이 애플리케이션의 일부 콘텐츠는 현재 사용할 수 없습니다.
이 상황이 계속되면 다음 주소로 문의하십시오피드백 및 연락
1. (WO2018141816) METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING OF RAIL WAGON HAND BRAKE
유의사항: 이 문서는 자동 광학문자판독장치(OCR)로 처리된 텍스트입니다. 법률상의 용도로 사용하고자 하는 경우 PDF 버전을 사용하십시오

Claims

1. Method for monitoring a hand brake (1) of at least one rail wagon (10), preferably at least one unpowered rail wagon, comprising a chassis (11) by means of a monitoring system (30); said hand brake (1) comprising a hand-operated mechanical device (9), a brake linkage system (20) and at least one brake pad (3); said hand-operated mechanical device (9), said brake linkage system (20) and said at least one brake pad (3) mechanically connected; said monitoring system (30) comprising a detection module (31) and a monitoring module (32); said detection module (31) comprising at least one detector element (33, 34, 35); said monitoring module (32) comprising a processor, tangible non-volatile memory, instructions on said memory for instructing said processor; said method comprising the subsequent steps of:

(a) evaluating a state of said hand brake (1) belonging to said at least one rail wagon (10) by means of said detection module (31);

(b) communicating said state to said monitoring module (32);

(c) preferably, storing said state and preferably a timestamp on said memory of said monitoring module (32);

wherein said evaluating of said state involves a dislocation of said brake linkage system (20) with respect to a calibration point (33, 35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11), wherein said state is characteristic of at least the hand brake (1) being disengaged; wherein said detection module (31) further comprises a first detector element (33, 35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11); wherein said first detector element (33, 35) determines said calibration point;

characterized in that,

said detection module (31) further comprises a second detector element (34) fixed with respect to a portion of the brake linkage system (20); in that said evaluating of said state involves determining whether said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element are within each other's range, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is disengaged; and in that preferably at least one of the first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element is releasably attached.

2. Method according to claim 1, wherein one of said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element is an emitter detector element adapted for emitting a signal originating from said emitter detector element, said signal preferably being a continuously emitted signal; and wherein the other of said first (33, 35) and

second (34) detector element is a receiver detector element adapted for detecting said signal from said emitter detector element.

3. Method according to claims 1-2, wherein one of said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element is a wireless passive detector element adapted for being detected by the other of said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element; wherein the other of said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element is an active detector element adapted for detecting said passive detector element; and wherein preferably said passive detector element is said emitter detector element and said active detector element is said receiver detector element.

4. Method according to claims 1-3, wherein at least said second detector element (34) is releasably attached; wherein a maximum dimension (L) of said second detector element (34) is smaller than 60 mm, preferably smaller than 40 mm.

5. Method according to claims 3-4; wherein said rail wagon (10) is an unpowered rail wagon (10); wherein each detector element including said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element comprised in said detection module (31) is wireless and preferably releasably attachable, wherein said active detector element is an electrical battery-powered detector element comprising detection means for detecting said passive detector element and a wireless module interface for short- range data transmission; wherein said wireless module interface is used for said communicating of said state to said monitoring module (32) in step (b).

6. Method according to claims 1-5, wherein said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element are within each other's range if a distance (D, E) between said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element is smaller than a maximum radius value (R1), said maximum radius value (R1) being smaller than 80 mm, preferably smaller than 50 mm, more preferably smaller than 30 mm.

7. Method according to claims 1-6, wherein said second detector element (34) is confined to an essentially linear movement with respect to the chassis (11) during the engaging and disengaging of said hand brake (1); wherein said essentially linear movement of said second detector element (34) with respect to the chassis (11) preferably comprises the guiding of said second detector element (34) along a spindle (5); said spindle (5) preferably belonging to a screw drive, whereby said spindle comprises a helical screw thread.

8. Method according to claims 1-7, wherein said monitoring module (32) comprises a communication interface, preferably a satellite communication interface; and in that said method comprises an additional step (d) concerning the transmitting of said state to a remote server via said communication interface.

9. Method according to claims 8, wherein said monitoring module (32) comprises a movement detector for detecting movement of said rail wagon (10); wherein a detection of the hand brake (1) not being disengaged combined with a detection of a movement is a trigger for generating an alert and transmitting said alert to said remote server via said communication interface; and wherein said movement detector preferably comprises a global navigation satellite system receiver and/or an accelerometer.

