Algum conteúdo deste aplicativo está indisponível no momento.
Se esta situação persistir, por favor entre em contato conoscoFale conosco & Contato
1. (US20180275381) ZOOM LENS AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS USING THE SAME
Nota: O texto foi obtido por processos automáticos de reconhecimento ótico de caracteres.
Para fins jurídicos, favor utilizar a versão PDF.

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

      The present application is a continuation application of International Application No. PCT/JP2015/059795 filed on Mar. 27, 2015, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

      The present invention relates to a zoom lens and an image pickup apparatus using the same.

Description of the Related Art

      As a zoom lens capable of wide-angle photography and telephotography, zoom lenses described in Japanese Patent Application Laid-open Publication No. 2003-255228 (second example) and Japanese Patent Application Laid-open Publication No. Hei 8-190051 (first example) are available.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

      A zoom lens according to an aspect of the present invention comprises in order from an object side,
      a first lens unit having a positive refractive power,
      a second lens unit having a negative refractive power, and
      a rear-side lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein
      the second lens unit includes a first sub-unit having a negative refractive power and a second sub-unit having a negative refractive power, and
      the rear-side lens unit includes a plurality of lens units, and includes a third lens unit having a positive refractive power which is disposed nearest to object, and
      an aperture stop is disposed on an image side of the second lens unit, and
      a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit changes to become wider at a telephoto end than at a wide angle end, and
      a distance between the second lens unit and the third lens unit changes to become narrower at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end, and
      the first lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and
      the first sub-unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and
      the third lens unit includes at least two lens components having a positive refractive power, and
      the following conditional expressions (1) and (2) are satisfied:

          61≤ν d 1G _ max _ p  (1), and
          −0.03≤ Tp 2Ga _ min _ p≤0.0165  (2).
      where,
      νd 1G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a positive lens in the first lens unit,

           Tp 2Ga _ min _ p =θgF 2Ga _ p−(−0.0016×ν d 2Ga _ p+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2Ga _ p=( ng 2Ga _ p −nF 2Ga _ p)/( nF 2Ga _ p −nC 2Ga _ p),
      νd 2Ga _ p denotes Abbe number for a predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit,
      ng 2Ga _ p, nF 2Ga _ p, and nC 2Ga _ p are refractive indices of the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit for a g-line, an F-line, and a C-line respectively,
      the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit is a positive lens for which Abbe number is the minimum, from among the positive lenses in the first sub-unit, and
      the lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens.
      Moreover, a zoom lens according to another aspect of the present invention comprises in order from an object side,
      a first lens unit having a positive refractive power,
      a second lens unit having a negative refractive power, and
      a rear-side lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein
      the second lens unit includes a first sub-unit having a negative refractive power and a second sub-unit having a negative refractive power, and
      the rear-side lens unit includes a plurality of lens units, and includes a third lens unit having a positive refractive power which is disposed nearest to object, and
      an aperture stop is disposed on an image side of the second lens unit, and
      a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit changes to become wider at a telephoto end than at a wide angle end, and
      a distance between the second lens unit and the third lens unit changes to become narrower at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end, and
      the first lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and
      the second lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and
      the following conditional expressions (1′) and (3) are satisfied:

          69≤ν d 1G _ max _ p  (1′), and
          50≤ν d 2G _ max _ n  (3)
      where,
      νd 1G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a positive lens in the first lens unit, and
      νd 2G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a negative lens in the second lens unit.
      Moreover, a zoom lens according to still another aspect of the present invention comprises in order from an object side,
      a first lens unit having a positive refractive power,
      a second lens unit having a negative refractive power, and
      a rear-side lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein
      the second lens unit includes a first sub-unit having a negative refractive power and a second sub-unit having a negative refractive power, and
      the rear-side lens unit includes a plurality of lens units, and includes a third lens unit having a positive refractive power which is disposed nearest to object, and
      an aperture stop is disposed on an image side of the second lens unit, and
      a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit changes to become wider at a telephoto end than at a wide angle end, and
      a distance between the second lens unit and the third lens unit changes to become narrower at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end, and
      the first sub-unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and
      the following conditional expressions (2) and (4) are satisfied:

          −0.03≤ Tp 2Ga _ min _ p≤0.0165  (2), and
          2.7≤ f 1 /f 3≤10.0  (4)
          where,
           Tp 2Ga _ min _ p =θgF 2Ga _ p−(−0.0016×ν d 2Ga _ p+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2Ga _ p=( ng 2Ga _ p −nF 2Ga _ p)/( nF 2Ga _ p −nC 2Ga _ p),
      νd 2Ga _ p denotes Abbe number for a predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit,
      ng 2Ga _ p, nF 2Ga _ p, and nC 2Ga _ p are refractive indices of the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit for a g-line, an F-line, and a C-line respectively,
      the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit is a positive lens for which Abbe number is the minimum, from among the positive lenses in the first sub-unit,
      f 1 denotes a focal length of the first lens unit, and
      f 3 denotes a focal length of the third lens unit.
      Moreover, an image pickup apparatus according to the present invention comprises:
      the zoom lens described above, and
      an image pickup element which has an image pickup surface.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

       FIG. 1A, FIG. 1B, and FIG. 1C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 1;
       FIG. 2A, FIG. 2B, and FIG. 2C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 2;
       FIG. 3A, FIG. 3B, and FIG. 3C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 3;
       FIG. 4A, FIG. 4B, and FIG. 4C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 4;
       FIG. 5A, FIG. 5B, and FIG. 5C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 5;
       FIG. 6A, FIG. 6B, and FIG. 6C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 6;
       FIG. 7A, FIG. 7B, and FIG. 7C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 7;
       FIG. 8A, FIG. 8B, and FIG. 8C are lens cross-sectional views of a zoom lens according to an example 8;
       FIG. 9A, FIG. 9B, FIG. 9C, FIG. 9D, FIG. 9E, FIG. 9F, FIG. 9G, FIG. 9H, FIG. 9I, FIG. 9J, FIG. 9K, and FIG. 9L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 1;
       FIG. 10A, FIG. 10B, FIG. 10C, FIG. 10D, FIG. 10E, FIG. 10F, FIG. 10G, FIG. 10H, FIG. 10I, FIG. 10J, FIG. 10K, and FIG. 10L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 2;
       FIG. 11A, FIG. 11B, FIG. 11C, FIG. 11D, FIG. 11E, FIG. 11F, FIG. 11G, FIG. 11H, FIG. 11I, FIG. 11J, FIG. 11K, and FIG. 11L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 3;
       FIG. 12A, FIG. 12B, FIG. 12C, FIG. 12D, FIG. 12E, FIG. 12F, FIG. 12G, FIG. 12H, FIG. 12I, FIG. 12J, FIG. 12K, and FIG. 12L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 4;
       FIG. 13A, FIG. 13B, FIG. 13C, FIG. 13D, FIG. 13E, FIG. 13F, FIG. 13G, FIG. 13H, FIG. 13I, FIG. 13J, FIG. 13K, and FIG. 13L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 5;
       FIG. 14A, FIG. 14B, FIG. 14C, FIG. 14D, FIG. 14E, FIG. 14F, FIG. 14G, FIG. 14H, FIG. 14I, FIG. 14J, FIG. 14K, and FIG. 14L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 6;
       FIG. 15A, FIG. 15B, FIG. 15C, FIG. 15D, FIG. 15E, FIG. 15F, FIG. 15G, FIG. 15H, FIG. 15I, FIG. 15J, FIG. 15K, and FIG. 15L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 7;
       FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, FIG. 16C, FIG. 16D, FIG. 16E, FIG. 16F, FIG. 16G, FIG. 16H, FIG. 16I, FIG. 16J, FIG. 16K, and FIG. 16L are aberration diagrams of the zoom lens according to the example 8;
       FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of an image pickup apparatus;
       FIG. 18 is a front perspective view showing an appearance of the image pickup apparatus;
       FIG. 19 is a rear perspective view of the image pickup apparatus; and
       FIG. 20 is a structural block diagram of an internal circuit of main components of the image pickup apparatus.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

      Prior to the explanation of examples, action and effect of embodiments according to certain aspects of the present invention will be described below. In the explanation of the action and effect of the embodiments concretely, the explanation will be made by citing concrete examples. However, similar to a case of the examples to be described later, aspects exemplified thereof are only some of the aspects included in the present invention, and there exists a large number of variations in these aspects. Consequently, the present invention is not restricted to the aspects that will be exemplified.
      A basic arrangement of a zoom lens according to the present embodiment (hereinafter, referred to as ‘basic arrangement of the present embodiment’) will be described below. In the basic arrangement of the present embodiment, the zoom lens includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit having a negative refractive power, and a rear-side lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein, the second lens unit includes a first sub-unit having a negative refractive power and a second sub-unit having a negative refractive power, and the rear-side lens unit includes a plurality of lens units, and includes a third lens unit having a positive refractive power which is disposed nearest to object, and an aperture stop is disposed on an image side of the second lens unit, and a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit changes to become wider at a telephoto end than at a wide angle end, and a distance between the second lens unit and the third lens unit changes to become narrower at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end.
      It is preferable that the zoom lens have a wide angle of view at a wide angle end, and a high zoom ratio. The wide angle of view is an angle of view for which, a half angle of view is more than 38 degrees, or furthermore, more than 40 degrees. Such a wide angle of view, sometimes, is also called as a super-wide angle of view. Moreover, the high zoom ratio is a zoom ratio of more than six times for example. However, a value of the angle of view and a value of the zoom ratio are not restricted to these values.
      In the basic arrangement of the present embodiment, the rear-side lens unit is disposed on the image side of the second lens unit having a negative refractive power. Here, the third lens unit having a positive refractive power is disposed nearest to object in the rear-side lens unit. Consequently, by the second lens unit having a negative refractive power and the third lens unit having a positive refractive power, it is possible to achieve a zooming effect.
      Furthermore, by changing the distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit such that the distance becomes wider at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end, and by changing the distance between the second lens unit and the third lens unit such that the distance becomes narrower at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end, it is possible to improve a zooming effect. Moreover, since the rear-side lens unit includes a plurality of lens units, it is possible to correct favorably a fluctuation in a spherical aberration and a fluctuation in a curvature of field at the time of zooming.
      For shortening the overall length of the optical system, the optical system is to be arranged to include a telephoto arrangement, and the effect achieved by the telephoto arrangement is to be enhanced. In the zoom lens according to the basic arrangement of the present embodiment, the effect achieved by the telephoto arrangement can be enhanced by the first lens unit and the second lens unit. As a result, shortening of the overall length of the optical system is facilitated near the telephoto end.
      Moreover, by disposing the aperture stop on the image side of the second, a small-sizing of a diameter of the rear-side lens unit is facilitated.
      In such manner, according to the basic arrangement of the present embodiment, it is possible to secure a wide angle of view at the wide angle end, and to shorten the overall length of the optical system and moreover, to achieve a high zoom ratio.
      Zoom lenses according to embodiments from a first embodiment to a fourth embodiment will be described below.
      A zoom lens according to the first embodiment has the abovementioned basic arrangement, and the first lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the first sub-unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the third lens unit includes at least two lens components having a positive refractive power, and the following conditional expressions (1) and (2) are satisfied:

          61≤ν d 1G _ max _ p  (1), and
          −0.03≤ Tp 2Ga _ min _ p≤0.0165  (2)
      where,
      νd 1G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a positive lens in the first lens unit,

