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1. (WO2018125960) COMPOSITION FOR LIFTING COLOR AND/OR ALTERING THE COLOR OF KERATINOUS SUBSTRATES
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COMPOSITION FOR LIFTING COLOR AND/OR ALTERING THE COLOR OF

KERATINOUS SUBSTRATES

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] Aspects of the present invention are directed to compositions and method of lifting the color of hair or for altering the color of hair comprising at least one alkalizing agent, at least two fatty substances, at least one surfactant, at least one cationic polymer, at least one thickening agent, at least one solvent, and optionally at least one colorant.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] It is known that consumers desire to use cosmetic and personal care compositions that enhance the appearance of keratinous substrates such as hair and skin by changing the color of the hair or skin and/or by imparting various properties to hair or skin such as shine and conditioning. The process of changing the color of hair can involve either depositing an artificial color onto the hair which provides a different shade or color to the hair or lifting the color of the hair, such as for example, from a dark brown shade to a medium brown or a light brown shade.

[0003] In certain instances, hair lightening compositions may possess an alkalinity such that these compositions may have a pH value of above 7 and may require the presence of an alkaline agent. Furthermore, it is preferable to formulate such compositions that are less costly to manufacture by requiring fewer ingredients and/or lower levels of ingredients. In general, hair lightening or color lifting compositions may require the presence of an alkalizing agent such as ammonia or an ammonia gas generating compound and/or an amine or ammonium-based compound in amounts sufficient to make such compositions alkaline. These alkalizing agents also cause the hair shaft to swell, thus allowing the small oxidative dye molecules to penetrate the cuticle and cortex before the oxidation condensation process is completed. The resulting larger-sized colored complexes from the oxidative reaction are then trapped inside the hair fiber, thereby permanently altering the color of the hair. However, the use of ammonia may affect the user, not only because of the undesirable odor of ammonia, but because it may also pose greater risks of intolerance, for instance, irritation of the scalp and stinging.

[0004] The process of altering the color of hair by lifting or lightening or depositing the color of the hair, generally requires the use of compositions that comprises mineral oil as a common source of fatty compound in compositions that use MEA as the main source of alkalinity.

However, mineral oil is derived from the petroleum industry and greener alternatives would be preferable.

[0005] It is also important to provide hair coloring compositions with various types of consistencies, such that the compositions can be provided in the form of a liquid emulsion, such as a liquid- lotion, liquid-gel, liquid-cream, or a cream emulsion, such as a thick cream or gel-cream, or a foam or mousse wherein the liquid emulsion form has a thinner consistency than the cream emulsion form and is typically packaged in a bottle. The liquid emulsion form is generally employed when the entire head of hair is to be colored or when only one color is desired since the dye composition spreads easily, allowing for greater coverage while the cream emulsion form can be employed for dyeing the entire head of hair and for highlighting or lightening only certain sections of the hair.

[0006] The option of replacing all or at least some of the aqueous ammonia with at least one other standard alkalizing agent frequently does not lead to compositions that are as efficient as those based on aqueous ammonia.

[0007] Thus, there is still a need for compositions which color the hair or otherwise alter the color of the hair which are more environmentally friendly, minimize damage to the hair and is inexpensive to produce.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] The present invention relates to a hair cosmetic composition for lifting or altering the color of keratinous substrates.

[0009] One aspect of the present invention pertains to a hair cosmetic compositions comprising: (a) at least at least one alkalizing agent selected from alkali metal carbonates, alkali metal phosphates, organic amines, hydroxide base compounds, and mixtures thereof; (b) at least two fatty substances selected from alkanes comprising 6 to 16 carbon atoms, fatty alcohols, esters of fatty acids, esters of fatty alcohol, non-silicone oils, non-silicone waxes, silicones and mixtures thereof; (c) at least one surfactant selected from anionic surfactant, nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof; (d) at least one cationic polymer; (e) at least one thickening agent; (f) at least one solvent selected from water, organic solvents and mixtures thereof; and (g) optionally, at least one colorant.

[0010] In one or more embodiments, the alkalizing agents are selected from organic amines, hydroxide base compounds and mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the alkalizing agents are selected from ammonium hydroxide, ethanolamine and mixtures thereof. In one or more embodiments, the alkalizing agents are present in an amount of from about 2% to about 20%

by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In some or more embodiments, the alkalizing agents are present in an amount of from about 2% to about 12% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the fatty substances are selected from fatty alcohols, glycol ester, glyceryl ester, glycerol ester, non-silicone oils and mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the composition does not comprise mineral oil. In one or more embodiments, the fatty substances comprise hydrogenated vegetable oil and glycol distearate. In some embodiments, the fatty substances are present in an amount of from about 0.5% to about 27% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the fatty substances are present in an amount of from about 2% to about 25% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In some embodiments, the surfactants are selected from sulfonate and/or carboxylic (or carboxylate) surfactants, alkoxylated derivatives of the fatty alcohols, alkoxylated derivatives of the alkyl phenols, alkoxylated derivatives of the fatty acids, alkoxylated derivatives of the fatty acid esters and alkoxylated derivatives of the fatty acid amides and mixtures thereof. In one or more embodiments, the surfactants are present in an amount of from about 1% to about 10% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In some embodiments, the surfactants are present in an amount of from about 1% to about 9% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the cationic polymers are selected from polyquaternary ammonium polymers, polyurethane derivatives, quaternary ammonium monomer and mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the cationic polymers are present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the cationic polymers are present in an amount of from about 1% to about 3% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In some embodiments, the thickening agents are selected from a polymeric thickener, a non-polymeric thickener, and mixtures thereof. In one or more embodiments, the thickening agents are present in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In some embodiments, the thickening agents are present in an amount of from about 0.3% to about 3.5% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the solvent comprises water. In some embodiments, the solvent is present in an amount of from about 40% to about 65% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the composition further comprises at least one antioxidant or reducing agent. In some embodiments, the antioxidant or reducing agents are present in an amount of from about 0.5% to about 3% by weight, based on the weight of the composition. In one or more embodiments, the composition further comprises at least one colorant compound.

[0011] Another aspect of the present invention pertains to a method of lifting or altering the color of keratinous substrates, the method comprising applying onto the keratinous substrate a hair color composition comprising: (a) at least one alkalizing agent selected from alkali metal carbonates, alkali metal phosphates, organic amines, hydroxide base compounds, and mixtures thereof; (b) at least two fatty substances selected from alkanes comprising 6 to 16 carbon atoms, fatty alcohols, esters of fatty acids, esters of fatty alcohol, non-silicone oils, non-silicone waxes, silicones and mixtures thereof; (c) at least one surfactant selected from anionic, nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof; (d) at least one cationic polymer; (e) at least one thickening agent; (f) at least one solvent selected from water, organic solvents and mixtures thereof; and (g) optionally, at least one colorant.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] FIG. 1 shows a graph of the evaluation of sensory properties over different stages/ time intervals of the products applications; and

[0013] FIG. 2 shows a graph of the evaluation of sensory properties.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0014] Other than in the operating examples, or where otherwise indicated, all numbers expressing quantities of ingredients and/or reaction conditions are to be understood as being modified in all instances by the term "about," meaning within 10% of the indicated number (e.g. "about 10%" means 9% - 11% and "about 2%" means 1.8% - 2.2%).

[0015] "At least one" as used herein means one or more and thus includes individual components as well as mixtures/combinations.

[0016] All percentages and ratios are calculated by weight unless otherwise indicated. All percentages are calculated based on the total composition unless otherwise indicated. Generally, unless otherwise expressly stated herein, "weight" or "amount" as used herein with respect to the percent amount of an ingredient refers to the amount of the raw material comprising the ingredient, wherein the raw material may be described herein to comprise less than and up to 100% activity of the ingredient. Therefore, weight percent of an active in a composition is represented as the amount of raw material containing the active that is used, and may or may not reflect the final percentage of the active, wherein the final percentage of the active is dependent on the weight percent of active in the raw material.

[0017] The articles "a" and "an," as used herein, mean one or more when applied to any feature in embodiments of the present invention described in the specification and claims. The use of

"a" and "an" does not limit the meaning to a single feature unless such a limit is specifically stated. The article "the" preceding singular or plural nouns or noun phrases denotes a particular specified feature or particular specified features and may have a singular or plural connotation depending upon the context in which it is used. The adjective "any" means one, some, or all indiscriminately of whatever quantity.

[0018] The term "comprising" (and its grammatical variations) as used herein is used in the inclusive sense of "having" or "including" and not in the exclusive sense of the terms "consisting only of," "consisting essentially of and "consisting of."

[0019] "Keratinous substrate" may be chosen from, for example, hair, skin, eyelashes, eyebrows, lips and nails.

[0020] "Formed from," as used herein, means obtained from chemical reaction of, wherein "chemical reaction," includes spontaneous chemical reactions and induced chemical reactions. As used herein, the phrase "formed from", is open ended and does not limit the components of the composition to those listed, e.g., as component (i) and component (ii). Furthermore, the phrase "formed from" does not limit the order of adding components to the composition or require that the listed components (e.g., components (i) and (ii)) be added to the composition before any other components.

[0021] "Polymers," as defined herein, include homopolymers and copolymers formed from at least two different types of monomers.

[0022] One aspect of the invention pertains to compositions of lifting the color of the hair or for altering the color of the hair. In one or more embodiments, the composition comprises: a. at least one alkalizing agent selected from alkali metal carbonates, alkali metal phosphates, organic amines, hydroxide base compounds, and mixtures thereof;

b. at least two fatty substances selected from alkanes comprising 6 to 16 carbon atoms, fatty alcohols, esters of fatty acids, esters of fatty alcohol, non-silicone oils, non-silicone waxes, silicones and mixtures thereof;

c. at least one surfactant selected from anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof;

d. at least one cationic polymer;

e. at least one thickening agent;

f. at least one solvent selected from water, organic solvents and mixtures thereof; and g. optionally, at least one colorant.

[0023] It has been surprisingly discovered that such compositions allow for reduced ammonia levels while still improving dye deposition onto the hair, thereby minimizing damage to the

hair and preventing other adverse effects to the consumer caused by ammonia while still maintaining desired effect on the hair. The ingredients in such compositions are also more environment friendly by utilizing biodegradable and renewable materials, while also providing the advantage of being lower cost.

[0024] ALKALIZING AGENTS

[0025] The alkalizing agent of the present invention may be chosen from organic amines, organic amine salts, ammonium salts, inorganic bases, and hydroxide base compounds.

[0026] The organic amines may be chosen from the ones having a pKb at 25°C of less than 12, such as less than 10 or such as less than 6. It should be noted that this is the pKb corresponding to the function of highest basicity.

[0027] Organic amines may be chosen from organic amines comprising one or two primary, secondary, or tertiary amine functions, and at least one linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl groups bearing at least one hydroxyl radical.

[0028] Organic amines may also be chosen from alkanolamines such as mono-, di- or trialkylamines, comprising one to three identical or different C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl radicals, ethylamines, ethyleneamines, quinoline, aniline and cyclic amines, such as pyrroline, pyrrole, pyrrolidine, imidazole, imidazolidine, imidazolidinine, morpholine, pyridine, piperidine, pyrimidine, piperazine, triazine and derivatives thereof.

[0029] Among the compounds of the alkanolamine type that may be mentioned include but not limited to: monoethanolamine (also known as monoethanolamine or MEA), diethanolamine, triethanolamine, monoisopropanolamine, diisopropanolamine, N-dimethylaminoethanolamine, 2-amino-2-methyl-l-propanol, triisopropanolamine, 2-amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol, 3-amino- 1,2-propanediol, 3-dimethylamino- 1,2-propanediol, 2-amino-2-methyl-l-propanol, and tris(hydroxymethylamino)methane.

[0030] Other organic amines correspond to the formula (IV):


[0031] wherein W is chosen from C1-C6 alkylene residues optionally substituted with a hydroxyl group or a C1-C6 alkyl radical; Rx, Ry, Rz and Rt, which may be identical or different, are chosen from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6 alkyl radicals, C1-C6 hydroxyalkyl radicals, and Cl-C6 aminoalkyl radicals.

[0032] Examples of such amines that may be mentioned include but not limited to: 1,3-diaminopropane, l,3-diamino-2-propanol, spermine, and spermidine.

[0033] In some embodiments, the organic amines are chosen from amino acids.

[0034] As non-limiting examples, the amino acids that may be used may be of natural or synthetic origin, in L, D, or racemic form, and comprise at least one acid function chosen from, for instance, carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, phosphonic acid, and phosphoric acid functions.

The amino acids may be in their neutral or ionic form.

[0035] Further as non-limiting examples, the amino acids may be chosen from basic amino acids comprising an additional amine function optionally included in a ring or in a ureido function.

[0036] Such basic amino acids may be chosen from those corresponding to formula (A) below:


wherein R is a group chosen from:



[0037] The compounds corresponding to formula (A) may be chosen from histidine, lysine, arginine, ornithine, and citrulline.

