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1. (WO2013073836) METHOD AND DEVICE OF SUPPORTING GROUP MOBILITY
Document

Description

Title of Invention

Technical Field

1  

Background Art

2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19  

Disclosure of Invention

Technical Problem

20   21  

Solution to Problem

22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37  

Advantageous Effects of Invention

38  

Brief Description of Drawings

39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54  

Mode for the Invention

55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67   68   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79   80   81   82   83   84   85   86   87   88   89   90   91   92   93   94   95   96   97   98   99   100   101   102   103   104   105   106   107   108   109   110   111   112   113   114   115   116   117   118   119   120   121   122   123   124   125   126   127   128   129   130   131   132   133   134   135   136   137   138   139   140   141   142   143   144   145   146   147   148   149   150   151   152   153   154   155   156   157   158   159   160   161   162   163   164   165   166   167   168   169   170   171   172   173   174   175   176   177   178   179   180   181   182   183   184   185   186   187   188   189   190   191   192   193   194   195   196   197   198   199   200   201   202   203   204   205   206   207   208   209   210   211   212   213   214   215   216   217   218   219   220   221   222   223   224   225   226   227   228   229   230   231   232   233   234   235   236   237   238   239   240   241   242   243   244   245   246   247   248   249   250   251   252   253   254   255   256   257   258   259   260   261   262   263   264   265   266   267   268   269   270   271   272   273   274   275   276   277   278   279   280   281   282   283   284   285   286   287   288   289   290   291   292   293   294   295   296   297   298   299   300   301   302   303   304   305   306   307   308   309   310   311   312   313   314   315   316   317   318   319   320   321   322   323   324   325   326   327   328   329   330   331   332   333   334   335   336   337   338   339   340   341   342   343   344   345   346  

Claims

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19  

Drawings

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15  

Description

Title of Invention : METHOD AND DEVICE OF SUPPORTING GROUP MOBILITY

Technical Field

[1]
The present invention relates to a mobile communication field, and more particularly, to a method and device of supporting group mobility.

Background Art

[2]
The modern mobile communication increasingly tends to provides omni-directional high quality service to users, and 3G technology has occupied the main research field of the current communication field. The third Generation Partner Project (3GPP) is devoted to take a long term evolution (LTE) system to be evolution f the 3G system.
[3]
FIG. 1 is a structural schematic view of LTE supporting relay node (RN) in prior art. As shown in FIG. 1, in a radio access network of a LTE system, a radio resource management entity comprises a macro base station (eNB) 101 and a RN 102 which accesses to a core network by another macro base station (DeNB) 103, wherein eNBs are connected to one another through a X2 interface, and each of eNBs is respectively connected with a mobile management entity (MME) and a serving gateway (S-GW) 104 through a S1 interface; and RN 102 accesses DeNB 103 through a Un interface. The DeNB 103 provides an X2 proxy function between RN 102 and another eNB. The DeNB 103 provides a S1 proxy function between the RN 102 and the MME/S-GB 104. The proxy function of the S1 and X2 includes X2 and S1 signaling specially used in transferring UE between RN 102 and eNB 101, between RN 102 and MME 104, and between RN 102 and S-GW 104.
[4]
The present RN is used to an immobility position rather than supporting mobility between different cellulars. A problem confronted by the present operators is that in a high-speed railway, such as a train that runs at a 250-350km/h, the service quality of the present RN is hardly satisfied with requirements of the operators, such as high noise, great penetration loss, serious Dopplor Frequency shift, and low handover success rate and the like. For these purposes, the operators provide a research project about a mobile RN. The mobile RN directs to solve the problems existing in the present RN to improve service quality in the high-speed railway for a good satisfaction with the users’ requirements.
[5]
A process of a tracing area update (TAU) in the present LTE, as shown in FIG. 2, comprises the following steps:
[6]
In step 201: a UE sends a TAU request message to an eNB. Specially, a UE sends a TAU request to an eNB through a radio resource control (RRC).
[7]
In step 202: the eNB sends a TAU request message to MME through S1.
[8]
In step 203: a new MME obtains an address of an existing MME according to a GUTI received by the UE. A new MME sends a context request to the existing MME so as to request the context information about the UE.
[9]
In step 204: the existing MME sends a context response message to the new MME.
[10]
In step 205: executing a process of authentication and certification to the UE. Such process is selectable and executed under a certain circumstances.
[11]
In step 206: the new MME sends a context confirmation message to the existing MME.
[12]
In step 207: the MME sends a modification bearer request message to the S-GW/PDN GW. Herein, detailed description of the steps between the S-GW and the PDN GW is omitted.
[13]
In step 208: S-GW/PDN GW sends the modification bearer response message to the MME.
[14]
In step 209: the MME sends an update location request to a HSS.
[15]
In step 210: the HSS sends a cancel location to the existing MME.
[16]
In step 211: the existing MME sends cancel location confirmation message to the existing HSS.
[17]
In step 212: the HSS sends an update location confirmation message to the MME.
[18]
In step 213: the MME sends a TAU accepting message to the UE.
[19]
In step 214: If the global UE temporary identification (GUTI) is changed, the UE sends a TAU accomplishment message to the MME to confirm acceptance of the new GUTI.

Disclosure of Invention

Technical Problem

[20]
As illustrated in the TAU process mentioned above, several messages are required for each UE to execute a TAU process every time. When the train runs at a high speed, both RN and UE are moving, if a plurality of UEs execute the TAU process at the same time, it will bring about unnecessary resource waste of network and network jam.
[21]
Therefore, it is necessary to provide an effective technical solution in order to solve the problem that the UE frequently executes a TAU process.

Solution to Problem

[22]
An object of the present invention is to at least solve one of the above technical disadvantages, particularly to effectively reduce the process that a plurality of UEs frequently executes a TAU by sending a TAI list of a RN cellular to which the UE is located to the UE.
[23]
According to one aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, a communication method is provided, comprises:
[24]
a mobile management unit (MME) receives information accessed by a user device (UE) through a RN or a mobile RN;
[25]
the MME sends a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE.
[26]
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, a communication method is provided, comprises:
[27]
an access network device sends the information accessed by a user equipment (UE) through a relay node (RN) or a mobile RN to MME; and
[28]
the access network device sends a non-access stratum message received from the MME to the UE, the non-access stratum message including a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[29]
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, a network device is provided, comprises:
[30]
a reception module is used to receive information accessed by a UE through a RN or a mobile RN;
[31]
a storage module is used to record the information; and
[32]
a transmission module is used to send a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[33]
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, an access network device is provided, comprises:
[34]
a reception module is used to receive the information accessed by the UE through a RN or a mobile RN; and
[35]
a transmission module is used to send the information accessed by the UE through the RN to a MME, and send a non-access stratum message received from the MME to the UE, the non-access stratum message including a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[36]
The above method or device according to present invention sends a TAI list of a RN cellular to the UE, so that when the TAI of the cellular at where many relative stationary UE are located is contained in the TAI list of the UE, the UE does not need to initiate an uplink TAU process in order to reduce unnecessary signaling process and network jam, and simultaneously to improve paging efficiency for effectively promoting network performance. The above technical solutions according to the present invention make a slight alternation to the present system. Thereby the compatibility of the system may not be affected and the system can achieve a simplicity and highly active.
[37]
Additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and will be apparent upon illustration of the following or may be learn from the practice of the invention.