           Tp 2Ga _ min _ p =θgF 2Ga _ p−(−0.0016×ν d 2Ga _ p+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2Ga _ p=( ng 2Ga _ p −nF 2Ga _ p)/( nF 2Ga _ p −nC 2Ga _ p),
      νd 2Ga _ p denotes Abbe number for a predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit,
      ng 2Ga _ p, nF 2Ga _ p, and nC 2Ga _ p are refractive indices of the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit for a g-line, an F-line, and a C-line respectively,
      the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit is a positive lens for which Abbe number is the minimum, from among the positive lenses in the first sub-unit, and
      the lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens.
      As described above, it is preferable that the zoom lens have a wide angle of view at the wide angle end, and a high zoom ratio. Particularly, in a zoom lens with a high zoom ratio such as a zoom lens having the zoom ratio of more than six times, mainly, tendency of both an amount of occurrence of the chromatic aberration of magnification at the wide angle end and an amount of occurrence of the longitudinal chromatic aberration at the telephoto end increasing becomes strong. The chromatic aberration that occurs near the telephoto end in the first lens unit is enhanced substantially in a lens unit positioned on the image side of the first lens unit. Therefore, by satisfying conditional expression (1), it is possible to suppress the occurrence of the chromatic aberration.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (1), it is possible to prevent the correction of the chromatic aberration of magnification in the first lens unit from being inadequate. Therefore, it is possible to suppress an increase of occurrence in the longitudinal chromatic aberration near the telephoto end. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance.
      Moreover, by letting both the refractive power of the second lens unit and the refractive power of the third lens unit to be large, it is possible to enhance the zooming effect in the second lens unit. Accordingly, it is possible to make a diameter of the second lens unit small.
      However, in the second lens unit, mainly, a chromatic aberration of magnification may occur near the wide angle end and a longitudinal chromatic aberration may occur near the telephoto end. In the first sub-unit, a height of a marginal ray becomes high at the wide angle end than at the telephoto end. For such reason, for correcting both the chromatic aberration of magnification near the wide angle end and the longitudinal chromatic aberration near the telephoto end in the second lens unit having a negative refractive power, it is preferable to let Abbe number for the positive lens in the first sub-unit to be on a high-dispersion side as much as possible. Letting Abbe number to be on the high-dispersion side refers to making Abbe number small or making the dispersion large.
      However, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large in a state of Abbe number for the positive lens let to be on the high-dispersion side, due to this, the tendency of the secondary spectrum occurring substantially becomes strong. Therefore, for maintaining a state in which the chromatic aberration has been suppressed favorably throughout the entire zoom range, it is effective to use a glass material having a characteristic of being capable of correcting the secondary spectrum for the negative lens in the second lens unit. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (2).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (2), it is possible to correct adequately the secondary spectrum that occurs in the second lens unit. In this case, since it is possible to suppress an increase of occurrence in the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the chromatic aberration of magnification, a favorable imaging performance is achieved. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (2), since it is possible to weaken the tendency of the correction of the secondary spectrum in the second lens unit becoming excessive, it is possible to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the chromatic aberration of magnification in a balanced manner.
      By making the refractive power of the third lens unit large, it is possible to improve the zooming effect in the third lens unit. However, when the refractive power of the third lens unit is made large, the spherical aberration may occur in the third lens unit. Therefore, in the third lens unit, by letting the positive refractive power to be shared by a plurality of lens units having a positive refractive power, it is possible to reduce an amount of the spherical aberration that occurs. The lens unit is preferably a lens component. The lens component is a single lens, a cemented lens, or a compound lens.
      Moreover, it is preferable that the lens components be disposed at positions mutually separated apart. It is possible to correct the spherical aberration favorably by providing an air space between the adjacent lens components.
      A zoom lens according to a second embodiment has the abovementioned basic arrangement, and the first lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the second lens unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expressions (1′) and (3) are satisfied:

          69≤ν d 1G _ max _ p  (1′), and
          50≤ν d 2G _ max _ n  (3)
      where,
      νd 1G _ max _ p denotes the maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a positive lens in the first lens unit, and
      νd 2G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a negative lens in the second lens unit.
      Technical significance of conditional expression (1′) is same as the technical significance of conditional expression (1).
      As described above, for shortening the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the second lens unit large. However, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, mainly, the chromatic aberration of magnification occurs near the wide angle end and the longitudinal chromatic aberration may occur near the telephoto end. For correcting the chromatic aberration of the second lens unit having a negative refractive power, it is preferable to let Abbe number for the positive lens to be used in the second lens unit to be on the high-dispersion side and to let Abbe number for the negative lens to be used in the second lens unit to be on a low-dispersion side. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (3).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (3), it is possible to correct adequately both the chromatic aberration of magnification near the wide angle end and the longitudinal chromatic aberration near the telephoto end. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance.
      A zoom lens according to a third embodiment has the abovementioned basic arrangement, and the first sub-unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expressions (2) and (4) are satisfied:

          −0.03≤ Tp 2Ga _ min _ p≤0.0165  (2), and
          2.7≤ f 1 /f 3≤10.0  (4)
          where,
           Tp 2Ga _ min _ p =θgF 2Ga _ p−(−0.0016×ν d 2Ga _ p+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2Ga _ p=( ng 2Ga _ p −nF 2Ga _ p)/( nF 2Ga _ p −nC 2Ga _ p),
      νd 2Ga _ p denotes Abbe number for a predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit,
      ng 2Ga _ p, nF 2Ga _ p, and nC 2Ga _ p are refractive indices of the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit for a g-line, an F-line, and a C-line respectively,
      the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit is a positive lens for which Abbe number is the minimum, from among the positive lenses in the first sub-unit,
      f 1 denotes a focal length of the first lens unit, and
      f 3 denotes a focal length of the third lens unit.
      Since the technical significance of conditional expression (2) has already been explained, the description thereof is omitted here.
      As mentioned above, in the basic arrangement, mainly the second lens unit and the third lens unit are responsible for the zooming effect, but the first lens unit also contributes to enhancement of the zooming effect. For such reason, for achieving a high zoom ratio and shortening the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the third lens unit large as well as to make the refractive power of the first lens unit large.
      However, when the refractive power of the first lens unit is made large, since a position of an entrance pupil with respect to the first lens unit, moves further toward the image side and away from the first lens unit, a diameter of the first lens unit increases. Therefore, for shortening the overall length of the optical system and making small the diameter of the optical system, it is preferable to balance the refractive power of the first lens unit and the refractive power of the third lens unit while making them larger. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (4).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (4), it becomes easy either to make the diameter of the optical system small or to shorten the overall length of the optical system. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (4), it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system. Or, it becomes easy to secure an appropriate back focus.
      Moreover, in the zoom lenses from the first embodiment to the third embodiment (hereinafter, referred to as ‘zoom lens according to the present embodiment’), it is preferable that the rear-side lens unit include a fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power, and the third lens unit and the fourth lens unit move such that the fourth lens unit be positioned on the object side at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to improve the zooming effect in the fourth lens unit. As a result, it is possible to make the zooming ratio high easily.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the rear-side lens unit include a fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power and a fifth lens unit having a positive refractive power, and the third lens unit and the fourth lens unit move such that the fourth lens unit be positioned on the object side at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to improve the zooming effect in the fourth lens unit. As a result, it is possible to make the zooming ratio high easily.
      In the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that a diameter of the first lens unit becomes the largest in the lens units. Therefore, the fifth lens unit is to be disposed on the image side of the fourth lens unit. By making such arrangement, it is possible to form a magnifying optical system with the fourth lens unit and the fifth lens unit. Therefore, it is possible to make a lens diameter in the first lens unit small.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first lens unit include at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (1) is satisfied:

          61≤ν d 1G _ max _ p  (1)
      where,
      νd 1G _ max _ p, denotes the maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a positive lens in the first lens unit.
      Since conditional expression (1) has already been explained, the description thereof is omitted here.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the second lens unit include at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (3) is satisfied:

          50≤ν d 2G _ max _ n  (3)
      where,
      νd 2G _ max _ p denotes the maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for a negative lens in the second lens unit.
      Since conditional expression (3) has already been explained, the description thereof is omitted here.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first sub-unit include at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (5) be satisfied:

          15≤ν d G2a _ min _ p≤32  (5)
      where,
      νd G2a _ min _ p denotes a minimum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the positive lenses in the first sub-unit.
      By making the negative refractive power of the second lens unit large, it is possible to make the zoom ratio high. Moreover, due to this, since it is possible to shorten the overall length of the optical system and to make a diameter of the second lens unit small, it is possible to make the optical system small-sized.
      However, in the second lens unit, mainly, the chromatic aberration of magnification may occur near the wide angle end and the longitudinal chromatic aberration may occur near the telephoto end. In the first sub-unit, the height of a marginal ray becomes high at the wide angle end than at the telephoto end. For such reason, for correcting these chromatic aberrations at the wide angle end and the telephoto end respectively, it is preferable to let Abbe number for the positive lens in the first sub-unit to be on the high-dispersion side as much as possible. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (5).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (5), it is possible to suppress the correction of chromatic aberration from being excessive. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (5), it is possible to prevent the correction of the chromatic aberration from being inadequate. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (6) be satisfied:

          70.5≤ν d 3G _ max _ p  (6)
      where,
      νd 3G _ max _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the positive lenses in the third lens unit.
      Moreover, for shortening the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the third lens unit large. However, when the refractive power of the third lens unit is made large, mainly, the longitudinal chromatic aberration may occur near the telephoto end. For correcting the chromatic aberration of the third lens unit having a positive refractive power, it is preferable to let Abbe number for the positive lens to be used in the third lens unit to be on the low-dispersion side and to let Abbe number for the negative lens to be used in the third lens unit to be on the high-dispersion side. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (6).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (6), it is possible to correct adequately the longitudinal chromatic aberration near the telephoto end. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance. Or, since the refractive power of the third lens unit does not become excessively small, it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system.
      In the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first sub-unit includes at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (7) is satisfied:

          1.76≤ nd 2G _ max _ p≤2.3  (7)
      where,
      nd 2G _ max _ p denotes a maximum refractive index from among refractive indices of the positive lenses in the first sub-unit.
      By making the negative refractive power of the second lens unit large, it is possible to make the zoom ratio high. Moreover, due to this, it is possible to make a diameter of the second lens unit small.
      However, in the second lens unit, mainly, an astigmatism may occur near the wide angle end and a spherical aberration may occur near the telephoto end. In the first sub-unit, a height of a marginal ray becomes high at the wide angle end than at the telephoto end.
      Consequently, when the negative refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, both, an amount of astigmatism that occurs near the wide angle end and an amount of the spherical aberration that occurs near the telephoto end, increase. For correcting both of the astigmatism near the wide angle end and the spherical aberration near the telephoto end, it is desirable to make both a refractive index of the positive lens in the first sub-unit and a refractive index of the negative lens in the first sub-unit high. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (7).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (7), it is possible to suppress both an increase in fluctuation of the curvature of field and an increase in fluctuation of the spherical aberration. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (7), since it is possible to weaken a tendency of Petzval surface to be inclined toward plus, it is possible to suppress an increase in the curvature of field.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (8) be satisfied:

          1.05≤|Φ maxt /f 2|≤3.0  (8)
      where,
      Φ maxt denotes a maximum diameter of an entrance pupil at a telephoto end, and is expressed by Φ maxt=f t/Fno t, here
      f t denotes a focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end, and
      Fno t denotes a smallest F-number at the telephoto end, and
      f 2 denotes a focal length of the second lens unit.
      As mentioned above, for small-sizing of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the second lens unit large. However, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, mainly amounts of occurrence of the spherical aberration, the curvature of field, the chromatic aberration of magnification, and the longitudinal chromatic aberration become large. Therefore, for suppressing the occurrence of these aberrations and making the F-number small, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (8). By satisfying conditional expression (8), it is possible to realize an optical system with a small F-number.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (8), it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (8), it is possible to suppress an increase of aberrations in the second lens unit, or in other words, mainly an increase in an amounts of occurrence of the spherical aberration, the curvature of field, the chromatic aberration of magnification, and the longitudinal chromatic aberration. In this case, since it is not necessary to increase the number of lenses for aberration correction in the second lens unit, small-sizing of the optical system is facilitated.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (4) is satisfied:

          2.7≤ f 1 /f 3≤10.0  (4)
      where,
      f 1 denotes the focal length of the first lens unit, and
      f 3 denotes the focal length of the third lens unit.
      Since conditional expression (4) has already been explained, the description thereof is omitted here.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (9) be satisfied:

          0.3≤| f 2 /f 3|≤0.89  (9)
      where,
      f 2 denotes the focal length of the second lens unit, and
      f 3 denotes the focal length of the third lens unit.
      Moreover, as described above, for achieving a high zoom ratio and shortening the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make both the refractive power of the second lens unit and the refractive power of the third lens unit large. However, when the negative refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, a refraction effect with respect to a light ray on an incidence-side surface of the second lens unit is enhanced. Therefore, a diameter of the first lens unit tends to increase.
      For shortening the overall length of the optical system and making small a diameter of the optical system, it is preferable to balance the refractive power of the second lens unit and the refractive power of the third lens unit while making both larger. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (9).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (9), it becomes easy either to make the diameter of the optical system small or to shorten the overall length of the optical system. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (9), it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system. Or, it becomes easy to secure an appropriate back focus.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the second lens unit include a negative lens having a concave surface directed toward an image side, which is positioned nearest to object, and in the negative lens which is positioned nearest to object, an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an image-side surface be smaller as compared to an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an object-side surface, and the following conditional expression (10) be satisfied:

          1.78≤ nd 2G _ n1≤2.3  (10)
      where,
      nd 2G _ n1 denotes a refractive index of the negative lens nearest to object in the second lens unit.
      For making the F-number small as well as for facilitating high zooming ratio and shortening of the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the second lens unit large. However, a change in a light-ray height at the time of zooming becomes large at a position nearest to object of the second lens unit. When the change in the light-ray height is large, a change in an angle of refraction of a light ray at a lens nearest to object becomes large. For this reason, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, due to this, mainly a fluctuation in the curvature of field at the time of zooming becomes large.
      Therefore, it is preferable to dispose the negative lens having a concave surface directed toward the image side, nearest to object in the second lens unit. Moreover, the absolute value of the radius of curvature of the image-side surface of the negative lens is let to be smaller as compared to the absolute value of the radius of curvature of the object-side surface. By making such arrangement, it is possible to ease the large change in the angle of refraction of a light ray at a lens surface at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to make small a fluctuation in the curvature of field at the time of zooming.
      Moreover, by satisfying conditional expression (10), it is possible to further reduce the fluctuation in the curvature of field at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to make the F-number small throughout the entire zoom range as well as to achieve high zooming ratio, while maintaining a favorable imaging performance. The small F-number refers to an F-number of 5.0 or less for example, and the high zoom ratio refers to a zoom ratio of more than six times for example.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (10), it is possible to achieve adequately an effect of correction of the curvature of field. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (10), it is possible to reduce the tendency of an overall image plane from being inclined toward a minus side. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the second lens unit include a negative lens having a concave surface directed toward the image side, which is disposed nearest to object, and in the negative lens which is disposed nearest to object, an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an image-side surface be smaller as compared to an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an object-side surface, and the following conditional expression (11) is satisfied:

          1.78≤ nd 2G _ max _ n≤2.3  (11)
      where,
      nd 2G _ max _ n denotes a maximum refractive index from among refractive indices of the negative lens in the second lens unit.
      Technical significance of conditional expression (11) is same as the technical significance of conditional expression (10).
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (12) be satisfied:

          −0.005≤ Tp 2G _ max _ n≤0.06  (12)
      where,

           Tp 2G _ max _ n =θgF 2G _ n−(−0.0016×ν d 2G _ n+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2G _ n=( ng 2G _ n −nF 2G _ n)/( nF 2G _ n −nC 2G _ n),
      νd 2G _ n denotes Abbe number for a predetermined negative lens in the second lens unit, and
      ng 2G _ n, nF 2G _ n, and nC 2G _ n denote refractive indices of the predetermined negative lens in the second lens unit, for a g-line, for an F-line, and for a C-line respectively, here
      the predetermined negative lens in the second lens unit is a lens for which Abbe number is the largest, from among the negative lenses in the second lens unit.
      In the second lens unit, mainly, the chromatic aberration of magnification may occur near the wide angle end and the longitudinal chromatic aberration may occur near the telephoto end. For suppressing the chromatic aberration of the second lens unit having a negative refractive power, it is preferable to let Abbe number for the positive lens to be used in the second lens unit to be on the high-dispersion side as much as possible.
      However, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large in a state of Abbe number for the positive lens let to be on the high-dispersion side, due to this, the tendency of the secondary spectrum occurring substantially becomes strong. Therefore, for maintaining a state in which the chromatic aberration has been suppressed favorably throughout the entire zoom range, it is effective to use a glass material having a characteristic of being capable of correcting the secondary spectrum for the negative lens in the second lens unit. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (12).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (12), it is possible to correct adequately the secondary spectrum that occurs in the second lens unit. In this case, since it is possible to suppress an increase of occurrence in the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the chromatic aberration of magnification, a favorable imaging performance is achieved. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (12), since it is possible to weaken the tendency of the correction of the secondary spectrum in the second lens unit becoming excessive, it is possible to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the chromatic aberration of magnification in a balanced manner.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that at the time of zooming, a distance between the first sub-unit and the second sub-unit change.
      In order to improve the zoom ratio, it is necessary to make the refractive power of the second lens unit large. However, when the refractive power of the second lens unit is made large, a tendency of a change in the curvature of field at the time of zooming increasing becomes strong. Therefore, the second lens unit is let to include the first sub-unit and the second sub-unit, and the distance between the first sub-unit and the second sub-unit is let to be variable. By making such arrangement, it becomes easy to carry out high zooming ratio while suppressing an increase in the fluctuation of the curvature of field at the time of zooming.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include a lens for image stabilization, and the lens for image stabilization be positioned on the image side of the aperture stop, and image stabilization is carried out by shifting the lens for image stabilization in a direction perpendicular to an optical axis.
      For carrying out the image stabilization, an actuator for driving an image stabilization unit becomes necessary. Moreover, for carrying out focusing, an actuator for driving a focusing unit becomes necessary.
      In the aperture stop, it is preferable to have a large area of a light-shielding portion other than an aperture portion, for preventing light leakage. Consequently, a space of a certain width is developed around the aperture stop.
      Therefore, a lens positioned on the image side of the aperture stop from among the lenses in the third lens unit is let to be a lens for image stabilization. By making such arrangement, the actuator for image stabilization is to be provided near the aperture stop.
      Moreover, the second sub-unit is positioned near the aperture stop. Therefore, when the second sub-unit is let to be the focusing lens unit, the actuator for focusing is to be provided near the aperture stop.
      As a result, since the two actuators are to be disposed near the aperture stop, it is possible to secure efficiently a space for disposing the actuators. Moreover, it is possible to minimize the space for disposing the actuators.
      Moreover, since a light-beam diameter is small near the aperture stop, a lens diameter also becomes small. In this case, since the lens for image stabilization also becomes small-sized, it is possible to make the image stabilization unit small-sized. In such manner, by carrying out the image stabilization by the lens in the third lens unit, small-sizing and light-weighting of the image stabilization unit is facilitated.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the rear-side lens unit includes the fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power, and fourth lens unit include a lens for image stabilization, and the lens for image stabilization be positioned on the image side of the aperture stop, and image stabilization is carried out by shifting the lens for image stabilization in a direction perpendicular to an optical axis.
      For carrying out the image stabilization, an actuator for driving an image stabilization unit becomes necessary. Moreover, for carrying out focusing, an actuator for driving a focusing unit becomes necessary.
      In the aperture stop, it is preferable to have a large area of a light-shielding portion other than an aperture portion, for preventing light leakage. Consequently, a space of a certain width is developed around the aperture stop.
      Therefore, a lens positioned on the image side of the aperture stop from among the lenses in the fourth lens unit is let to be a lens for image stabilization. By making such arrangement, the actuator for image stabilization is to be provided near the aperture stop.
      Moreover, the second sub-unit is positioned near the aperture stop. Therefore, when the second sub-unit is let to be the focusing lens unit, the actuator for focusing is to be provided near the aperture stop.
      As a result, since the two actuators are to be disposed near the aperture stop, it is possible to secure efficiently a space for disposing the actuators. Moreover, it is possible to minimize the space for disposing the actuators.
      Moreover, since a light-beam diameter is small near the aperture stop, a lens diameter also becomes small. In this case, since the lens for image stabilization also becomes small-sized, it is possible to make the image stabilization unit small-sized. In such manner, by carrying out the image stabilization by the lens in the fourth lens unit, small-sizing and light-weighting of the image stabilization unit is facilitated.
      Moreover, the light-beam diameter becomes small immediately after the third lens unit having a large positive refractive power. Therefore, it is possible to make the fourth lens unit small-sized. By carrying out the image stabilization by a lens in the fourth lens unit having a diameter subjected to small-sizing, small-sizing and light-weighting of the image stabilization unit is facilitated.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the rear-side lens unit include a fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power on the image side of the aperture stop, and to carry out focusing by the fourth lens unit.
      The fourth lens unit is disposed immediately after the third lens unit having a large refractive power, and is a lens unit having a negative refractive power. Therefore, it is easily possible to make the diameter of the lens unit small and to make the lens unit light-weight, as well as to improve magnification of the fourth lens unit.
      Moreover, the focusing may be carried out by moving the fourth lens unit together with the second sub-unit. By making such arrangement, it is possible to realize focusing with a favorable imaging performance at the time of capturing an object positioned at a close distance, while having a small diameter and light weight.
      Moreover, when the second sub-unit and the fourth lens unit are let to be focusing units, an actuator for driving these two lens units become necessary. As mentioned above, in the aperture stop, it is preferable to have a large area of a light-shielding portion other than an aperture portion, for preventing light leakage. Consequently, a space of a certain width is developed around the aperture stop.
      The second sub-unit and the fourth lens unit are positioned near the aperture stop. As a result, since the two actuators are to be disposed near the aperture stop, it is possible to secure efficiently a space for disposing the actuators. Moreover, it is possible to minimize the space for disposing the actuators.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first lens unit include at least one negative lens and two positive lenses.
      When the F-number is made small as well as high zooming ratio and shortening of the overall length of the optical system are facilitated, the diameter of the first lens unit becomes large, and also the refractive power of the first lens unit becomes large. When the diameter of the first lens unit becomes large and the refractive power of the first lens unit becomes large, in the first lens unit, mainly the spherical aberration occurs near the telephoto end. Therefore, even when the diameter of the first lens unit becomes large and the refractive power of the first lens unit becomes large, it is preferable to maintain a state in which the spherical aberration is corrected favorably.
      For this, in the first lens unit, it is preferable to let the positive refractive power to be shared by at least two positive lenses. It is preferable that the number of positive lenses which are let to share the positive refractive power be two.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first sub-unit include in order from the object side to the image side, a negative lens having a concave surface directed toward the image side, a negative lens, and a positive lens having a convex surface directed toward the image side, and in the negative lens having the concave surface directed toward the image side, an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an image-side surface be smaller as compared to an absolute value of a radius of curvature of an object-side surface.
      For making the F-number small as well as for facilitating high zooming ratio and shortening of the overall length of the optical system, it is preferable to make the refractive power of the second lens unit large. However, an increase in the refractive power of the second lens unit may cause an aberration fluctuation in the second lens unit at the time of zooming. Specifically, from the wide angle end to the telephoto end, mainly the curvature of field and the spherical aberration may fluctuate.
      Therefore, by making the abovementioned arrangement for the first sub-unit, it is possible to prevent an angle of refraction of a light ray at a lens surface from changing largely at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to maintain a state in which both the curvature of field and the spherical aberration are corrected favorably throughout the entire zoom range.
      In such manner, according to the zoom lens of the present embodiment, it is possible to make the F-number small throughout the entire zoom range as well as to carry out high zooming ratio, while maintaining a favorable imaging performance. The small F-number refers to an F-number of 5.0 or less for example, and the high zoom ratio refers to a zoom ratio of more than six times for example.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the rear-side lens unit include a fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power, the fourth lens unit includes a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (13) be satisfied:

          6.0≤ν d 4G _ max _ n −νd 4G _ min _ p≤45  (13)
      where,
      νd 4G _ max _ n denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the negative lenses in the fourth lens unit, and
      νd 4G _ min _ p denotes a minimum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the positive lenses in the fourth lens unit.
      Moreover, in the fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power, by a combination with the fifth lens unit having a positive refractive power, it is possible to enhance an effect of correcting mainly the curvature of field. Accordingly, it is possible to secure a favorable imaging performance throughout the entire zoom range.
      Whereas, by an imaging magnification of the fourth lens unit becoming high, mainly, amounts of occurrence of the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the spherical aberration may become large. For securing a favorable imaging performance throughout the entire zoom range, it is preferable to correct these aberrations. For this, it is preferable to satisfy conditional expression (13).
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (13), it is possible to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration adequately. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (13), it becomes easy to correct both the chromatic aberration and the spherical aberration. As a result, it is possible to achieve a favorable imaging performance.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include a positive lens for image stabilization, and correction of an image shift due to camera shake be carried out by shifting the positive lens for image stabilization in a direction perpendicular to an optical axis.
      Since the third lens unit is positioned nearest to an aperture stop, a diameter of a light beam passing through the third lens unit is small. Therefore, it is possible to make a lens of the third lens unit small-sized. For this, a lens in the third lens unit is used as a lens for image stabilization. By making such arrangement, it is possible to form an image stabilizing unit having a small diameter and light weight.
      It is preferable that the lens for image stabilization include one lens. However, the lens for image stabilization may include a plurality of lenses. A single lens or a cemented lens can be used for the lens for image stabilization.
      Moreover, it is preferable that the refractive power of the lens for image stabilization be made a positive refractive power. By making such arrangement, it is possible to make large the positive refractive power of the third lens unit efficiently. Moreover, it is possible to realize a high-speed of image stabilization.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include a negative lens for image stabilization, and the following conditional expression (14) be satisfied:

          17≤ν d G3 _ IS _ p −νd G3 _ IS _ n≤65  (14)
      where,
      νd G3 _ IS _ p denotes a maximum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the positive lens for image stabilization, and
      νd G3 _ IS _ n denotes a minimum Abbe number from among Abbe numbers for the negative lens for image stabilization.
      By satisfying conditional expression (14), it is possible reduce an occurrence of the chromatic aberration in a state in which the image stabilization is carried out. As a result, a favorable imaging performance is achieved even in the state in which the image stabilization is being carried out.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first lens unit move to be positioned on the object side at the telephoto end than at the wide angle end.
      When the first lens unit is moved in such manner, the first lens unit, at the telephoto end, is drawn out toward the object side, than at the wide angle end. Therefore, it is possible to improve zooming effect by the first lens unit and the second lens unit. As a result, it becomes easy to achieve high zooming ratio.
      Moreover, by the first lens unit being positioned on the object side at the telephoto end, than at the wide angle end, a wide space is formed on the image side of the first lens unit. Therefore, it becomes easy to secure a space for moving lens units between the wide angle end and the telephoto end. As a result, it is possible to shorten the overall length of the optical system near the wide angle end.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that an aperture stop be disposed between the second lens unit and the third lens unit.
      By making such arrangement, it becomes easy to make small the diameter of the first lens unit and the diameter of the second lens unit.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first sub-unit include at least a negative lens and a positive lens, and the following conditional expression (2) be satisfied:

          −0.03≤ Tp 2Ga _ min _ p≤0.0165  (2)
          where,
           Tp 2Ga _ min _ p =θgF 2Ga _ p−(−0.0016×ν d 2Ga _ p+0.6415), here
          θ gF 2Ga _ p=( ng 2Ga _ p −nF 2Ga _ p)/( nF 2Ga _ p −nC 2Ga _ p),
      νd 2Ga _ p denotes Abbe number for a predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit,
      ng 2Ga _ p, nF 2Ga _ p, and nC 2Ga _ p are refractive indices of the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit for a g-line, an F-line, and a C-line respectively, and
      the predetermined positive lens in the first sub-unit is a positive lens for which Abbe number is the minimum, from among the positive lenses in the first sub-unit.
      Since conditional expression (2) has already been explained, the description thereof is omitted here.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit includes at least two lens units having a positive refractive power.
      By making the refractive power of the third lens unit large, it is possible to improve the zooming effect in the third lens unit. However, when the refractive power of the third lens unit is made large, the spherical aberration occurs in the third lens unit. Therefore, in the third lens unit, by letting the positive refractive power to be shared by a plurality of lens units having a positive refractive power, it is possible to reduce an amount of the spherical aberration that occurs.
      Moreover, it is preferable that the lens units be disposed at positions mutually separated apart. It is possible to correct the spherical aberration favorably by providing an air space between the adjacent lens units.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (15) be satisfied:

          −2.5≤ f t/exp t≤0.3  (15)
      where,
      f t denotes the focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end, and
      exp t denotes a distance from a paraxial image forming surface up to an exit pupil of the zoom lens at the telephoto end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (15), it is possible to suppress an increase in a positive distortion near the telephoto end. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (15), it is possible to suppress an increase in a diameter of a lens in the rearmost lens unit. As a result, small-sizing of the optical system becomes easy.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the focusing be carry out by the second sub-unit.
      In the aperture stop, it is preferable to have a large area of a light-shielding portion other than an aperture portion, for preventing light leakage. Consequently, a space of a certain width is developed around the aperture stop. Here, the second sub-unit is positioned near the aperture stop. Therefore, when the second sub-unit is let to be the focusing lens unit, the actuator for focusing is to be provided near the aperture stop.
      As a result, since the two actuators are to be disposed near the aperture stop, it is possible to secure efficiently a space for disposing the actuators. Moreover, it is possible to minimize the space for disposing the actuators.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable to carry out focusing by moving the second sub-unit in an optical axial direction at the time of focusing to a near object.
      Since the second sub-unit is positioned near the aperture stop, a diameter of a lens is small. Therefore, by letting the second sub-unit to be the focusing lens unit, it is possible to make a diameter of the focusing lens unit small. In this case, since it is possible to make the focusing unit light-weight, a high-speed autofocusing becomes possible. Accordingly, in a zoom lens having a wide angle of view at the wide angle end and a high zoom ratio, a favorable imaging performance is secured while being small-sized, and furthermore, autofocusing at a high speed is possible.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (16) is satisfied:

          1.4≤ LTL t /f t≤2  (16)
      where,
      LTL t denotes a total length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end, and
      f t denotes the focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (16), it is possible to achieve an adequate space for a movement of each lens unit at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to achieve a high zoom ratio such as a zoom ratio of more than six times. Moreover, since it is not necessary to make the refractive power of each lens unit large forcedly, it is possible to suppress deterioration of an aberration.
      By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (16), it is possible to suppress an increase in the diameter of the first lens unit at the telephoto end. As a result, it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system and to small-size the diameter of the optical system. Moreover, since it is possible to suppress an increase in an amount of movement of the first lens unit as well as to suppress an increase in the number of frames of the lens units which move, it becomes easy to make the diameter of the optical system small.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (17) be satisfied:

          1≤ LTL w /f t≤1.5  (17)
      where,
      LTL w denotes a total length of the overall zoom lens system at the wide angle end, and
      f t denotes the focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (17), it is possible to achieve an adequate space for a movement of each lens unit at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to achieve a high zoom ratio such as a zoom ratio of more than six times. Moreover, since it is possible to suppress an increase in the amount of movement of the first lens unit as well as to suppress an increase in the number of frames of the lens units which move, it becomes easy to make the diameter of the optical system small. Moreover, since it is not necessary to make the refractive power of each lens unit large forcedly, it is possible to suppress deterioration of an aberration.
      By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (17), it is possible to suppress an increase in the diameter of the first lens unit at the wide angle end or to suppress an increase in the diameter of the second lens unit. As a result, it becomes easy to make the diameter of the optical system small.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (18) be satisfied:

          0.8≤ f 1 /f t≤1.2  (18)
      where,
      f 1 denotes the focal length of the first lens unit, and
      f t denotes the focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (18), the refractive power of the first lens unit does not become excessively large. As a result, it becomes easy to make the diameter of the first lens unit small. Moreover, since the refractive power of the first lens unit does not become excessively large, it is possible to suppress an occurrence of the chromatic aberration. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (18), the refractive power of the first lens unit does not become excessively small. Consequently, it becomes easy to shorten the overall length of the optical system.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (19) be satisfied:

          4<| f 1 /f 2|<10  (19)
      where,
      f 1 denotes the focal length of the first lens unit, and
      f 2 denotes the focal length of the second lens unit.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (19), it is possible suppress mainly an increase in the spherical aberration in the first lens unit. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (19), it is possible to suppress mainly an increase in the curvature of field in the second lens unit. As a result, a favorable imaging performance is achieved.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (20) be satisfied:

          0.1< f 2Ga /f 2Gb<1  (20)
      where,
      f 2Ga denotes a focal length of the first sub-unit, and
      f 2Gb denotes a focal length of the second sub-unit.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that rear-side lens unit include the fourth lens unit, and the following conditional expression (21) be satisfied:

          0.5<| f 3 /f 4|<1.1  (21)
      where,
      f 3 denotes the focal length of the third lens unit, and
      f 4 denotes a focal length of the fourth lens unit.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (21), it is possible to suppress mainly an increase in the spherical aberration and an increase in the coma in the third lens unit. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (21), it is possible to suppress mainly an increase in the spherical aberration and an increase in the coma in the fourth lens unit. As a result, it becomes easy to secure adequately an imaging performance near the telephoto end.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that rear-side lens unit include the fourth lens unit and a fifth lens unit, and the following conditional expression (22) be satisfied:

          0.3<| f 4 /f 5|<0.8  (22)
      where,
      f 4 denotes the focal length of the fourth lens unit, and
      f 5 denotes a focal length of the fifth lens unit.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (22), it is possible to suppress an increase in a negative distortion in the fifth lens unit. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (22), it is possible to suppress an increase in a height of a light ray on the image side of the fourth lens unit. As a result, it becomes easy to make the diameter of the optical system small.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (23) be satisfied:

          4.9< f t /f w<10  (23)
      where,
      f t denotes the focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the telephoto end, and
      f w denotes a focal length of the overall zoom lens system at the wide angle end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (23), it is possible to prevent the zoom ratio from being lowered. Accordingly, it is possible to improve merchantability of the optical system and an image pickup apparatus. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (23), small-sizing of the optical system becomes easy.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the following conditional expression (24) be satisfied:

          3< Fno t<5.7  (24)
      where,
      Fno t denotes the smallest F-number at the telephoto end.
      By making so as not to fall below a lower limit value of conditional expression (24), it is possible to suppress an increase in the spherical aberration, the coma, and the curvature of field as well as to prevent an increase in diameter of each lens unit. Accordingly, since it becomes easy to make the diameter of the optical system small, it becomes easy to secure adequately mobility of the optical system and the image pickup apparatus. By making so as not to exceed an upper limit value of conditional expression (24), since it is possible to prevent reduction in a shutter speed even while capturing a dark scene at night etc., it is possible to prevent occurrence of a camera shake and motion blur. Moreover, since an adequate amount of light is achieved, a quality of an image captured is not degraded.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first lens unit include in order from the object side to the image side, a cemented lens including a positive lens and a negative lens, and a positive lens.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to carry out favorably both the correction of the chromatic aberration and correction of the spherical aberration. As a result, a favorable imaging performance is achieved. Moreover, by cementing two lenses, since an error at the time of mounting the lenses on frame members decreases, a stable imaging performance is achieved.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that a lens nearest to object in the first lens unit be a negative meniscus lens having a convex surface directed toward the object side.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to prevent large bending of a marginal light ray passing through the first lens unit, and particularly, large bending of a marginal light ray near the wide angle end. As a result, it is possible to correct the astigmatism favorably.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that a lens nearest to image in the first lens unit be a positive meniscus lens having a convex surface directed toward the object side.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to prevent large bending of a marginal light ray passing through the first lens unit, and particularly, large bending of a marginal light ray near the wide angle end. As a result, it is possible to correct the astigmatism favorably.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the first sub-unit include in order from the object side to the image side, a negative meniscus lens of which an image-side surface is a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens, and a biconvex positive lens.
      As mentioned above, a change in a light-ray height at the time of zooming becomes substantial at a position nearest to object in the first sub-unit. When the change in the light-ray height is substantial, a change in an angle of refraction at a lens nearest to object also becomes large. Therefore, the negative meniscus lens having the convex surface directed toward the object side is disposed nearest to object in the first sub-unit. By making such arrangement, it is possible to ease the large change in the angle of refraction of a light ray at a lens surface at the time of zooming. As a result, it is possible to reduce the fluctuation in the curvature of field at the time of zooming.
      Moreover, by disposing the biconcave negative lens on the image side of the negative lens nearest to object, it is possible to make large the negative refractive power of the second lens unit as a whole.
      Moreover, the biconvex positive lens is disposed on the image side of the biconcave negative lens. The spherical aberration and the curvature of field are susceptible to occur in the two negative lenses positioned on the object side of the biconcave negative lens. Therefore, in this biconcave negative lens, it is possible to correct favorably the spherical aberration and the curvature of field which occur in the two negative lenses. Moreover, it is possible to correct the chromatic aberration favorably.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the second sub-unit include a negative lens of which an image-side surface be a concave surface directed toward the image side, and which is disposed nearest to object.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the second sub-unit include a negative lens of which an object-side surface be a concave surface directed toward the object side, and which is disposed nearest to object.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to correct favorably the astigmatism occurred in the first sub-unit.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include in order from the object side to the image side, a biconvex positive lens and a biconvex positive lens.
      By letting the positive refractive power of the third lens unit to be shared by a plurality of positive lenses, it is possible to make the refractive power of the third lens unit large, as well as to improve an effect of correction of a chromatic aberration. Accordingly, even by making the refractive power of the third lens unit large, it is possible to reduce an amount of occurrence of the spherical aberration and coma. As a result, a favorable imaging performance is achieved throughout the entire zoom range.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the third lens unit include a biconvex positive lens which is disposed nearest to object.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to make the refractive power of the third lens unit large as well as to reduce the amount of occurrence of the spherical aberration and the coma aberration.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the fourth lens unit include a negative lens of which an image-side surface is a concave surface directed toward the image side and a positive meniscus lens having a convex surface directed toward the object side.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the fifth lens unit include a biconvex positive lens.
      Moreover, in the zoom lens according to the present embodiment, it is preferable that the fifth lens unit be fixed at the time of zooming.
      The fifth lens unit is positioned nearest to image. Therefore, by letting the fifth lens unit to be fixed, it is possible to prevent an entry of dust and moisture into the optical system. In other words, it is possible to improve a dust-proofing effect and a water-proofing effect easily. Moreover, since a sound of movement generated at an interior of a lens barrel is not susceptible to be leaked to outside, it is possible to improve a silencing effect.
      Moreover, an image pickup apparatus according to the present embodiment includes one of the zoom lenses described above, and an image pickup element which has an image pickup surface.
      By making such arrangement, it is possible to provide an image pickup apparatus for which an angle of view at a wide angle end and a range of angle of view that can be captured are wide, and in which an image with lesser noise can be achieved.
      For each conditional expression, it is preferable to restrict either or both of a lower limit value and an upper limit value, as it enables that function more assuredly. Moreover, for each conditional expression, only an upper limit value or a lower limit value of a numerical range of a further restricted conditional expression may be restricted. Moreover, for restricting the numerical range of a conditional expression, an upper limit value or a lower limit value of any of the conditional expressions may be let to be an upper limit value or a lower limit value of another conditional expression described above.
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (1) are as follows.
lower limit value: 64, 68, 69, 70.5, 71, 74, 80
upper limit value: 98, 94, 90, 86
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (2) are as follows.
lower limit value: −0.020, −0.015, −0.0098, −0.005, 0, 0.0003
upper limit value: 0.016, 0.015, 0.0155, 0.015, 0.014, 0.013
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (3) are as follows.
lower limit value: 55, 56, 58, 60, 62, 69, 70.5, 74, 80
upper limit value: 98, 94, 90, 86
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (4) are as follows.
lower limit value: 3.0, 3.2, 3.3, 3.7, 4.3
upper limit value: 8.8, 7.5, 6.3, 6.0, 5.8
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (5) are as follows.
lower limit value: 16, 17, 20, 22
upper limit value: 30, 29, 27
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (6) are as follows.
lower limit value: 72, 73, 74, 80
upper limit value: 94, 90, 86
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (7) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.77, 1.78, 1.79, 1.84
upper limit value: 2.2, 2.1, 2.0
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (8) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.2, 1.3, 1.5
upper limit value: 2.8, 2.6, 2.5, 2.3
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (9) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.37, 0.40, 0.44, 0.45, 0.50
upper limit value: 0.85, 0.84, 0.80, 0.75
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (10) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.79, 1.8
upper limit value: 2.2, 2.1, 2.0
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (11) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.79, 1.8, 1.85
upper limit value: 2.2, 2.1, 2.0
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (12) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.002, 0.006, 0.0061, 0.01, 0.0117
upper limit value: 0.055, 0.0520, 0.05, 0.0439, 0.0359
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (13) are as follows.
lower limit value: 8, 10, 12, 13, 17
upper limit value: 43, 40, 36, 31
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (14) are as follows.
lower limit value: 20, 25, 32, 40
upper limit value: 63, 60, 58
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (15) are as follows.
lower limit value: −2.0, −1.7, −1.5, −1.1, −0.7
upper limit value: 0.2, 0.1, 0
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (16) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.45, 1.51, 1.56
upper limit value: 1.96, 1.93, 1.89
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (17) are as follows.
lower limit value: 1.04, 1.08, 1.12
upper limit value: 1.46, 1.43, 1.39
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (18) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.85, 0.90, 0.96
upper limit value: 1.17, 1.13, 1.10
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (19) are as follows.
lower limit value: 4.7, 5.5, 6.2
upper limit value: 9.7, 9.4, 9.0
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (20) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.13, 0.16, 0.19
upper limit value: 0.97, 0.94, 0.91
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (21) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.55, 0.61, 0.66
upper limit value: 1.06, 1.02, 0.98
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (22) are as follows.
lower limit value: 0.36, 0.42, 0.48
upper limit value: 0.76, 0.71, 0.67
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (23) are as follows.
lower limit value: 5.7, 6.4, 7.2
upper limit value: 9.6, 9.1, 8.7
      Preferable lower limit value and upper limit value for conditional expression (24) are as follows.
lower limit value: 3.3, 3.5, 3.8
upper limit value: 5.3, 4.9, 4.5
      Examples of zoom lenses according to certain aspects will be described below by referring to the accompanying diagrams. However, the present invention is not restricted to the examples described below. As to whether the refractive power is positive or negative depends on a paraxial radius of curvature.
      Lens cross-sectional views of each example will be described below. Each lens cross-sectional view is a lens cross-sectional view at the time of focusing to an object at infinity.
       FIG. 1A, FIG. 2A, FIG. 3A, FIG. 4A, FIG. 5A, FIG. 6A, FIG. 7A, and FIG. 8A are lens cross-sectional views at a wide angle end.
       FIG. 1B, FIG. 2B, FIG. 3B, FIG. 4B, FIG. 5B, FIG. 6B, FIG. 7B, and FIG. 8B are lens cross-sectional views in an intermediate focal length state.
       FIG. 1C, FIG. 2C, FIG. 3C, FIG. 4C, FIG. 5C, FIG. 6C, FIG. 7C, and FIG. 8C are lens cross-sectional views at a telephoto end.
      Examples 1 to 8 of a zoom lens will be described below.
      Moreover, a first lens unit is denotes by G1, a second lens unit is denoted by G2, a third lens unit is denoted by G3, a fourth lens unit is denoted by G4, a fifth lens unit is denoted by G5, an aperture stop is denoted by S, and an image plane (image pickup surface) is denoted by I. Moreover, a lens unit which moves at the time of focusing is indicated by an arrow mark in a horizontal direction and a lens which moves at the time of image stabilization is indicated by an arrow mark in a vertical direction.
      A cover glass of an electronic image pickup element and a plane parallel plate forming a low-pass filter may be disposed between a lens unit positioned nearest to image and the image plane I. In this case, a wavelength-region restricting coating which restricts infra-red light may be applied to a surface of the plane parallel plate. Moreover, a multi-layered film for restricting wavelength region may be applied to a surface of the cover glass. Furthermore, an arrangement may be made such that the cover glass is imparted with a low-pass filter function.
      In all the examples, a third lens unit G3, a fourth lens unit G4, and a fifth lens unit G5 are the rear-side lens unit.
      A zoom lens according to an example 1 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side and a positive meniscus lens L8 having a convex surface directed toward the object side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L9, a biconvex positive lens L10, a biconcave negative lens L11, and a biconvex positive lens L12. Here, the biconcave negative lens L11 and the biconvex positive lens L12 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a biconcave negative lens L13, and a positive meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the biconcave negative lens L13 and the positive meniscus lens L14 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L15.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b moves along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, the fourth lens unit G4 moves in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 10 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L9, an image-side surface of the biconvex positive lens L12, an object-side surface of the biconcave negative lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L15.
      A zoom lens according to an example 2 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L8, a biconvex positive lens L9, a biconcave negative lens L10, a positive meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and abiconvex positive lens L12. Here, the biconcave negative lens L10 and the positive meniscus lens L11 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L13 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L13 and the positive meniscus lens L14 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L15.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b moves along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, one of the biconvex positive lens L12 in the third lens unit G3, and the fourth lens unit G4, moves in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 11 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L8, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L12, an object-side surface of the negative meniscus lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L15.
      A zoom lens according to an example 3 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L8, a biconvex positive lens L9, a negative meniscus lens L10 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a negative meniscus lens L12 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L13. Here, the negative meniscus lens L10 and the positive meniscus lens L11 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L15 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L14 and the positive meniscus lens L15 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L16.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a moves toward the image side, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the image side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b moves along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, the negative meniscus lens L12 and the biconvex positive lens L13 in the third lens unit G3 move in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 10 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L8, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L16.
      A zoom lens according to an example 4 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a biconcave negative lens L7.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L8, a biconvex positive lens L9, a negative meniscus lens L10 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L11. Here, the negative meniscus lens L10 and the biconvex positive lens L11 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L12 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L13 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L12 and the positive meniscus lens L13 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L14.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b, after moving toward an image side, moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the fourth lens unit G4 moves along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, the second sub-unit G2b moves in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of nine surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the biconcave negative lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L8, an object-side surface of the negative meniscus lens L12, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L14.
      A zoom lens according to an example 5 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L8, a biconvex positive lens L9, a negative meniscus lens L10 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a negative meniscus lens L12 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L13. Here, the negative meniscus lens L10 and the positive meniscus lens L11 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L15 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L14 and the positive meniscus lens L15 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L16.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 moves toward the object side. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b moves along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, the negative meniscus lens L12 and the biconvex positive lens L13 in the third lens unit G3 move in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 10 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L8, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L16.
      A zoom lens according to an example 6 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side and a positive meniscus lens L8 having a convex surface directed toward the image side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L9, a biconvex positive lens L10, a negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L12. Here, the negative meniscus lens L11 and the biconvex positive lens L12 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L13 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L13 and the positive meniscus lens L14 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L15.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b and the fourth lens unit G4 move along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the image side near the wide angle end, and moves toward the object side near the telephoto end. Moreover, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the image side.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 10 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L9, an image-side surface of the biconvex positive lens L12, an object-side surface of the negative meniscus lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L15.
      A zoom lens according to an example 7 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a biconcave negative lens L7 and a biconvex positive lens L8.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L9, a biconvex positive lens L10, a negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L12. Here, the negative meniscus lens L11 and the biconvex positive lens L12 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L13 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L13 and the positive meniscus lens L14 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L15.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S move independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b and the fourth lens unit G4 move along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the image side near the wide angle end, and moves toward the object side near the telephoto end. Moreover, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the image side.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of nine surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the biconcave negative lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L9, an object-side surface of the negative meniscus lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L15.
      A zoom lens according to an example 8 includes in order from an object side, a first lens unit G1 having a positive refractive power, a second lens unit G2 having a negative refractive power, a third lens unit G3 having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens unit G4 having a negative refractive power, and a fifth lens unit G5 having a positive refractive power. An aperture stop S is disposed between the second lens unit G2 and the third lens unit G3.
      The first lens unit G1 includes a negative meniscus lens L1 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L2 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a positive meniscus lens L3 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L1 and the positive meniscus lens L2 are cemented.
      The second lens unit G2 includes a first sub-unit G2a and a second sub-unit G2b. The first sub-unit G2a includes a negative meniscus lens L4 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a biconcave negative lens L5, and a biconvex positive lens L6. The second sub-unit G2b includes a negative meniscus lens L7 having a convex surface directed toward an image side.
      The third lens unit G3 includes a biconvex positive lens L8, a biconvex positive lens L9, a negative meniscus lens L10 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a positive meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, a negative meniscus lens L12 having a convex surface directed toward the object side, and a biconvex positive lens L13. Here, the negative meniscus lens L10 and the positive meniscus lens L11 are cemented.
      The fourth lens unit G4 includes a negative meniscus lens L14 having a convex surface directed toward the object side and a positive meniscus lens L15 having a convex surface directed toward the object side. Here, the negative meniscus lens L14 and the positive meniscus lens L15 are cemented.
      The fifth lens unit G5 includes a biconvex positive lens L16.
      At the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, the first lens unit G1 moves toward the object side, the first sub-unit G2a, after moving toward the image side, moves toward the object side, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the image side, the third lens unit G3 moves toward the object side, the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the object side, and the fifth lens unit G5 is fixed. The aperture stop S moves independently toward the object side.
      At the time of focusing, the second sub-unit G2b and the fourth lens unit G4 move along an optical axis. More elaborately, at the time of focusing from an object at infinity to an object at a close distance, the second sub-unit G2b moves toward the object side, and the fourth lens unit G4 moves toward the image side. Moreover, at the time of image stabilization, the negative meniscus lens L12 and the biconvex positive lens L13 in the third lens unit G3 move in a direction orthogonal to the optical axis.
      An aspheric surface is provided to a total of 10 surfaces which are, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L4, both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L7, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L8, both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L13, and both surfaces of the biconvex positive lens L16.
      Next, numerical data of optical components comprising the zoom lens of each above example are shown. In numerical data of each example, r1, r2, . . . denotes a curvature radius of each lens surface, d1, d2, . . . denotes a thickness of each lens or an air distance between adjacent lens surfaces, nd1, nd2, . . . denotes a refractive index of each lens for d-line, νd1, νd2, . . . denotes an Abbe number of each lens, * denotes an aspheric surface. Moreover, in zoom data, WE denotes a wide angle end, ST denotes an intermediate state, TE denotes a telephoto end, f denotes a focal length of the entire zoom lens system, FNO. denotes an F number, w denotes a half angle of view, LTL denotes a lens total length of the optical system, FB denotes a back focus, each of f1, f2 . . . is a focal length of each lens unit. The lens total length is a distance from a frontmost lens surface to the rearmost lens surface plus back focus. The back focus is a unit which is expressed upon air conversion of a distance from a rearmost lens surface to a paraxial image surface. Moreover, the numerical data is a data when focused to an object at infinity.
      A shape of an aspheric surface is defined by the following expression where the direction of the optical axis is represented by z, the direction orthogonal to the optical axis is represented by y, a conical coefficient is represented by K, aspheric surface coefficients are represented by A4, A6, A8, A10, A12, A14:

           Z=( y 2 /r)/[1+{1−(1+ k)( y/r) 2} 1/2 ]+A4 y 4 +A6 y 6 +A8 y 8 +A10 y 10 +A12 y 12 +A14 y 14
      Further, in the aspherical surface coefficients, ‘e−n’ (where, n is an integral number) indicates ‘10 −n’. Moreover, these symbols are commonly used in the following numerical data for each example.

