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1. (WO2019067796) PATH RESOLVED OPTICAL SAMPLING ARCHITECTURES
Примечание: Текст, основанный на автоматизированных процессах оптического распознавания знаков. Для юридических целей просьба использовать вариант в формате PDF

CLAIMS

1. A system comprising:

at least one light emitter that emits light;

a system interface including:

a launch region from which the light emitted by the at least one light emitter is capable of exiting the system, wherein the launch region includes a first dimension and a second dimension, the second dimension of the launch region is elongated relati v e to the first dimension of the launch region, wherein the launch region is configured to form, from the light emitted by the at least one light emitter, a first light beam having a second dimension that is elongated relative to a first dimension of the first light beam as the first light beam exits the system, and

a detection region through which light is capable of entering the system, wherein the detection region includes a first dimension and a second dimension, the second dimension of the detection region elongated relative to the first dimension of the detection region, wherein the second dimen sion of the launch region is elongated along a same direction that the second dimension of the detection region is elongated, and wherein the detection region is configured to form, from the light entering the system, a second light beam within the system., the second light beam having a second dimension that is elongated relative to a first dimension of the second light beam; a detector that detects at least a portion of the second light beam and generates one or more signals indicative of the portion of the second light beam; and

logic that determines one or more sample properties from the one or more signals.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein a size and a shape of the launch region is same as a size and a shape of the detection region,

3. The system of claim 1, wherein the second dimension of the detection region is longer than the second dimension of the launch region.

4. The system of claim 1 , further comprising:

optics selectively allowing the portion of the second light beam to pass through to the detector, wherein the portion of the second light beam meets a change in angle criteria.

5. The system of claim 4, wherein the change in angle criteria includes a threshold range of angles based on a targeted optical path length.

6. The system of claim 1, wherein the detection region forms the second light beam by selectively allowing light, from the light entering the system, that meets a change in angle criteria.

7. The system of claim 1 , wherein the at least one light emitter includes one or more outcoupiers and a reflector, the one or more outcouplers located a first separation distance from the reflector,

wherein the one or more outcoupiers are located a second separation distance from the launch region,

wherein the detector is located a third separation distance from the detection region, and

wherein a total of a targeted optical path length, the first separation distance, the second separation distance, and the third separation distance are equal to a focal lengtli of the reflector.

8. The system of claim 1, further comprising:

a multiplexer that:

receives the light emitted by the at least one light emitter,

forms, from the light emitted by the at least one light emitter, a third light beam, and

outputs the third light beam;

a phase control network that:

receives the third light beam, and

controls a phase of at least a portion of the third light beam; and an outcoupler array including a plurality of outcouplers, the outcoupler array-redirecting the third light beam to the launch region.

9. The system of claim 8, wherein the third light beam has one or more of:

different in-plane launch angles and in-plane launch locations.

10. A light emitter comprising :

one or more light sources that emit light along a first plane;

one or more waveguides that output the light emitted by the one or more light sources; and

one or more outcouplers that direct the light, output by the one or more waveguides, to a second plane,

wherein the light directed by the one or more outcouplers is a first light beam having different properties relative to the light output by the one or more waveguides, the properties including in-plane launch angles, in-plane launch locations, or both;

wherein the first light beam has a second dimension that is elongated relative to a first dimension of the first light beam.

11. The light emitter of claim 10, the light emitter further comprising:

one or more reflectors receiving the light emitted by the one or more light sources and directing the light emitted by the one or more light sources along the first plane to the one or more outcouplers, wherein the one or more reflectors include a first location and a second location,

wherein the one or more outcouplers include a first location and a second location; wherein a first portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources is incident at the first location of the reflector and the first location of the one or more outcouplers, and wherein a second portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources is incident at the second location of the reflector and the second location of the one or more outcouplers.

12. The Sight emitter of claim 11, wherein the one or more waveguides include: a first waveguide that outputs the first portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources, and

a second wav eguide that outputs the second portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources,

wherein the first location of the one or more outcouplers and the second location of the one or more outcouplers are different.

13. The light emitter of claim 11, wherein the one or more waveguides include: a first waveguide that outputs the first portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources, and

a second waveguide thai outputs the second portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources,

wherein the first location of the one or more outcouplers and the second location of the one or more outcouplers are the same, and

the first portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources and the second portion of the light emitted by the one or more light sources have different angles.

14. The light emitter of claim 11 , wherein a separation distance between at least one of the one or more waveguides and at least one of the one or more reflectors is equal to a focal length of the at least one of the one or more reflectors.

15. The light emitter of claim 10, wherein the one or more waveguides include: a splitter that receives and splits the light outputted by the one or more waveguides into a plurality of light rays;

a plurality of optical attenuators that:

receive the plurality of light rays, and

block or allow at least some of the plurality of light rays.

16. The light emitter of claim 10, wherein the one or more waveguides include at least two waveguides located such that facets of the at least two waveguides have different angles with respect to the one or more outcouplers.

17. The light emitter of claim 10, wherein the one or more waveguides include a fi rst plurality of waveguides and a second plurality of waveguides, wherein the fi rst plurality of waveguides are located such that facets of the first plurality of waveguides have an angle with respect to the one or more outcouplers different than facets of the second plurality of waveguides.

18. A method for using a system, the method comprising:

emitting light using at least one light emitter;

forming a first light beam from the light emitted by the at least one light emitter using a launch region,

wherein the launch region includes a first dimension and a second dimension, the second dimension of the launch region is elongated relative to the first dimension of the launch region;

allowing the first light beam to exit the system through the launch region, wherein the fi rst light beam has a second dimension that is elongated relative to a first dimension of the first light beam as the first light beam exits the system;

allowing light to enter through the system through a detection region, wherein the detection region includes a first dimension and a second dimension, the second dimension of the detection region elongated relative to the first dimension of the detection region,

wherein the second dimension of the launch region is elongated along a same direction that the second dimension of the detection region is elongated;

forming a second light beam from the light entering the system using the detection region, wherein the second light beam has a second dimension that is elongated relative to a first dimension of the second light beam;

detecting at least a portion of the second light beam by a detector;

generating one or more signals indicative of the portion of the second light beam detected by the detector; and

determining one or more sample properties from the one or more signals.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein forming the first light beam includes selectively controlling one or more parameters of the light emitted by the at least one light emitter.

20. The method of claim 18, wherein forming the second light beam includes selectively controlling one or more parameters of the light that has entered through the system using optics.