Advantageous Effects of Invention

[38]
According to the aforementioned method or device, by sending a TAI list of a RN cellular to the UE, when the TAI of the cellulars at where a plurality of relatively stationary UEs are located is within the TAI list of the UE, the UE does not need to initiate an uplink TAU process, the present invention can reduce unnecessary signaling process and network jam, and simultaneously improve paging efficiency and effectively promote the network performance.

Brief Description of Drawings

[39]
The aforementioned and/or additional aspects and advantageous of the present invention will be obvious and easily understood with reference to disclosures as illustrated in the embodiments in combination with the appended drawings, in which:
[40]
FIG. 1 is a structural schematic view of LTE supporting a RN in prior art;
[41]
FIG. 2 is a TAU flow diagram in prior art;
[42]
FIG. 3 is a flow chart of a communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
[43]
FIG. 4 is a flow chart of another communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
[44]
FIG. 5 is a structural schematic view of a network device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
[45]
FIG. 6 is a structural schematic view of an access network device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
[46]
FIG. 7 is a work flow chart of an application context I showing that a UE accesses to a network initially by a RN cellular;
[47]
FIG. 8 is a work flow chart of an application context showing that a UE accesses to a RN cellular through S1 handover;
[48]
FIG. 9 is a work flow chart of an application context showing that a UE accesses to a RN cellular through X2 handover;
[49]
FIG. 10 is a work flow chart of an applicant context showing that a MME updates information during the UE moving out from the RN;
[50]
FIG. 11 is a work flow chart of an application context A showing that a network pages the UE;
[51]
FIG. 12 is a work flow chart of an application context showing that the MME updates the DeNB accessed by the RN during the RN switching;
[52]
FIG. 13 is a work flow chart of an application context B showing that a network pages the UE;
[53]
FIG. 14 is a work flow chart of an application context showing that the MME obtains TAI supported by the RN; and
[54]
FIG. 15 is a work flow chart of an application context II showing that the UE accesses to the network through the RN cellular initially.