Example 1

[TABLE-US-00001]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
   
  Object plane
   1 72.495 1.800 1.90366 31.32
   2 51.847 7.804 1.49700 81.61
   3 339.472 0.105
   4 58.791 5.576 1.49700 81.61
   5 241.314 Variable
   6* 124.653 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 12.170 7.241
   8 −41.559 2.815 1.88300 40.76
   9 162.763 1.169
  10 45.322 4.147 1.85478 24.80
  11 −41.919 Variable
  12* −18.359 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* −818.263 0.100
  14 766.479 2.200 1.80000 29.84
  15 5287.051 Variable
  16(Stop) Variable
  17* 18.905 6.672 1.61881 63.85
  18* −45.517 0.108
  19 28.606 4.667 1.53775 74.70
  20 −76.761 0.281
  21 −183.586 0.800 1.90043 37.37
  22 11.937 7.839 1.49700 81.61
  23* −26.429 Variable
  24* −110.258 0.800 1.80139 45.45
  25 15.497 2.000 1.80810 22.76
  26 24.021 Variable
  27* 45.892 8.500 1.49700 81.61
  28* −36.731 17.802 
  Image plane
   
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.6854e−005, A6 = 8.3232e−008, A8 = −3.1875e−011,
  A10 = −9.0802e−013, A12 = 1.9957e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −5.0225e−005, A6 = 3.1735e−008, A8 = −5.0265e−009,
  A10 = 5.7108e−011, A12 = −3.0652e−013, A14 = −2.6841e−017
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 6.6638e−006, A6 = 1.2138e−007, A8 = 5.6316e−011,
  A10 = 2.1816e−012, A12 = −1.3719e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.0020e−006, A6 = 7.9065e−008, A8 = 3.7874e−010,
  A10 = −6.7657e−012, A12 = 2.3501e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  17th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.1332e−005, A6 = 1.4721e−008, A8 = −1.8141e−011,
  A10 = −5.0158e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  18th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.1144e−005, A6 = 1.1598e−008, A8 = −1.5959e−012,
  A10 = −2.1225e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  23th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.5928e−005, A6 = −1.0153e−007, A8 = 1.1981e−009,
  A10 = −9.0212e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 5.7945e−006, A6 = −8.8986e−008, A8 = 2.1960e−009,
  A10 = −2.7714e−011, A12 = 1.4960e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  27th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.4634e−005, A6 = −6.0903e−008, A8 = 1.9294e−010,
  A10 = −9.3934e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  28th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.6675e−005, A6 = −9.9698e−008, A8 = 2.6437e−010,
  A10 = −1.0087e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
   
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
   
  f 12.248 34.023 97.941
  FNO. 4.080 4.079 4.080
  84.2 34.3 12.3
  FB 17.802 17.802 17.802
  LTL 125.235 142.579 181.760
  d5 0.698 15.312 49.029
  d11 3.421 4.544 5.786
  d15 24.289 4.252 1.494
  d16 7.014 6.432 1.300
  d23 1.199 8.780 14.150
  d26 4.087 18.733 25.473
   
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 104.705 f2 = −12.502 f3 = 20.539 f4 = −24.487 f5 = 42.502
f2a = −34.253 f2b = −39.140
 

Example 2

[TABLE-US-00002]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
   
  Object plane
   1 68.067 1.800 1.90366 31.32
   2 48.415 7.499 1.49700 81.61
   3 263.183 0.100
   4 54.971 5.608 1.49700 81.61
   5 250.034 Variable
   6* 190.622 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 12.512 7.300
   8 −30.592 1.102 1.59282 68.63
   9 59.345 0.100
  10 37.035 3.711 1.80518 25.42
  11 −42.495 Variable
  12* −19.529 0.918 1.49700 81.61
  13* −294.299 Variable
  14(Stop) Variable
  15* 18.423 6.377 1.61881 63.85
  16* −50.998 0.110
  17 34.857 4.555 1.49700 81.61
  18 −51.005 0.100
  19 −142.789 0.703 1.90043 37.37
  20 12.707 3.794 1.53775 74.70
  21 34.689 0.900
  22* 23.843 4.075 1.49700 81.61
  23* −33.658 Variable
  24* 104.190 0.800 1.80139 45.45
  25 11.829 2.100 1.80810 22.76
  26 16.285 Variable
  27* 54.314 6.000 1.49700 81.61
  28* −32.179 15.457 
  Image plane
   
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.1764e−005, A6 = 4.7331e−008, A8 = 7.1453e−011,
  A10 = −7.1747e−013, A12 = 1.2560e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −4.4998e−005, A6 = 1.8623e−008, A8 = −4.2437e−009,
  A10 = 4.0590e−011, A12 = −1.9223e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.2097e−006, A6 = 2.6400e−008, A8 = −1.6445e−010,
  A10 = 2.6161e−012, A12 = 1.9797e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −5.2088e−006, A6 = 2.6431e−008, A8 = −5.6003e−011,
  A10 = 5.1233e−013, A12 = 4.5820e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  15th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.2980e−005, A6 = 8.8907e−009, A8 = −5.1580e−011,
  A10 = −8.9850e−014, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  16th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.7333e−005, A6 = 1.0089e−008, A8 = 9.0837e−011,
  A10 = −1.1305e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  22th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.5517e−005, A6 = −3.6633e−008, A8 = −2.2138e−010,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  23th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.0173e−005, A6 = −3.1768e−008, A8 = −5.2618e−011,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.9702e−006, A6 = −1.1954e−007, A8 = 3.5549e−009,
  A10 = −7.5025e−011, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  27th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.0207e−005, A6 = −6.3313e−008, A8 = 4.7498e−010,
  A10 = −1.7185e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  28th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.7011e−005, A6 = −1.2903e−007, A8 = 7.0605e−010,
  A10 = −2.1109e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
   
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
   
  f 12.242 34.009 97.899
  FNO. 4.080 4.080 4.080
  86.0 35.3 12.6
  FB 15.457 15.457 15.457
  LTL 126.406 142.851 168.386
  d5 0.708 22.806 45.505
  d11 3.965 4.453 6.143
  d13 25.802 11.353 2.298
  d14 9.680 4.021 1.300
  d23 0.900 7.529 18.024
  d26 11.043 18.380 20.808
   
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 99.608 f2 = −12.032 f3 = 20.592 f4 = −24.557 f5 = 41.616
f2a = −26.000 f2b = −42.134
 

Example 3

[TABLE-US-00003]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
   
  Object plane
   1 69.887 1.800 1.91082 35.25
   2 46.835 7.665 1.49700 81.61
   3 241.930 0.150
   4 53.412 6.302 1.49700 81.61
   5 341.246 Variable
   6* 194.172 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 12.413 7.508
   8 −31.798 1.585 1.72916 54.68
   9 132.130 0.150
  10 47.083 4.426 1.85478 24.80
  11 −37.962 Variable
  12* −18.679 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* −235.768 Variable
  14(Stop) Variable
  15* 18.735 5.906 1.59201 67.02
  16* −65.634 0.150
  17 38.267 4.240 1.49700 81.61
  18 −63.533 0.150
  19 125.295 0.817 1.88300 40.76
  20 12.535 3.696 1.53775 74.70
  21 26.385 0.900
  22 19.634 0.900 1.78472 25.68
  23 15.292 0.100
  24* 15.017 5.270 1.49700 81.61
  25* −35.484 Variable
  26 246.107 0.800 1.88300 40.76
  27 11.987 2.143 1.89286 20.36
  28 17.648 Variable
  29* 42.587 6.111 1.49700 81.61
  30* −34.971 15.563 
  Image plane
   
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.3991e−005, A6 = 3.8239e−008, A8 = 2.2328e−010,
  A10 = −1.3715e−012, A12 = 2.2275e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −4.9000e−005, A6 = −7.6151e−008, A8 = −3.8808e−009,
  A10 = 4.3196e−011, A12 = −2.1590e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 3.1916e−006, A6 = 5.8421e−008, A8 = 4.5040e−010,
  A10 = −8.5390e−012, A12 = 7.3311e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −5.2901e−006, A6 = 6.4645e−008, A8 = −1.5013e−010,
  A10 = −1.1400e−012, A12 = 1.4986e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  15th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.1199e−005, A6=−1.3704e−008, A8 = −4.5201e−011,
  A10 = 4.7189e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  16th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.7450e−005, A6 = −1.1115e−008, A8 = 1.4387e−010,
  A10 = 2.9982e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.0100e−005, A6 = −8.1402e−008, A8 = 4.2887e−010,
  A10 = 1.4548e−012, A12 = 00.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  25th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 8.0925e−006, A6 = −6.3924e−008, A8 = 3.7849e−010,
  A10 = −3.3369e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  29th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.1854e−005, A6 = −5.7659e−008, A8 = 3.6428e−010,
  A10 = −2.0204e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  30th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.2050e−005, A6 = −1.3032e−007, A8 = 6.2324e−010,
  A10 = −2.5146e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
   
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
   
  f 12.241 34.005 97.862
  FNO. 4.100 4.097 4.094
  83.3 34.4 12.3
  FB 15.563 15.563 15.563
  LTL 130.159 148.891 172.160
  d5 0.500 21.979 46.887
  d11 3.942 5.068 6.189
  d13 25.691 9.836 2.300
  d14 10.440 5.923 1.300
  d25 0.900 6.604 15.875
  d28 10.254 21.047 21.176
   
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 100.327 f2 = −12.132 f3 = 20.573 f4 = −21.808 f5 = 39.675
f2a = −28.625 f2b = −40.874
 

Example 4

[TABLE-US-00004]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
 
  Object plane    
   1 69.849 1.800 2.00100 29.13
   2 52.305 7.499 1.49700 81.61
   3 337.705 0.102    
   4 56.921 5.623 1.49700 81.61
   5 270.058 Variable    
   6* 208.403 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 12.544 6.999    
   8 −33.599 2.525 1.69680 55.53
   9 204.269 0.549    
  10 49.092 3.257 1.85478 24.80
  11 −42.758 Variable    
  12* −21.692 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* 627.847 Variable    
  14(Stop) Variable    
  15* 18.377 6.000 1.61881 63.85
  16* −49.156 0.100    
  17 32.586 4.500 1.49700 81.61
  18 −66.830 0.204    
  19 217.302 0.850 1.91082 35.25
  20 11.853 6.776 1.49700 81.61
  21 −36.983 Variable    
  22* 98.423 1.470 1.80139 45.45
  23 12.622 2.100 1.80810 22.76
  24 18.087 Variable    
  25* 50.528 5.026 1.49700 81.61
  26* −39.494 15.485     
  Image plane      
 
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.3424e−005, A6 = 5.6771e−008, A8 = 7.7876e−011,
  A10 = −8.1659e−013, A12 = 1.2937e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −4.2500e−005, A6 = −2.3025e−008, A8 = −2.8838e−009,
  A10 = 2.6880e−011, A12 = −1.2108e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −9.5001e−006, A6 = 2.2724e−008, A8 = −5.3995e−011,
  A10 = 2.5919e−011, A12 = −1.7301e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.5697e−005, A6 = 4.7395e−009, A8 = 1.1966e−009,
  A10 = −1.1649e−012, A12 = −3.5465e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  15th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.5991e−005, A6 = 2.3420e−008, A8 = 2.2631e−012,
  A10 = −4.4168e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  16th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.3013e−005, A6 = 1.3235e−008, A8 = 1.3120e−010,
  A10 = −4.8165e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  22th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −8.0323e−006, A6 = 4.7616e−008, A8 = 4.3976e−011,
  A10 = −1.2212e−012, A12 = 6.8880e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  25th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.0810e−005, A6 = −1.2770e−007, A8 = 3.3658e−010,
  A10 = −1.1136e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  26th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.8962e−005, A6 = −1.8533e−007, A8 = 3.8538e−010,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
 
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
 
  f 12.249 34.004 97.922
  FNO. 4.080 4.082 4.084
  83.7 34.4 12.3
  FB 15.485 15.485 15.485
  LTL 116.882 132.032 166.905
  d5 0.700 15.816 46.062
  d11 3.815 4.950 6.457
  d13 22.349 6.671 2.303
  d14 9.280 5.196 1.300
  d21 1.292 8.370 13.696
  d24 6.483 18.065 24.123
 
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 98.842 f2 = −12.818 f3 = 20.267 f4 = −28.359 f5 = 45.445
f2a = −30.954 f2b = −42.169
 

