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1. (EP3108823) SURGICAL STAPLER WITH READY STATE INDICATOR
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Claims

1. A surgical instrument (10) comprising:

(a) a body assembly (100), wherein the body assembly comprises a proximal end and a distal end;

(b) a shaft assembly (200), wherein the shaft assembly extends distally from the distal end of the body assembly, wherein the shaft assembly comprises a proximal end and a distal end;

(c) a stapling assembly (300), wherein the stapling assembly is disposed at the distal end of the shaft assembly, wherein the stapling assembly is operable to drive a plurality of staples into tissue, wherein the stapling assembly comprises:

(i) a trocar (330), wherein the trocar is configured to selectively move between a distal position to a proximal position within the shaft assembly, and

(ii) an anvil (400), wherein the anvil is selectively coupleable with the trocar, wherein the anvil is configured to move between the distal position and the proximal position when coupled with the trocar;

(d) a firing assembly, wherein the firing assembly is coupled with the stapling assembly, wherein the firing assembly is configured to drive movement of the stapling assembly; wherein the instrument further comprises a battery pack (120),
wherein the battery pack is configured to provide power to the firing assembly, wherein the battery pack is selectively insertable into and removable from the body assembly, characterised in that the body assembly comprises
a lockout assembly (5140, 5142, 5132, 5160) configured to limit movement of the trocar when the battery pack is not inserted within the body assembly.


  2. The surgical instrument of claim 1, further comprising:

a sensor;

a circuit in communication with the sensor;

wherein the circuit is configured to provide a response to a signal from the sensor indicating whether the firing assembly is ready to fire.


  3. The surgical instrument of claim 2, wherein the sensor is configured to authenticate a battery, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on authentication of the battery by the sensor.
  4. The surgical instrument of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the sensor is configured to sense a voltage of the battery, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on the sensed voltage of the battery.
  5. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the battery is removable from the body assembly, wherein the sensor is configured to detect whether the battery is fully coupled with the body assembly, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on whether the battery is fully coupled with the body assembly as sensed by the sensor.
  6. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein the sensor is configured to detect whether the anvil is fully secured to the trocar, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on whether the anvil is fully secured to the trocar as sensed by the sensor.
  7. The surgical instrument of claim 6, wherein the sensor comprises a pair of electrical contacts in the anvil, wherein the trocar is configured to provide electrical continuity between the pair of electrical contacts when the anvil is fully secured to the trocar, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on whether the trocar is providing electrical continuity between the pair of electrical contacts.
  8. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein the stapling assembly further comprises a staple deck, wherein the sensor is configured to detect whether the anvil is within a predefined spatial range relative to the staple deck, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on whether the anvil is within a predefined spatial range relative to the staple deck.
  9. The surgical instrument of claim 8, wherein the anvil includes a magnet, wherein the trocar includes a Hall Effect sensor, wherein the Hall Effect sensor is configured to generate a voltage based on a distance of the magnet from the Hall Effect sensor, wherein the circuit is configured to indicate whether the firing assembly is ready to fire based on the voltage generated by the Hall Effect sensor.
  10. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 2 to 9, wherein the circuit includes a feedback feature positioned on the body assembly, wherein the feedback feature is operable to provide one or more of audio, visual, or tactile feedback indicating whether the firing assembly is ready to fire.
  11. The surgical instrument of claim 10, wherein the feedback feature comprises a visual representation of the anvil, wherein the feedback feature is configured to change positioning of the visual representation of the anvil based on positioning of the anvil as sensed by the sensor.
  12. The surgical instrument of claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the feedback feature comprises an array of illuminating features, wherein the circuit is operable to selectively illuminate the illuminating features based on positioning of the anvil as sensed by the sensor.
  13. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 10 to 12, wherein the feedback feature is operable to visually indicate whether the anvil is fully secured to the trocar, based on a signal from the sensor.
  14. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 2 to 13, wherein the circuit is further operable to disable the firing assembly in response to a signal from the sensor indicating that the firing assembly is not ready to fire.
  15. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein the battery pack includes a feature operable to initiate draining of power from the battery pack in response to a combination of both of the following conditions occurring:

(i) insertion of the battery pack in the body assembly, and

(ii) removal of the battery pack from the body assembly.


  16. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the trocar comprises a marker region visible via a pinhole formed in the anvil when the anvil is coupled to the trocar.
  17. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein the anvil comprises at least one latch member configured to couple the anvil with the trocar, wherein the at least one latch member comprises a marker region.
  18. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 1 to 17 comprising a position sensing assembly, wherein the position sensing assembly is configured to sense a position of the anvil relative to the distal end of the shaft assembly.
  19. The surgical instrument of any one of claims 1 to 18 comprising a knob, wherein the knob is configured to rotate to thereby cause movement of the trocar, wherein the lockout assembly is configured to restrict rotation of the knob unless the battery pack is fully inserted into the body assembly.