]
FIG. 13 shows an illustration on multiplexing pattern of PO and associated TRS.
[0023]
FIG. 14 shows a method for UE to determine TRS pattern according to an explicit or implicit configuration.
[0024]
FIG. 15 shows an illustration that selection of TRS pattern is implied by an indicator of high-speed rail.
[0025]
FIG. 16 shows an illustration on definition of PO.
[0026]
FIG. 17 shows an illustration of PO slot.
[0027]
FIG. 18 shows an illustration on definition of PO for beam sweeping case.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0028]
Certain terms are used throughout the description and following claims to refer to particular components. As one skilled in the art will appreciate, manufacturers may refer to a component by different names. This document does not intend to distinguish between components that differ in name but not function. In the following description and in the claims, the terms "include" and "comprise" are used in an open-ended fashion, and thus should be interpreted to mean "include, but not limited to ... " . Also, the term "couple" is intended to mean either an indirect or direct electrical connection. Accordingly, if one device is coupled to another device, that connection may be through a direct electrical connection, or through an indirect electrical connection via other devices and connections. The making and using of the embodiments of the disclosure are discussed in detail below. It should be appreciated, however, that the embodiments can be embodied in a wide variety of specific contexts. The specific embodiments discussed are merely illustrative, and do not limit the scope of the disclosure. Some variations of the embodiments are described. Throughout the various views and illustrative embodiments, like reference numbers are used to designate like elements.
[0029]
The following description is of the best-contemplated mode of carrying out the invention. This description is made for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention and should not be taken in a limiting sense. Note that the 3GPP specifications described herein are used to teach the spirit of the invention, and the invention is not limited thereto.
[0030]
Several exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are described with reference to FIGs. 1 through 17. It is to be understood that the following disclosure provides various embodiments as examples for implementing different features of the present disclosure. Specific examples of components and arrangements are described in the following to simplify the present disclosure. These are, of course, merely examples and are not intended to be limiting. In addition, the present disclosure may repeat reference numerals and/or letters in the various examples. This repetition is for the purpose of simplicity and clarity and does not in itself dictate a relationship between the various described embodiments and/or configurations.
[0031]
Figure 1 illustrates a wireless communication system in accordance with some embodiments. The wireless communication system 100 includes one or more fixed base infrastructure units forming a network distribution over a geographical region. The base unit may also be referred to as an access point, access terminal, base station, Node-B, eNode-B (eNB) , or by other terminology used in the art. As shown in FIG. 1, the base units, e.g. eNB 101 and 102 serve a number of remote units, e.g. UE 103 and 104 within a serving area, for example, a cell, or within a cell sector. In some systems, one or more base units are communicably coupled to a controller to form an access network that is communicably coupled to one or more core networks. The disclosure however is not intended to be limited to any particular wireless communication system.
[0032]
Generally, the eNBs 101 and 102 respectively transmit downlink communication signals 112, 113 to UE 103, and 104 in the time and/or frequency and/or code domain. UE 103, and 104 communicate with one or more eNB 101 and 102 via uplink communication signals 113, and 114 respectively. The one or more eNB 101 and 102 may comprise one or more transmitters and one or more receivers that serve the UE 103 and 104. The UE 103 and 104 may be fixed or mobile user terminals. The UE may also be referred to as subscriber units, mobile stations, users, terminals, subscriber stations, user terminals, or by other terminology used in the art. The UE 103 and 104 may also comprise one or more transmitters and one or more receivers. The UE 103, and 104 may have half-duplex (HD) or full-duplex (FD) transceivers. Half-duplex transceivers do not transmit and receive simultaneously whereas full-duplex terminals transmit and receive simultaneously. In one embodiment, one eNB 101 can serve different kind of UEs. UE 103 and 104 may belong to different categories, such as having different RF bandwidth or different subcarrier spacing. UE belonging to different categories may be designed for different use cases or scenarios. For example, some use case such as Machine Type Communication (MTC) may require very low throughput, delay torrent, the traffic packet size may be very small (e.g., 1000 bit per message) , extension coverage. Some other use case, e.g. intelligent transportation system, may be very strict with latency, e.g. orders of 1ms of end to end latency. Different UE categories may be introduced for these diverse requirements. Different frame structures or system parameters may also be used in order to achieve some special requirement. For example, different UEs may have different RF bandwidths, subcarrier spacings, omitting some system functionalities (e.g., random access, CSI feedback) , or use physical channels/signals for the same functionality (e.g., different reference signals) .
[0033]
Figure 1 also includes a simplified block diagram of UE and eNB in accordance with novel aspects of the current invention, wherein, the UE could be UE 103, and the eNB could be eNB 101. UE comprises memory 131, a processor 132, a transceiver 133 coupled to an antenna 135. UE also comprises various function modules including UE category processing module 142, for processing UE category information; and DCI processing module 141, for processing operation for old or new DCI format, and PRACH processing module 143. And the above function module could be implemented by software, hardware, firmware of the combination of the above.