[0038] Amino acids that may be used in the present disclosure include but not limited to: aspartic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, ornithine, citrulline, asparagine, carnitine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, histidine, lysine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, N-phenylalanine, proline, serine, taurine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, and valine.

[0039] In some embodiments, the organic amines are chosen from basic amino acids. The amino acids may be chosen from, for instance, arginine, lysine and histidine, or mixtures thereof.

[0040] In some embodiments, the organic amines are chosen from organic amines of heterocyclic type. Besides histidine that has already been mentioned in the amino acids, non-limiting mention may also be made of pyridine, piperidine, imidazole, 1,2,4-triazole, tetrazole, and benzimidazole.

[0041] In some embodiments, the organic amines are chosen from amino acid dipeptides. Amino acid dipeptides that may be used in the present disclosure include but not limited to: carnosine, anserine, and baleine.

[0042] In some embodiments, the organic amines are chosen from compounds comprising a guanidine function. Organic amines of this type that may be used in the present disclosure include, besides arginine that has already been mentioned as an amino acid, creatine, creatinine, 1,1-dimethylguanidine, 1,1-diethylguanidine, glycocyamine, metformin, agmatine, N-amidinoalanine, 3-guanidinopropionic acid, 4-guanidinobutyric acid, and 2-([amino(imino)methyl]amino)ethane- 1-sulfonic acid.

[0043] As a non-limiting example, the organic amines are chosen from alkanolamines. For example, the organic amines are chosen from ethanolamine, triethanoloamine, 2-amino-2-methyl-l-propanol (amino methyl propanol), or preferably from 2-amino-2-methyl-l-propanol and monoethanolamine, or mixtures thereof. Further as an example, the organic amine is monoethanolamine.

[0044] The alkalizing agent may be an organic amine in salt form. The term "organic amine salt," as used herein, means organic or mineral salts of an organic amine as described above.

[0045] As a non-limiting example, the organic salts may be chosen from the salts of organic acids, such as citrates, lactates, glycolates, gluconates, acetates, propionates, fumarates, oxalates and tartrates.

[0046] Further as a non- limiting example, the mineral salts may be chosen from hydrohalides (for example hydrochlorides), carbonates, hydrogen carbonates, sulfates, hydrogen phosphates, and phosphates.

[0047] The ammonium salts that may be used according to the present disclosure may be chosen from the following acid salts: carbonate, bicarbonate. For instance, the salt is the carbonate, such as ammonium carbonate.

[0048] The inorganic bases that may be used may be chosen from alkali metal phosphates and carbonates such as, for example, sodium phosphate, potassium phosphate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, and their derivatives.

[0049] The inorganic bases may also include alkali metals of carboxylates such as, for example, sodium acetate, potassium acetate, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate, and their derivatives.

[0050] The hydroxide base compounds can be chosen from alkali metal hydroxides, alkaline-earth metal hydroxides, transition metal hydroxides, quaternary ammonium hydroxides, organic hydroxides, and mixtures thereof. Suitable examples are ammonium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, rubidium hydroxide, caesium hydroxide, francium hydroxide, beryllium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, strontium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, molybdenum hydroxide, manganese hydroxide, zinc hydroxide, cobalt hydroxide, cadmium hydroxide, cerium hydroxide, lanthanum hydroxide, actinium hydroxide, thorium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, guanidinium hydroxide and mixtures thereof.

[0051] According to at least one embodiment, the alkalizing agent is chosen from alkali metal carbonates, alkali metal phosphate, organic amines, hydroxide base compounds, and derivatives thereof.

[0052] According to at least one embodiment, the alkalizing agent is chosen from aminomethyl propanol, aminomethyl propanediol, triisopropanol amine sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, dimethylstearylamine, dimethyl/tallowamine lysine, ornithine, arginine, monoethanolamine, triethanolamine, calcium hydroxide, calcium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, and mixtures thereof

[0053] According to one embodiment, the alkalizing agent is chosen from at least one organic amine such as at least one alkanolamine. A particularly preferred alkanolamine is ethanolamine (also known as monoethanolamine or ME A).

[0054] According to one embodiment, the alkalizing agent is chosen from at least one hydroxide base compounds, a particularly preferred hydroxide base compounds is ammonium hydroxide,

[0055] According to one embodiment, the alkalizing agent comprises ammonium hydroxide and ethanolamine.

[0056] The at least one alkalizing agent of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 2% to about 20% by weight, such as from about 2% to about 11% by weight, and further such as from about 4.5% to about 10% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0057] The total amount of the alkalizing agent in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, to about 20 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0058] The amount of the alkalizing agent in the composition can be such that the pH of the composition can be neutral or alkaline range pH above 7.

[0059] According to at least one embodiment, the compositions or compositions for altering the color of keratin fibers of the present invention contain a small amount (i.e., greater than 0 but less than 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 or 2 % by weight) of ammonia, or is substantially free of ammonia.

[0060] According to another embodiment, the compositions or compositions for altering the color of keratin fibers of the present invention contain ammonia/ammonium hydroxide in an amount such that it is used as the alkalizing agent in the compositions.

[0061] FATTY SUBSTANCE

[0062] The composition of the present invention may comprise at least two fatty substance other than a fatty acid.

[0063] "Fatty substance" means an organic compound insoluble in water at normal temperature (25°C) and at atmospheric pressure (760 mmHg) (solubility below 5% and such as below 1% and further such as below 0.1%). Fatty substances have in their structure a chain of at least two siloxane groups or at least one hydrocarbon chain having at least 6 carbon atoms. Moreover, fatty substances are generally soluble in organic solvents in the same conditions of temperature and pressure, for example in chloroform, ethanol, benzene or decamethylcyclopentasiloxane.

[0064] Fatty substances are, for example, chosen from lower alkanes, fatty alcohols, esters of fatty acid, esters of fatty alcohol, oils such as mineral, vegetable, animal and synthetic non-silicone oils, non-silicone waxes and silicones.

[0065] In some embodiments, the alcohols and esters have at least one linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group, comprising 6 to 30 carbon atoms, optionally substituted, for example, with at least one hydroxyl group (for example 1 to 4). If they are unsaturated, these compounds can have one to three, conjugated or unconjugated, carbon-carbon double bonds.

[0066] With regard to the lower alkanes, in some embodiments, these have from 6 to 16 carbon atoms and are linear or branched, optionally cyclic. As examples, alkanes can be chosen from hexane and dodecane, isoparaffins such as isohexadecane and isodecane.

[0067] Non-limiting examples of non-silicone oils usable in the composition of the disclosure, include: esters of a glycerol oligomer, in particular diglycerol esters, especially condensates of adipic acid and of glycerol, for which a portion of the hydroxyl groups of the glycerols has reacted with a mixture of fatty acids, such as stearic acid, capric acid, isostearic acid and 12-hydroxystearic acid, such as in particular those sold under the brand name Softisan 649 by Sasol; arachidyl propionate, sold under the brand name Waxenol 801 by Alzol; fatty acid triglycerides and their derivatives; pentaerythritol esters; esters of dimer diol and dimer diacid, if appropriate esterified on their free alcohol or acid functional group(s) by acid or alcohol radicals, in particular dimer dilinoleate esters; such esters can be chosen in particular from esters with the following INCI nomenclature: bis-behenyl/isostearyl/phytosteryl dimer dilinoleyl dimer dilinoleate (Plandool G), phytosteryl isostearyl dimer dilinoleate (Lusplan PI-DA or Lusplan PHY/IS-DA), phytosteryl/isostearyl/cetyl/stearyl/behenyl dimer dilinoleate (Plandool H or Plandool S), and their mixtures; mango butter, such as that sold under the reference Lipex 203 by AarhusKarlshamn; hydrogenated soybean oil, hydrogenated coconut oil, hydrogenated rapeseed oil or mixtures of hydrogenated vegetable oils, such as the soybean, coconut, palm and rapeseed hydrogenated vegetable oil mixture, for example the mixture sold under the reference Akogel® by AarhusKarlshamn (INCI name: Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil); shea butter, in particular that having the INCI name Butyrospermum Parkii Butter, such as that sold under the reference Sheasoft® by AarhusKarlshamn; cocoa butter, in particular that which is sold under the name CT Cocoa Butter Deodorized by Dutch Cocoa BV or that which is sold under the name Beurre De Cacao NCB HD703 758 by Barry Callebaut; shorea butter, in particular that which is sold under the name Dub Shorea T by Stearinerie Dubois; and their mixtures.

[0068] According to a preferred embodiment, the fatty substance is chosen from hydrogenated vegetable oil, shea butter, cocoa butter, shorea butter, a soybean, coconut, palm and rapeseed hydrogenated vegetable oil mixture, and their mixtures, and more particularly those referenced above.

[0069] Non-limiting examples of non-silicone oils usable in the composition of the disclosure, include: hydrocarbon oils of animal origin, such as perhydrosqualene; hydrocarbon oils of vegetable origin, such as liquid triglycerides of fatty acids having from 6 to 30 carbon atoms such as triglycerides of heptanoic or octanoic acids, or for example sunflower oil, maize oil, soya oil, cucurbit oil, grapeseed oil, sesame oil, hazelnut oil, apricot oil, macadamia oil, arara oil, sunflower oil, castor oil, avocado oil, triglycerides of caprylic/capric acids such as those sold by the company Stearineries Dubois or those sold under the names MIGLYOL® 810, 812 and 818 by the company Dynamit Nobel, jojoba oil, shea butter oil; hydrocarbons with more than 16 carbon atoms, linear or branched, of mineral or synthetic origin, such as paraffin oils, petroleum jelly, liquid paraffin, polydecenes, hydrogenated polyisobutene such as Parleam®. fluorinated, partially hydrocarbon oils; as fluorinated oils, non- limiting examples include perfluoromethylcyclopentane and perfluoro-l,3-dimethylcyclohexane, sold under the names "FLUTEC® PCI" and "FLUTEC® PC3" by the company BNFL Fluorochemicals; perfluoro-1,2-dimethylcyclobutane; perfluoroalkanes such as dodecafluoropentane and tetradecafluorohexane, sold under the names "PF 5050®" and "PF 5060®" by the 3M Company, or bromoperfluorooctyl sold under the name "FORALKYL®" by the company Atochem; nonafluoro-methoxybutane and nonafluoroethoxyisobutane; derivatives of perfluoromorpholine, such as 4-trifluoromethyl perfluoromorpholine sold under the name "PF 5052®" by the 3M Company.

[0070] The non-silicone oils of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.5% to about 5% by weight, such as from about 1% to about 5.5% by weight, and further such as from about 1.5% to about 4% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0071] The total amount of the non-silicone oils in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, to about 5 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0072] As used herein, "fatty alcohol" refers to any alcohol with a carbon chain of C5 or greater, such as, for example, Cs or greater, Cio or greater, and C12 or greater. The at least one fatty alcohol may be chosen from, for example, C9-C11 alcohols, C12-C13 alcohols, C12-C15 alcohols,

C12-C16 alcohols, C14-C15 alcohols, arachidyl alcohol, behenyl alcohol, caprylic alcohol, cetearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, coconut alcohol, decyl alcohol, hydrogenated tallow alcohol, jojoba alcohol, lauryl alcohol, myristyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, palm alcohol, palm kernel alcohol, stearyl alcohol, tallow alcohol, and tridecyl alcohol.

[0073] As used herein, "alkoxylated fatty alcohol" refers to any fatty alcohol with a carbon chain of C5 or greater, as defined above, further comprising at least one alkoxy group. For example, the at least one alkoxylated fatty alcohol may have a carbon chain of Cs or greater, Cio or greater, and C12 or greater. Further, for example, the at least one alkoxylated fatty alcohol may be chosen from alkoxylated polymers (including co-, ter- and homo-polymers) derived from alcohols such as glycerol (e.g. polyglyceryl derived from four glycerol molecules). The at least one alkoxy group of the at least one alkoxylated fatty alcohol may, for example, be derived from an alkoxylation reaction carried out with alkylene oxide. Non-limiting examples of at least one alkoxylated fatty alcohol include any fatty alcohol comprising at least one polyethylene glycol ether and any fatty alcohol comprising at least one polypropylene glycol ether.