Mode for the Invention

[55]
Reference will now be made in detail to the specific embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or similar parts or the parts with the same or similar performance. The following exemplary embodiments are illustrated with reference to the drawings just for explaining the present invention but not being construed as limiting the present invention.
[56]
Generally, a RN is regarded as a fixed access network device. However, with the current expansion of the application context, a RN with mobile feature appears to be called as a mobile RN, for example, the RN mounted on a high-speed railway.
[57]
The present invention provides a technical solution adaptive to the traditional RN device, even to the mobile RN. Considering the characteristic of the mobile RN, the technical solution of the present invention can reduce unnecessary signaling process and network jam simultaneously to improve paging efficiency and effectively to promote network performance. Therefore, the RN mentioned in the present invention is the traditional fixed RN and/or a mobile RN which the details will not be presented any more in the followings.
[58]
Referring to the RN mounted on the high-speed railway, for example, a cellular of the RN is provided with a unique TAC along the highway, and the RN supports all PLMN along the highway. For instance, a TAI of the RN can be a combination of all PLMN ID supported along the highway and TAC. In addition, if a plurality of RNs is provided in the same train, the RNs with the same TAC may be distributed to connect to the same DeNB. To achieve the object of the present invention, a technical solution of supporting the UE group mobility is provided, for example, it can be applied in a circumstance of high-speed movement in order to reduce unnecessary signaling process and network jam.
[59]
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a communication method comprises the following steps:
[60]
a mobile management unit (MME) receives information accessed by a user equipment (UE) through a relay node (RN);
[61]
the MME sends a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE.
[62]
When the UE groups are moving, for example, during the train runs at a high speed, a TAI of a cellular at where a plurality of relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in a TAI list of the UEs, thereby a TAU process shall not be initiated by the UE which can reduce a unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve a paging efficiency and to effectively promote a network performance.
[63]
As shown in FIG. 3, the flow chart of the communication method according to one embodiment of the present invention comprises the following steps:
[64]
In S310: a MME receives information accessed by a UE through a RN.
[65]
Specifically, the step of the MME receiving the information accessed by a UE through a RN comprises:
[66]
the MME receives the information accessed by the UE through the RN as reported by the RN or the DeNB, wherein the accessed information includes one or more following information as indication of RN or the mobile RN, an identity of the RN, and a tracing region identification (TAI) list supported by the RN.
[67]
It may be that a RN directly reports the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME. For example, the RN informs the MME of the information accessed by the RN through an initial UE message. Through the establishing process of the S1 between the RN and the MME, the MME obtains the TAI list supported by the RN.
[68]
The DeNB obtains the information accessed by a UE through a RN in the following one or more approaches:
[69]
by means of an initial UE message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[70]
by means of a handover request confirmation message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[71]
by means of a handoverinforming message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[72]
by means of a path switch request message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[73]
by means of a S1 establishing process initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[74]
by means of a connecting process of the RN initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[75]
by means of a RN instruction contained in the handover request confirmation message by the RN to which the UE belongs; and
[76]
by determining whether the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the RN cellular according to an initial configuration.
[77]
The MME records the information accessed by the UE through the RN.
[78]
The MME may further store a DeNB of the RN at where the UE is located.
[79]
The MME obtains information accessed by the UE through a RN and/or the DeNB of the RN at where the UE is located. Therefore, when a network provides service for the UE, the MME can find out the position of the UE quickly.
[80]
In S320: the MME sends a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE.
[81]
In order to avoid TAU processes initiated by multiple UEs which keep stationary relative to the RN when the UE groups are moving, for example, during the train runs at a high speed, a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located is sent to the UE. Thus, when the TAI of the cellular at where multiple relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in the TAI list of the UEs, an uplink TAU process shall not be initiated by the UEs. Thus, it can reduce an unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve a paging efficiency and to promote a network performance.
[82]
The embodiment according to the present invention provides three manners for paging the UE as follows:
[83]
First manner:
[84]
the MME sends a paging 1 message to the DeNB of the RN at where the UE is located;
[85]
the DeNB sends the paging 2 message to RN which supports a TAC or a TAI in TAI in the paging message received from the MME; and
[86]
The RN sends a paging message to the UE. Alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell in the TAI received from the DeNB.
[87]
In addition, in the establishing process of the S1 interface, the DeNB receives a report from the RN to obtain the TAI list supported by the RN. The MME receives report information from the DeNB to obtain the TAI list supported by the DeNB or the TAI list supported by the RN under the DeNB.
[88]
Second manner:
[89]
the MME sends a paging 1 message to the eNB which supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE;
[90]
the eNB sends the paging 2 message to the RN or the eNB cell which supports the TAC or the TAI in the TAI list in the paging messagereceived from the MME;
[91]
the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE. Alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell in the TAI received from the DeNB.
[92]
In addition, in the establishing process of the S1 interface, the DeNB receives a report from the RN to obtain the TAI list supported by the RN; the MME receives report information from the DeNB to obtain the TAI list supported by the DeNB.
[93]
Third manner:
[94]
The MME sends a paging 1 message to the RN or eNB which supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE;
[95]
the RN or the eNB sends the paging 2 message to a cell which is in the TAC or the TAI in the paging message received from the DeNB or the MME.
[96]
When the UE departs from the RN, the method further comprises the following steps:
[97]
the MME updates the information accessed by the RN at where the UE is located, and sends a updated TAI list to the UE.
[98]
If the information about the DeNB of the RN accessed by the UE is changed at the moment of the RN switching, the MME or a relocated MME stores updated information about the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located. Generally, the initial MME is defined as a source MME, and the relocated MME is defined as a target MME. When a source MME receives information about switching the RN at where the UE is located, the source MME sends the information about the UE served by the RN to a target MME; and the target MME updates the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located as the target DeNB.
[99]
If the information about the UE is changed at the moment of the RN switching, the MME or the relocated MME may send a updated information to the UE.
[100]
The step of the MME or the relocated MME sends the updated information to the UE comprises the following steps:
[101]
sending non access stratum (NAS) message which includes the updated information to the UE; or
[102]
sending a S1 message to the DeNB and the DeNB sends the updated information to the UE through the RN.
[103]
When the TAI of the cellular at where multiple relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in a TAI list of the UEs, the uplink TAU processes shall not be initiated by the UEs by sending a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE, so that it enables to reduce the unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve the paging efficiency and to promote the network performance.
[104]
Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 4, one embodiment according to the present invention further provides a communication method based on an access network device comprises the following steps:
[105]
In S410: the access network device sends the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME.
[106]
The step of the access network device sending the information accessed by the UE through a RN to MME comprises the following steps:
[107]
the RN or the DeNB sends the accessed information to the MME, wherein the accessed information includes one or more following information such as an indication of the RN or the mobile RN, an identity of RN, and a TAI list supported by the RN.
[108]
In S420: the access network device sends the non-access stratum message received from the MME to the UE.
[109]
The non-access stratum message includes a TAI list of the RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[110]
As illustrated in one embodiment of the present invention, the access network device comprises but not limit to the RN and the DeNB.
[111]
For example, the DeNB obtains information accessed by the UE through the RN in the following one or more manners:
[112]
by means of an initial UE message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[113]
by means of a handover request confirmation message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[114]
by means of a handover informing message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[115]
by means of a path switch request message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[116]
by means of a S1 establishing process initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[117]
by means of a connecting process of the RN initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[118]
by means of a RN instruction contained in the handover request confirmation message by the RN to which the UE belongs; and
[119]
by determining whether the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the RN cellular according to an initial configuration.
[120]
In the establishing process of the S1 interface, the DeNB sends the information about the TAI list supported by RN under the DeNB to the MME.
[121]