[0034]
The eNB 101 comprises memory 151, a processor 152, a transceiver 153 coupled to an antenna 155. eNB also comprises various function modules including UE category processing module 156, for processing UE category information; and DCI processing 157, for processing operation for old or new DCI format, PRACH configuration module 158. The above apparatus may be implemented with a bus architecture. The bus may include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges depending on the specific application of the system structure and the overall design constraints. The bus links together various circuits including one or more processors and/or hardware modules, represented by the processor and different modules and the computer-readable medium. The bus may also link various other circuits such as timing sources, peripherals, voltage regulators, and power management circuits, which are well known in the art, and therefore, will not be described any further. It is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the processes disclosed is an illustration of exemplary approaches. Based upon design preferences, it is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the processes may be rearranged. Further, some steps may be combined or omitted. The accompanying method claims present elements of the various steps in a sample order, and are not meant to be limited to the specific order or hierarchy presented.
[0035]
In LTE system, timing/frequency tracking is based on CRS (Cell-specific Reference Signal) which always be transmitted in each subframe. However, in 5G NR (5 th Generation New Radio) system, there may be no CRS considering resource overhead, and new reference signal may be required to replace CRS for timing/frequency tracking.
[0036]
One method is based on SS (Synchronization Signal) block which is used for timing/frequency synchronization for initial access. Here, a SS block includes Primary Synchronization Signal (PSS) , Secondary Synchronization Signal (SSS) and Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH) . Another method is based on Tracking Reference Signal (TRS) which is dedicated for timing/frequency tracking for receiving some broadcasted information, e.g. paging, Remaining Minimum System Information (RMSI) , and/or RACH Response (RAR) . The two methods have their pros and cons. The SS block based method needn’ t additional reference signal for timing/frequency tracking. However, it may not work well when SS block is configured with a large periodicity, e.g. 160ms periodicity. This is because that timing/frequency drift during the large periodicity cannot be ignored and may impact on paging detection. The TRS based method can make sure robust paging detection assuming TRS is next to PO. However, the disadvantage of TRS is to introduce additional resource overhead.
[0037]
According to embodiments of the invention, methods and apparatus for UE to determine reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging in RRC-idle/inactive mode are provided. The UE may configure different reference signal sources for the timing/frequency tracking for paging occasion (PO) monitoring. Specifically, the timing/frequency tracking may be performed based on either or both of the SS block and the TRS block, depending on different configurations.
[0038]
FIG. 2 shows a method for UE to determine reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. In one embodiment, UE determines reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging according to an explicit or implicit configuration as shown in step 210; In the first configuration, the reference signal used for timing/frequency tracking comprises SS block as shown in step 220; In the second configuration, the reference signal used for timing/frequency tracking comprises TRS as shown in step 230; In the third configuration, the reference signal used for timing/frequency tracking comprises both of the SS block and the TRS as shown in step 240. Here, the SS block may comprises PSS, SSS and PBCH. The SS block may be cell specific and periodically transmitted. According to one embodiment, the periodicity of the SS block is configurable and may be configured with a value selected from the set of {5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160} (e.g., the periodicity of the SS block can be configured as 5ms selected from the set) .
[0039]
If the SS block and the paging transmission are quasi co-located (QCL) , then the paging detection can be based on the information of timing offset, delay spread, frequency shift and Doppler spread derived from the SS block. Otherwise, the SS block cannot be used for timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. In some cases, the SS block and paging transmission may not be quasi co-located (QCL) . For example, SS block and PO are transmitted using different Transmission Receiving Points (TRPs) , different beams, or different cell sets for Single Frequency Network (SFN) transmission.
[0040]
In one embodiment, there is an explicit signaling to indicate whether the SS block and paging transmission are quasi co-located (QCL) . In one example, the indicator is carried in MIB or SIB. For example, the indicator may be carried in PCCH related configuration. In one example, the indicator associated with the QCL information is included by a common CORESET configuration, wherein paging DCI transmitted on PDCCH is scheduled using the CORESET. In one embodiment, it is a default assumption that the SS block and paging transmission are quasi co-located. In one embodiment, whether the SS block and paging transmission are quasi co-located depends on whether the SS block and the PDCCH are quasi co-located, wherein the PDCCH may be cell specific or UE-group specific common PDCCH carrying paging DCI.
[0041]
In one embodiment, TRS is dedicated for timing/frequency tracking. In another embodiment, TRS is to reuse other RS which is not dedicated for timing/frequency tracking. In one example, TRS is exactly CSI-RS for measurement purpose, e.g., RSRP/RSSI/RSRQ/SINR measurement for Radio Resource Management (RRM) . In one example, TRS is exactly Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS) of paging for demodulation.
