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1. (US20040032313) Simplified transformer design for a switching power supply
Nota: O texto foi obtido por processos automáticos de reconhecimento ótico de caracteres.
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What is claimed is:

1. A transformer, comprising:
a primary winding made from a first conducting trace formed on a first multilayer printed circuit board; and
a secondary winding made from a second conducting trace formed on a second multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding.
2. The apparatus as in claim 1, further comprising:
a ferromagnetic core having “E” shape geometry to form a low reluctance magnetic path coupling said primary winding with said secondary winding, a central arm of said “E” shaped ferromagnetic core passing through a hole in said first multilayer printed circuit board and said second multilayer printed circuit board to pass through a center of said primary winding and said secondary winding.
3. The apparatus as in claim 1, further comprising:
said second multilayer printed circuit board is a mother board holding a plurality of electronic components; and
said first multilayer printed circuit board is attached to said second printed circuit board.
4. The apparatus as in claim 1, further comprising:
said first multilayer printed circuit board and said second multilayer printed circuit board are packaged together as a single multilayer printed circuit board.
5. The apparatus as in claim 1, further comprising:
said primary winding is made from a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board, and a second spiral trace in a second layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board, and an electrically conducting via electrically connecting said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace.
6. The apparatus as in claim 1, further comprising:
said secondary winding is made from a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board, and a second spiral conducting trace in a second layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board, and an electrically conducting via electrically connecting said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace.
7. A transformer, comprising:
a primary winding made from a plurality of first spiral conducting traces formed in a first multilayer printed circuit board; and
a secondary winding made from a plurality of second spiral conducting traces formed in a second multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding.
8. The apparatus as in claim 7, further comprising:
said first multilayer printed circuit board and said second multilayer printed circuit board bonded together as a single multilayer printed circuit board.
9. The apparatus as in claim 7, further comprising:
said second multilayer printed circuit board is a mother board holding a plurality of electronic components; and
said first multilayer printed circuit board is attached to said second printed circuit board.
10. The apparatus as in claim 7, further comprising:
at least one first electrical conducting via to electrically connect a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board to a second spiral conducting trace in a second layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board, said first spiral conducting trace and said second spiral conducting trace each selected from said plurality of first spiral conducting traces.
11. The apparatus as in claim 7, further comprising:
at least one first electrical conducting via to electrically connect a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board to a second spiral conducting trace in a second layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board, said first spiral conducting trace and said second spiral conducting trace each selected from said plurality of second spiral conducting traces.
12. A transformer, comprising:
a primary winding made from a first conducting trace formed on a first multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding is made from a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board, and a second spiral trace in a second layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board, and an electrically conducting via electrically connecting said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace; and
a secondary winding made from a second conducting trace formed on a second multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding, said secondary winding made from a first spiral conducting trace in a II first layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board, and a second spiral trace in a second layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board, and an electrically conducting via electrically connecting said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace.
13. A method of making a transformer, comprising:
forming a primary winding from a first conducting trace on a first multilayer printed circuit board; and
forming a secondary winding made from a second conducting trace on a second s multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding.
14. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
forming a low reluctance magnetic path coupling said primary winding with said secondary winding by a ferromagnetic core having “E” shape geometry, a central arm of said “E” shaped ferromagnetic core passing through a hole in said first multilayer printed circuit board and said second multilayer printed circuit board to pass through a center of said primary winding and said secondary winding.
15. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
using a mother board holding a plurality of electronic components as said second multilayer printed circuit board; and
attaching said first multilayer printed circuit board to said second printed circuit board.
16. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
packaging said first multilayer printed circuit board and said second multilayer printed circuit board together as a single multilayer printed circuit board.
17. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
making a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said first multilayer printed circuit board;
making a second spiral conducting trace in a second layer of said first multilayer s printed circuit board; and
electrically connecting by an electrically conducting via said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace, to make said primary winding.
18. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
making a first spiral conducting trace in a first layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board;
making a second spiral conducting trace in a second layer of said second multilayer printed circuit board; and
electrically connecting by an electrically conducting via said first spiral conducting trace to said second spiral conducting trace, to make said secondary winding.
19. A transformer, comprising:
a multilayer printed circuit board;
a primary winding made from a first conducting spiral trace formed on at least one first printed circuit board of said multilayer printed circuit board;
a secondary winding made from at least one second conducting spiral trace formed on a second printed circuit board of said multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding.
20. The apparatus as in claim 19, further comprising:
a selected winding of said primary winding and said secondary winding having a first end and a second end;
a first principal connection tab connected to said first end of said selected winding, said first principal connection tab located parallel with a plurality of other connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board, said first connection tab and said plurality of parallel connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board having a semicircular shape to form a concave semicylindrical shape;
electrically conducting material deposited on said concave semi-cylindrical shape to form an electrical contact to each of said first connection tab and said plurality of connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board; and
a plurality of additional principal connection tabs connected to selected locations in said selected winding, each connection tab of said plurality of principal connection tabs located parallel to a plurality of other connection tabs, each connection tab with its parallel connection tabs having a semi-cylindrical shape coated with conductive material to form an electrical contact for said selected location of said selected winding.
21. The apparatus as in claim 20, further comprising:
said electrical conducting material is copper electroplated to said semi-cylindrical shape formed by said connection tabs.
22. The apparatus as in claim 20, further comprising:
a printed circuit mother board, said mother board having a plurality of connection pads arranged for one said pad to contact one of said semi-cylindrical shapes formed by connection tabs of said multilayer printed circuit board, said connection pad and said semi-cylindrical shape of connection tabs joined electrically and mechanically by solder.
23. A transformer, comprising:
a multilayer printed circuit board;
a primary winding made from a first conducting spiral trace formed on at least one first printed circuit board of said multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding having a first end and a second end;
a secondary winding made from at least one second conducting spiral trace formed on a second printed circuit board of said multilayer printed circuit board, said primary winding magnetically coupled to said secondary winding; a first principal connection tab connected to said first end of a selected winding of said primary and said secondary windings, said first principal connection tab located parallel with a plurality of other connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board, said first connection tab and said plurality of parallel connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board having a semicircular shape to form a concave semi-cylindrical shape;
electrically conducting material deposited on said concave semi-cylindrical shape to form an electrical contact to each of said first connection tab and said plurality of connection tabs located in different layers of said multilayer printed circuit board; and
a plurality of additional principal connection tabs connected to selected locations in said selected winding, each connection tab of said plurality of principal connection tabs located parallel to a plurality of other connection tabs, each connection tab with its parallel connection tabs having a semi-cylindrical shape coated with conductive material to form an electrical contact for said selected location of said selected winding.
24. The apparatus as in claim 23, further comprising:
a printed circuit mother board, said mother board having a plurality of connection pads arranged for one said pad to contact one of said semi-cylindrical shapes formed by connection tabs of said multilayer printed circuit board, said connection pad and said semi-cylindrical shape of connection tabs joined electrically and mechanically by solder.