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1. (WO2019068020) TOUCH SENSOR PANEL ARCHITECTURE WITH MULTIPLE SENSING MODE CAPABILITIES
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CLAIMS

1. A touch sensor panel comprising:

a first layer including a plurality of electrodes of a first type, wherein the electrodes of the first type are coupled to respective traces, and the electrodes of the first type are configured to, during a first time period, operate as touch sensing electrodes; and a second layer including a plurality of electrodes of a second type overlapping with the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type, wherein the electrodes of the second type are configured to:

during the first time period, operate as guard electrodes for the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type; and

during a second time period, operate as touch sensing electrodes.

2. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 , wherein the first type of electrodes are a different type of electrode than the second type of electrodes.

3. The touch sensor panel of claim 2, wherein:

the first type of electrodes are touch node electrodes; and

the second type of electrodes are elongated electrodes.

4. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 , wherein operating, during the first time period, the electrodes of the second type as the guard electrodes comprises driving the electrodes of the second type at a reference voltage.

5. The touch sensor panel of claim 1, wherein operating, during the first time period, the electrodes of the first type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the first type as self-capacitance sensing electrodes.

6. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 , wherein operating the electrodes of the second type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the second type as mutual capacitance electrodes.

7. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 , further comprising:

a third layer including an electrode of a third type configured to, during the first and second time periods, operate as a guard electrode.

8. The touch sensor panel of claim 7, wherein the electrode of the third type is further configured to:

during a third time period, operate as a force sensing electrode.

9. The touch sensor panel of claim 8, wherein the first type of electrodes are further configured to:

during the third time period, operate as force sensing electrodes, wherein during the third time period, a force is determined based on the electrode of the third type and the electrodes of the first type.

10. The touch sensor panel of claim 8, wherein the second type of electrodes are further configured to:

during die third time period, operate as force sensing electrodes, wherein during the third time peri od, a force is determ ined based on the electrode of the third type and the electrodes of the second type.

11. The touch sensor panel of claim 1, further comprising:

a third layer including a plurality of electrodes of a third type, wherein the electrodes of the third type are configured to:

during the first time period, operate as guard electrodes for the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type; and

during the second time period, operate as touch sensing electrodes.

12. The touch sensor panel of claim 11, wherein:

the first type of electrodes are touch node electrodes; and

the second and third types of electrodes are elongated electrodes.

13. The touch sensor panel of claim 11 , wherein:

operating, during the first time period, the electrodes of the second and third types as the guard electrodes comprises driving the electrodes of the second and third types at a reference voltage.

14. The touch sensor panel of claim 11, wherein operating, during the first time period, the electrodes of the first type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the first type as self-capacitance sensing electrodes.

15. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 1, wherein:

operating, during the second time period, the electrodes of the second type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the second type as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the third type; and

operating, during the second time period, the electrodes of the third type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the third type as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the second type.

16. The touch sensor panel of claim 15, wherein operating, during the first time period, the electrodes of the fi rst type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the first type as self-capacitance sensing electrodes.

17. The touch sensor panel of claim 11, wherein the electrodes of the first type are further configured to:

during a third time period, operate as mutual capacitance electrodes.

18. The touch sensor panel of claim 17, wherein the electrodes of the second type are further configured to:

during the third time period, operate as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the first type.

19. The touch sensor panel of claim 17, wherein the electrodes of the third type are further configured to:

during the third time period, operate as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the first type.

20. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 1, wherein operating the electrodes of the second type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the second type as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the third type; and

operating the electrodes of the third type as the touch sensing electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the third type as mutual capacitance electrodes with respect to the electrodes of the second type.

21. The touch sensor panel of claim 17, further comprising :

a fourth layer including an electrode of a fourth type configured to, during the first, second, and third time periods, operate as a guard electrode.

22. The touch sensor panel of claim 17, wherein the electrode of the fourth type is further configured to:

during a fourth time period, operate as a force sensing electrode.

23. The touch sensor panel of claim 22, wherein operating the electrodes of the first type as mutual capacitance electrodes comprises operating the electrodes of the first type as force sensing electrodes, wherein during the fourth time period, a force is determined based on the electrode of the fourth type and the electrodes of the first type.

24. The touch sensor panel of claim 1 , wherein:

the plurality of electrodes of the second type are arranged in rows along a horizontal axis, and include extensions along a vertical axis that overlap with the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type.

25. A touch sensor panel comprising:

a first layer including a plurality of electrodes of a first type, wherein the electrodes of the first type are configured to, during a first time period, operate as mutual capacitance drive electrodes; and

a second layer including a plurality of electrodes of a second type overlapping with the electrodes of the first type, wherein the electrodes of the second type are configured to:

during the first time period, operate as mutual capacitance sense electrodes; and

during a second time period, operate as self-capacitance electrodes.

26. The touch sensor panel of claim 25, wherein:

the plurality of electrodes of the second type are arranged in rows along a horizontal axis,

a given row of electrodes of the second type includes a plurality of individually addressable electrodes of the second type,

during the first time period, the plurality of individually addressable electrodes of the second type in the given row are sensed with the same sense circuitry, and

during the second time period, the plurality of individually addressable electrodes of the second type in the given row are sensed with different sense circuitry.

27. The touch sensor panel of claim 26, wherein:

the plurality of electrodes of the first type are arranged in columns along a vertical axis,

a given column of electrodes of the first type includes a plurality of individually addressable electrodes of the first type, and

during the first time period, the plurality of individually addressable electrodes of the first type in the given column are drive with the same drive signal.

28. The touch sensor panel of claim 27, wherein the plurality of electrodes of tlie first type and the plurality of electrodes of the second type are grouped to form a plurality of super nodes on the touch sensor panel, and each super node is individually operable to perform independent touch sensing operations.

29. A method for operating a touch sensor panel, the method comprising:

operating a plurality of electrodes of a first type, during a first time period, as touch sensing electrodes, wherein the electrodes of the first type are in a first layer of the touch sensor panel and are coupled to respective traces; and

operating a plurality of electrodes of a second type:

during the first time period, as guard electrodes for the respective traces of die electrodes of the first type; and

during a second time period, as touch sensing electrodes, wherein the electrodes of the second type are in a second layer of the touch sensor panel and overlap with the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type.

30, A non-transitory computer readable storage medium storing one or more programs, the one or more programs comprising instructions, which when executed by a processor, cause the processor to perform a method for operating a touch sensor panel comprising:

operating a plurality of electrodes of a first type, during a first time period, as touch sensing electrodes, wherein the electrodes of the first type are in a first layer of the touch sensor panel and are coupled to respective traces; and

operating a plurality of electrodes of a second type:

during the first time period, as guard electrodes for the respective traces of die electrodes of the first type; and

during a second time period, as touch sensing electrodes, wherein the electrodes of the second type are in a second layer of the touch sensor panel and overlap with the respective traces of the electrodes of the first type.