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1. (WO2019028727) APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR RADIO LINK MONITORING AND FAILURE HANDLING WITH MULTIPLE DL CONTROL CHANNELS IN NR
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Description

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Claims

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Drawings

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Description

Title of Invention : APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR RADIO LINK MONITORING AND FAILURE HANDLING WITH MULTIPLE DL CONTROL CHANNELS IN NR

[0001]
FIELD OF INVENTION
[0002]
This disclosure relates generally to wireless communication, and, more particularly, to apparatus and methods for radio link monitoring (RLM) and/or radio link failure (RLF) detection in the new radio (NR) access system.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003]
The 5G radio access technology (RAT) will be a key component of the modern access network. It will address high traffic growth and increasing demand for high-bandwidth connectivity. It will also support massive numbers of connected devices and meet the real-time, high-reliability communication needs of mission-critical applications. Both the standalone NR deployment and non-standalone NR with LTE/eLTE deployment will be considered. For example, the incredible growing demand for cellular data inspired the interest in high frequency (HF) communication system. One of the objectives is to support frequency ranges up to 100GHz. The available spectrum of HF band is 200 times greater than conventional cellular system. The very small wavelengths of HF enable large number of miniaturized antennas to be placed in small area. The miniaturized antenna system can form very high gain, electrically steerable arrays and generate high directional transmissions through beamforming.
[0004]
Beamforming is a key enabling technology to compensate the propagation loss through high antenna gain. The reliance on high directional transmissions and its vulnerability to the propagation environment will introduce particular challenges including intermittent connectivity and rapidly adaptable communication. HF communication will depend extensively on adaptive beamforming at a scale that far exceeds current cellular system. High reliance on directional transmission such as for synchronization and signals broadcasting may delay the base station (BS) detection during cell search for an initial connection setup and handover, since both the base station and the mobile stations (MSs) need to scan over a range of angles before a base station can be detected. HF signals are extremely susceptible to shadowing due to the appearance of obstacles such as human body and outdoor materials. Therefore, signal outage due to shadowing is a larger bottleneck in delivering uniform capacity. For HF-NR with beam operation, multiple beams cover the cell. UE needs to consider the multiple beams from the network side for downlink quality detection. UE needs to utilize the collective measurement results of different beams to represent the radio link quality of the serving cell.
[0005]
In LTE, downlink (DL) radio link quality is measured by UE based on the cell-specific reference signal, which is actually mapped to a hypothetical PDCCH block error rate (BLER) . It is compared with different thresholds Qout and Qin, which are corresponding to 10%BLER and 2%BLER of a hypothetical PDCCH transmission respectively. So that Qout and Qin are indicated to the RRC layer of the UE, which are used for RLF detection procedure. Upon receiving consecutive numbers of Qout, a timer T310 is started. The timer is used to supervise whether the radio link can be recovered with consecutive numbers of Qin. RLF is declared when the timer expires. So the downlink radio link quality problem of the serving cell can be detected through radio link monitoring (RLM) procedure. In LTE, the channel characteristics for the common PDCCH and the dedicated PDCCH are similar, so the common PDCCH and the dedicated PDCCH are considered as one radio link, even different formats of DCIs are received. However, in NR, it’s possible that the common NR-PDCCH and the dedicated NR-PDCCH use different beamwidth or even different numerologies on different parts of a frequency band.
[0006]
NR also supports scalable numerologies for various use cases including enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) , massive machine type communication (mMTC) and ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) . Multiple OFDM numerologies can be applied to the same carrier frequency or different carrier frequencies. In order to support different numerologies on the same frequency for NR system, different types of UEs according to such different use cases will be accommodated simultaneously in a given frequency band. So scalable numerologies corresponding to scalable subcarrier spacing values would need to be supported. For each UE, multiple NR-PDCCHs corresponding to different numerologies are monitored by the UE.
[0007]
Considering the different dimensions of radio quality evaluation based on NR-PDCCH, e.g. different functions (common or dedicated NR-PDCCH) , different characteristics of different NR-PDCCH channels and different numerologies on the same or different frequency carriers, improvements and enhancements are required for radio link monitoring (RLM) and radio link failure (RLF) detection in the new radio (NR) access system/network.
[0008]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0009]
Apparatus and methods for RLM and/or radio link failure (RLF) handling in a NR access system are provided.
[0010]