It may be that a RN directly reports the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME. For example, the RN informs the MME of the information accessed by the RN through an initial UE message. Through the establishing procedure of the S1 between the RN and the MME, the MME obtains the TAI list supported by the RN.
[122]
In addition, when paging the UE is needed, the method further comprises the following steps:
[123]
the DeNB receives a paging 1 message sent by the MME;
[124]
the DeNB sends a paging 2 message to the RN which supports the TAC or the TAI in the TAI list in the paging message received from the MME; and
[125]
the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE. Alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell in the TAI received from the DeNB.
[126]
When the TAI of the cellular at where multiple relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in a TAI list of the UEs, the uplink TAU processes shall not be initiated by the UEs by sending a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE, so that it enables to reduce the unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve the paging efficiency and to promote the network performance.
[127]
Corresponding to the above mentioned method, as shown in FIG. 5, the embodiment according to the present invention further provides a network device 500 which comprises a reception module 510, a storage module 520 and a transmission module 530.
[128]
The reception module 510 is used to receive a information accessed by a UE through a RN.
[129]
The reception module 510 receiving information accessed by a UE through a RN comprises:
[130]
the reception module 510 receives the accessed information reported by the RN or the DeNB, wherein the accessed information includes one or more following information such as an indication of the RN or the mobile RN, an identity of the RN and a TAI list supported by the RN.
[131]
The storage module 520 is used to record the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The storage module further records the DeNB at where the RN is located accessed by the UE. When the DeNB at where the RN is located accessed by the UE is changed, the storage module updates the information about the DeNB at where the RN is located accessed by the UE.
[132]
The transmission module 530 is used to send a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[133]
In the establishing process of the S1 interface, the reception module 510 receives report information from the DeNB in order to obtain a TAI list supported by the RN under the DeNB.
[134]
The reception module may directly receive the information accessed by the UE through RN reported by the RN. For example, the RN sends an initial UE message to inform the reception module of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. In the creating process of the S1 interface, the reception module obtains the TAI list supported by the RN. Then the transmission module 530 sends the TAI list of the RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE.
[135]
When paging the UE is needed, two manners are provided according to the present invention:
[136]
First manner:
[137]
the transmission module 530 sends a paging 1 message to the DeNB at where the UE is located or to the eNB which supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE;
[138]
the DeNB sends the paging 2 message to the RN which supports the TAC or the TAI in the paging message received from the MME or the eNB sends paging message to the cell which supports the TAC or the TAI in the paging message received from the MME; and
[139]
the RN sends a paging 3 message. Alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell in the TAI received from the DeNB.
[140]
Second manner:
[141]
the transmission module 530 sends the paging 1 message to the eNB or the RN which supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE;
[142]
the eNB or the RN sends a paging 2 message in the cell in the TAC or the TAI receiced from the MME or the DeNB to the UE.
[143]
When the UE departs from the RN, the device may further comprise:
[144]
the storage module 520 updates the information accessed by the UE through the RN, and the transmission module 530 sends a updated TAI list to the UE.
[145]
In specific application, the network device may be a MME. When the RN is switched, if the information about the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located is changed, the MME or the relocated MME stores the updated DeNB information accessed by the RN at where the UE is located. Generally, the initial MME is defined as a source MME, and the relocated MME is defined as a target MME, that is, when the transmission module 510 of the source network device receives the information of switching the RN at where the UE is located, the transmission module 530 of the source network device sends the information about the UE served by the RN to the target network device; and the storage module 520 of the target network device updates the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located as the target DeNB.
[146]
When a RN switching happens, if the information about the UE is changed, the transmission module 530 sends the updated information to the UE.
[147]
Specifically, the transmission module 530 sending the updated information to the UE, which comprises:
[148]
the transmission module 530 sends NAS message which includes the updated information to the UE; or
[149]
the transmission module 530 sends S1 message to a DeNB, and the DeNB sends the updated information to the UE through the RN.
[150]
The above mentioned network device includes but not limit to a MME device. When the TAI of the cellular at where multiple relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in a TAI list of the UEs, the uplink TAU processes shall not be initiated by the UEs by sending a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE, so that it enables to reduce the unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve the paging efficiency and to promote the network performance.
[151]
Corresponding to the above mentioned method, as shown in FIG. 6, the embodiment according to the present invention further provides an access network device 600, which comprises a reception module 610 and a transmission module 620.
[152]
In a specific network, the access network device 600 includes but not limit to a RN or a DeNB.
[153]
Specifically,
[154]
the reception module 610 is used to receive information accessed by a UE through a RN;
[155]
the reception module 610 obtains the information accessed by the UE through the RN in one or more manners as follows:
[156]
by means of an initial UE message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[157]
by means of a handover request confirmation message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[158]
by means of a handover informing message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[159]
by means of a path switch request message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[160]
by means of a S1 establishing process initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[161]
by means of a connecting process of the RN initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs;
[162]
by means of a RN instruction contained in the handover request confirmation message by the RN to which the UE belongs; and
[163]
by determining whether the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the RN cellular according to an initial configuration.
[164]
The transmission module 630 is used to send the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME, and send the information received from the MME to the UE.
[165]
The transmission module 630 sends the information accessed by the RN to the MME, wherein the information includes one or more following information as indication of the RN or the mobile RN, an identity of the RN and a TAI list supported by the RN.
[166]
In the establishing process of the S1 interface, the transmission module 630 sends the information about the TAI list supported by the RN under the access network device to the MME.
[167]
When paging the UE is needed, it may further comprise:
[168]
the reception module 610 receives a paging 1 message sent by the MME;
[169]
the transmission module 630 sends a paging 2 message to the RN which supports the TAC or the TAI in the paging message; and the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cellular which is in the TAC or the TAI in the TAI list received in the paging message from the MME or DeNB.
[170]
The access network device sends a non-access stratum message received from the MME to the UE, wherein the non-access stratum message includes a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located E. When the TAI of the cellular at where multiple relatively stationary UEs are located is contained in a TAI list of the UEs, the uplink TAU processes shall not be initiated by the UEs, so that it enables to reduce the unnecessary signaling process and a network jam simultaneously to improve the paging efficiency and to promote the network performance.
[171]
Various application contexts are incorporated into the embodiments as disclosed below for further explanation of the present invention. It should be understood that introduction of device entity, such as MME, RN, DeNB or UE is merely exemplary for convenience of understand, so that the device entity can not be regarded as limiting main object of the present invention.
[172]
An application context 1:
[173]
As shown in FIG. 7, the application context 1 is a flow chart showing that when a UE initially accesses to a network through a RN, a RN or a DeNB informs a MME that a UE is accessed by the RN. FIG. 7 is illustrated as follows:
[174]
in step 701, the UE sends NAS message to the RN.
[175]
in step 702, the RN sends the received NAS message to the DeNB by a S1 message, such as an initial UE message or a RRC message.
[176]
The DeNB obtains the information accessed by the UE through the RN in the following manners:
[177]
as a manner 1: from the initial UE message, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is connected below is a RN. Currently, only RN can send the initial UE message to the DeNB;
[178]
as a manner 2: through the establishing process of the S1, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is connected below is a RN. Currently, only RN can send a S1 establishing request to the DeNB, and there is a Un interface only between the RN and the DeNB;
[179]
as a manner 3: in a RN access process (in the establishing process of the RRC access), the RN can send a RN instruction to the DeNB. The DeNB can acknowledge that a RN node is below according to the RN instruction of RRC layer;
[180]
as a manner 4: the initial UE message contains a RN indication, and the DeNB knows that the UE is accessed by the RN according to this indication. In such a manner, the other types of nodes will be accessed to the network through the DeNB in future, and also this manner is available as sending a S1 creating request and an initial UE messageto the DeNB. And furthermore, such manner does not depend on information about the other protocol layer for more convenient examination.
[181]
As a manner 5: through initial configuration, it is acknowledged that the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the cellular of the RN.
[182]