[0042]
In one embodiment, UE determines reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging according to an explicit configuration. The reference signal source may be the SS block and/or the TRS. In one example, the explicit configuration of the reference signal source is cell specific and broadcasted in SIB, e.g., included by PCCH related configuration. In another example, the explicit configuration of the reference signal source is cell specific and broadcasted in MIB, e.g., included by common CORESET related configuration. In another example, the explicit configuration of the reference signal source is UE specific or UE-group specific, and configured by UE specific Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
[0043]
In one example, the TRS transmission is based on a configuration of a set of parameters, e.g., configurable value for initialization of reference signal generation, configurable RS density in frequency domain, configurable number of OFDM symbols in time domain, configurable periodicity, configurable offset to determine time location of each TRS occasion, and so on. In one example, TRS transmission is based on a predefined pattern, i.e., by default configuration. In one example, TRS related configuration is indicated in MIB. Thus, the timing/frequency tracking for RMSI receiving can be based on the TRS.
[0044]
In one embodiment, UE determines reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging according to some implied information. The reference signal source may be SS block and/or TRS.
[0045]
In one example, the implied information is related to QCL information, e.g., whether or not SS block and PO are quasi co-located, whether or not TRS and PO are quasi co-located. If SS block and PO are quasi co-located, SS block is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. If TRS and PO are quasi co-located, TRS is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. If both TRS and SS block are quasi co-located with paging transmission, timing/frequency tracking can be based on a combination of TRS and SS block.
[0046]
In one example, the implied information is related to the periodicity of the SS block. Assuming timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on the adjacent SS, the maximum interval between PO and the SS block is about the periodicity of the SS block. If the periodicity is configured with a large value, resynchronized timing/frequency based on the adjacent SS block may not be reliable when receiving paging. This is because that timing/frequency drift during the large periodicity needs to be considered. For example, assuming 5GHz carrier frequency, 0.16ppm/s frequency offset and 160ms periodicity of SS block, the maximum drifted frequency offset is about 5*10^9*0.16*10^ (-6) *160*10* (- 3) =128Hz. The level of frequency offset cannot be ignored and will impact the performance of paging detection by UE.
[0047]
In one example, if the configured periodicity of SS block is less than or equal to a predefined value, e.g., 80ms, UE will take the SS block as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. In this case, TRS needn’t be transmitted. And, if the configured periodicity of SS block is larger than the predefined value, UE will take TRS as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. In this case, TRS will be transmitted. If PO is associated with a TRS which is dedicated for the PO, and there is overlapping for PO and TRS symbol, rate matching of PO should consider the existence of TRS.
[0048]
In one example, the implied information is related to TRS configuration. TRS is dedicated for timing and frequency tracking for one or multiple purposes. TRS is cell-specific and periodically transmitted. If there is no TRS configuration for the serving cell, the SS block is considered as the reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. If there is TRS configuration for the serving cell, the TRS is considered as the reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. TRS configuration includes TRS periodicity and offset. According to the periodicity and offset, each TRS occasion can be determined.
[0049]
In one example, the implied information is related to location of PO. If the gap between the monitored PO and the SS block adjacent to the monitored PO is less than a predefined value, the SS block is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking. If the gap between the monitored PO and the adjacent SS block is larger than a predefined value, the TRS is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking.
[0050]
In one example, the implied information is related to frequency band. For a case of low frequency band (e.g., lower than or equal to 6GHz) without beam sweeping or with a small number of swept beams (e.g., the number of the swept beams is less than or equal to 8) , the SS block is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging. For a case of high frequency band (e.g., higher than 6GHz) with beam sweeping, especially a large number of swept beams (e.g., the number of the swept beams is larger than 8) , TRS is considered as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging.
[0051]
FIG. 3 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on SS block adjacent to PO. According to one embodiment, the SS block comprises PSS, SSS and PBCH, and the structure of the SS block is predefined as PSS-PBCH-SSS-PBCH. Here, the ‘adjacent’ SS block means the adjacent SS block transmitted before the PO, not considering SS block transmitted after the PO since timing/frequency tracking is before paging receiving. For a UE in RRC-idle/inactive mode, in order to monitor PO in each DRX cycle, UE should wake up in advance at the time point of the adjacent SS block, and perform timing/frequency tracking based on the SS block. Then, UE detects PO based on the resynchronized timing/frequency. If there is no paging message or the UE is not paged by the PO, the UE will go to sleep after the PO monitoring.
[0052]
In one example, SS blocks transmitted before and after the PO are considered for selection of ‘adjacent’ SS block. If ‘adjacent’ SS block is after the PO. PO is stored in a buffer until timing/frequency resynchronization is performed based on the adjacent SS block.