[0074] Non-limiting examples of the at least one alkoxylated fatty alcohol include ceteareth-2, ceteareth-3, ceteareth-4, ceteareth-5, ceteareth-6, ceteareth-7, ceteareth-8, ceteareth-9, ceteareth-10, ceteareth-11, ceteareth-12, ceteareth-13, ceteareth-14, ceteareth-15, ceteareth-16, ceteareth-17, ceteareth-18, ceteareth-20, ceteareth-22, ceteareth-23, ceteareth-24, ceteareth-25, ceteareth-27, ceteareth-28, ceteareth-29, ceteareth-30, cetearel:h-33, ceteareth-34, ceteareth-40, ceteareth-50, ceteareth-55, ceteareth-60, ceteareth-80, ceteareth-100, laureth-1, laureth-2, laureth-3, laureth-4, laureth-5, laureth-6, laureth- 7, laureth-8, laureth-9, laureth-10, laureth-11, laureth-12, laureth-13, laureth-14, laureth-15, lauretih-16, laureth-20, laureth-23, laureth-25, laureth-30, laureth-40, deceth-3, deceth-5, oleth-5, oleth-30, steareth-2, steareth-10, steareth-20, steareth-100, cetylsteareth-12, ceteareth-5, ceteareth-5, polyglyceryl 4-lauryl ether, polyglyceryl 4-oleyl ether, polyglyceryl 2-oleyl ether, polyglyceryl 2-cetyl ether, polyglyceryl 6- cetyl ether, polyglyceryl 6-oleylcetyl ether, polyglyceryl 6-octadecyl ether, C9-C11 pareth-3, C9-Cii pareth-6, C11-C15 pareth-3, Cn- Ci5 pareth-5, Cn-Ci5 pareth-12, C n-Ci5 pareth-20, C12-Ci5 pareth-9, Ci2-Ci5 pareth-12, and C22-C24 pareth-33.

[0075] The fatty alcohols usable as fatty substances in the composition of the disclosure include, but are not limited to, non-alkoxylated, saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, and have from 6 to 30 carbon atoms and more particularly from 8 to 30 carbon atoms; For example, cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol and their mixture (cetylstearyl alcohol), octyldodecanol, 2-butyloctanol, 2-hexyldecanol, 2-undecylpentadecanol, oleic alcohol or linoleic alcohol.

[0076] The exemplary non-silicone wax or waxes that can be used in the composition of the disclosure are chosen from carnauba wax, candelilla wax, and Alfa wax, paraffin wax, ozokerite, vegetable waxes such as olive wax, rice wax, hydrogenated jojoba wax or absolute waxes of flowers such as the essential wax of blackcurrant flower sold by the company BERTIN (France), animal waxes such as beeswaxes, or modified beeswaxes (cerabellina); other waxes or waxy raw materials usable according to the disclosure are, for example, marine waxes such as that sold by the company SOPHIM under reference M82, waxes of polyethylene or of polyolefins in general.

[0077] The exemplary fatty acid esters are the esters of saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched C1-C26 aliphatic mono- or polyacids and of saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched C1-C26 aliphatic mono- or polyalcohols, the total number of carbons of the esters being, for example, greater than or equal to 10.

[0078] Among the monoesters, non- limiting mentions can be made of dihydroabietyl behenate; octyldodecyl behenate; isocetyl behenate; cetyl lactate; C12-C15 alkyl lactate; isostearyl lactate; lauryl lactate; linoleyl lactate; oleyl lactate; (iso)stearyl octanoate; isocetyl octanoate; octyl octanoate; cetyl octanoate; decyl oleate; isocetyl isostearate; isocetyl laurate; isocetyl stearate; isodecyl octanoate; isodecyl oleate; isononyl isononanoate; isostearyl palmitate; methyl acetyl ricinoleate; myristyl stearate; octyl isononanoate; 2-ethylhexyl isononate; octyl palmitate; octyl pelargonate; octyl stearate; octyldodecyl erucate; oleyl erucate; ethyl and isopropyl palmitates, ethyl-2-hexyl palmitate, 2-octyldecyl palmitate, alkyl myristates such as isopropyl, butyl, cetyl, 2-octyldodecyl, mirystyl, stearyl myristate, hexyl stearate, butyl stearate, isobutyl stearate; dioctyl malate, hexyl laurate, and 2-hexyldecyl laurate.

[0079] Further non-limiting mentions of esters can be made of the esters of C4-C22 di- or tricarboxylic acids and of C1-C22 alcohols and the esters of mono-, di- or tricarboxylic acids and of C2-C26 di-, tri-, tetra- or pentahydroxy alcohols.

[0080] Even further non-limiting examples of esters include: diethyl sebacate; diisopropyl sebacate; diisopropyl adipate; di-n-propyl adipate; dioctyl adipate; diisostearyl adipate; dioctyl maleate; glyceryl undecylenate; octyldodecyl stearoyl stearate; pentaerythrityl monoricinoleate; pentaerythrityl tetraisononanoate; pentaerythrityl tetrapelargonate; pentaerythrityl tetraisostearate; pentaerythrityl tetraoctanoate; propylene glycol dicaprylate; propylene glycol dicaprate, tridecyl erucate; triisopropyl citrate; triisotearyl citrate; glyceryl trilactate; glyceryl trioctanoate; trioctyldodecyl citrate; trioleyl citrate, propylene glycol dioctanoate; neopentyl glycol diheptanoate; diethylene glycol diisanonate; glycol distearates; and polyethylene glycol distearates.

[0081] Among the esters mentioned above, exemplary esters include ethyl, isopropyl, myristyl, cetyl, stearyl palmitates, ethyl-2-hexyl palmitate, 2-octyldecyl palmitate, alkyl myristates such as isopropyl, butyl, cetyl, 2-octyldodecyl myristate, hexyl stearate, butyl stearate, isobutyl stearate; dioctyl malate, hexyl laurate, 2-hexyldecyl laurate and isononyl isononanate, cetyl octanoate.

[0082] The composition can also comprise, as fatty ester, esters and di-esters of sugars of Ce-C30, such as C12-C22 fatty acids. "Sugar" as used in the disclosure means oxygen-containing hydrocarbon compounds that possess several alcohol functions, with or without aldehyde or ketone functions, and having at least 4 carbon atoms. These sugars can be monosaccharides, oligosaccharides or polysaccharides.

[0083] As suitable sugars, non-limiting examples include sucrose, glucose, galactose, ribose, fucose, maltose, fructose, mannose, arabinose, xylose, lactose, and their derivatives, for example alkylated, such as methylated derivatives such as methylglucose.

[0084] The esters of sugars and of fatty acids can, for example, be chosen from the esters or mixtures of esters of sugars described previously and of linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated C6-C30, such as C12-C22 fatty acids. If they are unsaturated, these compounds can have one to three, conjugated or unconjugated, carbon-carbon double bonds.

[0085] The esters according to at least one embodiment can also be chosen from mono-, di-, tri- and tetra-esters, polyesters and mixtures thereof.

[0086] These esters can be for example oleate, laurate, palmitate, myristate, behenate, cocoate, stearate, linoleate, linolenate, caprate, arachidonates, or mixtures thereof such as the oleopalmitate, oleo- stearate, palmito- stearate mixed esters.

[0087] For example, the mono- and di-esters can be used, and such as the mono- or di-oleate, stearate, behenate, oleopalmitate, linoleate, linolenate, oleostearate, of sucrose, of glucose or of methylglucose.

[0088] Non-limiting mention can be made of the product sold under the name GLUCATE® DO by the company Amerchol, which is a dioleate of methylglucose.

[0089] Exemplary esters or of mixtures of esters of sugar of fatty acid include: the products sold under the names F160, F140, F110, F90, F70, SL40 by the company Crodesta, denoting respectively the palmito-stearates of sucrose formed from 73% of monoester and 27% of di-and tri-ester, from 61% of monoester and 39% of di-, tri-, and tetra-ester, from 52% of monoester and 48% of di-, tri-, and tetra-ester, from 45% of monoester and 55% of di-, tri-, and tetra-ester, from 39% of monoester and 61% of di-, tri-, and tetra-ester, and the mono-laurate of sucrose; the products sold under the name Ryoto Sugar Esters for example with the reference B370 and corresponding to the behenate of sucrose formed from 20% of monoester and 80% of di-triester-polyester; sucrose mono-di-palmito-stearate marketed by the company Goldschmidt under the name TEGOSOFT® PSE.

[0090] The silicones usable in the composition of the present disclosure include but are not limited to volatile or non-volatile, cyclic, linear or branched silicones, modified or not with organic groups, having a viscosity from 5 x 10"6 to 2.5 m2/s at 25°C, such as from 1 x 10"5 to 1 m2/s.

[0091] The silicones usable according to the disclosure can be in the form of oils, waxes, resins or gums.

[0092] In some embodiments, the silicone is chosen from the polydialkylsiloxanes, such as the polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS), and the organo-modified polysiloxanes having at least one functional group selected from the poly(alkoxylated) groups, the amine groups and the alkoxy groups.

[0093] The organopolysiloxanes are defined in more detail in the work of Walter NOLL "Chemistry and Technology of Silicones" (1968), Academic Press. They can be volatile or nonvolatile.

[0094] When they are volatile, the silicones are, for example, chosen from those with a boiling point between 60°C. and 260°C, and for further examples, chosen from:

[0095] The cyclic polydialkylsiloxanes having from 3 to 7, such as from 4 to 5 silicon atoms. It can be, for example, the octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane marketed under the name VOLATILE SILICONE® 7207 by UNION CARBIDE or SILBIONE® 70045 V2 by RHODIA, the decamethylcyclopentasiloxane marketed under the name VOLATILE SILICONE® 7158 by UNION CARBIDE, and SILBIONE® 70045 V5 by RHODIA, and mixtures thereof.

[0096] Non-limiting mentions can also be made of the cyclocopolymers of the dimethylsiloxanes/methylalkylsiloxane type, such as SILICONE VOLATILE® FZ 3109 marketed by the company UNION CARBIDE, of the formula V:


[0097] Non-limiting mentions can further be made of the mixtures of cyclic polydialkylsiloxanes with organic compounds derived from silicon, such as the mixture of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and tetratrimethylsilylpentaerythritol (50/50) and the mixture of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and oxy-l, l'-(hexa-2,2,2',2',3,3'-trimethylsilyloxy) bis-neopentane.

[0098] Other suitable volatile silicones include the linear volatile polydialkylsiloxanes having 2 to 9 silicon atoms and with a viscosity less than or equal to 5 x 10"6 m2/s at 25°C. An example is decamethyltetrasiloxane, marketed under the name "SH 200" by the company TORAY SILICONE. Silicones included in this class are also described in the article published in Cosmetics and Toiletries, Vol. 91, Jan. 76, p. 27-32-TODD BYERS "Volatile Silicone fluids for cosmetics".

[0099] Even further non-limiting mentions can be made of non-volatile polydialkylsiloxanes, gums and resins of polydialkylsiloxanes, polyorganosiloxanes modified with the aforementioned organofunctional groups, and mixtures thereof.

[0100] These silicones are, for example, chosen from the polydialkylsiloxanes, such as the polydimethylsiloxanes with trimethylsilyl end groups. The viscosity of the silicones is measured at 25 °C according to standard ASTM 445 Appendix C.

[0101] Among these polydialkylsiloxanes, mention can be made of, non-exhaustively, the following commercial products: the SILBIONE® oils of series 47 and 70 047 or the MIRASIL® oils marketed by RHODIA, for example the oil 70 047 V 500 000; the oils of the MIRASIL® series marketed by the company RHODIA; the oils of the 200 series from the company DOW CORNING such as DC200, with a viscosity of 60 000 mm2/s; the VISCASIL® oils from GENERAL ELECTRIC and certain oils of the SF series (SF 96, SF 18) from GENERAL ELECTRIC.

[0102] Non-limiting mention can also be made of the polydimethylsiloxanes with dimethylsilanol end groups known under the name of dimethiconol (CTFA), such as the oils of the 48 series from the company RHODIA.

[0103] In this class of polydialkylsiloxanes, non-limiting mentions can be made of the products marketed under the names "ABIL WAX® 9800 and 9801" by the company GOLDSCHMIDT, which are polydialkyl (C1-C20) siloxanes.

[0104] The silicone gums usable according to the disclosure are, for example, polydialkylsiloxanes, such as polydimethylsiloxanes with high number-average molecular weights between 200,000 and 1,000,000 used alone or mixed in a solvent. This solvent can be chosen from the volatile silicones, the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) oils, the polyphenylmethylsiloxane (PPMS) oils, the isoparaffins, the polyisobutylenes, methylene chloride, pentane, dodecane, tridecane and mixtures thereof.

[0105] Products usable according to the disclosure are, for example, mixtures such as: mixtures formed from a chain end hydroxylated polydimethylsiloxane, or dimethiconol (CTFA) and a cyclic polydimethylsiloxane also called cyclomethicone (CTFA), such as the product Q2 1401 marketed by the company DOW CORNING; mixtures of a polydimethylsiloxane gum and a cyclic silicone such as the product SF 1214 Silicone Fluid from the company GENERAL ELECTRIC, said product being a gum SF 30 corresponding to a dimethicone, having a number-average molecular weight of 500,000, dissolved in the oil SF 1202 Silicone Fluid corresponding to decamethylcyclopentasiloxane; mixtures of two PDMS of different viscosities, for example, of a PDMS gum and a PDMS oil, such as the product SF 1236 from the company GENERAL ELECTRIC. The product SF 1236 is a mixture of a gum SE 30 as defined above having a viscosity of 20 m2/s and an oil SF 96 with a viscosity of 5 x 10~6 m2/s. This product, for example, has 15% of gum SE 30 and 85% of oil SF 96.