DeNB knows identification of RN and TAI list supported by the RN in the creating process of the S1. Alternatively, through the above process, the initial UE message, S1 creating request, eNB configuration update, or RRC connection establishing process may include the identification of RN and the TAI list supported by the RN to inform DeNB in correspondence with the TAI list supported by the RN.
[183]
In step 703: the DeNB sends the received NAS message to the MME. The DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the RN indication or the RN identity. For instance, the DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN as sending the initial UE message which may include the RN indication or the RN identity in the NAS message. The information accessed by the UE through the RN further may contain the TAI list supported by the RN.
[184]
The MME stores the information accessed by the UE through the RN and stores the DeNB accessed through the RN.
[185]
In step 704: the MME sends initial context request message which includes NAS information to the DeNB. For example, when the MME receives an attach request (Attach) or a TAU request with an activate flag, the MME is required to send the initial context request message including NAS message to the DeNB. If the MME receives the TAU request without any activate flag, in this step, the MME may send a downlink NAS transmission message which includes the NAS message to the DeNB. The NAS message contains a TAI list which is sent to the UE. The TAI list is a TAI list supported by the RN at where the UE is located. The MME can obtain the TAI supported by the RN in several manners as below:
[186]
as a manner 1: a MME is configured to know the TAI list supported by a certain RN, which may be a corresponding relation between a RN identity and a TAI list for example.
[187]
as a manner 2: informing the MME of the TAI list supported by the RN in the step 703. The DeNB obtains the TAI list supported by RN through S1 establishing process. Alternatively, the RN may inform the DeNB of the TAI list supported by RN through the step 702.
[188]
As a manner 3: through the S1 establishing process, as shown in FIG. 14,
[189]
in step 1401: the RN sends a S1 establishing request message which includes a TAI list supported by the RN to the DeNB;
[190]
in step 1402: the DeNB sends a S1 establishing response message to the RN. It should be noted that there is no absolute sequence between the steps 1402 and 1403. For example, it may execute the step 1403 before the step 1402;
[191]
in step 1403, the DeNB sends a S1 establishing request or an eNB configuration update message which includes a RN identity and a TAI list supported by RN to the MME;
[192]
in step 1404: the MME sends a S1 establishing response or an eNB configuration update confirming message to the DeNB;
[193]
in step 705: the DeNB sends an initial context establishing request message which includes the information received in the step 704 to the RN;
[194]
in step 706: the RN sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message which includes the NAS message in the step 704 to the UE, and the UE stores the received TAI list; and
[195]
in step 707: executing the existing process, such as the existing Attach and a TAU process.
[196]
In this case, after receiving the TAI list, when the UE is stationary compared with the RN, to the UE does not need to initiate the TAU process since the TAI in the cellular of the RN takes no change.
[197]
An application context 2:
[198]
As shown in FIG. 8, the applicant context 2 is a flow chart showing that when a UE accesses to a RN cellular by the S1 handoverg, a RN or a DeNB informs a MME of the information which the UE is accessed through the RN. Special description about FIG. 8 is illustrated below:
[199]
in step 801: the eNB decides to initiate a handover for the UE. The eNB sends a handoverrequired message to a S-MME;
[200]
in step 802: the S-MME sends a forward relocation request message to a T-MME;
[201]
in step 803: the T-MME determines whether it is required to relocate a S-GW for the UE. When relocation of the S-GW is needed, the T-MME sends an creating session request message to a new S-GW;
[202]
in step 804: the S-GW sends an creating session response message to the T-MME;
[203]
in step 805: the T-MME sends a handover request message to a DeNB;
[204]
in step 806: the DeNB sends a handoverrequest message to the RN; and
[205]
in step 807: the RN allocates radio resources. The RN sends a handover request confirmation message to the DeNB.
[206]
The DeNB may know that the UE is accessed by the RN cellular in several manners below:
[207]
as a manner 1: according to the handover request confirmation message, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached to the DeNB is RN. Currently, only the RN can send the handover request confirmation message to the DeNB;
[208]
as a manner 2: through the S1 establishing process, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached below is RN. Currently, only RN can send S1 establishing request to the DeNB, and a Un interface only exists between RN and DeNB;
[209]
as a manner 3: in the RN attach process (in RRC attach establishing process), the RN sends a RN instruction to the DeNB. The DeNB can acknowledge that a RN node is located below according to the RN instruction of RRC layer;
[210]
as a manner 4: the initial UE message contains a RN indication, according to which the DeNB knows that the UE is accessed by the RN. In such a manner, the other types of nodes will be accessed to the network through the DeNB in future, and also this manner is available for sending a S1 creating request and an initial UE message to the DeNB. Furthermore, such manner does not depend on the information in the other protocol layer for more convenient examination.
[211]
as a manner 5: through initial configuration, it is acknowledged that the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the cellular of the RN.
[212]
The DeNB knows identity of RN and TAI list supported by the RN in the process of S1 creating. Or through the above process, the initial UE message, S1 creating request, eNB configuration update, or RRC connection establishing process may include the identity of RN and the TAI list supported by the RN to inform DeNB in correspondence with the TAI list supported by the RN.
[213]
In step 808: the DeNB sends a handover request confirmation message to a T-MME. The DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the RN indication or the RN identity. For instance, the DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN in the handover request confirmation message and contain the RN indication or the RN identity in the handover request confirmation message. The information accessed by the UE through the RN may include the TAI list supported by the RN.
[214]
The MME stores the information accessed by the UE through the RN and stores the DeNB accessed by the RN.
[215]
In step 809: a T-MME sends a forward relocation response to a S-MME.
[216]
In step 810: the S-MME sends a handover command message to an eNB.
[217]
In step 811: the eNB sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message to a UE.
[218]
In step 812: the UE sends a RRC connection reconfiguration accomplishment message to a RN.
[219]
In step 813: the RN sends a handoverinforming message to a DeNB.
[220]
In step 814: the DeNB sends a handoverinforming message to the T-MME.
[221]
As illustrated in this application context, another method is provided to inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN and the DeNB attached by the RN by the steps 813 and/or 814. The specific manners are as same as in the steps 807 and 808. The DeNB may acknowledge that the UE is accessed by the RN cellular in the following manners:
[222]
as a manner 1: according to the handover informing message, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached below is a RN. Currently, only the RN can send handover message to the DeNB;
[223]
as a manner 2: through the S1 establishing process, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached below is a RN. Currently, only RN can send S1 establishing request to the DeNB, and a Un interface only exists between the RN and the DeNB;
[224]
as a manner 3: in the RN attach process (in a RRC attach establishing process), the RN sends a RN instruction to the DeNB. The DeNB can acknowledge that a RN node is located below according to the RN instruction of RRC layer;
[225]
as a manner 4: the initial UE message contains a RN indication, according to which the DeNB knows that the UE is accessed by RN. In such a manner, the other types of nodes will be accessed to the network through the DeNB in future, and also this manner is available as sending a S1 creating request and an initial UE message to the DeNB. Furthermore, such manner does not depend on information in the other protocol layer for more convenient examination.
[226]
as a manner 5: through initial configuration, it is acknowledged that the current cellular is the cellular of the RN.
[227]
The DeNB knows identification of RN and TAI list supported by the RN in the process of S1 creating. Or through the above process, the initial UE message, S1 creating request, eNB configuration update, or RRC connection establishing process may include the identification of RN and the TAI list supported by the RN to inform DeNB in correspondence with the TAI list supported by the RN.
[228]
The DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the RN indication or the RN identity. For instance, the DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN in the handover request confirmation message and contain the RN indication or the RN identity in the handover request confirmation message. The information accessed by the UE through the RN may include the TAI list supported by the RN.
[229]
The MME stores the information accessed by the UE through the RN and stores the DeNB accessed by the RN.
[230]
In step 815: a T-MME sends an update bearer request message to a S-GW/PDN GW.
[231]
In step 816: the S-GW/PDN GW sends an update bearer response message to a T-MME.
[232]
In step 817: executing a TAU process. The TAU accepting message which is sent to the UE by the MME contains a TAI list which is sent to the UE. The TAI list is the TAI list supported by the RN at where the UE is located. The MME obtains the TAI list supported by the RN in three manners. The manners 1 and 3 are as same as the application context as illustrated in FIG. 7, so that the details will be omitted. The manner 2 is that the TAI list supported by the RN is informed to the MME in the step 808 or 814. The DeNB obtains the TAI list supported by the RN through the S1 establishing process. Alternatively, the RN may inform the DeNB of the TAI list supported by the RN by the step 807 or 813.
[233]
In step 818: the S-MME sends a context release instruction message about the UE to the eNB.
[234]
In step 819: the eNB sends a context release accomplishment message about the UE to the S-MME.
[235]
An application context 3:
[236]
As shown in FIG. 9, the application context 3 is a flow chart showing that when the UE accesses the RN cellular by X2 handover, the RN or the DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. FIG. 9 will be illustrated below:
[237]
