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1. (WO2016018851) FLUID HEATER
注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

CLAIMS

An apparatus for heating fluid, said apparatus comprising a tank for holding fluid to be heated and a fuel wafer in fluid communication with sai fluid, said fuel wafer including a fuel mixture including reagents and a catalyst, and an ignition source in thermal communication with said fuel mixture and said catalyst, wherein the ignition source is selected from the group consisting of an induction heater, an electrical resistor, a heater that relies on natural gas combustion, and a heater that relies on

combustion of fuel.

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said ignition source comprises an electrical resistor.

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said ignition source comprises an induction heater.

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said ignition source obtains heat from combustion of natural gas .

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said fuel mixture comprises lithium and lithium aluminum hydride .

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said catalyst comprises nickel powder.

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said nickel powder has been treated to enhance porosity thereof .

The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein said catalyst comprises a group 10 element.

9 . The apparatus of claim 1 , further comprising a voltage source in electrical communication with said ignition source.

10 . The apparatus of claim 2 , further comprising a voltage source in electrical communication with said ignition source.

11 . The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein said fuel wafer comprises a multi -layer structure having a layer of said fuel mixture in thermal communication with a layer containing said ignition source.

12 . The apparatus of claim 2 , wherein said fuel wafer comprises a multi -layer structure having a layer of said fuel mixture in thermal communication with a layer containing said ignition source.

13 . The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein said fuel wafer comprises a central heating insert and a pair of fuel inserts disposed on either side of said heating insert.

14 . The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein said tank

comprises a recess for receiving said fuel wafer therein .

15 . The apparatus of claim 14 , wherein said tank further comprises a door for sealing said recess.

The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said tank comprises a radiation shield.

The apparatus of claim 9, further comprising a controller in communication with said voltage source .

The apparatus of claim 17, wherein said

controller is configured to cause vary said voltage in response to temperature of said fluid to be heated.

The apparatus of claim 2, wherein said tank is configured for holding fluid to be heated, wherein said fuel wafer is configured to be in thermal communication with said fluid, wherein said resistor is configured to be coupled to a voltage source, wherein said apparatus further comprises a controller in communication with said voltage source, and a temperature sensor, wherein said fuel mixture comprises lithium, and lithium aluminum hydride, wherein said catalyst comprises a group 10 element, wherein said controller is configured to monitor a temperature from said temperature sensor, and, based at least in part on said temperature, to reinvigorate a reaction in said fuel mixture, wherein reinvigorating said reaction comprises varying a voltage of said voltage source.

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said catalyst comprises nickel powder.

The apparatus of claim 20, wherein said nickel powder has been treated to enhance porosity thereof .

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said fuel wafer comprises a multi -layer structure having a layer of said fuel mixture in thermal

communication with a layer containing said electrical resistor.

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said fuel wafer comprises a central heating insert and a pair of fuel inserts disposed on either side of said heating insert.

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said tank comprises a recess for receiving said fuel wafer therein .

The apparatus of claim 24, wherein said tank further comprises a door for sealing said recess

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said tank comprises a radiation shield.

The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said reaction in said fuel mixture is at least partially reversible .

The apparatus of claim 27, wherein said reaction comprises reacting lithium hydride with aluminum to yield hydrogen gas.

An apparatus for heating a fluid, said apparatus comprising means for containing said fluid, and means for holding a fuel mixture containing a catalyst and a reagent, and means for initiating a reaction sequence mediated by said catalyst to cause an exothermic reaction.

The apparatus of claim 29 , wherein said catalyst that comprises a group 10 element and a reagent comprises lithium and lithium aluminum hydride, said apparatus further comprising means for periodically reinvigorating said reaction sequence .

A composition of matter for generating heat, sai composition comprising a mixture of porosity-enhanced nickel powder, lithium powder, and lithium aluminum powder.

A composition of matter for generating heat, sai composition comprising a fuel mixture and a catalyst, said catalyst comprising a group 10 element .

The composition of claim 32 , wherein said catalyst comprises nickel.

The composition of claim 32 , wherein said catalyst comprises nickel powder.

The composition of claim 34 , wherein said nickel powder has been treated to enhance porosity thereof .

A method of heating a fluid, said method comprising placing a mixture of nickel powder, lithium powder, and lithium aluminum hydride in thermal communication with said fluid; and heating said mixture, thereby initiating an exothermic reaction in said mixture.