[0053]
In one example, the gap between PO and the SS block is a relatively long duration. In order to reduce power consumption, UE may go to a light sleep after timing/frequency resynchronization based on SS block, and go to a deep sleep after PO monitoring.
[0054]
FIG. 4 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated SS block with 1-to-1 mapping. In one example, there is an association relationship between PO and SS block. According to an embodiment as shown in FIG. 4, each PO is associated with a SS block, and PO is next to the associated SS block. In the example, the maximum number of overall POs within a DRX cycle is limited to the number of SS blocks since each PO needs to be associated with a SS block. That means PO density is dependent on the periodicity of SS block. For example, if the periodicity of SS block is configured as 5ms, the maximum PO density will be one PO each 5ms. If the periodicity of the SS block is configured as 40ms, the maximum PO density will be one PO each 40ms. Similar to the LTE system, the PO density may reuse the parameter ‘nB’ defined in LTE. For example, the PO density may be configured as a value from the set {1/2T, T, 2T, 4T, 8T, 16T, 32T, 64T} .
[0055]
FIG. 5 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated SS block with 1-to-2 mapping. The only difference from FIG. 4 is that multiple POs are associated with one SS block to increase PO density. According to an embodiment as shown in FIG. 5, two POs are associated with a single SS block. In this situation, the multiplexing pattern of the multiple POs (i.e., two POs) and the single SS block is predefined, i.e., the location relationships of POs and associated SS block in time domain is predefined.
[0056]
FIG. 6 shows an illustration on Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) pattern for multiplexing PO and associated SS block. In one embodiment, PO is multiplexed with associated SS block with TDM pattern, wherein the frequency location of PO is the same as SS block in default. And, the location relationship of PO and associated SS block in time domain is predefined. In one example, PO is located next to the associated SS block and before the SS block, as illustrated in case 1 of FIG. 6. In another example, PO is located next to the associated SS block and after the SS block, as illustrated in case 2 of FIG. 6. In yet another example, there may be a PO located on each side of the associated SS block (i.e., One PO is located before the associated SS block while the other PO is located after the associated SS block in time domain) , wherein each PO includes at least 2 OFDM symbols.
[0057]
FIG. 7 shows an illustration on Frequency-Division Multiplexing (FDM) pattern for multiplexing PO and associated SS block. In one embodiment, PO is multiplexed with associated SS block with FDM pattern, wherein the frequency location of the PO is different from the SS block. In one example, the location relationship of PO and associated SS block in frequency domain is predefined. The PO band may be next to the SS block band in default. For example, there may be a PO band on either or both sides of the SS block band. In another example, the frequency location of PO is configurable, and the gap between PO band and SS block band shouldn’ t be configured too large. For example, PO and the associated SS block should be within the same frequency band (i.e., intra-band) . Thus, resynchronized timing/frequency based on SS block can be applied for PO detection. In one example, the PO band is located on one side of the SS block band and next to the SS block band, as illustrated in case 1 of FIG. 7. In another example, the PO band is located on both sides of the SS block band and next to the SS block band, as illustrated in case 2 of FIG. 7.
[0058]
In one example, a UE without the capability of wide receiver bandwidth cannot support simultaneous reception of SS block and PO if overall bandwidth of the PO and the SS block is larger than the bandwidth of receiver. In the case, UE may wake up in advance to receive SS block for timing/frequency tracking. Then RF is retuned into paging band to monitor PO. There may be a reserved time interval between the SS block and the PO for RF retuning. At the gNB side, there may be multiple paging bands corresponding to a single SS block band to save overhead of SS block resource.
[0059]
In one example, a UE with the capability of wide receiver bandwidth can support simultaneous reception of SS block and PO if overall bandwidth of the PO and the SS block is less than the bandwidth of the receiver. In one embodiment, for a UE with a wide receiver bandwidth, RF retuning is still adopted to switch SS block receiving and paging receiving to save power consumption, when SS block and paging transmission is not overlapped.
[0060]
In high frequency (HF) band, beam sweeping is required to enlarge cell coverage. For information broadcast, one transmission needs to be transmitted in multiple beam directions. From the gNB side, both the PO and the SS block are transmitted with beam sweeping. In one example, the number of overall PO beams is by default the same as the number of SS block within a SS burst set which is indicated in SIB. At the gNB side, PO and associated SS block using the same beam direction are quasi co-located. In one example, whether or not PO and associated SS block are quasi co-located for the same beam direction is configurable, and the signaling is broadcasted in SIB. In one example, it is configurable that whether or not the SS blocks for different beams are quasi co-located.
[0061]
In one example, the number of overall PO beams is different from the number of SS block within a SS periodicity. In this case, SS block cannot be used as reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging since PO and SS block are not transmitted using the same beams.