[0106] The organopolysiloxane resins usable according to the disclosure include but are not limited to crosslinked siloxane systems containing the units: R2S1O2/2, R3S1O1/2, RSi03/2 and S1O4/2 in which R represents an alkyl having 1 to 16 carbon atoms. For example, R denotes a C1-C4 lower alkyl group such as methyl.

[0107] Among these resins, non-limiting mention can be made of the product marketed under the name "DOW CORNING 593" or those marketed under the names "SILICONE FLUID SS 4230 and SS 4267" by the company GENERAL ELECTRIC, which are silicones of dimethyl/trimethyl siloxane structure.

[0108] Non-limiting mention can also be made of the resins of the trimethylsiloxysilicate type, such as those marketed under the names X22-4914, X21-5034 and X21-5037 by the company SHIN-ETSU.

[0109] The organomodified silicones usable according to the disclosure include but are not limited to silicones as defined previously, having in their structure at least one organofunctional group fixed by a hydrocarbon group.

[0110] In addition to the silicones described above, the organomodified silicones can be polydiaryl siloxanes, such as polydiphenylsiloxanes, and polyalkyl-arylsiloxanes functionalized by the aforementioned organofunctional groups.

[0111] The polyalkarylsiloxanes are, for example, chosen from the polydimethyl/methylphenylsiloxanes, the polydimethyl/diphenylsiloxanes, linear and/or branched, with viscosity ranging from 1 x 10"5 to 5 x 102 m2/s at 25°C.

[0112] Among these polyalkarylsiloxanes, non-limiting mention can be made of the products marketed under the following names: the SILBIONE® oils of series 70 641 from RHODIA; the oils of the series RHODORSIL® 70 633 and 763 from RHODIA; the oil DOW CORNING 556 COSMETIC GRADE FLUID from DOW CORNING; the silicones of the PK series from BAYER such as the product PK20; the silicones of the series PN, PH from BAYER such as the products PN1000 and PH1000; certain oils of the SF series from GENERAL ELECTRIC such as SF 1023, SF 1154, SF 1250, SF 1265.

[0113] Among the organomodified silicones, non-limiting mention can be made of the polyorganosiloxanes having: polyoxyethylene and/or polyoxypropylene groups optionally with C6-C24 alkyl groups such as the products called dimethicone copolyol marketed by the company DOW CORNING under the name DC 1248 or the oils SILWET® L 722, L 7500, L 77, L 711 from the company UNION CARBIDE and the alkyl (Ci2)-methicone copolyol marketed by the company DOW CORNING under the name Q2 5200; substituted or unsubstituted amine groups such as the products marketed under the name GP 4 Silicone Fluid and GP 7100 by the company GENESEE or the products marketed under the names Q2 8220 and DOW CORNING 929 or 939 by the company DOW CORNING. The substituted amine groups are, for example, C1-C4 aminoalkyl groups; alkoxylated groups, such as the product marketed under the name "SILICONE COPOLYMER F-755" by SWS SILICONES and ABIL WAX® 2428, 2434 and 2440 by the company GOLDSCHMIDT.

[0114] In some embodiments, the at least one fatty substance is neither alkoxylated, nor glycerolated.

[0115] For example, the at least one fatty substance is chosen from compounds that are liquid or pasty at room temperature and at atmospheric pressure.

[0116] For further example, the at least one fatty substance is a compound that is liquid at a temperature of 25 °C and at atmospheric pressure.

[0117] The at least one fatty substance is, for example, chosen from the lower alkanes, fatty alcohols, esters of fatty acid, esters of fatty alcohol, and oils such as non-silicone mineral, vegetable and synthetic oils, the silicones.

[0118] According to at least one embodiment, the at least one fatty substance is chosen from liquid paraffin, polydecenes, liquid esters of fatty acids and of fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof, for example, the at least one fatty substance of the composition according to the disclosure can be non-silicone.

[0119] In some embodiments, the at least one fatty substance is chosen from alkanes, hydrocarbons and silicones.

[0120] According to one embodiment, a particularly preferred non-silicone oil is hydrogenated vegetable oil sold under name of Akogel® by AarhusKarlshamn.

[0121] According to one embodiment, a particularly preferred ester is glycol distearate.

[0122] The at least two fatty substances of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.5% to about 27% by weight, such as from about 2% to about 25% by weight, and further such as from about 6% to about 22% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0123] The total amount of the fatty substances in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, to about 27 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0124] SURFACTANTS

[0125] ANIONIC SURFACTANTS

[0126] The composition according to the invention comprises at least one anionic surfactant which may be chosen from sulfate, sulfonate and/or carboxylic (or carboxylate) surfactants, and mixtures thereof.

[0127] The term "anionic surfactant" means a surfactant comprising, as ionic or ionizable groups, only anionic groups.

[0128] In the present description, a species is termed as being "anionic" when it bears at least one permanent negative charge or when it can be ionized as a negatively charged species, under the conditions of use of the composition of the invention (for example the medium or the pH) and not comprising any cationic charge.

[0129] It is understood in the present description that:

carboxylate anionic surfactants comprise at least one carboxylic or carboxylate function (-COOH or -COO ) and may optionally also comprise one or more sulfate and/or sulfonate functions;

the sulfonate anionic surfactants comprise at least one sulfonate function (-SO3H or - SO3") and may optionally also comprise one or more sulfate functions, and/or one or more carboxylate functions; and

the sulfate anionic surfactants comprise at least one sulfate function and may additionally comprise comprise carboxylate and/or sulfonate functions.

[0130] The carboxylic anionic surfactants that may be used thus comprise at least one carboxylic or carboxylate function (-COOH or -COO ).

[0131] They may be chosen from the following compounds: acylglycinates, acyllactylates, acylsarcosinates, acylglutamates; alkyl-D-galactosideuronic acids, alkyl ether carboxylic acids, alkyl(C6-30 aryl) ether carboxylic acids, alkylamido ether carboxylic acids; and also the salts of these compounds;

[0132] The alkyl and/or acyl groups of these compounds comprising from 6 to 30 carbon atoms, especially from 12 to 28, better still from 14 to 24 or even from 16 to 22 carbon atoms; the aryl group preferably denoting a phenyl or benzyl group;

[0133] These compounds possibly being polyoxyalkylenated, especially polyoxyethylenated, and then preferably comprising from 1 to 50 ethylene oxide units and better still from 2 to 10 ethylene oxide units.

[0134] Use may also be made of the C6-C24 alkyl monoesters of polyglycoside-polycarboxylic acids, such as C6-C24 alkyl polyglycoside-citrates, C6-C24 alkyl polyglycoside-tartrates and C6-C24 alkyl polyglycoside-sulfosuccinates, and salts thereof.

[0135] Among the above carboxylic surfactants, mention may be made most particularly of polyoxyalkylenated alkyl(amido) ether carboxylic acids and salts thereof, in particular those comprising from 2 to 50 alkylene oxide and in particular ethylene oxide groups, such as the compounds sold by the company Kao under the name Akypo,

[0136] The polyoxyalkylenated alkyl (amido) ether carboxylic acids that may be used are preferably chosen from those of formula (1):


in which:

Rl represents a linear or branched C6-C24 alkyl or alkenyl radical, an alkyl(C8-C9)phenyl radical, a radical R2CONH-CH2-CH2- with R2 denoting a linear or branched C9-C21 alkyl or alkenyl radical,

preferably, Rl is a C8-C20 and preferably C8-C18 alkyl radical, and aryl preferably denotes phenyl,

n is an integer or decimal number (average value) ranging from 2 to 24 and preferably from 2 to 10,

A denotes H, ammonium, Na, K, Li, Mg or a monoethanolamine or triethanolamine residue.

[0137] It is also possible to use mixtures of compounds of formula (1), in particular mixtures of compounds containing different groups Rl.

[0138] The polyoxyalkylenated alkyl(amido) ether carboxylic acids that are particularly preferred are those of formula (1) in which:

Rl denotes a C12-C14 alkyl, cocoyl, oleyl, nonylphenyl or octylphenyl radical,

A denotes a hydrogen or sodium atom, and

n varies from 2 to 20 and preferably from 2 to 10.

[0139] Even more preferentially, use is made of compounds of formula (1) in which R denotes a C12 alkyl radical, A denotes a hydrogen or sodium atom and n ranges from 2 to 10.

[0140] Preferentially, the carboxylic anionic surfactants are chosen, alone or as a mixture, from: acylglutamates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20, such as stearoylglutamates, and in particular disodium stearoylglutamate;

acylsarcosinates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20, such as palmitoylsarcosinates, and in particular sodium palmitoylsarcosinate;

acyllactylates, especially of C12-C28 or even C14-C24, such as behenoyllactylates, and in particular sodium behenoyllactylate;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 acylglycinates;

(C6-C24)alkyl ether carboxylates and especially (C12-C20)alkyl ether carboxylates;

polyoxyalkylenated (C6-C24)alkyl(amido) ether carboxylic acids, in particular those comprising from 2 to 50 ethylene oxide groups ;in particular in the form of alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal, ammonium or amino alcohol salts.

[0141] The sulfonate anionic surfactants that may be used comprise at least one sulfonate function (-SO3H or -SO3-).

[0142] In certain embodiments, the anionic surfactants may be chosen from the following compounds: alkylsulfonates, alkylamidesulfonates, alkylarylsulfonates, a-olefinsulfonates, paraffin sulfonates, alkylsulfosuccinates, alkyl ether sulfosuccinates, alkylamidesulfosuccinates, alkylsulfoacetates, N-acyltaurates, acylisethionates; alkylsulfolaurates; and also the salts of these compounds;

[0143] The alkyl groups of these compounds comprising from 6 to 30 carbon atoms, especially from 12 to 28, better still from 14 to 24 or even from 16 to 22 carbon atoms; the aryl group preferably denoting a phenyl or benzyl group;

[0144] These compounds possibly being polyoxyalkylenated, especially polyoxyethylenated, and then preferably comprising from 1 to 50 ethylene oxide units and better still from 2 to 10 ethylene oxide units.

[0145] Preferentially, the sulfonate anionic surfactants are chosen, alone or as a mixture, from:

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 alkylsulfosuccinates, especially laurylsulfosuccinates; C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 alkyl ether sulfosuccinates;

(C6-C24)acylisethionates and preferably (C12-C18)acylisethionates,

[0146] In particular in the form of alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal, ammonium or amino alcohol salts.

[0147] The sulfate anionic surfactants that may be used comprise at least one sulfate function (-OSO3H or -OSO3-).

[0148] They may be chosen from the following compounds: alkyl sulfates, alkyl ether sulfates, alkylamido ether sulfates, alkylaryl polyether sulfates, monoglyceride sulfates; and also the salts of these compounds;

[0149] The alkyl groups of these compounds comprising from 6 to 30 carbon atoms, especially from 12 to 28, better still from 14 to 24 or even from 16 to 22 carbon atoms; the aryl group preferably denoting a phenyl or benzyl group;

[0150] These compounds possibly being polyoxyalkylenated, especially polyoxyethylenated, and then preferably comprising from 1 to 50 ethylene oxide units and better still from 2 to 10 ethylene oxide units.

[0151] Preferentially, the sulfate anionic surfactants are chosen, alone or as a mixture, from: alkyl sulfates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20,

alkyl ether sulfates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20, preferably comprising from 2 to 20 ethylene oxide units;

[0152] In particular in the form of alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal, ammonium or amino alcohol salts.

[0153] When the anionic surfactant is in salt form, the said salt may be chosen from alkali metal salts, such as the sodium or potassium salt, ammonium salts, amine salts and in particular amino alcohol salts, and alkaline-earth metal salts, such as the magnesium salt.

[0154] Examples of amino alcohol salts that may be mentioned include monoethanolamine, diethanolamine and triethanolamine salts, monoisopropanolamine, diisopropanolamine or

triisopropanolamine salts, 2-amino-2-methyl-l-propanol salts, 2-amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol salts and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane salts.

[0155] Alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal salts and in particular the sodium or magnesium salts are preferably used.