In step 901: the eNB decides to initiate a handover to the UE. The eNB sends a handoverrequest message to the DeNB.
[238]
In step 902: the DeNB sends a handoverrequest message to a RN.
[239]
In step 903: the RN allocates resources to the UE, and sends a handoverrequest confirmation message to the DeNB.
[240]
In step 904: the DeNB sends a handoverrequest confirmation message to the eNB.
[241]
In step 905: the eNB sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message to the UE.
[242]
In step 906: the UE sends a RRC connection reconfiguration accomplishment message to the RN.
[243]
In step 907: the RN sends a path switch request message to the DeNB.
[244]
The DeNB may acknowledge that the UE is accessed by the RN in following several manners:
[245]
as a manner 1: according to a handoverrequest confirmation message, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached below is a RN. Currently, only the RN can send a path switch request confirmation to the DeNB;
[246]
as a manner 2: through a S1 establishing process, the DeNB has acknowledged that what is attached below is a RN. Currently, only RN can send S1 establishing request to the DeNB, and a Un interface only exists between the RN and the DeNB;
[247]
as a manner 3: in the RN attach process (in a RRC attach establishing process), the RN sends RN instruction to the DeNB. The DeNB can acknowledge that a RN node is located below according to the RN instruction of RRC layer;
[248]
as a manner 4: the path switch request message contains a RN instruction, according to which the DeNB knows that the UE is accessed by RN. In such a manner, the other types of nodes will be accessed to the network through DeNB in future, and also this manner is available as sending a S1 creating request and an initial UE message to the DeNB. Furthermore, such manner does not depend on information in the other protocol layer for more convenient examination.
[249]
as a manner 5: through initial configuration, it is acknowledged that the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the cellular of the RN.
[250]
The DeNB knows identification of RN and TAI list supported by the RN in the process of S1 creating. Or through the above process, the initial UE message, S1 creating request, eNB configuration update, or RRC connection establishing process may include the identification of RN and the TAI list supported by the RN to inform DeNB in correspondence with the TAI list supported by the RN.
[251]
In step 908: the DeNB sends a path switch request confirmation message to MME, and informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The DeNB informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the RN indication or the RN identity. For instance, the DeNB may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN in the handover request confirmation message and contain the RN indication or the RN identity in the handover request confirmation message. The information accessed by the UE through the RN may include the TAI list supported by the RN.
[252]
The MME stores the information accessed by the UE through the RN and the DeNB is accessed by the RN.
[253]
In step 909: a MME sends a path switch request confirmation message to a DeNB.
[254]
In step 910: the DeNB sends a path switch request confirmation message to a RN.
[255]
In step 911: the RN sends a release UE context to the DeNB.
[256]
In step 912: the DeNB sends a release UE contest to the eNB.
[257]
The steps 911 and 912 are used to release the context information about the UE on the eNB. Alternatively, the other release process may be applied without affecting the main contents of the present invention.
[258]
In step 913: executing the TAU process. The TAU accepting message sent to the UE by the MME contains a TAI list sent to the UE. The TAI list is the TAI list supported by the RN at where the UE is located. The MME obtains the TAI list supported by the RN in three manners. The manners 1 and 3 are as same as the application context as illustrated in FIG. 7, so that the details will be omitted. The manner 2 is that the MME of the TAI list supported by the RN is informed in the step 908. The DeNB obtains the TAI list supported by the RN through the S1 establishing process. Alternatively, the RN may inform the DeNB of the TAI list supported by the RN by the step 907.
[259]
An application context 4:
[260]
During the UE is displaced from the RN, the MME may update the stored information and the TAI list of the UE. As shown in FIG. 10, illustration of the steps not associated with the present invention will be omitted herein. The flow chart shows as following:
[261]
in step 1001: a RN sends a handover required message to a DeNB;
[262]
in step 1002: the DeNB sends a handover required message to a S-MME;
[263]
in step 1003: the S-MME sends a forward relocation request message to the T-MME;
[264]
in step 1004: the T-MME determine whether to relocate S-GW/PDN GW for the UE, If it is desirable to send a create session request message to the S-GW/PDN GW;
[265]
in step 1005: the S-GW/PDN sends an creating session response message to the T-MME;
[266]
in step 1006: the T-MME sends a handover request message to the eNB;
[267]
in step 1007: the eNB allocates resources. The eNB sends a handoverrequest confirmation message to the T-MME;
[268]
in step 1008: the T-MME sends a forward relocation response message to the S-MME;
[269]
in step 1009: the S-MME sends a handover command message to the DeNB;
[270]
in step 1010: the DeNB sends a handover command message to the RN;
[271]
in step 1011: the RN sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message to the UE;
[272]
in step 1012: the UE sends a RRC connection reconfiguration accomplishment message to the eNB;
[273]
in step 1013: the eNB sends a handoverinforming message to the T-MME. The MME knows that the UE has displaced the RN according to the handoverinforming message or the handoverrequest confirmation message, i.e. the information does not contain instruction of the UE in the RN, or the instruction of the mobile or the instruction without RN. When the UE returns back into an idle mode, while the MME needs to initiate paging to the UE, the MME pages the UE complying with the present paging mechanism according to the TAI list sent to the UE in the step 1016;
[274]
in step 1014: the T-MME sends an update bearer request message to the S-GW/PDN GW;
[275]
in step 1015: the S-GW/PDN GW sends an update bearer response message to the T-MME;
[276]
in step 1016: executing the TAU process. The TAU accepting message about the UE sent by the MME includes the updated TAI list sent to the UE.
[277]
When the MME intends to page the UE, the MME sends a paging message to such an eNB which support the TAI within the new TAI list sent to the UE. The eNB pages the UE in such a cell which is in the TAI in the new TAI list sent to the UE.
[278]
In step 1017: the UE context information about the UE in the DeNB and the RN are released.
[279]
An application context 5:
[280]
An application context A of a network paging a UE is shown in FIG. 11.
[281]
In step 1101: a MME receives downlink data information.
[282]
In step 1102: the MME sends a paging 1 message to the DeNB/eNB that supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE. According to the UE context, the MME know the TAI list send to the UE. The paging 1 message includes a TAI list.
[283]
In step 1103: the DeNB sends a paging 2 message to a RN attached to the DeNB and supporting the TAI in the TAI list contained in the paging message received from the MME. The paging 2 message includes the TAI list. The DeNB also sends a paging 2 message to the cell, which is in the TAI in the TAI list in the paging message received from the MME.. The Paging 2 message from the DeNB to the RN and the Paging 3 message from the RN/eNB to the UE are different messages. The paging 2 messge from the DeNB to the RN are S1AP message which can refer 3GPP TS36.413. The paging 3 message from the RN/eNB to the UE are RRC message which can refer TS36.331. The Paging 2 message from the DeNB to the RN can be the same with the Paging 1 message from the MME to the DeNB or can be different messages, which doen’t impacts the main contents of this invention.
[284]
In step 1104: the RN receiving the paging 2 message sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cellular controlled by the RN; alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell in the TAI received in the paging 2 message from the DeNB.
[285]
In step 1105: the UE executes the present paging response process, such as a service request process.
[286]
An application context 6:
[287]
In a RN moving process, it is required to change to a target DeNB (T-DeNB) from a source DeNB (S-DeNB). This embodiment describes a process in which a MME updates the DeNB of the stored RN during the RN moving, see FIG. 12 for details. Description of the steps not related with the present invention will be omitted. The process comprises steps of:
[288]
in step 1201: the S-DeNB decides to initiate a handover for the RN. The S-DeNB sends a handoverrequired message to the S-MME (that is the MME which serves to the RN and the UE served by the RN). The MME updates the DeNB information about the RN. The information about the UE served by the RN can be obtained by means of the step 703, step 808 or step 814, step 908. And the MME updates the information about the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located.
[289]
In step 1202: if need to re-locate the MME, the S-MME selects a target T-MME for the RN or the UE of the RN. The S-MME may select the same target MME for the RN and the UE of the RN. The S-MME sends a forward relocation request message including the information of UE served by the RN to a T-MME. The information about the UE served by the RN contains a context of the UE served by the RN and the DeNB of the RN. For example, the information about the UE served by the RN can be obtained by means of the step 703, step 808, or step 814, step 908. The S-MME can update the information about the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located, i.e. update to be the target DeNB from the source DeNB, and then send the updated information to the T-MME. Or the S-MME directly sends the stored information about the UE served by the RN to the T-MME, the T-MME updates the information about the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located, i.e. update to be the target DeNB from the source DeNB. And furthermore, the step of this process will not be existed without relocation of the MME.
[290]
In step 1203: the T-MME determines whether it is required to relocate a S-GW for each UE served by the RN. When a new S-GW is selected, the T-MME sends a creating session response message to the new S-GW, herein the concrete signaling process between the S-GW and RDN GW will be omitted. In the case that the MME is not relocated, the S-MME determines whether to relocate the S-GW for each UE if a new S-GW is selected. If the S-GW does not need to be reallocated, the step 1203 and the step 1204 of the process will not be executed.
[291]
The message contains a bearer context information including an uplink PDN GW address connected to each PDN and a tunnel endpoint identifier (TEID). The target S-GW allocates the S1-U interface uplink S-GW address and TEID.
[292]
