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1. (WO2007133407) LIQUID COATING COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING POLYURETHANE RESIN SAG CONTROL AGENTS
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CLAIMS
What is Claimed is:
1. A liquid coating composition comprising a resin solids content comprising (i) a binder solids content comprising at least one hydroxyl-functional binder A and 0.5 to less than 5 wt.% of at least one polyurethane resin B with functional groups selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl groups, free isocyanate groups and blocked isocyanate groups and (ii) at least one cross-linker C, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is present as particles having a melting temperature of 40 to 2000C.

2. The coating compositions of claim 1 containing water and/or organic soivent(s) and having a solids content of 35 to 85 wt.%., wherein the solids content comprises the resin solids content and the optional components:
pigments, fillers and non-volatile additives.

3. The coating compositions of claim 1 or 2, wherein the melting
temperature of the at least one polyurethane resin B is the upper end of a 30 to 1500C broad melting range.

4. The coating compositions of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the solubility of the at least one polyurethane resin B is less than 10 g per litre of butyl acetate or water at 200C.

5. The coating compositions of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the average particle size of the polyurethane resin B particles determined by means of laser diffraction is 1 to 100 μm.

6. The coating compositions of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the polyurethane resin B particles have a non-spherical shape.

7. The coating compositions of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the polyurethane resin B particles are formed by grinding of the at least one solid polyurethane resin B or by hot dissolution of the at least one
polyurethane resin B in a dissolution medium and subsequent polyurethane resin B particle formation during and/or after cooling.

8. The coating compositions of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is a hydroxyl-functional polyurethane resin in the form of a polyurethane diol which can be prepared by reacting 1,6-hexane diisocyanate or 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate with a diol component in the molar ratio x : (x+1), wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, and the diol component is one single diol or a combination of diols.

9. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is a hydroxyl-functional polyurethane resin in the form of a polyurethane diol which can be prepared by reacting a
diisocyanate component and bisphenol A or a diol component in the molar ratio x : (x+1), wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, wherein 50 to 80 mol % of the diisocyanate component is formed by 1 ,6-hexane
diisocyanate, and 20 to 50 mol % by one or two diisocyanates, each forming at least 10 mol % of the diisocyanate component and being selected from the group consisting of toluylene diisocyanate, diphenylmethane diisocyanate, dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, trimethylhexane diisocyanate, cyclohexane diisocyanate, cyclohexanedimethylene
diisocyanate and tetramethylenexylylene diisocyanate, wherein the mol % of the respective diisocyanates add up to 100 mol %, wherein 20 to 100 mol % of the diol component is formed by at least one linear aliphatic alpha .omega-C2-C12-diol, and 0 to 80 mol % by at least one diol that is different from linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diols, wherein the mol % of the respective diols add up to 100 mol %.

10. The coating compositions of claim 8 or 9, wherein a proportion of the dihydroxy compound(s) used for the synthesis of said polyurethane diol is replaced by a triol component comprising at least one triol.

11. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is an isocyanate-functional polyurethane resin in the form of a polyurethane diisocyanate which can be prepared by reacting 1 ,6-hexane diisocyanate or4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate with a diol component in the molar ratio (x+1) : x, wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, and the diol component is one single diol or a combination of diols.

12. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is an isocyanate-functional polyurethane resin in the form of a polyurethane diisocyanate which can be prepared by reacting a diisocyanate component and bisphenol A or a diol component in the molar ratio (x+1) : x, wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, wherein 50 to 80 mol % of the diisocyanate component is formed by 1 ,6-hexane
diisocyanate, and 20 to 50 mol % by one or two diisocyanates, each forming at least 10 mol % of the diisocyanate component and being selected from the group consisting of toluylene diisocyanate, diphenylmethane diisocyanate, dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, trimethylhexaπe diisocyanate, cyclohexane diisocyanate, cyclohexanedimethylene
diisocyanate and tetramethylenexylylene diisocyanate, wherein the mol % of the respective diisocyanates add up to 100 mol %, wherein 20 to 100 mol % of the diol component is formed by at least one linear aliphatic alpha.omega- C2-C12-diol, and 0 to 80 mol % by at least one diol that is different from linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diols, wherein the mol % of the respective diols add up to 100 mol %.

13. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is an isocyanate-functional polyurethane resin in the form of a polyurethane polyisocyanate which can be prepared by reacting a trimer of a (cyclo)aliphatic diisocyanate, 1 ,6-hexane diisocyanate and bisphenol A or a diol component in the molar ratio 1 : x : x, wherein x means any desired value from 1 to 6, wherein the diol component is one single linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diol or a combination of two to four diols, wherein in the case of a diol combination, each of the diols makes up at least 10 mol % of the diols of the diol combination and the diol combination consists of at least 80 mol % of bisphenol A or of at least one linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diol.

14. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is a polyurethane resin with two blocked isocyanate groups per molecule which can be prepared by reacting 1 ,6-hexane diisocyanate or 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate with a diol component and with at least one monofunctional blocking agent in the molar ratio x : (x-1) : 2, wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, and the diol component is one single diol or a combination of diols.

15. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is a polyurethane resin with two blocked isocyanate groups per molecule which can be prepared by reacting a diisocyanate component, bisphenol A or a diol component and at least one monofunctional blocking agent in the molar ratio x : (x-1 ) : 2, wherein x means any desired value from 2 to 6, wherein 50 to 80 mol % of the diisocyanate component is formed by 1 ,6-hexane diisocyanate, and 20 to 50 mol % by one or two diisocyanates, each forming at least 10 mol % of the diisocyanate component and being selected from the group consisting of toluylene diisocyanate, diphenylmethane diisocyanate, dicyclohexyl methane
diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, trimethylhexane diisocyanate, cyclohexane diisocyanate, cyclohexanedimethylene diisocyanate and tetramethylenexylylene diisocyanate, wherein the mol % of the respective diisocyanates add up to 100 mol %, wherein 20 to 100 mol % of the diol component is formed by at least one linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diol, and 0 to 80 mol % by at least one diol that is different from linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diols, wherein the mol % of the respective diols add up to 100 mol %.

16. The coating compositions of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one polyurethane resin B is a polyurethane resin with blocked
isocyanate groups which can be prepared by reacting a trimer of a
(cyclo)aliphatic diisocyanate, 1 ,6-hexane diisocyanate, bisphenol A or a diol component and at least one monofunctional blocking agent in the molar ratio 1 : x : x : 3, wherein x means any desired value from 1 to 6, wherein the diol component is one single linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diol or a combination of two to four diols, wherein in the case of diol combination, each of the diols makes up at least 10 mol % of the diols of the diol combination and the diol combination consists of at least 80 mol % of bisphenol A or of at least one linear aliphatic alpha,omega-C2-C12-diol.

17. A process for the preparation of a coating layer, comprising the successive steps:
1 ) applying a coating layer from a coating composition of any one of the preceding claims,
2) optionally, flashing off the applied coating layer to remove solvent and/or water, and
3) thermally curing the coating layer at an object temperature above the melting temperature of the at least one polyurethane resin B.

18. The process of claim 17, wherein the coating layer is selected from the group consisting of a single-layer coating and a coating layer within a multilayer coating.

19. The process of claim 18, wherein the coating layer within the multilayer coating is an automotive multilayer coating on a substrate selected from the group consisting of automotive bodies and automotive body parts.

19. The process of claim 19, wherein the coating layer is selected from the group consisting of a primer surfacer layer, an outer clear top coat layer and a transparent sealing layer.