[0156] Preferentially, the anionic surfactants are chosen, alone or as a mixture, from:

C6-C24 and especially C 12-C20 alkyl sulfates ;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 alkyl ether sulfates; preferably comprising from 2 to 20 ethylene oxide units;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 alkylsulfosuccinates, especially laurylsulfosuccinates;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 alkyl ether sulfosuccinates;

(C6-C24)acylisethionates and preferably (C12-C18)acylisethionates;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 acylsarcosinates; especially palmitoylsarcosinates;

(C6-C24)alkyl ether carboxylates, preferably (C12-C20)alkyl ether carboxylates; polyoxyalkylenated (C6-C24)alkyl(amido) ether carboxylic acids and salts thereof, in particular those comprising from 2 to 50 alkylene oxide and in particular ethylene oxide groups;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 acylglutamates;

C6-C24 and especially C12-C20 acylglycinates;

[0157] In particular in the form of alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal, ammonium or amino alcohol salts.

[0158] In certain embodiments, the at least one anionic surfactant of the present invention is chosen from sulfate anionic surfactants which are chosen, alone or as a mixture, from:

alkyl sulfates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20,

alkyl ether sulfates, especially of C6-C24 or even C12-C20, preferably comprising from 2 to 20 ethylene oxide units;

[0159] In particular in the form of alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal, ammonium or amino alcohol salts.

[0160] In certain embodiments, the anionic surfactant of the present invention is chosen from sulfate anionic surfactants such as sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium laureth sulfate, and mixtures thereof.

[0161] In certain embodiments, the at least one anionic surfactant may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 1% to about 10% by weight, such as from about 1 % to about 9% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0162] The total amount of the anionic surfactant in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, to about 10 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0163] NONIONIC SURFACTANTS

[0164] In general, nonionic surfactants having a Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance (HLB) of from 8 to 20, are contemplated for use by the present invention. In some embodiments, nonionic surfactants having a HLB of from 7 to 9 may be used alone or in mixture as wetting and/or spreading agents. In some embodiments, nonionic surfactants having a HLB of from 13 to 15 may be used alone or mixture as detergents. In one or more embodiments, nonionic surfactants having a HLB of from 8 to 16 may be used alone or mixture as oil in water emulsifiers. In some embodiments, nonionic surfactants having a HLB of from 15 to 18 may be used alone or in mixture as solubilizing agents. Non-limiting examples of nonionic surfactants useful in the compositions of the present invention are disclosed in McCutcheon's "Detergents and Emulsifiers," North American Edition (1986), published by Allured Publishing Corporation; and McCutcheon's "Functional Materials," North American Edition (1992); both of which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.

[0165] Examples of nonionic surfactants useful herein include, but are not limited to, alkoxylated derivatives of the following: fatty alcohols, alkyl phenols, fatty acids, fatty acid esters and fatty acid amides, wherein the alkyl chain is in the C12-C50 range, preferably in the C16-C40 range, more preferably in the C24 to C40 range, and having from about 1 to about 110 alkoxy groups. The alkoxy groups are selected from the group consisting of C2-C6 oxides and their mixtures, with ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, and their mixtures being the preferred alkoxides. The alkyl chain may be linear, branched, saturated, or unsaturated. Of these alkoxylated non-ionic surfactants, the alkoxylated alcohols are preferred, and the ethoxylated alcohols and propoxylated alcohols are more preferred. The alkoxylated alcohols may be used alone or in mixtures thereof. The alkoxylated alcohols may also be used in mixtures with those alkoxylated materials disclosed herein-above.

[0166] Other representative examples of such ethoxylated fatty alcohols include laureth-3 (a lauryl ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 3), laureth-23 (a lauryl ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 23), ceteth-10 (a cetyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10) steareth-10 (a stearyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10), and steareth-2 (a stearyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 2), steareth-100 (a stearyl alcohol ethoxylate having an

average degree of ethoxylation of 100), beheneth-5 (a behenyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 5), beheneth-10 (a behenyl alcohol ethoxylate having an average degree of ethoxylation of 10), and other derivatives and mixtures of the preceding.

[0167] Also available commercially are Brij® nonionic surfactants from Uniqema, Wilmington, DE. Typically, Brij® is the condensation products of aliphatic alcohols with from about 1 to about 54 moles of ethylene oxide, the alkyl chain of the alcohol being typically a linear chain and having from about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms, for example, Brij® 72 (i.e., Steareth-2) and Brij® 76 (i.e., Steareth-10).

[0168] Also useful herein as nonionic surfactants are alkyl glycosides, which are the condensation products of long chain alcohols, e.g. C8-C30 alcohols, with sugar or starch polymers. These compounds can be represented by the formula (S)n— O-R wherein S is a sugar moiety such as glucose, fructose, mannose, galactose, and the like; n is an integer of from about 1 to about 1000, and R is a C8-C30 alkyl group. Examples of long chain alcohols from which the alkyl group can be derived include decyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, myristyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, and the like. Preferred examples of these surfactants are alkyl polyglucosides wherein S is a glucose moiety, R is a C8-C20 alkyl group, and n is an integer of from about 1 to about 9. Commercially available examples of these surfactants include decyl polyglucoside (available as APG® 325 CS) and lauryl polyglucoside (available as APG® 600CS and 625 CS),all the above-identified polyglucosides APG® are available from Cognis, Ambler, Pa. Also useful herein are sucrose ester surfactants such as sucrose cocoate and sucrose laurate.

[0169] Other nonionic surfactants suitable for use in the present invention are glyceryl esters and polyglyceryl esters, including but not limited to, glyceryl monoesters, preferably glyceryl monoesters of C16-C22 saturated, unsaturated and branched chain fatty acids such as glyceryl oleate, glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl monoisostearate, glyceryl monopalmitate, glyceryl monobehenate, and mixtures thereof, and polyglyceryl esters of C16-C22 saturated, unsaturated and branched chain fatty acids, such as polyglyceryl-4 isostearate, polyglyceryl- 3 oleate, polyglyceryl-2 sesquioleate, triglyceryl diisostearate, diglyceryl monooleate, tetraglyceryl monooleate, and mixtures thereof.

[0170] Also useful herein as nonionic surfactants are sorbitan esters. Preferable are sorbitan esters of C16-C22 saturated, unsaturated and branched chain fatty acids. Because of the manner in which they are typically manufactured, these sorbitan esters usually comprise mixtures of mono-, di-, tri-, etc. esters. Representative examples of suitable sorbitan esters include sorbitan monooleate (e.g., SPAN® 80), sorbitan sesquioleate (e.g., Arlacel® 83 from Uniqema,

Wilmington, Del.), sorbitan monoisostearate (e.g., CRILL® 6 from Croda, Inc., Edison, N.J.), sorbitan stearates (e.g., SPAN® 60), sorbitan trioleate (e.g., SPAN® 85), sorbitan tristearate (e.g., SPAN® 65), sorbitan dipalmitates (e.g., SPAN® 40), and sorbitan isostearate. Sorbitan monoisostearate and sorbitan sesquioleate are particularly preferred emulsifiers for use in the present invention.

[0171] Also suitable for use herein are alkoxylated derivatives of glyceryl esters, sorbitan esters, and alkyl polyglycosides, wherein the alkoxy groups is selected from the group consisting of C2-C6 oxides and their mixtures, with ethoxylated or propoxylated derivatives of these materials being the preferred. Nonlimiting examples of commercially available ethoxylated materials include TWEEN® (ethoxylated sorbitan mono-, di- and/or tri-esters of C12 to Ci8 fatty acids with an average degree of ethoxylation of from about 2 to about 20).

[0172] Preferred nonionic surfactants are those formed from a fatty alcohol, a fatty acid, or a glyceride with a C4 to C36 carbon chain, preferably a C12 to Ci8 carbon chain, more preferably a Ci6 to Ci8 carbon chain, derivatized to yield an HLB of at least 8. HLB is understood to mean the balance between the size and strength of the hydrophilic group and the size and strength of the lipophilic group of the surfactant. Such derivatives can be polymers such as ethoxylates, propoxylates, polyglucosides, poly glycerins, polylactates, polyglycolates, polysorbates, oleth-30, and others that would be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art. Such derivatives may also be mixed polymers of the above, such as ethoxylate/propoxylate species, where the total HLB is preferably greater than or equal to 8.

[0173] In certain embodiments, the at least one nonionic surfactant may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 1% to about 10% by weight, such as from about 1% to about 9% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0174] The total amount of the nonionic surfactant in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, to about 10 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0175] CATIONIC POLYMERS

[0176] The composition according to the present invention comprises at least one cationic polymer.

[0177] In at least one embodiment, the at least one cationic polymer included in the composition of the disclosure is not chosen from cationic associative polymers. In other words, these cationic polymers do not comprise in their structure a pendent or terminal hydrophobic chain, for example of alkyl or alkenyl type, containing from 10 to 30 carbon atoms.

[0178] The at least one cationic polymer of the composition according to the disclosure can be chosen from, for example:

(1) homopolymers and copolymers derived from acrylic or methacrylic esters or amides and comprising at least one unit chosen from units of formulae (VI), (VII), (VIII) and (IX):


wherein:

R3, which may be identical or different, denotes a hydrogen atom or a CH3 radical; A, which may be identical or different, represents a linear or branched Ci-C6 and, for example, C2 -C3 alkyl group or a Ci -C4 hydroxyalkyl group;

R4, R5 and R6, which may be identical or different, represent a C1-C18 alkyl group or a benzyl radical, such as a Ci-C6 alkyl group;

Ri and R2, which may be identical or different, represent hydrogen or a Ci-C6 alkyl group, for example methyl or ethyl;

X" denotes an anion derived from a mineral or organic acid, such as a methosulfate anion or a halide such as chloride or bromide.

[0179] The polymers of this family can also contain at least one unit derived from at least one comonomer which may be chosen from the family of acrylamides, methacrylamides, diacetone acrylamides, acrylamides and methacrylamides substituted on the nitrogen with lower (Ci-C4) alkyls, acrylic or methacrylic acids or esters thereof, vinyllactams such as vinylpyrrolidone or vinylcaprolactam, and vinyl esters.

[0180] Thus, among the polymers of this family, exemplary mention may be made of:

[0181] copolymers of acrylamide and of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate quaternized with dimethyl sulfate or with a dimethyl halide, such as the product sold under the name HERCOFLOC by the company Hercules,

[0182] The copolymers of acrylamide and of methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride described, for example, in EP 80 976 and sold under the name BINA QUAT P 100 by the company Ciba Geigy,

[0183] The copolymer of acrylamide and of methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium methosulfate sold under the name RETEN by the company Hercules, quaternized or non-quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/ dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymers, such as the products sold under the name GAFQUAT by the company ISP, for instance GAFQUAT 734 or GAFQUAT 755, or alternatively the products known as COPOLYMER 845, 958 and 937, dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate/ vinylcaprolactam vinylpyrrolidone terpolymers, such as the product sold under the name GAFFIX VC 713 by the company ISP, vinylpyrrolidone/methacrylamidopropyldimethylamine copolymers sold, for example, under the name STYLEZE CC 10 by ISP, quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/ dimethylaminopropylmethacrylamide copolymers such as the product sold under the name GAFQUAT HS 100 by the company ISP, and crosslinked polymers of methacryloyloxy(Ci-C4)alkyltri(Ci-C4)alkylammonium salts such as the polymers obtained by homopolymerization of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate quaternized with methyl chloride, or by copolymerization of acrylamide with dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate quaternized with methyl chloride, the homo- or copolymerization being followed by crosslinking with a compound containing olefinic unsaturation, such as methylenebisacrylamide. In at least one embodiment, a crosslinked acrylamide/ methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride copolymer (20/80 by weight) in the form of a dispersion containing 50% by weight of the copolymer in mineral oil can be used. This dispersion is sold under the name SALCARE® SC 92 by the company Ciba. In some embodiments, a crosslinked methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride homopolymer containing about 50% by weight of the homopolymer in mineral oil or in a liquid ester can be used. These dispersions are sold under the names SALCARE® SC 95 and SALCARE® SC 96 by the company Ciba.

[0184] Other examples are cellulose ether derivatives comprising quaternary ammonium groups, such as the polymers sold under the names JR (JR 400, JR 125, JR 30M) or LR (LR 400, LR 30M) by the company Union Carbide Corporation.

[0185] (2) copolymers of cellulose or cellulose derivatives grafted with a water-soluble quaternary ammonium monomer, such as hydroxymethyl-, hydroxy ethyl- or hydroxy-propylcelluloses grafted, for instance, with a methacryloylethyltrimethylammonium, methacrylamidopropyltrimethylammonium or dimethyldiallylammonium salt. These are sold under the name CELQUAT L 200 and CELQUAT H 100 by the company National Starch.

[0186] (3) non-cellulose cationic polysaccharides, such as guar gums containing trialkylammonium cationic groups. Such products are sold, for example, under the trade names JAGUAR C13S, JAGUAR C15, JAGUAR C17 and JAGUAR C162 by the company Meyhall.

[0187] (4) polymers of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals.