In one embodiment, UE performs RLM on one or multiple groups of NR-PDCCH, wherein each group can comprise one or multiple NR-PDCCHs. The same group of NR-PDCCHs support the same function, has the same numerology, or has the same radio characteristics. In one embodiment, Each Qin/Qoutis generated by consolidating multiple measurement results corresponding to different NR-PDCCHs in the same group. The NR-PDCCH group can have one or multiple NR-PDCCHs.
[0011]
In one embodiment, UE performs RLM, RLF detection and RRC connection handling. In RLM, one PHY layer problem condition is detected for the group of NR-PDCCHs. In one embodiment, a predefined problem condition is a number (N1) of Qoutis generated based on the measurement on the corresponding reference signals for the group of NR-PDCCHs. Upon the PHY layer problem is detected, the UE starts T1 timer. If T1 timer expired, RLF is declared. The group of NR-PDCCHs are determined to be recovered according to the recovery conditions. A recovery condition is another number of Qin generated based on the measurement on the reference signals for the group of NR-PDCCHs.
[0012]
In one embodiment, when RLF is detected for one or one group of NR-PDCCHs, UE needs to determine whether the NR-PDCCH or the group of NR-PDCCHs is anchor or dedicated NR-PDCCH. If RLF is detected on anchor/dedicated NR-PDCCH, UE initiates RRC connection re-establishment procedure; if RLF is detected on non-anchor/common NR-PDCCH, UE sends one RLF indication to network informing which one or which groups of NR- PDCCHs endure RLF.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0013]
The accompanying drawings, where like numerals indicate like components, illustrate embodiments of the invention.
[0014]
Figure 1 is a schematic system diagram illustrating an exemplary wireless network with HF connections in accordance with embodiments of the current invention.
[0015]
Figure 2 illustrates an exemplary HF wireless system with multiple controlbeams and dedicated beams in multiple directionally configured cells.
[0016]
Figure 3 illustrates an exemplary beam configuration for UL and DL of the UE in accordance with the current invention.
[0017]
Figure 4 illustrates exemplary flow chart and diagram of the beam-switching procedure in accordance with embodiments of the current invention.
[0018]
Figure 5 illustrates exemplary procedures of detecting radio link failure with different optional procedures in accordance with embodiments of the current invention.
[0019]
Figure 6 shows an exemplary diagram of the timer-based recovery procedure in accordance with embodiments of the current invention.
[0020]
Figure 7 shows an exemplary flow chart for the detection of radio link failure in the HF wireless system in accordance with embodiments of the current invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0021]
Reference will now be made in detail to some embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
[0022]
Figure 1 is a schematic system diagram illustrating an exemplary wireless network 100 with HF connections in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. Wireless system 100 includes one or more fixed base infrastructure units forming a network distributed over a geographical region. The base unit may also be referred to as an access point, an access terminal, a base station, a Node-B, an eNode-B, or by other terminology used in the art. As an example, base stations (BSs) 101, 102 and 103 serve a number of mobile stations (MSs, or referred to as UEs) 104, 105, 106 and 107 within a serving area, for example, a cell, or within a cell sector. In some systems, one or more base stations are coupled to a controller forming an access network that is coupled to one or more core networks.gNB 101 is a conventional base station served as a macro gNB. gNB 102 and gNB103are HF base station, the serving area of which may overlap with serving area of gNB 101, as well as may overlap with each other at the edge. HFgNB 102 and HFgNB 103 has multiple sectors each with multiple beams to cover a directional area. Beams 121, 122, 123 and 124 are exemplary beams of gNB 102. Beams 125, 126, 127 and 128 are exemplary beams of gNB 103. The coverage of HF gNB 102 and 103 can be scalable based on the number of TRPs radiate the different beams. As an example, UE or mobile station 104 is only in the service area of gNB 101 and connected with gNB 101 via a link 111. UE 106 is connected with HF network only, which is covered by beam 124 of gNB 102 and is connected with gNB 102 via a link 114. UE 105 is in the overlapping service area of gNB 101 and gNB 102. In one embodiment, UE 105 is configured with dual connectivity and can be connected with gNB 101 via a link 113 and gNB 102 via a link 115 simultaneously. UE 107 is in the service areas of gNB 101, gNB102, and gNB 103. In embodiment, UE107 is configured with dual connectivity and can be connected with gNB 101 with a link 112 and gNB 103 with a link 117. In embodiment, UE 107 can switch to a link 116 connecting to gNB 102 upon connection failure with gNB 103. In one embodiment, each DL link between gNB and UE has one or more NR-PDCCH. In one embodiment, multiple NR-PDCCHs are corresponding to the same or different numerologies. In another embodiment, each DL link has one common NR-PDCCH and multiple dedicated NR-PDCCH. In another embodiment, common NR-PDCCH is corresponding to new radio-synchronization signal (NR-SS) ; and dedicated NR-PDCCH is corresponding to channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) .
[0023]
