このアプリケーションの一部のコンテンツは現時点では利用できません。
このような状況が続く場合は、にお問い合わせくださいフィードバック & お問い合わせ
1. (WO2019025461) GLUCOSE TEST ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD
注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

Glucose test arrangement and method

Description

The invention concerns a glucose test arrangement for use in a handheld meter comprising a disposable test pad which is responsive to glucose in a body fluid and a supporting member adapted to support the test pad at an application site for applying body fluid, particularly as a drop of blood, from a user's skin and particularly from a user's finger onto a receiving area of the test pad, wherein the receiving area faces away from the supporting member, such that the sample fluid is applied from the top and the opposite side is flatly supported. The invention specifically concerns a test tape cassette and is further directed to a handheld meter as a glucose concentration measurement device.

In the field of blood glucose testing, it is known to use disposable test elements in a handheld glucose meter for measurements on the spot. The user provides a fresh blood sample by pricking a finger and transferring a drop of blood onto the test element. Specifically, a plurality of test elements can be provided for successive use on a test tape, which is loadable into the meter in the form of a replaceable tape cassette. Thus, the user has no need to take care of the disposal of each single test element. However, the instrument is generally used by patients outside a laboratory environment, and therefore the measurement may be susceptible to non-intended user handling. For example, contamination on a user's finger, e.g. from food, may lead to additional glucose content in a drop of blood produced on the finger. Thus, false high glucose values may occur if the user does not wash his finger properly before performing a test. Furthermore, some users may tend to press their finger relatively hard onto a test field or test pad, or a user may rub his finger during measurement across the test pad. In extreme cases of user handling scenarios, significant measurement deviations may occur.

On this basis an object of the invention is to further improve the known test arrangements and devices and methods to ensure improved accuracy of the blood glucose measurement during the data acquisition phase or detection phase.

The combination of features stated in the independent claims is proposed to achieve this object. Advantageous embodiments and further developments of the invention are derived from the dependent claims.

The invention is based on the idea of preventing measurements from being distorted by aiding a user with regard to sample application to a test field. Thus, a glucose test arrangement is proposed in which one or more spacer elements are arranged on the supporting member adjacent to the test pad, wherein the one or more spacer elements have a skin-contacting end section, particularly a finger-contacting end section, which protrudes above the receiving area of the test pad. In this way, the user receives a tactile feedback already before the test pad is contacted. The skin or finger is prevented from directly pressing onto the test pad, and/or even from contacting the test pad. Only the drop of blood reaches the receiving area of the test pad. Moreover, the spacer elements diminish the risk that the user wipes off contaminated blood from the finger surface. Instead, mostly non-contaminated blood from parts of the blood drop which are farther away from the skin or finger surface is applied to the test pad.

In order to provide the test pad at the application site, the test pad can be moved relative to the supporting member and relative to the spacer elements thereon.

For a large-area wetting with body fluid, it is advantageous if a bottom side of the test pad flatly and preferably full-facedly abuts against the supporting member, while the receiving area is arranged on a top side of the test pad opposite to the bottom side of the test pad.

It is further advantageous if the spacer elements are arranged adjacent to a boundary of the receiving area such that they are bodily separate from the test pad at the application site and without solid connection to the test pad at the application site.

Advantageously, the spacer elements are selected from the group comprising ridges, bars, pins, spikes, edges, rectangles, triangles, and saw-tooth structures.

In order to account for the specific sample application procedure, the spacer elements advantageously have a beveled, chamfered and/or rounded contour.

To achieve the user aiding effects, it is further advantageous if the spacer elements are made of a non-elastic material as a rigid formed part.

According to a preferred implementation, the spacer elements are arranged on opposite sides of the preferably rectangular contoured test pad. Such a configuration is specifically advantageous for a tape cassette when the spacer elements are arranged on opposite sides of the test tape.

Advantageously, the spacer elements are adapted to provide a haptic feedback to the user during sample application.

For this purpose, the end section of the spacer elements has a linear or pointed contact surface for contacting the user's skin.

As a still further advantageous measure, the spacer elements are adapted to essentially prevent direct finger contact with the test pad during sample application.

Such an arrangement is specifically important when the test pad is at least partly compressible or becomes at least partly compressible after wetting.

For an optimized functional value, the spacer elements should have a height in the range from 0.5 to 5 mm, particularly from 1 to 3 mm.

For a direct measurement at the application site, it is advantageous if the supporting member comprises a window for optically scanning a bottom side of the test pad opposite to the receiving area. In this connection, it is also advantageous if the window contains an optical element or delimits an opening free from an optical element.

A still further improvement in connection with a tape cassette provides that the supporting member is formed as a tip for guiding a transport tape which carries a plurality of test pads spaced apart from each other.

Alternatively, for use of single disposables, the supporting member is adapted to position a test strip carrying a test pad.

Another aspect of the invention concerns a tape cassette for glucose tests comprising the test arrangement according to the invention, wherein the supporting member is formed as a deflection tip for a transport tape which carries a plurality of test pads spaced apart from each other, and wherein the spacer elements are arranged on both longitudinal sides of the transport tape, preferably as injection-moulded parts.