[0188] (5) water-soluble polyamino amides prepared, for example, by polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine; these polyamino amides can be crosslinked with an epihalohydrin, a diepoxide, a dianhydride, an unsaturated dianhydride, a bis-unsaturated derivative, a bis-halohydrin, a bis-azetidinium, a bis-haloacyldiamine, a bis-alkyl halide or alternatively with an oligomer resulting from the reaction of a difunctional compound which is reactive with a bis-halohydrin, a bis-azetidinium, a bis-haloacyldiamine, a bis-alkyl halide, an epihalohydrin, a diepoxide or a bis-unsaturated derivative; the crosslinking agent being used in an amount ranging from 0.025 to 0.35 mol per amine group of the polyamino amide; these polyamino amides can be alkylated or, if they contain at least one tertiary amine function, they can be quaternized. Exemplary mention may be made of the adipic acid/dimethylaminohydroxypropyl/diethylenetriamine polymers sold under the name CARTARETINE F, F4 or F8 by the company Sandoz.

[0189] (6) the polymers obtained by reaction of at least one polyalkylene polyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid chosen from diglycolic acid and saturated C3-C8 aliphatic dicarboxylic acids. The molar ratio between the polyalkylene polyamine and the dicarboxylic acid ranges from 0.8: 1 to 1.4: 1; the polyamino amide resulting therefrom is reacted with epichlorohydrin in a molar ratio of epichlorohydrin relative to the secondary amine group of the polyamino amide ranging from 0.5: 1 to 1.8: 1. Polymers of this type are sold, for example, under the name HERCOSETT 57, PD 170 or DELSETTE 101 by the company Hercules.

[0190] (7) cyclopolymers of alkyldiallylamine and of dialkyldiallylammonium, such as the homopolymers or copolymers containing, as main constituent of the chain, at least one unit corresponding to formula (X) or (XI):


wherein formulae k and t are equal to 0 or 1, the sum k+t being equal to 1 ; R9 denotes a hydrogen atom or a methyl radical; R7 and Rs, independently of each other, denote a Ci-C8 alkyl group, a hydroxyalkyl group in which the alkyl group is C1-C5, an amidoalkyl group in which the alkyl is C1-C4; or R7 and Rs denote, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, a heterocyclic group such as piperidyl or morpholinyl; in at least one embodiment R7 and Rs, independently of each other, denote a C1-C4 alkyl group; Y" is an organic or mineral anion such as bromide, chloride, acetate, borate, citrate, tartrate, bisulfate, bisulfite, sulfate or phosphate.

[0191] Among the polymers defined above, exemplary mention may be made of the dimethyldiallylammonium chloride homopolymer sold under the name MERQUAT® 100 and MERQUAT® 280 by the company Nalco (and its homologues of low weight- average molecular mass) and the copolymers of diallyldimethylammonium chloride and of acrylamide, sold under the name MERQUAT® 550.

[0192] (8) quaternary diammonium polymers containing repeating units of formula (XII):


wherein:

Rio, Rii, Ri2 and R13, which may be identical or different, represent Ci-C6 aliphatic, alicyclic or arylaliphatic radicals or hydroxyalkylaliphatic radicals wherein the alkyl radical is C1-C4, or alternatively Rio, R11, R12 and R13, together or separately, constitute, with the nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, heterocycles optionally containing a second heteroatom other than nitrogen, or alternatively Rio, R11, R12 and R13 represent a linear or branched Ci-C6 alkyl radical substituted with a nitrile, ester, acyl or amide group or a group — CO-O— R14-D or— CO-NH— R14-D wherein R14 is an alkylene and D is a quaternary ammonium group;

Ai and Bi represent C2-C6 polymethylene groups which are linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, and which optionally contain, linked to or intercalated in the main chain, at least one aromatic ring or at least one atom chosen from oxygen and sulfur atom or at least one group chosen from sulfoxide, sulfone, disulfide, amino, alkylamino, hydroxyl, quaternary ammonium, ureido, amide and ester groups, and X" denotes an anion derived from a mineral or organic acid;

Ai, Rio and R12 can form, with the two nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, a piperazine ring;

and wherein, if Ai denotes a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radical, Bi can also denote a group— (CH2)n-CO-D-OC-(CH2)n- wherein n is a number ranging from 1 to 6, and D is chosen from:

a) a glycol residue of formula: -O-Z— 0-, where Z denotes a linear or branched

hydrocarbon-based radical or a group corresponding to one of the following formulae: - -(CH2— CH2-0)X-CH2-CH2-; or -[CH2--CH(CH3)--0]y-CH2 -CH(CH3)-, where x and y denote an integer ranging from 1 to 4, representing a defined and unique degree of polymerization or any number ranging from 1 to 4 representing an average degree of polymerization;

b) a bis-secondary diamine residue such as a piperazine derivative;

c) a bis-primary diamine residue of formula: -NH-Y-NH— , wherein Y denotes a linear or branched hydrocarbon-based radical, or alternatively the radical— CH2-CH2-S-S— CH2-CH2-; and

d) a ureylene group of formula: — NH-CO— NH— .

In at least one embodiment, X" is an anion such as chloride or bromide.

[0193] These polymers, for example, have a number- average molecular mass ranging from 1000 to 100,000.

[0194] In some embodiments, polymers are used that consist of repeating units corresponding to formula (XIII):


wherein Rio, Rii, R12 and R13, which may be identical or different, denote a C1-C4 alkyl or hydroxyalkyl radical, n and p are integers ranging from 2 to 6, and X" is an anion derived from a mineral or organic acid.

[0195] In at least one embodiment, the at least one cationic polymer corresponding to this family comprise repeating units of formulae (W) and (U):


[0196] for example those whose molecular weight, determined by gel permeation chromatography, ranges from 9,500 to 9,900;

[0197] for instance those whose molecular weight, determined by gel permeation

chromatography, is 1200.

[0198] (9) poly quaternary ammonium polymers consisting of repeating units of formula

(XIV):


wherein p denotes an integer ranging from 1 to 6, D may be zero or may represent a group -(CH2)r--CO-- wherein r denotes a number ranging from 1 to 6, and X" is an anion.

[0199] Such polymers may be prepared according to the processes described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4, 157,388, 4,702,906 and 4,719,282. They are described, for example, in patent application EP 122 324.

[0200] Among these polymers, examples that may be mentioned include the products MIRAPOL A 15, MIRAPOL AD1, MIRAPOL AZl and MIRAPOL 175 sold by the company Miranol.

[0201] (10) quaternary polymers of vinylpyrrolidone and of vinylimidazole, for instance the products sold under the names LUVIQUAT FC 905, FC 550 and FC 370 by the company BASF.

[0202] (11) vinylamide homopolymers or copolymers, such as partially hydrolysed vinylamide homopolymers such as poly(vinylamine/vinylamide)s.

[0203] (12) cationic polyurethane derivatives, for example those of elastic nature formed from the reaction:

[0204] (al) of at least one cationic unit resulting from at least one tertiary or quaternary amine bearing at least two reactive functions containing labile hydrogen,

[0205] (a2) of at least one mixture of at least two different nonionic units bearing at least two reactive functions containing labile hydrogen, for instance chosen from hydroxyl groups, primary or secondary amine groups, and thiol groups, and

[0206] (b) of at least one compound comprising at least two isocyanate functions.

[0207] (13) Other cationic polymers that may be used in the context of the disclosure include, for example, cationic proteins or cationic protein hydrolysates, polyalkyleneimines, such as polyethyleneimines, polymers containing vinylpyridine or vinylpyridinium units, and chitin derivatives.

[0208] Particularly useful cationic polymers in the present invention include, but are not limited to, polyquaternium 4, polyquaternium 6, polyquaternium 7, polyquaternium 10, polyquaternium 11, polyquaternium 16, polyquaternium 22, polyquaternium 28, polyquaternium 32, polyquaternium-46, polyquaternium-51, polyquaternium-52,

polyquaternium-53 , polyquaternium- 54 , polyquaternium-55 , polyquaternium-56, polyquaternium-57, polyquaternium- 58 , polyquaternium-59, polyquaternium-60, polyquaternium-63 , polyquaternium- 64 , polyquaternium-65 , polyquaternium-66, polyquaternium-67, polyquaternium-70, polyquaternium-73 , polyquaternium-74, polyquaternium-75, polyquaternium-76, polyquaternium-77 , polyquaternium-78, polyquaternium-79, polyquaternium- 80 , polyquaternium-81 , polyquaternium-82, polyquaternium-84, polyquaternium- 85 , polyquaternium-86, polyquaternium-87, polyquaternium-90, polyquaternium-91, polyquaternium-92, polyquaternium-94, and guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride.

[0209] Particularly preferred cationic polymers of the present inventiona dimethyl dialkyl ammonium chloride (polyquaternium 6) available from Nalco, hexadimethrine chloride polymer.

[0210] The at least one cationic polymer of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, such as from about 1% to about 3% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0211] The total amount of the cationic polymer in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, to about 5 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0212] THICKENING AGENTS

[0213] Thickening agents of the present invention may be chosen from polymeric thickeners and non-polymeric thickeners as described in US 7,931,698, herein incorporated by reference in its entirety.

[0214] Thickening agents of the present invention may be chosen from polymeric thickeners and non-polymeric thickeners. The at least one polymeric thickener can be chosen from ionic or non-ionic, associative or non-associative polymers. Exemplary polymeric thickeners include various native gums. Representative non-polymeric thickening agents include mineral salts such as sodium chloride; oxyethylenated molecules and especially ethoxylated alkyl or acyl derivatives of polyols. These polymers can be modified physically or chemically.

[0215] The at least one thickening agent of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.1% to about 5% by weight, such as from about 0.3% to about 3.5% by weight, and further such as from about 0.3% to about 2% by weight, based on the total weight

of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0216] The total amount of the alkalizing agent in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, to about 5 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0217] SOLVENTS

[0218] The composition according to the disclosure can comprise a cosmetically acceptable solvent, for example as a dye support when a hair dye composition is contemplated. The cosmetically acceptable solvent can comprise water or a mixture of water and at least one cosmetically acceptable organic solvent.

[0219] As examples of organic solvents, non- limiting mentions can be made of monoalcohols and polyols such as ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, propyl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, and phenylethyl alcohol, or glycols or glycol ethers such as, for example, monomethyl, monoethyl and monobutyl ethers of ethylene glycol, propylene glycol or ethers thereof such as, for example, monomethyl ether of propylene glycol, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol, dipropylene glycol as well as alkyl ethers of diethylene glycol, for example monoethyl ether or monobutyl ether of diethylene glycol.

[0220] Other suitable examples of organic solvents are ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol, propane diol, and glycerin. The organic solvents for use according to the present disclosure can be volatile or non-volatile compounds.

[0221] The at least one solvent of the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 40% to about 65% by weight, such as from about 45% to about 65% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0222] The total amount of the solvent in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64 to about 65 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0223] ANTIOXIDANTS/ REDUCING AGENTS

[0224] The composition of the present invention may also contain at least one antioxidant or reducing agent such as ascorbic acid, ascorbylated compounds, such as ascorbyl dipalmitate, t- butylhydroquinone, polyphenols, such as phloroglucinol, thiols, for example, cysteine, sodium sulfite, and sodium hydrosulfite, erythorbic acid, flavonoids, and mixtures thereof. Other examples of reducing agents that are useful include, but are not limited to: anhydrous sodium thiosulfate, powdered sodium metabisulfite, thiourea, ammonium sulfite, thioglycolic acid, thiolactic acid, ammonium thiolactate, glyceryl monothioglycolate, ammonium thioglycolate, thioglycerol, 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, diammonium dithioglycolate, strontium thioglycolate, calcium thiolgycolate, zinc formosulfoxylate, isooctyl thioglycolate, and monoethanolamine thiogylcolate.

[0225] In certain embodiments, the at least one antioxidant or reducing agents may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 0.5% to about 3% by weight, such as from about 0.7% to about 2.5% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0226] The total amount of the antioxidant or reducing agents in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, to about 3 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0227] OXIDIZING AGENT

[0228] The composition of the present invention may require an oxidizing composition including at least one oxidizing agent which may be chosen, for example, from peroxides, persulfates, perborates percarbonates, alkali metal bromates, ferricyanides, peroxygenated salts, or a mixture thereof. Oxidizing agents that may also be used include at least one redox enzyme such as laccases, peroxidases, and 2-electron oxidoreductases, such as uricase, where appropriate in the presence of their respective donor or co-factor. Oxygen in the air may also be employed as an oxidizing agent.

[0229] In one embodiment, the oxidizing agent is hydrogen peroxide present in an aqueous solution whose titre may range from 1 to 40 volumes, such as from 5 to 40 volumes or such as from 5 to 20 volumes.

[0230] In another embodiment, the oxidizing agent is a persulfate and/or a monopersulfate such as, for example, potassium persulfate, sodium persulfate, ammonium persulfate, as well as mixtures thereof. In one embodiment, the oxidizing agents in the present disclosure are selected from hydrogen peroxide, potassium persulfate, sodium persulfate, and mixtures thereof.

