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1. (WO2017153211) PRE-OPTIMIZATION METHOD FOR QUICK PREDICTION OF ACHIEVABILITY OF CLINICAL GOALS IN INTENSITY MODULATED RADIATION THERAPY
注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

CLAIMS:

1. A radiation therapy planning device comprising:

a computer (20, 40) including a display device (22); and

at least one non-transitory storage medium storing instructions readable and executable by the computer to perform operations including:

computing an achievability estimate for an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) geometry (32) including a target volume to be irradiated, an organ at risk (OAR), and at least one radiation beam based on relative spatial arrangement of the target region, the OAR, and the at least one radiation beam; and

displaying, on the display device, the achievability estimate or information generated based on the achievability estimate.

2. The radiation therapy planning device of claim 1 wherein the computing comprises:

computing the achievability estimate using a geometric complexity (GC) metric for the IMRT geometry (32) that compares (i) a number NT of beamlets of the at least one radiation beam available in the IMRT geometry for irradiating the target volume and (ii) a number n of the NT beamlets that also pass through the OAR.

3. The radiation therapy planning device of claim 2 wherein the GC metric is a ratio comparing n and N = NT/V where V is the volume of the target volume.

4. The radiation therapy planning device of claim 3 wherein the GC metric is the ratio n+l

N

5. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 2-4 wherein the achievability estimate comprises a ratio of the GC metric for the IMRT geometry (32) and the GC metric for a reference IMRT geometry.

6. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 2-4 wherein:

the operations further include selecting at least one reference IMRT plan by comparing the CG metric for the IMRT geometry (32) with GC metrics (GCref) computed for IMRT plans stored in a reference IMRT plans database (52); and

the displaying includes displaying information about the selected at least one reference IMRT plan including at least dose objectives of the at least one IMRT plan.

7. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 2-6 wherein computing the achievability estimate further includes determining a textual achievability estimate value based at least on the GC metric for the IMRT geometry (32), the displaying comprising displaying the textual achievability estimate value on the display (22).

8. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 1-7 wherein the achievability estimate is computed based on relative spatial arrangement of the target region, the OAR, and the at least one radiation beam and not based on any dose objective (34).

9. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 1-8 wherein the at least one non-transitory storage medium stores further instructions readable and executable by the computer to perform optimization (38) of an IMRT plan for the IMRT geometry (32) to select at least one multileaf collimator (MLC) configuration for modulating the beamlets of the at least one radiation beam to achieve pre-defined dose objectives (34) using the IMRT geometry wherein the pre-defined dose objectives include at least a dose objective for the target volume and a maximum permissible dose objective for the OAR.

10. The radiation therapy planning device of any one of claims 1-9 wherein the operations further include:

optimizing an objective function (F) comprising a weighted sum of achievability estimates computed for IMRT geometries (32) each including the same target volume and the same at least one radiation beam and each including a different OAR; and

adjusting one or more geometrical parameters of the at least one radiation beam to optimize the objective function.

11. A non-transitory storage medium storing instructions readable and executable by a computer (20, 40) to perform a radiation therapy planning method comprising:

computing an achievability estimate for an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) geometry (32) including a target volume to be irradiated, an organ at risk (OAR), and at least one radiation beam based on comparison of a number NT of available beamlets of the at least one radiation beam that intersect the target volume and a number n of available beamlets of the at least one radiation beam that intersect both the target volume and the OAR; and

displaying the achievability estimate or information generated based on the achievability estimate on a display (22) of or operatively connected with the computer.

12. The non-transitory storage medium of claim 11 wherein the computing includes computing a geometric complexity (GC) metric comprising a ratio comparing n and N = NT/V where V is the volume of the target volume.

13. The non-transitory storage medium of claim 12 wherein the achievability estimate comprises computing a GC ratio of (i) the GC metric for the IMRT geometry (32) and (ii) the GC metric for a reference IMRT geometry.

14. The non-transitory storage medium of any one of claims 11-12 wherein the radiation therapy planning method further comprises:

selecting at least one reference IMRT plan by comparing the achievability estimate for the IMRT geometry (32) with reference achievability estimates computed for IMRT plans stored in a reference IMRT plans database (52);

wherein the displaying includes displaying information about the selected at least one reference IMRT plan.

15. The non-transitory storage medium of any one of claims 11-14 wherein the achievability estimate is computed not based on any dose objective (34).

16. A radiation therapy planning method comprising:

using a computer (20, 40), computing an achievability estimate for an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) geometry (32) including a target volume to be irradiated, an organ at risk (OAR), and at least one radiation beam, the computing including:

computing a geometric complexity (GC) metric for the IMRT geometry that compares a number NT of beamlets of the at least one radiation

beam available in the IMRT geometry for irradiating the target volume and a number n of the NT beamlets that also pass through the OAR,

computing a GC metric ratio of (i) the GC metric for the IMRT geometry and (ii) the GC metric for a reference IMRT geometry for which an IMRT plan is known to be achievable; and

displaying the achievability estimate on a computer display (22).

17. The radiation therapy planning method of claim 16 wherein the GC metric is a ratio comparing n and N = NT/V where V is the volume of the target volume.

18. The radiation therapy planning method of any one of claims 16-17 wherein the GC metric does not depend on any dose objective (34).

19. The radiation therapy planning method of any one of claims 16-18 further comprising:

performing optimization (38) of an IMRT plan for the IMRT geometry (32) to determine at least one multileaf collimator (MLC) configuration for modulating the beamlets of the at least one radiation beam in the IMRT geometry to achieve a dose objective (34) for the target volume and a maximum permissible dose objective for the OAR.

20. The radiation therapy planning method of claim 19 wherein the optimization (38) is not started until after the displaying of the achievability estimate on the computer display (22).

21. The radiation therapy planning method of any one of claims 16-20 further comprising:

repeating the computing of an achievability estimate for a plurality of IMRT geometries (32) each including the same target volume and the same at least one radiation beam and each including a different OAR; and

adjusting one or more geometrical parameters of the at least one radiation beam to optimize an objective function (F) comprising a weighted sum of the achievability estimates.