The invention also concerns a handheld meter for glucose tests comprising the above described tape cassette or test arrangement and a preferably photometric detection unit operable for detecting measuring values on the test pad.

A still further aspect of the invention concerns a glucose test method for use in a handheld meter, comprising the steps of

providing a disposable test pad which is responsive to glucose in a body fluid,

- placing and positioning the test pad on a supporting member at an application site for body fluid, where one or more spacer elements are arranged on the supporting member adjacent to the test pad,

applying body fluid, particularly as a drop of blood, from a user's skin onto a receiving area of the test pad, where the receiving area faces away from the supporting member,

contacting the user's skin by means of a skin-contacting end section of the one or more spacer elements which protrudes above the receiving area, thereby preventing direct finger contact with the test pad during sample application for enhanced accuracy of the glucose test.

In this way, similar effects and advantages are achieved as already mentioned above.

In the following, the invention is further elucidated on the basis of an embodiment example shown schematically in the drawings, where

Fig. 1 shows a test tape cassette for glucose tests having a deflection tip and finger-contacting spacer elements projecting from the tip; testing system including;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a handheld glucose meter configured for using the test tape cassette;

Fig. 3 is an expanded cut-out from Fig. 1 ; and

Fig. 4a - d shows various forms of spacer elements on the tip.

As depicted in Fig. 1 , an exemplary embodiment of a disposable tape cassette 10 for blood glucose tests comprises a housing 12, a spoolable transport tape 14 which carries a plurality of test pads 16 spaced apart from each other and a deflection tip 18 for successive provision of the test pads 16 on the tip 18 for sample application in contact with a user's finger, wherein protruding spacer elements 20 on the tip 18 provide a haptic feedback to the user during sample application and prevent direct skin or finger contact with the test pad. Forwarding of the transport tape 14 is accomplished by two spools as in a conventional audio or video cassette (not shown).

As further shown in Fig. 2, a portable glucose meter 12 is adapted to receive the disposable test tape cassette 10 which can be inserted into a compartment of the meter housing 24. The tip 18 of the inserted tape cassette 10 is accessible upon opening a tip cover 26. Then, the user applies a drop of blood by pricking a finger with a lancing aid and contacting the top side of the test pad 16. During this handling step, the tip 18 serves as a supporting member 30 underneath the test pad 16.

The handheld meter 22 is provided with a photometric measuring unit 28 for determining a glucose concentration from the measured values. For this purpose, the test pads 16 on the transport tape 14 are formed by a layered chemistry field which is responsive to the analyte, i.e. glucose by a color change. Then, the measuring unit 22 provided as a reflectometer allows a measurement of the analyte concentration by optical scanning the rear side of test element 22 through an optical window in the support member 30 and the transparent transport tape 14. The measuring result and other information can be displayed to the user on a display 32.

As apparent from Fig. 3, the spacer elements 20 are arranged laterally to the tape 14 as a rigid unitary structure of the tip 18, preferably as injection-moulded parts. These are formed as ribs or ridges protruding from the flat or curved supporting surface 34 of the supporting member 30. The linear skin-contacting end section 36 of the spacer elements 20 protrudes above the upper fluid (blood) receiving area 38 of the active test pad 16 on the tip 18. As the test pad 18 is at least partly compressible or becomes at least partly compressible after sample application, the spacer elements 20 should have a sufficient height e.g. in the range from 1 to 3 mm measured from the basis, in order to avoid direct finger pressure. Such pressure after wetting may lead to an unwanted modification of the layered test structure, specifically if a covering net provided for sample spreading is impressed into the chemistry field, thus impairing the optical measurement.

The spacer elements 20 are arranged on opposite sides of the rectangularly contoured test pad 16. Thereby, the user receives a tactile information before his finger reaches the test pad 16. In this way, excessive exertion of pressure can be avoided. Furthermore, the spacer elements 20 reduce unwanted finger movement during sample application, e.g. due to tremor.

Fig. 4 schematically shows various embodiments of spacer elements 20 on a cassette tip 18. In Fig. 4a, the spacer elements 20 have a chamfered, triangular shape ending in a pointed contact surface 36. Also apparent is an optical window 40 in the center of the supporting surface 34 for reflectometric measurement. Fig. 4b shows saw-toothed structures of spacer elements 20, whereas Fig. 4c and Fig. 4d illustrate spikes and rounded pins as spacer elements 20.

Example

The improvement with the design according to the invention was demonstrated in a comparative study, the results of which are given in Table 1 below. In the study, tape cassettes 10 with and without spacer elements 20 on the supporting member 30 have been used. In the glucose concentration range below 100 mg/dL, results in a commonly used benchmark interval of +/-10 mg/dL (+/-0.56 mmol/L) from reference values have been approved, whereas in the higher range of 100 mg/dL and above results in a relative interval of +/- 10% from reference values have been counted as acceptable. The reference glucose values for the samples were determined using a hexokinase methodology (hexokinase/glucose-6-phosphate-dehyrogenase) and a commercially available Cobas 6000 c501 analyzer system. The obtained results clearly demonstrate the enhanced precision of the analyte measurements employing the spacer elements 20 on the tape cassette tip.

Table*! : Comparative study of tape cassette design