[0231] In particularly preferred embodiments, the oxidizing agent is hydrogen peroxide.

[0232] In general, the oxidizing agent will be present in an amount of from about 0.05 to about 50% by weight, such as from about 0.1% to about 30% by weight, or such as from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight, or such as from about 1% to about 10% by weight, based on the total weight of the oxidizing composition.

[0233] If desired or when an oxidative dye is present in the hair cosmetic composition of the present invention, the composition can be mixed with an oxidizing composition (also called a developer composition) in a weight ratio of 1 : 1 or 1 :2 or 1:3 or 1 :4.

[0234] The hair cosmetic composition may further comprises at least one oxidizing agent selected from peroxides, urea peroxide, alkali metal bromates, ferricyanides, peroxygenated salts, perborates, percarbonates, laccases, peroxidases, redox enzymes, and mixtures thereof.

[0235] The hair cosmetic composition is capable of being mixed with an oxidizing composition comprising: (i) at least one oxidizing agent selected from peroxides, urea peroxide, alkali metal bromates, ferricyanides, peroxygenated salts, perborates, percarbonates, laccases, peroxidases, redox enzymes, and mixtures thereof; and (ii) a cosmetically acceptable solvent selected from water and a water/organic solvent mixture.

[0236] COLORING COMPOUNDS

[0237] As described herein, in various exemplary and non-limiting embodiments, hair color compositions may optionally comprise at least one colorant compound chosen from oxidation dyes, direct dyes, pigments, and mixtures thereof.

[0238] The oxidation dyes are generally chosen from one or more oxidation bases optionally combined with one or more couplers.

[0239] By way of example, the oxidation bases may be chosen from para-phenylenediamines, bis(phenyl)alkylenediamines, para-aminophenols, ori/20-aminophenols and heterocyclic bases, and the addition salts thereof.

[0240] Among the para-phenylenediamines that may be mentioned, for example, are para-phenylenediamine, para-toluenediamine, 2-chloro-para-phenylenediamine, 2,3-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2,6-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2,6-diethyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2,5-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, N,N-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, N,N-diethyl-para-phenylenediamine, Ν,Ν-dipropyl-para-phenylenediamine, 4-amino-N,N-diethyl-3-methylaniline, N,N-bis( -hydroxyethyl)-para-phenylenediamine, 4-N,N-bis( -hydroxyethyl)amino-2-methylaniline, 4-N,N-bis( -hydroxyethyl)amino-2-chloroaniline, 2-β-

hydroxyethyl-/?ara-phenylenediamine, 2-methoxymethyl-/wa-phenylenediamine, 2-fluoro-para-phenylenediamine, 2-isopropyl-para-phenylenediamine, N-( -hydroxypropyl)-para-phenylenediamine, 2-hydroxymethyl-para-phenylenediamine, N,N-dimethyl-3-methyl-para-phenylenediamine, N-ethyl-N-(β-hydroxyethyl)-para-phenylenediamine, Ν-(β,γ-dihydroxypropyl)-para-phenylenediamine, N-(4'-aminophenyl)-para-phenylenediamine, N-phenyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2-β-hydroxyethyloxy-para-phenylenediamine, 2-β-acetylaminoethyloxy-para-phenylenediamine, N-(β-methoxyethyl)-para-phenylenediamine, 4-aminophenylpyrrolidine, 2-thienyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2-β-hydroxyethylamino-5-aminotoluene and 3-hydroxy-l-(4'-aminophenyl)pyrrolidine, and the addition salts thereof with an acid.

[0241] Among the para-phenylenediamines mentioned above, para-phenylenediamine, para-toluenediamine, 2-isopropyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2-β-hydroxyethyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2- β -hydroxy ethyloxy-para-phenylenediamine, 2, 6-dimethyl -para-phenylenediamine, 2,6-diethyl-para-phenylenediamine, 2,3-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, N,N-bis(β-hydroxyethyl)-para-phenylenediamine, 2-chloro-para-phenylenediamine and 2-β-acetylaminoethyloxy-para-phenylenediamine, and the addition salts thereof with an acid, are particularly preferred.

[0242] Among the bis(phenyl)alkylenediamines that may be mentioned, for example, are Ν,Ν'-bis(β-hydroxyethyl)-N,N'-bis(4'-aminophenyl)-l,3-diaminopropanol, N,N'-bis(β-hydroxyethyl)-N,N'-bis(4'-aminophenyl)ethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(4-aminophenyl)tetramethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(β-hydroxyethyl)-N,N'-bis(4-aminophenyl)tetramethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(4-methylaminophenyl)tetramethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(ethyl)-N,N'-bis(4'-amino-3'-methylphenyl)ethylenediamine and l,8-bis(2,5-diaminophenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane, and the addition salts thereof.

[0243] Among the para-aminophenols that may be mentioned, for example, are para-aminophenol, 4-amino-3-methylphenol, 4-amino-3-fluorophenol, 4-amino-3-chlorophenol, 4-amino-3-hydroxymethylphenol, 4-amino-2-methylphenol, 4-amino-2-hydroxymethylphenol, 4-amino-2-methoxymethylphenol, 4-amino-2-aminomethylphenol, 4-amino-2-(β-hydroxyethylaminomethyl)phenol and 4-amino-2-fluorophenol, and the addition salts thereof with an acid.

[0244] Among the ortho-aminophenols that may be mentioned, for example, are 2-aminophenol, 2-amino-5-methylphenol, 2-amino-6-methylphenol and 5-acetamido-2-aminophenol, and the addition salts thereof.

[0245] Among the heterocyclic bases that may be mentioned, for example, are pyridine derivatives, pyrimidine derivatives and pyrazole derivatives.

[0246] Among the pyridine derivatives that may be mentioned are the compounds described, for example, in patents GB 1 026 978 and GB 1 153 196, for instance 2,5-diaminopyridine, 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)amino-3-aminopyridine and 3,4-diaminopyridine, and the addition salts thereof.

[0247] Other pyridine oxidation bases can include the 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine oxidation bases or the addition salts thereof described, for example, in patent application FR 2 801 308. Examples that may be mentioned include pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, 2-acetylaminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, 2-morpholin-4-ylpyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid, 2-methoxypyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, (3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-7-yl)methanol, 2-(3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-5-yl)ethanol, 2-(3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-7-yl)ethanol, (3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-2-yl)methanol, 3,6-diaminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine, 3,4-diaminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine, pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine-3,7-diamine, 7-morpholin-4-ylpyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine-3,5-diamine, 5-morpholin-4-ylpyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-3-ylamine, 2-[(3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-5-yl)(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethanol, 2-[(3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrid-7-yl)(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethanol, 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-5-ol, 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-4-ol, 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-6-ol, 3-aminopyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-7-ol, 2-□ -hydroxyethoxy-3-amino-pyrazolo[ 1 ,5-a]pyridine; 2-(4-dimethylpyperazinium-l-yl)-3-amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine; and the addition salts thereof.

[0248] More particularly, oxidation bases can be selected from 3-aminopyrazolo-[l,5-a]-pyridines and preferably substituted on carbon atom 2 by:

[0249] One (di)(Ci-C6)(alkyl)amino group wherein said alkyl group can be substituted by at least one hydroxy, amino, imidazolium group;

[0250] One heterocycloalkyl group containing from 5 to 7 members chain, and from 1 to 3 heteroatomes, potentially cationic, potentially substituted by one or more (Ci-Ce)alkyl, such as di(Ci-C4)alkylpiperazinium; or

[0251] One (Ci-Ce)alkoxy potentially substituted by one or more hydroxy groups such as a-hydroxyalkoxy, and the addition salts thereof.

[0252] Among the pyrimidine derivatives that may be mentioned are the compounds described, for example, in the patents DE 2359399; JP 88-169571; JP 05-63124; EP 0770375 or patent

application WO 96/15765, such as 2,4,5, 6-tetraaminopyrimidine, 4-hydroxy-2,5,6-triaminopyrimidine, 2-hydroxy-4,5 ,6-triaminopyrimidine, 2,4-dihydroxy-5 ,6-diaminopyrimidine, 2,5,6-triaminopyrimidine and their addition salts and their tautomeric forms, when a tautomeric equilibrium exists.

[0253] Among the pyrazole derivatives that may be mentioned are the compounds described in the patents DE 3843892, DE 4133957 and patent applications WO 94/08969, WO 94/08970, FR-A-2 733 749 and DE 195 43 988, such as 4,5-diamino-l-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino- 1-(β-hydroxyethyl)pyrazole, 3,4-diaminopyrazole, 4,5-diamino- l-(4'-chlorobenzyl)pyrazole, 4,5-diamino-l,3-dimethylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-3-methyl-l-phenylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino- 1-methyl-3-phenylpyrazole, 4-amino-l,3-dimethyl-5-hydrazinopyrazole, l-benzyl-4,5-diamino-3-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-3-½ri-butyl- 1-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino- l-i<?ri-butyl-3-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-l-(β-hydroxyethyl)-3-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino- l-ethyl-3-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino- l-ethyl-3-(4'-methoxyphenyl)pyrazole, 4,5-diamino- l-ethyl-3-hydroxymethylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-3-hydroxymethyl-l-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-3-hydroxymethyl-l-isopropylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-3-methyl-l-isopropylpyrazole, 4-amino-5-(2'-aminoethyl)amino-l,3-dimethylpyrazole, 3,4,5-triaminopyrazole, l-methyl-3,4,5-triaminopyrazole, 3,5-diamino-l-methyl-4-methylaminopyrazole, 3,5-diamino-4-(β-hydroxyethyl)amino-l-methylpyrazole, and the addition salts thereof. 4,5-Diamino-l-(β-methoxyethyl)pyrazole may also be used.

[0254] A 4,5-diaminopyrazole will preferably be used, and even more preferentially 4,5-diamino- l-(β-hydroxyethyl)pyrazole and/or a salt thereof.

[0255] Pyrazole derivatives that may also be mentioned include diamino-N,N-dihydro-pyrazolopyrazolones and especially those described in patent application FR-A-2 886 136, such as the following compounds and the addition salts thereof: 2,3-diamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 2-amino-3-ethylamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 2-amino-3-isopropylamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 2-amino-3-(pyrrolidin-l-yl)-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 4,5-diamino- l,2-dimethyl-l,2-dihydropyrazol-3-one, 4,5-diamino-l,2-diethyl-l,2-dihydropyrazol-3-one, 4, 5-diamino-l,2-di-(2 -hydroxy ethyl)- l,2-dihydropyrazol-3-one, 2-amino-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)amino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 2-amino-3-dimethylamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one, 2,3-diamino-5, 6,7,8-tetrahydro- lH,6H-pyridazino[ 1 ,2-a]pyrazol- 1-one, 4-amino- 1 ,2-diethyl-5-(pyrrolidin- 1 -yl)-l,2-dihydropyrazol-3-one, 4-amino-5-(3-dimethylaminopyrrolidin-l-yl)-l,2-diethyl-l,2-

dihydropyrazol-3-one, 2,3-diarmno-6-hydroxy-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one.

[0256] 2,3-Diamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one and/or a salt thereof will preferably be used.

[0257] 4,5-Diamino-l-(β-hydroxyethyl)pyrazole and/or 2,3-diamino-6,7-dihydro-lH,5H-pyrazolo[l,2-a]pyrazol-l-one and/or a salt thereof will preferentially be used as heterocyclic bases.

[0258] Compositions may optionally further comprise one or more couplers advantageously chosen from those conventionally used in the dyeing or coloring of keratinous substrates.

[0259] Among these couplers, mention may be made especially of meta-phenylenediamines, meta-aminophenols, meta-diphenols, naphthalene-based couplers and heterocyclic couplers, and also the addition salts thereof.

[0260] Mention may be made, for example, of 2-methyl-5-aminophenol, 5-Ν-(β-hydroxyethyl)amino-2-methylphenol, 3-aminophenol, 5-amino-6-chloro-o-cresol (3-amino-2-chloro-6-methylphenol), 1,3-dihydroxybenzene, l,3-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzene, 4-chloro-1 ,3-dihydroxybenzene, 2,4-diamino- 1 -(B-hydroxyethyloxy)benzene, 2-amino-4-(6-hydroxy-ethylamino)-l-methoxybenzene, 1,3-diaminobenzene, l,3-bis(2,4-diaminophenoxy)propane,

3- ureidoaniline, 3-ureido-l-dimethylaminobenzene, sesamol, l-6-hydroxyethylamino-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene, a-naphthol, 2-methyl-l-naphthol, 6-hydroxyindole, 4-hydroxyindole,

4- hydroxy-N-methylindole, 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine, 6-hydroxybenzomorpholine, 3,5-diamino-2,6-dimethoxypyridine, l-N-(6-hydroxyethyl)amino-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene, 2,6-bis(6-hydroxyethylamino)toluene, 6-hydroxyindoline, 2,6-dihydroxy-4-methylpyridine, 1-H-3-methylpyrazol-5-one, l-phenyl-3-methylpyrazol-5-one, 2,6-dimethylpyrazolo[l,5-b]-1 ,2,4-triazole, 2,6-dimethyl[3,2-c]-l,2,4-triazole and 6-methylpyrazolo[l,5-a]benzimidazole, the addition salts thereof with an acid, and mixtures thereof.