[0062]
FIG. 8 shows an illustration on beam sweeping of PO and allocated SS block with TDM pattern. As shown in case 1, PO is next to the associated SS block transmitted using the same beam, and the multiplexing pattern of PO and associated SS block is the same for each beam transmission, e.g. PO is always before the associated SS block transmitted using the same beam. In another example, multiplexing pattern of PO and associated SS block may be different for different beam transmissions. For example, as illustrated in case 2 in FIG. 8, the PO is before the associated SS block in the first beam transmission, while the PO is after the associated SS block in the second beam transmission. And, the location relationship of PO and associated SS block in each beam transmission is predefined and known by UE.
[0063]
In one example, PO is not next to the associated SS block transmission using the same beam, and there may be interval between PO and associated SS block, e.g. the interval is used for other beam transmission of PO and/or SS block. For example, as illustrated in case 3 in FIG. 8, PO are transmitted using beam #1 and #2 after SS block transmission using beam #1 and #2. Similarly, PO is transmitted using beam #3 and #4 after SS transmission using beam #3 and #4. And, the beam sweeping pattern should be predefined and known by UE.
[0064]
In one example, beam sweeping of PO is after beam sweeping of associated SS block. For example, as illustrated in case 4 in FIG. 8, the number of overall beams is 4, beam sweeping of PO is started after beam sweeping of SS block is finished. And beam sweeping order is the same for PO and SS block, e.g., beam #1→#2→#3→#4.
[0065]
In one example, DL RX beam sweeping is performed to improve the performance of paging detection via effective SINR. The RX beam training can be based on SS block to find the best DL RX beam among all beam directions at UE receiver side. Thus, UE wakes up in advance at least four SS periodicity assuming overall 4 beams is supported by the UE receiver. After finding the best RX beam, PO receiving is performed using the best RX beam.
[0066]
In one example, DL TX beam training is based on SS block to find the best DL TX beam among all beam directions at the gNB side. Assuming beam sweeping pattern is predefined, i.e., time location of each beam transmission is predefined, time location of each beam transmission can be determined according to beam ID and starting point of beam sweeping transmission. Thus, time location of corresponding paging transmitted using the best TX beam can be determined according to the obtained beam ID by beam training. Paging detection needn’ t be performed in each TX beam direction to save power consumption. In one example, beam sweeping pattern is contiguous, i.e., no interval between two beam transmissions. In one example, beam sweeping pattern is non-contiguous, i.e., there may be interval between two beam transmissions depending on the gNB scheduling.
[0067]
In one example, beam sweeping pattern and/or beam sweeping order of paging is not predefined and depends on gNB implementation, e.g. it may be different from SS block. Paging receiving needs to be performed in each beam direction.
[0068]
FIG. 9 shows an illustration on beam sweeping of PO and allocated SS block with FDM pattern. Since PO and associated SS block are FDM, SS block and PO can be simultaneously transmitted for the same beam direction. In this case, the bandwidth of UE receiver shouldn’ t be less than the overall bandwidth of SS block and PO to support simultaneous reception of PO and SS block.
[0069]
In one embodiment, multiplexing pattern of PO and associated SS block is dependent on frequency band. For example, in low frequency band wherein SS block uses 15kHz and 30kHz subcarrier spacing, PO and associated SS block is multiplexed with TDM pattern. And, in high frequency band wherein SS block uses 120kHz subcarrier spacing, PO and associated SS block is multiplexed with FDM pattern.
[0070]
FIG. 10 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on adjacent TRS, wherein TRS is cell specific and periodically transmitted. Here, ‘adjacent’ TRS means adjacent TRS transmitted before the PO, not considering TRS transmitted after the PO.For a UE in RRC-idle/inactive mode, PO is monitored in each DRX cycle. UE should wake up in advance at the time point of the adjacent TRS, and perform timing/frequency tracking based on the TRS. Then, UE monitors PO using the resynchronized timing/frequency. If there is no paging message or the UE is not paged by the PO, the UE can go to sleep after the PO monitoring.
[0071]
In one example, timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on TRS which is cell-specific and periodically transmitted. TRS is dedicated for timing/frequency tracking and cell-specific. The TRS may be used for receiving broadcasted information, e.g., Remaining Minimum System Information (RMSI) , PRACH Response (RAR) , CSI-RS. In one example, the TRS can also be used by UE for receiving unicast information, e.g., PDCCH/PDSCH receiving in RRC-connected mode. In one example, TRS is used by UE for multiple purposes, e.g. RRM measurement, CQI measurement, timing/frequency tracking, etc. In the case, TRS is exactly CSI-RS which is UE-specific or cell-specific configured. In one example, TRS related configuration is broadcasted in MIB if the TRS is used for RMSI receiving. In one example, TRS related configuration is broadcasted in SIB or configured by UE specific RRC signaling.