Example 5

[TABLE-US-00005]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
 
  Object plane    
   1 69.887 1.800 1.90366 31.31
   2 46.835 7.665 1.53775 74.70
   3 170.000 0.150    
   4 53.412 6.302 1.53775 74.70
   5 250.000 Variable    
   6* 194.172 1.200 1.85135 40.10
   7* 12.000 7.508    
   8 −31.798 1.585 1.61800 63.40
   9 132.130 0.150    
  10 47.083 4.426 1.85478 24.80
  11 −37.962 Variable    
  12* −18.679 0.900 1.53775 74.70
  13* −235.768 Variable    
  14(Stop) Variable    
  15* 18.735 5.906 1.59201 67.02
  16* −65.634 0.150    
  17 38.267 4.240 1.53775 74.70
  18 −63.533 0.150    
  19 125.295 0.817 1.88300 40.76
  20 12.535 3.696 1.53775 74.70
  21 26.385 0.900    
  22 19.634 0.900 1.80810 22.76
  23 15.292 0.100    
  24* 15.017 5.270 1.48749 70.23
  25* −35.484 Variable    
  26 246.107 0.800 1.88300 40.76
  27 11.987 2.143 1.89286 20.36
  28 17.648 Variable    
  29* 42.587 6.111 1.49700 81.61
  30* −34.971 Variable    
  Image plane      
 
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.3991e−005, A6 = 3.8239e−008, A8 = 2.2328e−010,
  A10 = −1.3715e−012, A12 = 2.2275e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −5.3000e−005, A6 = −7.6151e−008, A8 = −4.3000e−009,
  A10 = 3.9000e−011, A12 = −2.0000e−013, A14 = −2.3000e−016
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.0000e−006, A6 = 5.8421e−008, A8 = 4.5040e−010,
  A10 = −8.5390e−012, A12 = 7.3311e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −5.2901e−006, A6 = 6.4645e−008, A8 = −1.5013e−010,
  A10 = −1.1400e−012, A12 = 1.4986e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  15th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.2500e−005, A6 = −1.3704e−008, A8 = −4.5201e−011,
  A10 = 4.7189e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  16th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.7450e−005, A6 = −1.1115e−008, A8 = 1.4387e−010,
  A10 = 2.9982e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.0100e−005, A6 = −8.1402e−008, A8 = 4.2887e−010,
  A10 = 1.4548e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  25th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 8.0925e−006, A6 = −6.3924e−008, A8 = 3.7849e−010,
  A10 = −3.3369e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  29th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.1854e−005, A6 = −5.7659e−008, A8 = 3.6428e−010,
  A10 = −2.0204e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  30th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.2050e−005, A6 = −1.3032e−007, A8 = 6.2324e−010,
  A10 = −2.5146e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
 
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
 
  f 11.580 32.725 95.132
  FNO. 4.080 4.080 4.080
  88.2 35.8 12.7
  FB 14.367 14.411 17.946
  LTL 128.963 147.739 174.543
  d5 0.500 21.979 46.887
  d11 3.942 5.068 6.189
  d13 25.691 9.836 2.300
  d14 10.440 5.923 1.300
  d25 0.900 6.604 15.875
  d28 10.254 21.047 21.176
  d30 14.367 14.411 17.946
 
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 101.143 f2 = −11.597 f3 = 20.294 f4 = −21.808 f5 = 39.675
f2a = −29.723 f2b = −37.780
 

Example 6

[TABLE-US-00006]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
 
  Object plane    
   1 58.874 1.800 1.90366 31.32
   2 44.473 7.500 1.49700 81.61
   3 223.492 0.200    
   4 67.156 4.500 1.49700 81.61
   5 317.135 Variable    
   6* 500.000 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 13.394 6.076    
   8 −36.827 1.100 1.88300 40.76
   9 95.549 0.100    
  10 47.753 3.045 1.85478 24.80
  11 −48.201 Variable    
  12* −14.182 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* −36.408 0.100    
  14 −7631.451 2.200 1.84830 24.21
  15 −86.952 Variable    
  16(Stop) Variable    
  17* 17.418 6.119 1.57491 68.70
  18* −41.790 1.665    
  19 35.829 3.399 1.49700 81.61
  20 −11041.639 0.100    
  21 85.558 0.800 1.90876 34.03
  22 11.801 6.700 1.49700 81.61
  23* −30.747 Variable    
  24* 123.815 0.700 1.74320 49.29
  25 12.711 2.100 1.80810 22.76
  26 17.440 Variable    
  27* 43.950 4.500 1.49700 81.61
  28* −64.907 15.482     
  Image plane      
 
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.2360e−007, A6 = 6.0143e−008, A8 = 3.0622e−011,
  A10 = −6.9823e−013, A12 = 1.5838e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.6994e−005, A6 = 1.1325e−007, A8 = −3.5345e−009,
  A10 = 3.6508e−011, A12 = −1.2961e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.3607e−006, A6 = 2.2764e−007, A8 = −3.2791e−009,
  A10 = 3.3339e−011, A12 = −9.5857e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.8066e−006, A6 = 6.4426e−008, A8 = 1.0847e−009,
  A10 = −2.9012e−011, A12 = 1.8275e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  17th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.7250e−005, A6 = 5.9290e−009, A8 = −1.1250e−010,
  A10 = −7.3152e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  18th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.6141e−005, A6 = −2.6576e−008, A8 = 3.9800e−011,
  A10 = −3.6502e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  23th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 7.1177e−006, A6 = 2.8338e−008, A8 = 2.4501e−011,
  A10 = −9.9293e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 8.6652e−008, A6 = 4.0582e−008, A8 = −6.2832e−011,
  A10 = −6.4334e−012, A12 = 6.0521e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  27th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.0536e−005, A6 = −8.8377e−008, A8 = 2.1475e−010,
  A10 = −2.3307e−014, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  28th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.9247e−005, A6 = −1.5447e−007, A8 = 2.6056e−010,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
 
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
 
  f 12.251 34.025 97.951
  FNO. 4.080 4.080 4.080
  85.1 35.3 12.6
  FB 15.482 15.482 15.482
  LTL 113.517 119.879 158.668
  d5 0.800 13.464 47.520
  d11 2.990 3.239 2.801
  d15 22.782 4.699 1.500
  d16 10.500 5.000 1.300
  d23 1.900 9.382 10.991
  d26 4.260 13.809 24.271
 
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 101.744 f2 = −14.696 f3 = 20.731 f4 = −28.958 f5 = 53.462
f2a = −19.664 f2b = −90.973
 

Example 7

[TABLE-US-00007]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
 
  Object plane    
   1 61.313 1.802 1.90366 31.32
   2 45.538 7.500 1.49700 81.61
   3 316.097 0.200    
   4 65.790 4.547 1.49700 81.61
   5 300.540 Variable    
   6* 500.000 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 13.285 6.278    
   8 −37.774 1.100 1.88300 40.76
   9 108.323 0.102    
  10 47.230 3.242 1.85478 24.80
  11 −36.014 Variable    
  12* −18.582 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* 156.840 0.100    
  14 244.164 2.200 1.76200 40.10
  15 −100.277 Variable    
  16(Stop) Variable    
  17* 17.723 6.000 1.61881 63.85
  18* −50.148 0.100    
  19 36.791 4.526 1.49700 81.61
  20 −50.912 0.100    
  21 315.267 0.800 1.91082 35.25
  22 11.818 6.740 1.49700 81.61
  23 −34.451 Variable    
  24* 140.889 0.700 1.74320 49.29
  25 11.470 2.099 1.80810 22.76
  26 15.815 Variable    
  27* 66.874 5.300 1.49700 81.61
  28* −33.261 15.499     
  Image plane      
 
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.4745e−006, A6 = 3.1413e−008, A8 = 1.0173e−010,
  A10 = −5.3125e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.5520e−005, A6 = 9.3687e−008, A8 = −1.9277e−009,
  A10 = 1.4756e−011, A12 = 6.1460e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 6.2377e−006, A6 = 9.1566e−008, A8 = −2.4659e−010,
  A10 = 2.2410e−011, A12 = −1.2615e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.3737e−006, A6 = 1.2335e−008, A8 = 6.4067e−010,
  A10 = −2.0286e−012, A12 = −5.6229e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  17th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.6905e−005, A6 = 1.2065e−008, A8 = 2.1015e−012,
  A10 = −6.9924e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  18th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 2.8925e−005, A6 = 5.6155e−009, A8 = 9.7905e−011,
  A10 = −4.7736e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −9.6880e−006, A6 = 8.0805e−008, A8 = −4.4285e−010,
  A10 = 5.8903e−013, A12 = 3.0932e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  27th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 3.9834e−005, A6 = −6.1669e−008, A8 = 7.4921e−011,
  A10 = −2.4185e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  28th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 4.4110e−005, A6 = −8.5316e−008, A8 = 7.7466e−013,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
 
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
 
  f 12.254 34.013 97.912
  FNO. 4.080 4.080 4.080
  84.2 34.3 12.3
  FB 15.499 15.499 15.499
  LTL 115.186 127.469 159.720
  d5 0.806 14.201 45.663
  d11 2.849 5.331 5.243
  d15 24.113 5.566 1.500
  d16 10.034 5.956 1.300
  d23 2.032 8.075 12.319
  d26 4.316 17.305 22.660
 
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 98.762 f2 = −13.922 f3 = 20.102 f4 = −25.369 f5 = 45.493
f2a = −25.523 f2b = −53.227
 

Example 8

[TABLE-US-00008]
 
Unit mm
 
Surface data
  Surface no. r d nd νd
 
  Object plane    
   1 67.413 1.800 1.90366 31.32
   2 48.160 7.800 1.49700 81.61
   3 253.492 0.150    
   4 57.679 6.000 1.49700 81.61
   5 314.896 Variable    
   6* 500.000 1.200 1.80139 45.45
   7* 13.385 7.761    
   8 −27.516 1.100 1.59282 68.63
   9 83.774 0.150    
  10 47.903 3.400 1.85478 24.80
  11 −44.791 Variable    
  12* −20.652 0.900 1.49700 81.61
  13* −145.840 Variable    
  14(Stop) Variable    
  15* 19.570 6.062 1.59201 67.02
  16* −55.071 0.150    
  17 28.961 4.497 1.49700 81.61
  18 −126.266 0.150    
  19 183.932 0.800 1.88300 40.76
  20 12.467 3.819 1.53775 74.70
  21 26.753 0.900    
  22 21.226 0.900 1.78470 26.29
  23 17.061 0.100    
  24* 16.510 5.000 1.49700 81.61
  25* −35.877 Variable    
  26* 164.252 0.800 1.80139 45.45
  27 12.412 2.100 1.80810 22.76
  28 16.675 Variable    
  29* 53.911 6.000 1.49700 81.61
  30* −29.498 15.450     
  Image plane      
 
Aspherical surface data
 
  6th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.7693e−006, A6 = 2.9856e−008, A8 = 9.2328e−011,
  A10 = −6.4661e−013, A12 = 8.2818e−016, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  7th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.0202e−005, A6 = 9.5013e−008, A8 = −4.1977e−009,
  A10 = 4.3705e−011, A12 = −1.5057e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  12th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 3.8209e−007, A6 = 4.2208e−008, A8 = −5.1441e−011,
  A10 = 2.3087e−012, A12 = −9.5042e−015, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  13th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.4362e−006, A6 = 2.1412e−008, A8 = 1.1315e−011,
  A10 = 1.3243e−012, A12 = −1.5774e−014, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  15th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −2.0412e−005, A6 = −2.0015e−009, A8 = −1.1348e−011,
  A10 = 5.2270e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  16th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.1753e−005, A6 = −3.1111e−009, A8 = 1.2603e−010,
  A10 = 4.1739e−013, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  24th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −1.4130e−005, A6 = −8.1541e−008, A8 = 5.4993e−010,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  25th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.3412e−005, A6 = −8.5609e−008, A8 = 5.9421e−010,
  A10 = 0.0000e+000, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  26th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = −3.0277e−006, A6 = −1.1757e−007, A8 = 3.7964e−009,
  A10 = −4.8507e−011, A12 = 2.5118e−013, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  29th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.2053e−005, A6 = −2.9814e−008, A8 = 5.1327e−010,
  A10 = −2.3174e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
  30th surface
  k = 0.0000
  A4 = 1.7518e−005, A6 = −8.2120e−008, A8 = 8.0231e−010,
  A10 = −2.9795e−012, A12 = 0.0000e+000, A14 = 0.0000e+000
 
Zoom data
    WE ST TE
 
  f 12.244 33.999 97.913
  FNO. 4.080 4.080 4.077
  82.4 34.4 12.3
  FB 15.450 15.450 15.450
  LTL 126.771 145.217 168.771
  d5 0.500 22.762 45.662
  d11 3.800 4.474 5.453
  d13 25.799 11.448 2.300
  d14 10.000 4.500 1.300
  d25 0.900 6.783 16.720
  d28 8.784 18.262 20.348
 
Unit focal length
 
f1 = 99.836 f2 = −12.502 f3 = 20.943 f4 = −23.456 f5 = 39.301
f2a = −24.268 f2b = −48.525
 
