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1. (WO2019048886) ION MOBILITY FILTER
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CLAIMS

1 . An ion filter for filtering ions in a gas sample, the ion filter comprising:

a first ion channel for filtering ions from a target chemical in the gas sample;

a second ion channel for filtering ions from the target chemical in the gas sample, wherein the second ion channel is separated from the first ion channel;

a temperature control region in thermal contact with the first and second ion channels for controlling a difference in temperature between the first and second ion channels; and

a monolithic electrode layer wherein each ion channel is located within the monolithic electrode layer.

2. The ion filter of claim 1 , comprising a third ion channel for filtering ions from the target chemical in the gas sample, wherein the third ion channel is separated from the first ion channel and the second ion channel and the temperature control region is in thermal contact with the third ion channel for controlling a difference in temperature between the first, second and third ion channels.

3. The ion filter of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the temperature control region comprises a thermal insulator between the first and second ion channels.

4 The ion filter of claim 3, comprising a continuous channel which divides the electrode layer into first and second electrode portions, the continuous channel comprising a first ion channel portion defining the first ion channel, a second ion channel portion defining the second ion channel and a central channel portion connecting the first and second ion channel portions.

5. The ion filter of claim 4, wherein the thermal insulator is mounted to the central channel portion.

6. The ion filter of claim 3, wherein the thermal insulator comprises a trench which divides the electrode layer into a first electrode section and a second electrode section, wherein the first electrode section has a first ion channel portion defining the first ion channel and the second electrode section has a second ion channel portion defining the second ion channel.

7. The ion filter of any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein the first ion channel portion comprises a plurality of first ion channels and the second ion channel portion comprises a plurality of second ion channels.

8. The ion filter of any one of claims 4 to 7, comprising a first funnel portion mounted to the electrode layer, the first funnel portion being configured to channel gas flow at a first

temperature into the first ion channel portion and a second funnel portion mounted to the electrode layer, the second funnel portion being configured to channel gas flow at a second temperature into the first ion channel portion.

9. The ion filter of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the temperature control region comprises a heating layer mounted to the electrode layer, the heating layer comprising at least one heating element for controlling the temperature within the first and second ion channels.

10. The ion filter of claim 9, wherein the at least one heating element is aligned with the first ion channel and the second ion channel whereby the heating element is configured to heat the first ion channel to a first temperature and the second ion channel to a second temperature.

1 1 . The ion filter of claim 9, wherein the at least one heating element comprises a first heating element aligned at a side of the first ion channel and a second heating element aligned at a side of the second ion channel whereby the heating element is configured to heat the first ion channel to a first temperature and the second ion channel to a second temperature.

12. The ion filter of claim 1 1 , wherein the first ion channel is defined between a first pair of electrodes and the second ion channel is defined between a second pair of electrodes and the first heating element is aligned with one of the first pair of electrodes and the second heating element is aligned with one of the second pair of electrodes.

13. The ion filter of any one of claims 9 to 12, wherein the temperature control region comprises a second heating layer mounted to an opposed face of the electrode layer to the heating layer, the second heating layer comprising at least one heating element for controlling the temperature within the first and second ion channels.

14. The ion filter of any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising a plurality of ion channels between the first ion channel and the second ion channel wherein the temperature control region comprises a first heater mounted adjacent the first ion channel to heat the first ion channel to a first temperature and a second heater mounted adjacent the second ion channel to heat the second ion channel to a second temperature.

15. The ion filter of any one of claims 1 to 3 comprising a first electrode layer having the first ion channel and second electrode layer having the second ion channel wherein the temperature control region comprises a thermal insulator between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer.

16. The ion filter of claim 15 comprising a first heater adjacent the first ion channel to heat the first ion channel to a first temperature and a second heater adjacent the second ion channel to heat the second ion channel to a second temperature.

17. An ion mobility spectrometry system comprising:

an ion filter as set out in any one of claims 1 to 16;

an ionizer for generating ions within the gas sample; and

a detector for detecting an output from the ion filter.

18. The ion mobility spectrometry system of claim 17 wherein the detector comprises a separate detecting element for each ion channel.

19. The ion mobility spectrometry system of claim 17 or claim 18 further comprising a processor configured to generate a graphical output for each ion channel.

20. The ion mobility spectrometry system of claim 19, wherein the processor is configured to generate a measurement of ion current at the detector as a function of an applied dispersion field and an applied compensation field for each ion channel.

21 . A method of filtering ions from a target chemical in a gas sample, the method comprising:

passing the gas sample through a first ion channel for filtering ions from a target chemical in the gas sample;

passing the gas sample through a second ion channel for filtering ions from the target chemical in the gas sample,

wherein the second ion channel is separated from the first ion channel and is at a different temperature to that of the first ion channel; and

wherein each of the first and second ion channels is located within a monolithic electrode layer.

22. The method of claim 21 , wherein the gas sample is passed through the first and second ion channels simultaneously.

23. The method of claim 21 , wherein the gas sample is passed through the first and second ion channels sequentially.

24. A method of detecting ions from a target chemical in a gas sample, the method comprising:

ionizing the gas sample to create ions of the target chemical;

filtering the ions as set out in any one of claims 21 to 23; and detecting the ions that output from the filter using a detector.