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1. (WO2019029995) TWO-COMPONENT (2K) CLEARCOAT AND METHOD TO COAT A SUBSTRATE WITH THE TWO -COMPONENT (2K) CLEARCOAT HAVING ENHANCED VISUAL APPEARANCE
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CLAIMS

Claim 1. A two-component clearcoat composition, comprising:

a first component comprising a hydroxy! -functional resin;

a second component comprising a crosslinking agent being a first isocyanate resin which is not blocked; and a blocked isocyanate resin which is a reacted form of a second isocyanate resin and blocking agent; wherein

the first component comprises the blocked isocyanate resin, the second component comprises the blocked isocyanate resin or the first and the second component comprise the blocked isocyanate resin, and the first isocyanate resin and the second isocyanate resin are capable of reacting with the hydroxy 1 -functi onal resin to form a crosslinked coating.

Claim 2. The two-component clearcoat composition according to claim 1, wherein

a content of the hydroxyl-functional resin is from 10 to 90 percent by weight;

a content of the first isocyanate resin is from 25 to 75 percent by weight; and a content of the blocked isocyanate resin is from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight;

wherein the per cent by weight values are based on a total weight of resin solids of the first and second components, and

a Wb value of structures of 0.3 to 1.0 mm wavelength as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a black basecoat is increased 4 units or more relative to an otherwise identical two-component clearcoat composition lacking the blocked isocyanate resin; and

a Wd value of structures of 3.0 to 10.0 mm wavelength as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a black basecoat is decreased by less than or equal to 4 units relative to an otherwise identical two- component clearcoat composition lacking the blocked isocyanate resin while having the same molar amount of total isocyanate.

Claim 3. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-2, wherein the hydroxy! -functional resin comprises at least one of a hydroxyl-functional acrylic resin and a hydroxyl-functional polyester resin.

Claim 4. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-3, wherein the first isocyanate resin, the second isocyanate resin, or both are polyisocyanate resins comprising at least one diisocyanate selected from the group consisting of toluene diisocyanate, diphenylmethane-4,4' -diisocyanate, diphenylmethane-2.4"-diisoc> anate, hexameth lene diisocyanate, bis(4-isocyanatocyclohexyl) methane, and isophorone diisocyanate.

Claim 5. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-4, wherein the blocking agent for the second isocyanate resin is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of an alkyl alcohol, an ether alcohol, diethyl ma! onate, an oxime, an. amine, preferably imidazole or dimethylpyrazole, an amide, and a hydroxylamine.

Claim 6. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-5, wherein a balance value as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a black basecoat is increased relative to an otherwise identical two-component clearcoat composition lacking the blocked isocyanate resin while having the same molar amount of total isocyanate.

Claim 7. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-6, wherein a balance value as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a basecoat is -4 to 6.

Claim 8. The two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-7, wherein a

20° gloss value of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a basecoat is greater than 80 gloss units.

Claim 9. A method of forming a coated substrate with the two-component clearcoat composition according to any of claims 1-8, the method comprising:

coating a surface of the substrate with a basecoat composition to obtain a basecoat layer; at least partially drying the basecoat layer;

preparing a two-component clearcoat composition by mixing the first and second components of the two-component clearcoat composition with an organic solvent thereby forming a clearcoat composition;

applying the clearcoat composition to a surface of the basecoat layer to form a clearcoat composition layer;

reacting and curing the hydroxyl- fun tional resin with the first isocyanate resin and the second isocyanate resin obtained by unblocking the blocked isocyanate resin during the curing to form a polyurethane clearcoat coating layer on the basecoat layer;

wherein a delayed reaction of the second isocyanate resin during the reacting and the curing reduces a rate of cure of the polyurethane clearcoat coating layer such that a wrinkle is formed between the basecoat layer and the polyurethane clearcoat coating layer.

Claim 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein a content of the blocked isocyanate resin in the clearcoat composition is from. 2 to 10 percent by weight, based on the total weight of resin solids in the clearcoat composition.

Claim 11. The method according to any of claims 9-10, wherein the curing is performed at a temperature of 80-150 °C for a time period of 15-45 minutes.

Claim 12. A coated substrate obtained by the method according to any of claims 9-11, wherein the basecoat is black and which has an increased Wb value of structures of 0.3 to 1.0 mm wavelength and a decreased or equal Wd value of structures of 3.0 to 10.0 mm wavelength as measured by a waves can device relative to an otherwise identical coated substrate obtained by an otherwise identical, method having the same total molar amount of isocyanate while lacking the blocked isocyanate resin.

Claim 13. A coated substrate obtained by the method according to any of claims 9-11, wherein the basecoat is silver metallic and the coated substrate has an increased Wb value of structures of 0.3 to 1.0 mm wavelength as measured by a wavescan device of less than 4 units relative to an. otherwise identical method having the same total molar amount of isocyanate while lacking the blocked isocyanate resin.

Claim 14. A kit. comprising:

a first component comprising a hydroxyl-functional resin;

a second component comprising a crosslinking agent being a first isocyanate resin which is not blocked; and a blocked isocyanate resin which is a reacted form of a second isocyanate resin and a blocking agent; wherein

the first component comprises the blocked isocyanate resin, the second component comprises the blocked isocyanate resin or the first and the second component comprise the blocked isocyanate resin, and the first isocyanate resin and the second isocyanate resin are capable of reacting with the hydroxyl -functi onal resin to form a crossl inked coating.

Claim 15. The kit according to claim 14, wherein

a content of the hydroxyl -functional resin is from 10 to 90 percent by weight;

a content of the first isocyanate resin is from 25 to 75 percent by weight; and a content of the blocked isocyanate resin is from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight;

wherein the per cent by weight values are based on a total weight of resin solids of the first and second components, and

a Wb value of structures of 0.3 to 1.0 mm. wavelength as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a black basecoat is increased 4 units or more relative to an otherwise identical two-component clearcoat composition lacking the blocked isocyanate resin; and

a Wd value of structures of 3.0 to 10.0 mm wavelength as measured by a wavescan device of the crosslinked coating after curing on a substrate coated with a black basecoat is decreased by less than or equal to 4 units relative to an otherwise identical two-component clearcoat composition lacking the blocked isocyanate resin.