Figure 1 further illustrates simplified block diagrams 130 and 150 for UE 107 and gNB 103, respectively. Mobile station 107 has an antenna 135, which transmits and receives radio signals. A RF transceiver module 133, coupled with the antenna, receives RF signals from antenna 135, converts them into baseband signals, which are to be sent to processor 132. RF transceiver module 133 is an example, and in one embodiment, the RF transceiver module comprises two RF modules (not shown) , first RF module is used for HF transmitting and receiving, and another RF module is used for different frequency bands transmitting and receiving which is different from the HF transceiving. RF transceiver 133 also converts received baseband signals from processor 132, and converts them into RF signals, which are to be transmitted by antenna 135. Processor 132 processes the received baseband signals and invokes different functional modules to perform features in mobile station 107. Memory 131 stores program instructions and data 134 to control the operations of mobile station 107. Mobile station 107 also includes multiple function modules that carry out different tasks in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. A RLM monitor 141 performs RLM on one or multiple NR-PDCCHs. For each NR-PDCCH, the RLM monitor measures different reference signals, which are actually mapped to a hypothetical NR-PDCCH block error rate (BLER) . It is compared to the thresholds Qout and Qin, which are corresponding to x%BLER (e g. 10%) and Y%BLER (e.g. 2%) of a hypothetical NR-PDCCH transmission respectively. X is larger than Y.In another embodiment, multiple NR-PDCCHs are configured into different groups. The same group of NR-PDCCHs support the same function transmitting common control signaling or dedicated control signaling, or have similar characteristics, e.g., same beamwidth or have the same numerology. In one embodiment, one group of NR-PDCCH is anchor NR-PDCCH, responsible for particular functions, e.g., RRC connection maintenance. The other groups of NR-PDCCHs is non-anchor NR-PDCCH. In one embodiment, one group of NR-PDCCH is dedicated NR-PDCCH, responsible for dedicated control signaling. The other group of NR-PDCCH is common NR-PDCCH, responsible for common control signaling. Each Qin/Qoutis generated by consolidating multiple measurement results corresponding to different NR-PDCCHs in the same group. The NR-PDCCH group can have one or multiple NR-PDCCHs.
[0024]
The consolidation methods to generate each Qin/Qout can be one of the following:
[0025]
· The best measurement result among the group of NR-PDCCHs is used;
[0026]
· The linear average of the measurement results for the group of NR-PDCCHs is used;
[0027]
Then Qout and Qin are indicated to the RRC layer of the UE, which is used for RLF determination. A RLF determination module 142 determines whether RLF occurs for one NR-PDCCH or one group of NR-PDCCHs. Upon receiving consecutive numbers of Qout, a timer T1 is started. The timer is used to supervise whether the radio link can be recovered with consecutive numbers of Qin. RLF is determined when the timer expires. A connection handler 143 determines whether to send a RLF indication to network or initiate RRC connection re-establishment procedure based on which or which sets of NR-PDCCH endures RLF. In one embodiment, RRC connection re-establishement is initiated upon RLF detection on any group of NR-PDCCHs. In this case, no RLF indication is sent. A failure indication module 144determines whether to send a RLF indication to network and prepares the RLF indication in a RRC message, MAC control element (CE) or a uplink control information (UCI) .
[0028]
Similarly, gNB 103 has an antenna 155, which transmits and receives radio signals. A RF transceiver module 153, coupled with the antenna, receives RF signals from antenna 155, and converts the received RF signals into baseband signals, which are to be sent to processor 152. RF transceiver 153 also receives baseband signals from processor 152, converts them into RF signals, which are to be transmitted by antenna 155. Processor 152 processes the received baseband signals and invokes different functional modules to perform features in gNB 103. Memory 151 stores program instructions and data 154 to control the operations of gNB 103. gNB 103 also includes multiple function modules that carry out different tasks in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. A RLF indication handler 161 handles RLF indication received from the UE side (e.g., UE 130) . A connection module 162 handles the RRC connection with the UE.
[0029]
Figure 1 further shows functional procedures that handle the radio link associated issues in HF system. UE 105 has one ore multiple RLM procedures191corresponding to one or multiple NR-PDCCHs on the serving cell, a RLF determination procedure192, and a radio link failure handling procedure 193, which determines whether to send a RLF indication to gNB or initiate RRC connection re-establishment procedure.
[0030]
Figure 2 illustrates an exemplary wireless system with multiple control beams and dedicated beams in multiple directionally configured cells. Control beam means the beam carrying common PDCCH for broadcast signaling, like system information (SI) , paging or random access response (RAR) with common reference signal like NR-SS. Dedicated beam means the beamcarrying dedicated PDCCH for unicast signaling or data. According to an embodiment as shown in figure 2, a UE 201 is connected with angNB 202. gNB 202 is directionally configured with multiple sectors/cells. Each sector/cell is covered by a set of coarse TX control beams. For example, cells 211 and 212 are configured cells for gNB 202 as shown in figure 2. In one example, three sectors/cells are configured (not shown) , each covering a 120°sector. In one example, each cell is covered by eight control beams. Different control beams are time division multiplexed (TDM) and distinguishable. Phased array antenna is used to provide a moderate beamforming gain. The set of control beams are transmitted repeatedly and periodically.
[0031]