[0072]
FIG. 11 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated TRS with 1-to-1 mapping. In one example, each PO is associated with a TRS. In other words, each PO may include a TRS which is dedicated for the PO. In one example, TRS may be exactly the demodulation reference signal of paging, i.e. TRS is used for both timing/frequency tracking and channel demodulation. In other example, PO may also include DMRS for demodulation. If DMRS and TRS are transmitted from the same antenna port, channel demodulation can be performed based on a combination of DMRS and TRS. In one example, whether or not TRS and DMRS of paging are transmitted from the same antenna port is configurable using dedicated signaling.
[0073]
FIG. 12 shows an illustration that timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging is based on associated TRS with 1-to-2 mapping. FIG. 12 is similar to FIG. 11, except that multiple POs are associated with one TRS to save resource overhead of TRS. For example, two POs are associated with the same TRS occasion. And, the multiplexing pattern of multiple POs and one TRS is predefined, i.e., the location relationships of POs and associated TRS in time domain is predefined.
[0074]
There are multiple possible cases for multiplexing PO and associated TRS. FIG. 13 shows an illustration on multiplexing pattern of PO and associated TRS. In FIG. 13, TRS is dispersed with an equal-interval in frequency domain to reduce resource overhead meanwhile satisfy a certain density. In one example, the bandwidth of TRS is the same as PO in default. In one example, bandwidth of TRS is system bandwidth and larger than PO bandwidth. In one example, multiplexing pattern of PO and associated TRS is predefined. In another example, multiplexing pattern of PO and associated TRS is configurable.
[0075]
In one example, TRS occupies two OFDM symbols, and PO occupies one OFDM symbol. And, the only PO symbol overlaps with one of the TRS symbols, i.e., there is partial overlapping between PO symbol (s) and TRS symbols. The other TRS symbol may be after PO symbol (as illustrated in case 1 of FIG . 13) or before PO symbol (as illustrated in case 2 of FIG. 13). In one example, PO includes two symbols, and each symbol includes TRS as illustrated in case 3 of FIG. 13, i.e., there are complete overlapping between PO symbols and TRS symbols. In one example, there is no overlapping between PO symbol (s) and TRS symbols, as illustrated in case 4 and case 5 of FIG. 13. In case 4, two TRS symbols are at one side of PO, e.g., before the PO. In case 5, two TRS symbols are at two sides of PO.
[0076]
In one example, OFDM symbols illustrated in above case of FIG. 13 are contiguous, i.e., no time interval between two OFDM symbols. In one example, there may be a gap between two FDM symbols, and the gap is predefined.
[0077]
For frequency offset estimation, TRS should include at least two OFDM symbols, wherein the phase difference between the two OFDM symbols is used to derive frequency offset. However, frequency offset estimation may be insufficient in high-mobility scenario, e.g., high-speed rail. In that case, impact of Doppler spread cannot be ignored and Doppler spread estimation is required. To estimate Doppler spread, at least 3 OFDM symbols are required. Based on the first and the second OFDM symbols, the first value of frequency offset is estimated. Based on the second and the third OFDM symbols, the second value of frequency offset is estimated. Then, Doppler spread can be estimated based on the two estimated values of frequency offset. Therefore, it is possible to specify two TRS patterns for normal-mobility and high-mobility scenario respectively. In one example, there are multiple TRS patterns and TRS pattern is configurable.
[0078]
In one example, TRS density in frequency domain is configurable, e.g. a large density is configured for large subcarrier spacing. In one example, number of OFDM symbols occupied by TRS in time domain is configurable, e.g. a larger number of occupied OFDM symbols are configured for high-mobility case.
[0079]
FIG. 14 shows a method for UE to determine TRS pattern. The method further comprises: determining TRS pattern according to an explicit or implicit configuration (1410) ; in the first configuration, TRS includes at least two OFDM symbols (1420) ; in the second configuration, TRS includes at least three OFDM symbols (1430) . In the pattern of 2-symbol TRS, Doppler spread estimation is not supported by UE. However, both timing offset and frequency offset estimation can be supported. In the pattern of 3-symbol TRS, Doppler spread estimation can be supported besides timing/frequency offset estimation.
[0080]
Selecting which TRS pattern mainly depends on mobility. FIG. 15 shows an illustration that selection of TRS pattern is implied by an indicator related to high-speed rail. In one example, TRS pattern is determined according to an explicit configuration or implied information. In one example, the configuration is cell-specific and broadcasted in SIB. In one example, the implied information is related to high-speed rail. In one example, there is high-speed rail within the coverage of serving cell, and there is a dedicated indicator in SIB. If the indicator is set as ‘true’ , it means that high-speed rail is within the coverage of serving cell, and the 3-symbol TRS pattern is applied in this case. If the indicator is set as ‘false’ , it means there is no high-speed rail within the coverage of serving cell, and the 2-symbol TRS pattern is applied in this case. In one example, the indicator related to high-speed rail is UE-specific and configured with UE-specific RRC signaling. If a UE is indicated to enter the coverage of high-speed rail, the 3-symbol TRS pattern is applied by default. Otherwise, the 2-symbol TRS pattern is applied by default.