      Aberration diagrams of each example will be described below. Each aberration diagram is an aberration diagram at the time of focusing to an object at infinity. In the aberration diagrams, ‘FIY’ denotes the maximum image height.
       FIG. 9A, FIG. 10A, FIG. 11A, FIG. 12A, FIG. 13A, FIG. 14A, FIG. 15A, and FIG. 16A show a spherical aberration (SA) at the wide angle end.
       FIG. 9B, FIG. 10B, FIG. 11B, FIG. 12B, FIG. 13B, FIG. 14B, FIG. 15B, and FIG. 16B show an astigmatism (AS) at the wide angle end.
       FIG. 9C, FIG. 10C, FIG. 11C, FIG. 12C, FIG. 13C, FIG. 14C, FIG. 15C, and FIG. 16C show a distortion (DT) at the wide angle end.
       FIG. 9D, FIG. 10D, FIG. 11D, FIG. 12D, FIG. 13D, FIG. 14D, FIG. 15D, and FIG. 16D show a chromatic aberration of magnification (CC) at the wide angle end.
       FIG. 9E, FIG. 10E, FIG. 11E, FIG. 12E, FIG. 13E, FIG. 14E, FIG. 15E, and FIG. 16E show a spherical aberration (SA) in the intermediate focal length state.
       FIG. 9F, FIG. 10F, FIG. 11F, FIG. 12F, FIG. 13F, FIG. 14F, FIG. 15F, and FIG. 16F show an astigmatism (AS) in the intermediate focal length state.
       FIG. 9G, FIG. 10G, FIG. 11G, FIG. 12G, FIG. 13G, FIG. 14G, FIG. 15G, and FIG. 16G show a distortion (DT) in the intermediate focal length state.
       FIG. 9H, FIG. 10H, FIG. 11H, FIG. 12H, FIG. 13H, FIG. 14H, FIG. 15H, and FIG. 16H show a chromatic aberration of magnification (CC) in the intermediate focal length state.
       FIG. 9I, FIG. 10I, FIG. 11I, FIG. 12I, FIG. 13I, FIG. 14I, FIG. 15I, and FIG. 16I show a spherical aberration (SA) at the telephoto end.
       FIG. 9J, FIG. 10J, FIG. 11J, FIG. 12J, FIG. 13J, FIG. 14J, FIG. 15J, and FIG. 16J show an astigmatism (AS) at the telephoto end.
       FIG. 9K, FIG. 10K, FIG. 11K, FIG. 12K, FIG. 13K, FIG. 14K, FIG. 15K, and FIG. 16K show a distortion (DT) at the telephoto end.
       FIG. 9L, FIG. 10L, FIG. 11L, FIG. 12L, FIG. 13L, FIG. 14L, FIG. 15L, and FIG. 16L show a chromatic aberration magnification (CC) at the telephoto end.
      Next, the values of conditional expressions (1) to (24) in each example are shown below.
[TABLE-US-00009]
 
Conditional expression Example1 Example2 Example3
 
 (1)νd1G_max_p 81.61 81.61 81.61
 (2)Tp2Ga_min_p 0.01038 0.015272 0.01038
 (3)νd2G_max_n 81.61 81.61 81.61
 (4)f1/f3 5.098 4.837 4.877
 (5)νdG2a_min_p 24.8 25.42 24.8
 (6)νd3G_max_p 81.61 81.61 81.61
 (7)nd2Ga_max_p 1.85478 1.80518 1.85478
 (8)|Φmaxt/f2| 1.92 1.994 1.967
 (9)|f2/f3| 0.609 0.584 0.59
(10)nd2G_n1 1.80139 1.80139 1.80139
(11)nd2G_max_n 1.883 1.80139 1.80139
(12)Tp2G_max_n 0.027876 0.027876 0.027876
(13)νd4G_max_n − νd4G_min_p 22.69 22.69 20.4
(14)νdG3_IS_p − νdG3_IS_n 55.93
(15)ft/expt 0.028 −0.205 −0.155
(16)LTLt/ft 1.86 1.72 1.76
(17)LTLw/ft 1.28 1.29 1.33
(18)f1/ft 1.07 1.02 1.03
(19)|f1/f2| 8.38 8.28 8.27
(20)f2Ga/f2Gb 0.88 0.62 0.70
(21)|f3/f4| 0.84 0.84 0.94
(22)|f4/f5| 0.58 0.59 0.55
(23)ft/fw 8.00 8.00 7.99
(24)Fnot 4.08 4.08 4.10
 
Conditional expression Example4 Example5 Example6
 
 (1)νd1G_max_p 81.61 74.7 81.61
 (2)Tp2Ga_min_p 0.01038 0.01038 0.01038
 (3)νd2G_max_n 81.61 74.7 81.61
 (4)f1/f3 4.8768 4.984 4.908
 (5)νdG2a_min_p 24.8 24.8 24.8
 (6)νd3G_max_p 81.61 74.7 81.61
 (7)nd2Ga_max_p 1.85478 1.85478 1.85478
 (8)|Φmaxt/f2| 1.8724 2.0106 1.634
 (9)|f2/f3| 0.6324 0.5714 0.709
(10)nd2G_n1 1.80139 1.85135 1.80139
(11)nd2G_max_n 1.80139 1.85135 1.80139
(12)Tp2G_max_n 0.027876 0.01722 0.027876
(13)νd4G_max_n − νd4G_min_p 22.69 20.4 26.53
(14)νdG3_IS_p − νdG3_IS_n 47.47
(15)ft/expt −0.2583 −0.153 −0.571
(16)LTLt/ft 1.70 1.83 1.62
(17)LTLw/ft 1.19 1.36 1.16
(18)f1/ft 1.01 1.06 1.04
(19)|f1/f2| 7.71 8.72 6.92
(20)f2Ga/f2Gb 0.73 0.79 0.22
(21)|f3/f4| 0.71 0.93 0.72
(22)|f4/f5| 0.62 0.55 0.54
(23)ft/fw 7.99 8.22 8.00
(24)Fnot 4.08 4.08 4.08
 
  Conditional expression Example7 Example8
 
   (1)νd1G_max_p 81.61 81.61
   (2)Tp2Ga_min_p 0.01038 0.01038
   (3)νd2G_max_n 81.61 81.61
   (4)f1/f3 4.913 4.767
   (5)νdG2a_min_p 24.8 24.8
   (6)νd3G_max_p 81.61 81.61
   (7)nd2Ga_max_p 1.85478 1.85478
   (8)|Φmaxt/f2| 1.724 1.92
   (9)|f2/f3| 0.693 0.597
  (10)nd2G_n1 1.80139 1.80139
  (11)nd2G_max_n 1.883 1.80139
  (12)Tp2G_max_n 0.027876 0.027876
  (13)νd4G_max_n − νd4G_min_p 26.53 22.69
  (14)νdG3_IS_p − νdG3_IS_n 55.32
  (15)ft/expt −0.38 −0.119
  (16)LTLt/ft 1.63 1.72
  (17)LTLw/ft 1.18 1.29
  (18)f1/ft 1.01 1.02
  (19)|f1/f2| 7.09 7.99
  (20)f2Ga/f2Gb 0.48 0.50
  (21)|f3/f4| 0.79 0.89
  (22)|f4/f5| 0.56 0.60
  (23)ft/fw 7.99 8.00
  (24)Fnot 4.08 4.08
 
       FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of a single-lens mirrorless camera as an electronic image pickup apparatus. In FIG. 17, a photographic optical system 2 is disposed inside a lens barrel of a single-lens mirrorless camera 1. A mount portion 3 enables the photographic optical system 2 to be detachable from a body of the single-lens mirrorless camera 1. As the mount portion 3, a mount such as a screw-type mount and a bayonet-type mount is to be used. In this example, a bayonet-type mount is used. Moreover, an image pickup element surface 4 and a back monitor 5 are disposed in the body of the single-lens mirrorless camera 1. As an image pickup element, an element such as a small-size CCD (charge coupled device) or a CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) is to be used.
      Moreover, as the photographic optical system 2 of the single-lens mirrorless camera 1, the zoom lens described in any one of the examples from the first example to the eighth example is to be used.
       FIG. 18 and FIG. 19 are conceptual diagrams of an arrangement of the image pickup apparatus having the zoom lenses shown in examples from the first example to the eighth example. FIG. 18 is a front perspective view showing an appearance of a digital camera 40 as the image pickup apparatus, and FIG. 19 is a rear perspective view of the digital camera 40. The zoom lens according to the present example is used in a photographic optical system 41 of the digital camera 40.
      The digital camera 40 according to the present embodiment includes the photographic optical system 41 which is positioned in a photographic optical path 42, a shutter button 45, and a liquid-crystal display monitor 47. As the shutter button 45 disposed on an upper portion of the digital camera 40 is pressed, in conjunction with the pressing of the shutter button 45, photography is carried out by the photographic optical system 41 such as the zoom lens according to the first example. An object image which is formed by the photographic optical system 41 is formed on an image pickup element (photoelectric conversion surface) which is provided near an image forming surface. The object image which has been received optically by the image pickup element is displayed on the liquid-crystal display monitor 47 which is provided to a rear surface of the camera, as an electronic image by a processing means. Moreover, it is possible to record the electronic image which has been photographed, in a storage means.
       FIG. 20 is a structural block diagram of an internal circuit of main components of the digital camera 40. In the following description, the processing means described above includes for instance, a CDS/ADC section 24, a temporary storage memory 117, and an image processing section 18, and a storage means consists of a storage medium section 19 for example.
      As shown in FIG. 20, the digital camera 40 includes an operating section 12, a control section 13 which is connected to the operating section 12, the temporary storage memory 17 and an imaging drive circuit 16 which are connected to a control-signal output port of the control section 13, via a bus 14 and a bus 15, the image processing section 18, the storage medium section 19, a display section 20, and a set-information storage memory section 21.
      The temporary storage memory 17, the image processing section 18, the storage medium section 19, the display section 20, and the set-information storage memory section 21 are structured to be capable of mutually inputting and outputting data via a bus 22. Moreover, the CCD 49 and the CDS/ADC section 24 are connected to the imaging drive circuit 16.
      The operating section 12 includes various input buttons and switches, and informs the control section 13 of event information which is input from outside (by a user of the digital camera) via these input buttons and switches. The control section 13 is a central processing unit (CPU), and has a built-in computer program memory which is not shown in the diagram. The control section 13 controls the entire digital camera 40 according to a computer program stored in this computer program memory.
      The CCD 49 is driven and controlled by the imaging drive circuit 16, and which converts an amount of light for each pixel of the object image formed by the photographic optical system 41 to an electric signal, and outputs to the CDS/ADC section 24.
      The CDS/ADC section 24 is a circuit which amplifies the electric signal which is input from the CCD 49, and carries out analog/digital conversion, and outputs to the temporary storage memory 17 image raw data (Bayer data, hereinafter called as ‘RAW data’) which is only amplified and converted to digital data.
      The temporary storage memory 17 is a buffer which includes an SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) for example, and is a memory device which stores temporarily the RAW data which is output from the CDS/ADC section 24. The image processing section 18 is a circuit which reads the RAW data stored in the temporary storage memory 17, or the RAW data stored in the storage medium section 19, and carries out electrically various image-processing including the distortion correction, based on image-quality parameters specified by the control section 13.
      The storage medium section 19 is a recording medium in the form of a card or a stick including a flash memory for instance, detachably mounted. The storage medium section 19 records and maintains the RAW data transferred from the temporary storage memory 17 and image data subjected to image processing in the image processing section 18 in the card flash memory and the stick flash memory.
      The display section 20 includes the liquid-crystal display monitor, and displays photographed RAW data, image data and operation menu on the liquid-crystal display monitor. The set-information storage memory section 21 includes a ROM section in which various image quality parameters are stored in advance, and a RAM section which stores image quality parameters which are selected by an input operation on the operating section 12, from among the image quality parameters which are read from the ROM section.
      In the digital camera 40 configured in such manner, by using the zoom lens according to the example as the photographic optical system 41, an angle of view at a wide angle end and a range of angle of view that can be captured are wide, and it is possible to obtain an image with lesser noise.
      The present invention can have various modified examples without departing from the scope of the invention. Moreover, shapes of lenses and the number of lenses are not necessarily restricted to the shapes and the number of lenses indicated in the examples. In the examples described heretofore, the cover glass C may not be disposed necessarily. A lens that is not shown in the diagrams of the examples described above, and that does not have a refractive power practically may be disposed in a lens unit or outside the lens unit. In each of the examples described above, it is possible to make an arrangement such that the zoom lens includes five lens units practically.
      According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a zoom lens having a short overall length, in which various aberrations are corrected favorably, while having a wide angle of view and high zoom ratio, and an image pickup apparatus using such zoom lens.
      As described above, the present invention is suitable for a zoom lens having a short overall length, in which various aberrations are corrected favorably, while having a wide angle of view and a high zoom ratio, and for an image pickup apparatus using such zoom lens.