For a particular UE, multiple NR-PDCCHs on multiple beams, including coarse control beams and dedicated beams are configured. Figure 2 illustrates exemplary beam switching scenarios. A cell 220 has two control beams 221 and 222. Dedicated beams 231, 232, 233 and 234 are associated with control beam 221. Dedicated beams 235, 236, 237 and 238 are associated with control beam 222. In one embodiment, the UE connected via beam 234, monitors its neighboring beams for control beam 234. Upon a beam-switching decision, the UE can switch from beam 234 to beam 232, and vice versa. In another embodiment, the UE can fall back to control beam 221 from dedicated beam 234. In yet another embodiment, the UE also monitors dedicated beam 235 configured for control beam 222. The UE can switch to dedicated beam 235, which belongs to another control beam.
[0032]
Figure 2 also illustrates three exemplary beam-switching scenarios 260, 270 and 280. UE 201 monitors neighboring beams. The sweeping frequency depends on the UE mobility. The UE detects dropping quality of the current beam when the current beam quality degrades by comparing with coarse resolution beam quality. The degradation may be caused by tracking failure, or the channel provided by refined beam is merely comparable to the multipath-richer channel provided by the coarse beam. Scenario 260 illustrates the UE (e.g., UE 201) connected with 234 monitors its neighboring dedicated beams 232 and 233 configured for its control beam, i.e. control beam 234. The UE can switch to beam 232 or 233. Scenario 270 illustrates the UE connected with 234 can fall back to the control beam 221. Scenario 280 illustrates the UE connected with 234 associated with control beam 221 can switch to another control beam 222.
[0033]
Figure 3 illustrates an exemplary beam configuration for UL and DL of the UE in accordance with the current invention. A beam is a combination of downlink and uplink resources. The linking between the beam of the DL resource and the beam of the UL resources is indicated explicitly in the system information or beam-specific information. It can also be derived implicitly based on some rules, such as the interval between DL and UL transmission opportunities.
[0034]
Figure 4 shows an exemplary diagram of performing RLM and declaring RLF on one NR-PDCCH in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. At step 411, one PHY layer problem condition is detected on the NR-PDCCH. In one embodiment, a predefined problem condition in 416 is a number (N1) of Qoutis generated based on the measurement on the corresponding reference signal. At step 412, upon the PHY layer problem is detected, the UE starts T1 timer. At step 413, the UE determines if radio quality of the NR-PDCCH is recovered within a time period of the T1 timer. If Yes, the UE moves to a step 400 in which the radio link is recovered; Otherwise, when the T1 timer 418 expires in step 414, the UE determines RLF for the NR-PDCCH in step 415 and declares RLF. In one embodiment, at step 413, whether the NR-PDCCH is to be recovered is determined according to the recovery conditions 417. A recovery condition in 417 is based on another number of Qin generated based on the measurement on the reference signal for the NR-PDCCH.
[0035]
Figure 5 shows an exemplary diagram of performing RLM and declaring RLF on a group of NR-PDCCHs in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. At step 511, one PHY layer problem condition is detected for the group of NR-PDCCHs. In one embodiment, a predefined problem condition in 516 is a number (N1) of Qout is generated based on the measurement on the corresponding reference signals for the group of NR-PDCCHs. At step 512, upon detecting the PHY layer problem, the UE starts T1 timer. If at step 513, the UE determines if the radio quality of the NR-PDCCH is recovered within a time period of the T1 timer. If Yes, the UE moves to a step 500 in which the radio link is recovered. Otherwise, when the T1 timer 518 expires in step 514, the UE determines a RLF for the group of the NR-PDCCHs in step 515 and declares RLF. In one embodiment, at step 513, whether the group of NR-PDCCHs are to be recovered is determined according to the recovery conditions 517. A recovery condition in 517 is based on another number of Qin generated based on the measurement on the reference signals for the group of NR-PDCCHs.
[0036]
Figure 6 shows an exemplary flowchart of handling RLF on one or one group of NR-PDCCHs in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. When RLF is detected for one or one group of NR-PDCCHs in step 600, UE needs to determine whether the NR-PDCCH or the group of NR-PDCCHs is anchor or dedicated NR-PDCCH. If RLF is detected on anchor/dedicated NR-PDCCH in step 602, UE starts another timer T2 and initiates RRC connection re-establishment procedure in step 604; if RLF is detected on non-anchor/common NR-PDCCH in step 601, UE sends one RLF indication to network informing which one or which groups of NR-PDCCHs endure RLF in step 603. When the network receives the indication, it may send the UE to enter IDLE or provide the system information to the UE through a dedicated RRC signaling. So UE receives a response RRC message from the network in step 605.
[0037]
Figure 7 shows an exemplary flow chart for the handling of radio link failure (RLF) detection with multiple NR-PDCCHs in accordance with embodiments of the current invention. At step 701, the UE performs RLM on one or multiple groups of NR-PDCCHs. At step 702, the UE detects RLF on the one or multiple groups of NR-PDCCHs. At step 703, the UE determines to send RLF indication to network if RLF is detected to occur for common or non-anchor NR-PDCCHs. At step 704, the UE performs RRC connection re-establishment if RLF occurs for dedicated or anchor NR-PDCCH.
[0038]
Although the present invention has been described in connection with certain specific embodiments for instructional purposes, the present invention is not limited thereto. Accordingly, various modifications, adaptations, and combinations of various features of the described embodiments can be practiced without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