[0081]
In LTE system, PO is a subframe carrying a paging DCI. The paging DCI is scrambled by Paging-Radio Network Temporary Identifier (P-RNTI) and transmitted on PDCCH. The paging DCI is used to schedule a paging message, which is transmitted on PDSCH in the same subframe. There may be some difference for the definition of PO in 5G NR system.
[0082]
FIG. 16 shows an illustration on the definition of PO. In one example, PO is a slot carrying a paging DCI as illustrated in case 1 and case 2 of FIG. 16. In one example, paging message is scheduled by paging DCI in the same slot, i.e., the same-slot scheduling, as illustrated in case 1 of FIG. 16. In one example, paging message is scheduled by paging DCI in another slot, i.e. cross-slot scheduling, as illustrated in case 2 of FIG. 16.
[0083]
Here, a slot is the minimum Transmission Time Interval (TTI) which is similar to the concept of subframe in LTE system. A slot may include 7 or 14 symbols, depending on system configuration. And, the duration of a slot depends on subcarrier spacing. For example, a slot including 7 symbols is 0.5ms assuming 15kHz subcarrier spacing, while a slot including 7 symbols is 0.25ms assuming 30kHz subcarrier spacing, a slot including 14 symbols is 1ms assuming 15kHz subcarrier spacing, while a slot including 14 symbols is 0.5ms assuming 30kHz subcarrier spacing, and so on. FIG. 17 gives an illustration of PO slot which includes 7 symbols.
[0084]
Within a radio frame of 10ms duration, the number of overall slots depends on subcarrier spacing. For example, assuming a 30kHz subcarrier spacing and 7-symbol slot, there are 40 slots within a frame. The determination of PO location within a Paging Frame (PF) can reuse the rule of PO determination in LTE, e.g., the PO location may be determined by UE_ID. The maximum number of POs within a PF may be different from the value in LTE. Thus, to keep similar paging capacity as LTE, the maximum number of paging records is also different from the value in LTE.
[0085]
In one example, PO is a slot carrying a paging indication as illustrated in case 3 of FIG. 16. The paging indication is used to indicate in advance the presence or absence of paging message with a cost of relatively small resource overhead. In one example, paging indication is a sequence carrying 1 bit information, such as a bit of ‘1’ or ‘0’ . For example, The bit of ‘1’ may mean paging message is presence, while the bit of ‘0’ may mean paging message is absence and UE can go to sleep at an early time. In one example, paging indication is a DCI carrying a relatively small payload. In one example, the paging indication is transmitted on a non-scheduled physical channel, which is similar to current PBCH.
[0086]
FIG. 18 shows an illustration on definition of PO for beam sweeping in accordance with embodiments of the invention. In this case, there is a burst of paging transmission for beam sweeping. In one example, PO is a set of slots where there may be a burst of paging transmission for beam sweeping, and is called as a PO window. For a UE in RRC-idle/inactive mode, paging is monitored within the PO window in each DRX cycle.
[0087]
Determination of the starting point of the PO window can reuse the rule of PO determination in LTE. For example, the starting point of the PO window may be determined by UE_ID. The duration of the PO window is related to the number of overall beams at the gNB. In one example, the overall beam number of PO transmission is the same as the number of the SS block within a SS periodicity which is indicated in SIB. The duration of the PO window is determined by UE according to the number of the SS blocks within a SS periodicity. For example, assuming 64 SS blocks within a SS periodicity, the duration of PO window is 64 slots. In one example, the overall beam number of PO transmission is different from the number of SS block within a SS periodicity. The duration of the PO window is explicitly configured in SIB, e.g., included by PCCH related configurations.
[0088]
Those with skill in the art will understand that information and signals may be represented using any of a variety of different technologies and techniques. For example, data, instructions, commands, information, signals, bits, symbols, and chips that may be referenced throughout the above description may be represented by voltages, currents, electromagnetic waves, magnetic fields or particles, optical fields or particles, or any combination thereof.
[0089]
Those with skill in the art will further understand that the various illustrative logical blocks, modules, processors, means, circuits, and algorithm steps described in connection with the aspects disclosed herein may be implemented as electronic hardware (e.g., a digital implementation, an analog implementation, or a combination of the two, which may be designed using source coding or some other technique) , various forms of program or design code incorporating instructions (which may be referred to herein, for convenience, as “software” or a “software module” ) , or combinations of both. To clearly illustrate this interchangeability of hardware and software, various illustrative components, blocks, modules, circuits, and steps have been described above generally in terms of their functionality. Whether such functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the overall system. Skilled artisans may implement the described functionality in varying ways for each particular application, but such implementation decisions should not be interpreted as causing a departure from the scope of the present disclosure.
