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1. (WO2019046857) LOW VOLTAGE POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
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What is claimed is:

1. A low voltage power distribution system comprising:

an electrical bus comprising a carrier and an electrically conductive element linearly arranged along the carrier;

a plurality of connector modules with a base power setting and a maximum allowed power, the connector module adapted to be releasably couplable to the carrier being in electrical communication with the electrical bus;

a power supply unit with an amount used of the total power; and

a control module configured to monitor the available power and amount used of the total power of the low voltage bus system, the control module in communication with each of the connector modules and capable of retrieving the base power setting; wherein when a new connector module is connected to the electrical bus, the control module:

redistributes the maximum allowed power of each of the connected modules if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power, and assigns a new module allowed maximum power to the new module wherein the

allowed maximum power is:

the base power setting if the available power exceeds the base power setting of the new module, and

a fraction of the base power setting if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power.

2. The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 1 further comprising a fault detection system.

3. The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 2 wherein the fault detection system is configured to compare the amount used of the total power to a safe power load limit and shut down the system if the safe power load limit is exceeded.

4. The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 3 wherein the fault detection system is further configured to automatically reset the system.

5. The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 1 wherein the connector module is configured to detect and communicate the base power setting based on a type of a connected device.

The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 1 wherein the control module is further configured to detect the power consumption of each of the connected modules.

The low voltage power distribution system of Claim 6 wherein the control module is further configured to redistribute the maximum allowed power by a scalable factor dependent on power consumption detected for each of the connected modules. A low voltage power distribution system comprising:

an electrical bus comprising a carrier with at least a pair of electrically conductive

elements linearly arranged along the carrier, and a linearly arranged ferromagnetic element carried by the carrier intermediate at the at least a pair of electrically conductive elements;

a plurality of connector modules with a base power setting and a maximum allowed

power, the connector module adapted to be releasably couplable in a plurality of orientations relative to the carrier, the carrier being in electrical communication with the electrical bus;

a power supply unit with a total power;

a plurality of electrically conductive contacts carried by the housing wherein the plurality of electrically conductive contacts are arranged such that at least a first one of the plurality of electrically conductive contacts will engage one of the at least a pair of electrically conductive elements and at least a second one of the plurality of electrically conductive contacts will engage a different one of the at least a pair of electrically conductive elements when the housing is releasably coupled to the carrier in each of the plurality of orientations relative to the carrier;

at least one magnet carried by the housing and disposed intermediately the plurality of electrically conductive contacts wherein the at least one magnet is arranged to generate a magnetic field to magnetically cooperate with the ferromagnetic element of the carrier to releasably couple the housing upon the carrier in at least each of the plurality of orientations relative to the carrier; and

a control module configured to monitor the available power and amount used of the total power of the low voltage bus system, the control module in communication with each of the connector modules and capable of retrieving the base power setting; wherein when a new connector module is connected to the electrical bus, the control module:

redistributes the maximum allowed power of each of the connected modules if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power and assigns a new module allowed maximum power to the new module wherein the

allowed maximum power is

the base power setting if the available power exceeds the base power setting of the new module and

a fraction of the base power setting if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power.

9. A method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system including a plurality of connected modules comprising:

defining a marginal reserve of power as a portion of a total power of the low voltage bus system;

monitoring the amount used of the total power of the low voltage bus system;

connecting a new module to the low voltage bus system;

retrieving a base power setting for the new module;

calculating remaining available power as the difference between total power and a marginal reserve of power;

comparing the base power setting of the new module to the available power;

redistributing a maximum allowed power of the connected modules if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the remaining available power; and assigning a new module allowed maximum power to the new module wherein the allowed maximum power is

the base power setting if the available power exceeds the base power setting of the new module, and

a fraction of the base power setting if the base power setting of the new

module exceeds the available power.

10. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 further comprising:

comparing the amount used of the total power to a safe power load limit;

ceasing a power flow to a rail to which the connected modules are connected if the safe power load limit is exceeded; and

resuming the power flow the system after a period of waiting.

11. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 wherein the base power setting for the module is detected by the module based on a product type.

12. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 wherein the base power setting for the module is preset into the module.

13. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 further comprising:

checking for error messages and responsiveness from the connected modules;

ceasing a power flow to the connected module if the module is in; and resetting the system.

14. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 wherein the maximum allowed power is assigned to each connected module as a discreet setting.

15. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 further comprising detecting the power consumption of each of the connected modules.

16. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 15 wherein the maximum allowed power is assigned to each connected module as a scalable setting dependent on power consumption.

17. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 further comprising retaining historical data relating to at least one of total current, current of each of the connected modules, a count number of the connected modules, a length of time each module is connected, peak current of each connected module.

18. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 9 further comprising an alien detection procedure.

19. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 18 wherein the alien detection procedure can shut down current flow to an entire bus or a section thereof where an alien device is detected.

20. The method of intelligently managing power load of a low voltage bus system of

Claim 19 further comprising detecting the alien device by comparing a sum of module provided currents on the entire bus or a section thereof to the amount of current being provided to the entire bus or a section thereof.