If the S-GW and PDN GW of the RN are separate entity frame (S-GW/PDN GW and the RN are non-colocated), the T-MME determines whether need to change the S-GW that serves to the RN, if so, the same process as above mentioned will be executed.
[293]
In step 1204: the S-GW sends an create session response message to the T-MME, the message including that the S-GW allocates the S1-U interface uplink S-GW address and TEID.
[294]
In step 1205: the T-MME sends a handover request message to a T-DeNB, the message including the identification information and the bearer information about the RN as the UE.
[295]
It should be explained that the step 1205 and the step 1201 are not necessary for the method, and thereby can be omitted.
[296]
In step 1206: the T-DeNB is a radio resource of a Un interface which is allocated to RN for allocating a Un interface.
[297]
The T-DeNB sends a handover request confirmation message to T-MME, the message including the information of RN as the UE, such as eNB UE S1 AP ID, MME UE S1 AP ID, accepted E-RAB information and the failed E-RAB information.
[298]
In step 1207: the T-MME sends a forward relocation response to the S-MME, the message including the information received by the step 1206.
[299]
In step 1208: the S-MME sends a handover command message to the S-DeNB, the message including the information of RN as the UE, such as eNB UE S1 AP ID and MME UE S1 AP ID of the RN.
[300]
In step 1209: the S-DeNB sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message to the RN, the message including mobile control information about the RN as UE.
[301]
The RN stores the above information received.
[302]
In step 1210: the RN sends a RRC connection reconfiguration accomplishment message to the T-DeNB.
[303]
In step 1211: the T-DeNB sends a handover informing message to the T-MME.
[304]
In step 1212: for each UE served by the RN, the T-MME sends an update bearer request message to a S-GW/PDN GW of the UE. If the S-GW is re-selected for the UE in the step 1203, the T-MME sends the update bearer request message to a target S-GW/PDN GW. When the S-GW is re-selected, the PDN GW can not be changed. Herein, the description of the signaling process between the S-GW and the PDN GW will be omitted.
[305]
If the S-GW and PDN GW of the RN are separate entity frame (S-GW/PDN GW and the RN are non-colocated), the T-MME sends a modification bearer request message to a T-S-GW/PDN GW, the message including the information about the RN as the UE. The T-S-GW/PDN GW of the RN will send the update bearer response message in the step 1213 to the T-MME.
[306]
In step 1213: the S-GW/PDN GW of the UE sends a update bearer response message to the T-MME.
[307]
In step 1214: a network side updates the information about the UE served by the RN, for example GUTI. In the method of the present invention, this step is not a necessary step, that is, the method of this embodiment can not contain this step.
[308]
An application context 7:
[309]
FIG. 13 shows an application context B in which UE is paged over the network.
[310]
In step 1301: the MME receives the downlink data information.
[311]
In step 1302: if the UE is covered by the RN, the MME sends a paging 1 message to the DeNB of the UE according the stored information about the UE. According to the embodiments as shown in FIG. 7, FIG. 8, FIG. 9 and/or FIG. 12, the MME may obtain the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located, the paging message including a TAI list . The TAI list is the same as that the MME send to the UE. The UE may camp in the TAI list without TAU procedure.
[312]
In step 1303: the DeNB sends a paging 2 message to a RN attached to the DeNB and supporting the TAI in the TAI list contained in the paging message received from the MME, the paging messaging including the TAI list.
[313]
In step 1304: the RN receiving the paging 2 message sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell controlled by the RN; alternatively, the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE in the cell supporting the TAI contained in the paging message received from the DeNB. The Paging 2 message from the DeNB to the RN and the Paging 3 message from the RN/eNB to the UE are different messages. The paging 2 messge from the DeNB to the RN is S1AP message which can refer 3GPP TS36.413. The paging 3 message from the RN/eNB to the UE is RRC message which can refer TS36.331. The Paging 2 message from the DeNB to the RN can be the same with the Paging 1 message from the MME to the DeNB or can be different messages, which doen’t impacts the main contents of this invention.
[314]
In step 1305: the UE executes the present paging response process, such as a service request process.
[315]
An application context 8:
[316]
FIG. 15 shows an application context II showing that the UE accesses to the network initially through the RN cellular and is a flow chart that the RN informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The details are presented as follows:
[317]
In step 1501: the UE sends NAS message to the RN.
[318]
In step 1502: the RN sends the received NAS message to the MME according to the S1 information such as the initial UE message, wherein the S1 information is transmitted transparently through the DeNB. The RN informs the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN. The RN may inform the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the RN indication or RN identity, for example, informing the MME of the information accessed by the UE through the RN according to the initial UE message in which the NAS message is sent, or including the RN indication or the RN identity in the initial UE message.
[319]
The MME knows the RN identity and the TAI list supported by the RN through the S1 creating process. Or through the above process, the MME is informed to be corresponding to the TAI list supported by the RN in the initial UE message including the RN identity and the TAI list supported by the RN.
[320]
The MME stores the information accessed by the UE through the RN and stores the TAI list supported by the RN.
[321]
In step 1503: the MME sends initial context request message which includes NAS message to the RN. For example, when the MME receives an attach request (Attach) or a TAU request with an activate flag, the MME is required to send the initial context request message including NAS message to the DeNB. If the MME receives the TAU request without any activate flag, in this step, the MME may send a downlink NAS transmission message which includes the NAS message to the DeNB. The NAS message contains a TAI list which is sent to the UE. The TAI list is a TAI list supported by the RN at where the UE is located. The MME can obtain the TAI supported by the RN in several manners as below:
[322]
as a manner 1: a MME is configured to know the TAI list supported by a certain RN, which may be a corresponding relation between a RN identity and a TAI list for example.
[323]
as a manner 2: informing the MME of the TAI list supported by the RN in the step 1502.
[324]
as a manner 3: through the S1 establishing process, the RN informs the MME of the TAI list supported by the RN, and the S1 message is transmitted transparently through the DeNB.
[325]
In step 1504: the RN sends a RRC connection reconfiguration message which includes the NAS message in the step 704 to the UE, and the UE stores the received TAI list; and
[326]
in step 1505: executing the existing process, such as the existing Attach and a TAU process.
[327]
In this case, after receiving the TAI list, when the UE is stationary compared with the RN, to the UE does not need to initiate the TAU process since the TAI in the cellular of the RN takes no change.
[328]
When the MME needs to page the UE, for example, the MME receives the downlink data information, executing the following steps of:
[329]
The MME sends the paging message to such eNB/RN which supports the TAI in the TAI list sent to the UE according to the stored information about the UE, the paging message including the TAI list.
[330]
After receiving the paging message, the eNB/RN sends a paging message to the UE in the cellular controlled by the eNB/RN; or the eNB/RN sends a paging message to the UE in the cellular in the TAI contained in the paging message received from the MME or DeNB.
[331]
The UE executes the present paging response process, such as a service request process.
[332]
In the case that the switch occurs in the RN, if the information about the UE is changed, particularly the network configuration information is changed, such as a change of the GUTI, change of the relevant information about the UE may be informed in two manners:
[333]
As a manner 1:
[334]
The MME (which is a destination MME when MME relocation occurs) sends NAS message which includes an updated information (such as GUTI) of a UE information to the UE in order to update the UE. The updated information may further include TAI list and equivalent PLMN list.
[335]
The present GUTI reallocation instruction may be used to update the UE information.
[336]
The UE stores the above received information.
[337]
The UE sends an acknowledgement message. For example, the acknowledgement message is the of the GUTI reallocation accomplishment message. And such step is selectable.
[338]
As a manner 2:
[339]
The MME (which is a destination MME when MME relocation occurs) sends a UE information by S1 message to the DeNB in order to update the UE. The message may send all the information of UE under the RN to the RN. The message includes information of each UE, such as GUTI of the UEs, and further includes a TAI list of the UEs. The message may be sent by the RN associated signaling.
[340]
The DeNB sends UE information by S1 message in order to update the RN. The message may send the information of all UEs under the RN to the RN. The message includes the information of each UE, such as GUTI of the UEs, and further includes a TAI list of the UE.
[341]
The RN sends each UE information received above to the corresponding UE by the RRC message.
[342]
To this end, informing the UE of the change of the relevant information thereof is finished.
[343]
It is understandable to those skilled in the art that all or part of the steps of the foregoing embodiments may be implemented by hardware instructed by a computer program. The program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. When being executed, the program performs all or part of the steps in foregoing method embodiments.
[344]
In addition, all functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into a process module, or exist independently, or two or more of such units are integrated into a module. The integrated module may be hardware or a software module. When being implemented as a software module and existing or applied as an independent product, the integrated module may also be stored in a computer-readable storage medium.
[345]
The storage medium may be a Read-Only Memory (ROM), magnetic disk or Compact Disk (CD).
[346]
The invention is described through some exemplary embodiments. It is apparent that those skilled in the art can make modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the scope. The invention is intended to cover the modifications and variations provided that they fall in the scope of protection defined by the following claims or their equivalents.