[0090]
In addition, the various illustrative logical blocks, modules, and circuits described in connection with the aspects disclosed herein may be implemented within or performed by an integrated circuit ( “IC” ) , an access terminal, or an access point. The IC may comprise a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP) , an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) , a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, electrical components, optical components, mechanical components, or any combination thereof designed to perform the functions described herein, and may execute codes or instructions that reside within the IC, outside of the IC, or both. A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, but in the alternative, the processor may be any conventional processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. A processor may also be implemented as a combination of computing devices, e.g., a combination of a DSP and a microprocessor, a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors in conjunction with a DSP core, or any other such configuration.
[0091]
It is understood that any specific order or hierarchy of steps in any disclosed process is an example of a sample approach. Based upon design preferences, it is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the processes may be rearranged while remaining within the scope of the present disclosure. The accompanying method claims present elements of the various steps in a sample order, and are not meant to be limited to the specific order or hierarchy presented.
[0092]
The steps of a method or algorithm described in connection with the aspects disclosed herein may be embodied directly in hardware, in a software module executed by a processor, or in a combination of the two. A software module (e.g., including executable instructions and related data) and other data may reside in a data memory such as RAM memory, flash memory, ROM memory, EPROM memory, EEPROM memory, registers, a hard disk, a removable disk, a CD-ROM, or any other form of computer-readable storage medium known in the art. A sample storage medium may be coupled to a machine such as, for example, a computer/processor (which may be referred to herein, for convenience, as a “processor” ) such that the processor can read information (e.g., code) from and write information to the storage medium. A sample storage medium may be integral to the processor. The processor and the storage medium may reside in an ASIC. The ASIC may reside in user equipment. In the alternative, the processor and the storage medium may reside as discrete components in user equipment. Moreover, in some aspects any suitable computer-program product may comprise a computer-readable medium comprising codes relating to one or more of the aspects of the disclosure. In some aspects a computer program product may comprise packaging materials.
[0093]
While the invention has been described in connection with various aspects, it will be understood that the invention is capable of further modifications. This application is intended to cover any variations, uses or adaptation of the invention following, in general, the principles of the invention, and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within the known and customary practice within the art to which the invention pertains.

Claims

[Claim 1]
A method for UE to determine reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving paging in RRC-idle/inactive mode, comprising: determining reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking for receiving PO (Paging Occasion) according to an explicit or implicit configuration; in the second configuration, timing/frequency tracking is based on SS (Synchronization Signal) block; in the first configuration, timing/frequency tracking is based on TRS (Tracking Reference Signal) ; in the third configuration, timing/frequency tracking is based on a combination of SS block and TRS.
[Claim 2]
The method of claim 1, wherein the explicit configuration is cell specific and broadcasted in MIB/SIB.
[Claim 3]
The method of claim 1, wherein the explicit configuration is UE/UE-group specific and configured by UE specific RRC signaling.
[Claim 4]
The method of claim 1, wherein the implicit configuration on reference signal source of timing/frequency tracking is implied by TRS configuration, location of PO, SS periodicity, and/or frequency band.
[Claim 5]
The method of claim 1, wherein there is an association relationship between reference signal used for timing/frequency tracking and PO.
[Claim 6]
The method of claim 1, wherein timing/frequency tracking is based on TRS further comprising: determining TRS pattern according to an explicit or implicit; in the first configuration, the TRS includes at least two OFDM symbols; in the second configuration, TRS includes at least three OFDM symbols.
[Claim 7]
The method of claim 6, wherein the explicit configuration on TRS pattern is cell specific and broadcasted in MIB/SIB.
[Claim 8]
The method of claim 6, wherein the explicit configuration on TRS pattern is UE specific and configured by UE specific RRC signaling.
[Claim 9]
The method of claim 6, wherein the implicit configuration is implied by an indication of high-speed rail.
[Claim 10]
The method of claim 1, wherein timing/frequency tracking is based on SS block further comprising the paging bandwidth is the same as SS block bandwidth in default.
[Claim 11]
The method of claim 1, wherein timing/frequency tracking is based on SS block further comprising the paging bandwidth is configurable and may be different from SS block bandwidth.
[Claim 12]
The method of claim 11, wherein there are multiple paging-bands configured in SIB, and using which paging band is determined by UE ID.
[Claim 13]
The method of claim 1, wherein the PO is a paging DCI for scheduling paging message, or a paging indication to indicate presence or absence of paging message.
[Claim 14]
The method of claim 1, wherein the PO is a window including a burst of paging transmission.
[Claim 15]
The method of claim 14, wherein the starting point of PO window is determined by UE ID.
[Claim 16]
The method of claim 14, wherein the length of PO window is explicitly configured in SIB.

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