[0261] In general, the addition salts of the oxidation bases and couplers that may be used are chosen from the addition salts with an acid such as the hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, sulfates, citrates, succinates, tartrates, lactates, tosylates, benzenesulfonates, phosphates and acetates.

[0262] In certain embodiments, the oxidation base(s) may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 0% to about 8% by weight, such as from about 0.003% to about 6% by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0263] The total amount of the oxidation base(s) in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.001, 0.002, 0.003, 0.004, 0.005, 0.006, 0.007, 0.008, 0.009, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, to about 6, 7, or 8 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0264] In certain embodiments, the coupler(s), if they are present, may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 0% to about 8% by weight, such as from about 0.003% to about 6% by weight, based on the total weight of the system or hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0265] The total amount of the coupler(s) in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.001, 0.002, 0.003, 0.004, 0.005, 0.006, 0.007, 0.008, 0.009, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, to about 6, 7, or 8 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0266] Compositions according to embodiments of the disclosure may optionally comprise one or more synthetic or natural direct dyes, for example chosen from anionic and nonionic species, preferably cationic or nonionic species, either as sole dyes or in addition to the oxidation dye(s).

[0267] Examples of suitable direct dyes that may be mentioned include azo direct dyes; (poly)methine dyes such as cyanins, hemicyanins and styryls; carbonyl dyes; azine dyes; nitro(hetero)aryl dyes; tri(hetero)arylmethane dyes; porphyrin dyes; phthalocyanin dyes, and natural direct dyes, alone or as mixtures.

[0268] Preferably direct dyes are cationic direct dyes. Mention may be made of the hydrazono cationic dyes of formulas (Va) and (V'a), the azo cationic dyes (Via) and (Vl'a) and the diazo cationic dyes (Vila) below:


in which formulas (Va), (V'a), (Via), (Vl'a) and (Vila):

[0269] Het+ represents a cationic heteroaryl moiety, preferably bearing an endocyclic cationic charge, such as imidazolium, indolium or pyridinium, optionally substituted preferentially with one or more (Ci-C8) alkyl groups such as methyl;

[0270] Ar+ representing an aryl moiety, such as phenyl or naphthyl, bearing an exocyclic cationic charge, preferentially ammonium, particularly tri(Ci-C8)alkylammonium such as trimethylammonium;

[0271] Ar represents an aryl group, especially phenyl, which is optionally substituted, preferentially with one or more electron-donating groups such as i) optionally substituted (Ci-C8)alkyl, ii) optionally substituted (Ci-Cs)alkoxy, iii) (di)(Ci-C8)(alkyl)amino optionally substituted on the alkyl group(s) with a hydroxyl group, iv) aryl(Ci-C8)alkylamino, v) optionally substituted N-(Ci-C8)alkyl-N-aryl(Ci-C8)alkylamino or alternatively Ar represents a j ulolidine group ;

[0272] Ar' is an optionally substituted divalent (hetero)arylene group such as phenylene, particularly para-phenylene, or naphthalene, which are optionally substituted, preferentially with one or more groups (Ci-Cs)alkyl, hydroxyl or (Ci-Cs)alkoxy;

[0273] Ar" is an optionally substituted (hetero)aryl group such as phenyl or pyrazolyl, which are optionally substituted, preferentially with one or more groups (Ci-Cs)alkyl, hydroxyl, (di)(Ci-C8)(alkyl)amino, (Ci-Cs)alkoxy or phenyl;

[0274] Ra and Rb, which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or a group (Ci-Cs)alkyl, which is optionally substituted, preferentially with a hydroxyl group; or alternatively the substituent Ra with a substituent of Het+ and/or Rb with a substituent of Ar and/or Ra with Rb form, together with the atoms that bear them, a (hetero)cycloalkyl;

[0275] Particularly, Ra and Rb represent a hydrogen atom or a group (Ci-C4)alkyl, which is optionally substituted with a hydroxyl group;

[0276] An" represents an anionic counter-ion such as mesylate or halide.

[0277] In particular, mention may be made of the azo and hydrazono cationic dyes bearing an endocyclic cationic charge of formulae (Va), (V'a) and (Via) as defined previously. More particularly mention may be made of those of formulae (Va), (V'a) and (Via) derived from the dyes described in patent applications WO 95/15144, WO 95/01772 and EP-714954.

[0278] In various embodiments, the cationic part is derived from the following derivatives:

wherein in formulae (Va-1) and (VIa-1):

R1 representing a (C1-C4) alkyl group such as methyl;

R2 and R3, which are identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or a (Ci-C4)alkyl group, such as methyl; and

R4 represents a hydrogen atom or an electron-donating group such as optionally substituted (Ci-Cs)alkyl, optionally substituted (Ci-Cs)alkoxy, or (di)(Ci-C8)(alkyl)amino optionally substituted on the alkyl group(s) with a hydroxyl group; particularly, R4 is a hydrogen atom,

Z represents a CH group or a nitrogen atom, preferentially CH;

An" represents an anionic counter-ion such as mesylate or halide.

[0279] The dye of formulae (Va-1) and (VIa-1) can be chosen from Basic Red 51, Basic Yellow 87 and Basic Orange 31 or derivatives thereof:


[0280] Among the natural direct dyes, mention may be made of lawsone, juglone, alizarin, purpurin, carminic acid, kermesic acid, purpurogallin, protocatechaldehyde, indigo, isatin, curcumin, spinulosin, apigenidin and orceins. Extracts or decoctions containing these natural dyes and in particular henna-based poultices or extracts may also be used.

[0281] In certain embodiments, the one or more direct dyes, if they are present, may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 0% to about 8% by weight, such as from about 0.003% to about 6% by weight, based on the total weight of the system or hair color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0282] The total amount of the coupler(s) in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.001, 0.002, 0.003, 0.004, 0.005, 0.006, 0.007, 0.008, 0.009, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, to about 6, 7, or 8 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0283] The hair color composition may also comprise a cosmetically acceptable carrier. The cosmetically acceptable carrier may, for example, if they are present, may be employed according to the present invention in an amount from about 0% to about 8% by weight, such as from about 0.003% to about 6% by weight, based on the total weight of the system or hair

color composition of the present invention, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0284] The total amount of the coupler(s) in the present invention may be employed in an amount of from about 0.001, 0.002, 0.003, 0.004, 0.005, 0.006, 0.007, 0.008, 0.009, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, to about 6, 7, or 8 percent by weight, including increments and ranges therein there between.

[0285] OPTIONAL COMPONENTS

[0286] The composition according to the disclosure can comprise any auxiliary or additional component suitable for use in cosmetic compositions, and in particular suitable for hair coloring or lightening compositions. Such components may include, but are not limited to, cosmetically acceptable solvents, silicone compounds, rheology modifying agents such as acrylic polymers, cationic, nonionic, amphoteric or zwitterionic surfactants or mixtures thereof, anionic, cationic, nonionic, amphoteric or zwitterionic polymers or mixtures, film forming agents or polymers, humectants and moisturizing agents, fatty substances other than the claimed fatty substances, emulsifying agents other than fatty substances, fillers, structuring agents, propellants, shine agents, conditioning agents, antioxidants or reducing agents, penetrants, sequestrants, fragrances, buffers, dispersants, conditioning agents, for instance volatile or non-volatile, modified or unmodified silicones, ceramides, preserving agents, opacifiers, sunscreen agents, and antistatic agents. Acids, for example citric acid, can affect the pH of the system resulting in loss of lift. As such, optional auxiliary or additional components will be chosen so as to minimize any detrimental effect to the advantages of the hair color bases and compositions described herein.

[0287] Exemplary auxiliary ingredients useful in the hair color composition according to various embodiments of the disclosure include, but are not limited to, rheology-modifying agents, bleach activators and co-bleach activators, direct dyes, chelants, fatty substances, ceramides, alkoxyaminosilicones, silanes, and lift-enhancing agents, such as nitrogen-containing compounds and metal catalyst compounds.

[0288] The composition may also contain acid and alkali pH adjusters, which are well known in the art in the cosmetic treatment of keratin fibers, such as hair. Such pH adjusters include, but are not limited to, sodium metasilicate, silicate compounds, citric acid, ascorbic acid, and carbonate compounds.

[0289] The pH adjusters may, in various embodiments, be present in the hair color composition in an amount effective with a pH of greater than 7.

[0290] According to some embodiments the antistatic agent may include a hexadimethrine chloride polymer. In various embodiments, the sequestering agents may include ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) or its conjugate base. The hair color base and oxidizing compositions of the present disclosure according to the disclosure can be in various forms, such as in the form of liquids, creams, liquid-gels, liquid-creams, gels, lotions or pastes.

[0291] The composition may be left on the hair for a period of time sufficient to achieve the desired alteration in hair tone. For example, the hair color composition may be left on the hair for up to one hour, such as from about 3 minutes to about 45 minutes, from about 5 minutes to about 30 minutes, or from about 10 minutes to about 20 minutes. In further embodiments, the hair color composition may be left on the hair for a period up to about 30 minutes, such as, for example, from about 1 to about 30 minutes, about 1 to about 10 minutes, or about 1 to about 5 minutes. One skilled in the art will, by considering various factors such as the starting and desired tones of the hair, be able to determine an appropriate amount of time to leave the hair color composition on the hair in order to achieve the desired alternation in hair tone. By way of non-limiting example, various embodiments according to the disclosure may provide for an increase of 1 to 4 in the tone height of the hair.

[0292] If desired, the composition may, optionally, be shampooed and/or rinsed off the hair.

[0293] The amounts of each component in the compositions described below are expressed in % by weight, based on the total weight of the hair color base composition.

[0294] EXAMPLES

[0295] PERFORMANCE TESTING METHOD

[0296] Performance test was conducted using the panelists who usually use permanent hair coloring products to color their hair and are trained to evaluate the scalp discomfort. Variations of different shades of both inventive formulas and comparative formulas were applied on the hair in a controlled quantity and in a randomized way during a study conducted in a controlled environment. First, both products (inventive and comparative) contained in bowls were applied in a controlled quantity on the hair and scalp of each half of the head with a brush. The compositions were left on the hair for a period of about 30 minutes, and then rinsed off. During that time, the intensity of the feelings experienced by the panelists was evaluated and recorded by them at the different stages of the application of both products using a questionnaire, which consisted of structured linear scales to evaluate scalp comfort, such as burning, itching and stinging sensations. Different stages/time point of the evaluations included: before application of the products, upon the application of the products, during the processing time (at 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 minutes from the end of the application), and rinsing.

[0297] Example 1 : Performance testing of the sensory properties on hair

[0298] Above mentioned performance testing method was used to collect the data as shown in FIG. 1. At each time point, the panelists used a questionnaire to evaluate the sensorial properties of both of products. Referring now to FIG. 1, the results show that, there were no statistically significant differences with respect to total discomfort between the inventive example and the comparative example over the different shades tested and over the different stages/ time intervals.

[0299] Example 2: sensory performance testing

[0300] Above mentioned performance testing method was used to collect the data as shown in FIG. 2. At each time point, the panelists used a questionnaire to evaluate the sensorial properties of both of products to evaluate the scalp comfort, such as burning, itching and stinging sensations. Referring now to FIG. 2, it can be seen that while the inventive example showed more stinging sensation than the comparative example, the inventive example showed slightly less burning sensation than the comparative example.

[0301] TABLE 1: Inventive and Comparative Examples

[0302] Compared to the comparative example B in the Table 2, the inventive example A had low levels of ammonium hydroxide, surfactants and cationic polymers in a combination with high levels of fatty compounds, glycol distearate and hydrogentated vegetable oil. Surprisingly, even with the low levels of ammonium hydroxide, surfactants and cationic polymers in a combination with high levels of fatty compounds, and in particular, with glycol distearate and hydrogenated vegetable oil, the performance of inventive example A was equal to or better than that of example B, as seen in FIGS. 1 and 2. Additionally, dye deposition for inventive example A was superior to the comparative example B at equivalent dye levels. Furthermore, Example A was found more environmentally friendly, in terms of biodegradability, renewability and green chemistry.

[0303] Table 2: Prophetic Examples (Formula E - P)

[0304] The above mixtures of the hair color compositions are prophetic examples of compositions to be used on the hair and can be evaluated according to the general procedures above for assessing the performance with respect to sensory properties of variants of the invention.

[0305] While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof.

[0306] Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.