Claims

[Claim 1]
A communication method, comprises: a MME receives information accessed by a UE through a RN or a mobile RN; the MME sends a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located to the UE.
[Claim 2]
The communication method of claim 1, wherein the MME receiving the information accessed by the UE through the RN comprises: the MME receives the information accessed by UE through the RN as reported by the RN or the DeNB, the accessed information including one or more following information as indication of the RN or the mobile RN, an identity of the RN, and a TAI list supported by the RN.
[Claim 3]
The communication method of claim 2, wherein the DeNB obtaining the information accessed by the UE through the RN in one or more manners as follows: by means of an initial UE message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a handover request confirmation message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a handover informing message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a path switch request message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a S1 establishing process initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a connecting process of the RN initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a RN instruction contained in the handover request confirmation message by the RN to which the UE belongs; and by determining whether the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the RN cellular according to an initial configuration.
[Claim 4]
The communication method of claim 1, wherein in the establishing process of the S1 interface, the MME receives report information from the DeNB in order to obtain a TAI list supported by the RN under the DeNB.
[Claim 5]
The communication method of claim 1, wherein when the UE departs from the RN, the method further comprises: the MME updates the information accessed by the RN at where the UE is located, and sends a updated TAI list to the UE.
[Claim 6]
The communication method of claim 1, wherein if the information about the UE is changed at the moment of the RN switching, the MME or a relocated MME sends a updated information to the UE.
[Claim 7]
The communication method of claim 6, wherein the MME or the relocated MME sending the updated information to the UE comprises: sending NAS message which includes the updated information to the UE; or sending a S1 message to the DeNB and DeNB sends the updated information to the UE through the RN.
[Claim 8]
The communication method of claim 1, further comprises: The MME stores DeNB information accessed by the RN at where the UE is located.
[Claim 9]
The communication method of claim 1, wherein when receiving a message of handover the RN at where the UE is located, the MME updates the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located.
[Claim 10]
The communication method of claim 1, further comprises: when a source MME receives information about switching the RN at where the UE is located, the source MME sends the information about the UE served by the RN to a target MME; and the target MME updates the DeNB accessed by the RN at where the UE is located as a target DeNB.
[Claim 11]
The communication method of any one of claims 8-10, wherein when paging the UE is needed, the method further comprises: the MME sends a paging 1 message to the DeNB of the RN at where the UE is located; the DeNB sends a paging 2 message to the RN which supports a TAC or a TAI in the TAI list in the paging message received from the MME; and the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE.
[Claim 12]
A communication method, comprises: an access network device sends information accessed by a UE through a RN or a mobile RN to a mobile management unit (MME); the access network device sends a non-access stratum message received from the MME to the UE, the non-access stratum message including a TAI list of a RN cellular at where the UE is located.
[Claim 13]
The communication method of claim 12, wherein the access network device comprises the RN or the DeNB.
[Claim 14]
The communication method of claim 13, wherein when paging the UE is needed, the method further comprises: the DeNB receives a paging 1 message sent by the MME; the DeNB sends the paging 2 message to the RN which supports the TAC or the TAI in the TAI list in the paging message received from the MME; and the RN sends a paging 3 message to the UE.
[Claim 15]
The communication method of claim 13, wherein the access network device sending the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME comprises: the RN or the DeNB sends the information accessed by the UE through the RN to the MME, the accessed information including one or more following information such as an indication of the RN or the mobile RN, an identity of the RN and a TAI list supported by the RN.
[Claim 16]
The communication method of claim 15, wherein the DeNB obtaining the information accessed by the UE through the RN in one or more manners as follows: by means of an initial UE message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a handover request confirmation message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a handover informing message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a path switch request message initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a S1 establishing process initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a connecting process of the RN initiated by the RN to which the UE belongs; by means of a RN instruction contained in the handover request confirmation message by the RN to which the UE belongs; and by determining whether the cellular currently accessed by the UE is the RN cellular according to an initial configuration.
[Claim 17]
The communication method of claim 12, wherein in the establishing process of the S1 interface, the DeNB sends the information about the TAI list supported by the RN under the DeNB to the MME.
[Claim 18]
A network device adapted to perform the method of one of claims 1 to 11.
[Claim 19]
An access network device adapted to perform the method of one of claims 12 to 17.

Drawings

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