10. Method according to claims 1-9, wherein said detection module (31) further comprises a third detector element (35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11); wherein said state is further characteristic of the hand brake (1) being engaged; and wherein the evaluating of said state involves determining whether said second (34) and third (35) detector element are within each other's range, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is engaged; wherein said second (34) and third (35) detector element are within each other's range if a distance (E) between said second (34) and third (35) detector element is smaller than a second maximum radius value (R2), said second maximum radius value (R2) being smaller than 100 mm, preferably smaller than 80 mm, more preferably smaller than 60 mm; said second maximum radius value (R2) preferably being larger than said maximum radius value (R1).

11. Method according to claims 1-10, wherein said detection module comprises a first pair of detector elements comprising said first (33) and second (34) detector element and, preferably, a second pair of detector elements comprising said second (34) and third (35) detector element; whereby a first member of each pair comprises a reed switch and whereby a second member of each pair comprises a magnet; whereby said determining whether said first (33) and second (34) detector element are within each other's range, and, preferably, said determining whether said second (34) and said third (35) detector element are within each other's range, involves determining that said reed switch is magnetized due to the proximity of said magnet, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is disengaged, and, preferably, engaged, respectively.

12. Method according to claims 1-11, wherein said detection module comprises a first pair of detector elements comprising said first (33) and second (34) detector element, and, preferably, a second pair of detector elements comprising said

second (34) and third (35) detector element; whereby a first member of each pair comprises an optical detector and whereby a second member of each pair comprises an optically-detectable tag; whereby said determining whether said first (33) and second (34) detector element are within each other's range, and, preferably, said determining whether said second (34) and said third (35) detector element are within each other's range, involves determining that said optically- detectable tag is detected by said optical detector, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is disengaged, and, preferably, engaged, respectively.

13. Rail wagon (10), preferably unpowered rail wagon, comprising a monitoring system (30) for monitoring a hand brake (1) of said rail wagon (10); said rail wagon (10) comprising a chassis (11); said hand brake (1) comprising a hand- operated mechanical device (9), a brake linkage system (20) and at least one brake pad (3); said hand-operated mechanical device (9), said brake linkage system (20) and said at least one brake pad (3) mechanically connected; said monitoring system (30) comprising a detection module (31) and a monitoring module (32); said detection module (31) comprising at least one detector element (33, 34, 35); said monitoring module (32) comprising a processor, tangible nonvolatile memory, instructions on said memory for instructing said processor; said monitoring system (30) configured for carrying out the subsequent steps of:

- evaluating a state of said hand brake (1) of said rail wagon (10) by means of said detection module (31);

- communicating said state to said monitoring module (32);

- preferably, storing said state and preferably a timestamp on said memory of said monitoring module (32);

wherein said evaluating of said state involves a dislocation of said brake linkage system (20) with respect to a calibration point (33, 35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11), and in that said state is characteristic of at least the hand brake (1) being disengaged; wherein said detection module (31) further comprises a first detector element (33, 35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11); wherein said first detector element (33, 35) determines said calibration point;

characterized in that,

said detection module (31) further comprises a second detector element (34) fixed with respect to a portion of the brake linkage system (20); and in that said evaluating of said state involves determining whether said first (33, 35) and

second (34) detector element are within each other's range, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is disengaged.

14. Monitoring system (30) for monitoring a hand brake (1) of at least one rail wagon (10), preferably unpowered rail wagon, according to the preceding claim 13, said monitoring system (30) configured for performing a method according to any of the preceding claims 1 to 12.

15. Kit for monitoring a hand brake (1) of at least one rail wagon (10), preferably unpowered rail wagon, according to a method according to any of the preceding claims 1 to 12; said rail wagon (10) comprising a chassis (11); said hand brake (1) comprising a hand-operated mechanical device (9), a brake linkage system (20) and at least one brake pad (3); said hand-operated mechanical device (9), said brake linkage system (20) and said at least one brake pad (3) mechanically connected; said kit comprising:

- a detection module (31) comprising at least a first detector element (33, 35) for evaluating a state of said hand brake (1) belonging to said at least one rail wagon (10), whereby said evaluating of said state involves a dislocation of said brake linkage system (20) with respect to a calibration point (33, 35) fixed with respect to the chassis (11), whereby said state is characteristic of at least the hand brake (1) being disengaged; wherein said first detector element (33, 35) is fixed with respect to the chassis (11); wherein said first detector element (33, 35) determines said calibration point; wherein said detection module (31) further comprises a second detector element (34) fixed with respect to a portion of the brake linkage system (20); and wherein said evaluating of said state involves determining whether said first (33, 35) and second (34) detector element are within each other's range, thereby detecting that the hand brake (1) is disengaged.

- a monitoring module (32) configured for receiving said state characteristic of at least the hand brake (1) being disengaged and configured for communicating said state to an external device, preferably a remote server.