Claims

[Claim 1]
A method, comprising: performing RLM on one or multiple groups of NR-PDCCHs by a user equipment (UE) , wherein each NR-PDCCH is associated to a reference; detecting RLF for one or multiple groups of NR-PDCCHs upon detection of the RLF conditions on group of NR-PDCCH; determining to send RLF indication to network if RLF occurs for one type of NR-PDCCH group; Initiating RRC connection re-establishment procedure if RLF occurs for another type of NR-PDCCH group.
[Claim 2]
The method of claim 1, wherein one type of NR-PDCCH group contains the NR-PDCCH for dedicated control signaling and the other type of NR-PDCCH group contains the NR-PDCCH for common control signaling broadcast by the network.
[Claim 3]
The method of claim 1, wherein one type of NR-PDCCH group contains the anchor NR-PDCCH and the other type of NR-PDCCH group contains the non-anchor NR-PDCCH.
[Claim 4]
The method of claim 1, wherein the NR-PDCCH group contains one or more NR-PDCCHs.
[Claim 5]
The method of claim 1, wherein the RLM is performed by generating Qin/Qout indication to RRC based on the reference signal associated to the corresponding NR-PDCCH and each Qin/Qout indication is generated by consolidating one or multiple measurement results.
[Claim 6]
The method of claim 5, wherein the consolidating method further comprising: The best measurement result among the group of NR-PDCCHs is used; The linear average of the measurement results for the group of NR-PDCCHs is used.
[Claim 7]
The method of claim 1, further comprising sending a RLF indication to network if RLF occurs for the common PDCCH.
[Claim 8]
The method of claim 7, wherein the step of sending a RLF indication to network further comprising indicating which or which group of NR-PDCCHs endure RLF.
[Claim 9]
The method of claim7, further comprising receiving a network response for the indication.
[Claim 10]
The method of claim 9, wherein the response is a dedicated RRC signaling carrying system information.
[Claim 11]
The method of claim 9, wherein the response is a dedicated RRC signaling sending UE to IDLE.
[Claim 12]
The method of claim 1, wherein the RRC connection re-establishment procedure if RLF occurs for the dedicated PDCCH.
[Claim 13]
The method of claim 1, wherein the RRC connection re-establishment procedure if RLF occurs on any group of NR-PDCCHs.

Drawings

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