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1. WO2005061669 - SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCING A CRUDE PRODUCT

注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

C L A I M S

1. A method of producing a crude product, comprising:
contacting a crude feed with one or more catalysts in the presence of a hydrogen source to produce a total product that includes the crude product, wherein the crude product is a liquid mixture at 25 °C and 0.101 MPa; and
controlling contacting conditions such that the crude feed, during contact, uptakes hydrogen at a selected rate to inhibit phase separation of the crude feed during contact.

2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein one or more of the catalysts comprise one or more metals from Columns 5-10 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more Columns 5-10 metals.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein one or more of the catalysts comprise one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more Column 6 metals.
4. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein one or more of the catalysts comprise vanadium, molybdenum,- tungsten, or mixtures thereof.
5. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-4, wherein at least one of the catalysts has a pore size distribution with the median pore diameter of the pore size distribution of at least 60 A, at least 90 A, at least 180 A, or at least 230 A.
6. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-5, wherein at least one of the catalysts has a pore size distribution such that at least 60% of the total number of pores in the pore size distribution have a pore diameter within 70 A, 45 A, 35 A, or 25 A of the median pore diameter.
7. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-6, wherein the hydrogen source is gaseous, and the selected rate of net hydrogen uptake is in a range from 1-80, 5-50, or 10-30 normal cubic meters of the gaseous hydrogen source per cubic meter of crude feed.

8. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-7, wherein the crude feed and crude product both have a C5 asphaltenes content and a MCR content, and a sum of a crude feed C5 asphaltenes content and a crude feed MCR content is S, a sum of a crude product C5 asphaltenes content and a crude product MCR content is S', and the contacting conditions are also controlled such that S' is at most 90%o of S, wherein C5 asphaltenes content is as determined by ASTM Method D2007 and MCR content is as determined by ASTM
Method D4530.

9. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-8, wherein the crude feed and crude product both have a C5 asphaltenes content and a MCR content, and the contacting conditions are also controlled such that a weight ratio of a MCR content of the crude product to a C5 asphaltenes content of the crude product is in a range from 1.2 to 2.0 or from 1.3 to 1.9.
10. The method as claimed in any of claims 1 -9, wherein the crude feed has a total Ni/V/Fe content of at least 0.00002 grams per gram of crude feed, and the contacting conditions are also controlled such that the crude product has a total Ni/V/Fe content of at most 90% of the Ni/V/Fe content of the crude feed, wherein Ni/V/Fe content is as determined by ASTM Method D5708.
11. The method as claimed in claim 10, wherein the crude product has a total Ni/V/Fe content of at most 50%, at most 10%, at most 5% or at most 3%> of the Ni/V/Fe content of the crude feed, wherein Ni/V/Fe content is as determined by ASTM Method D5708.
12. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-11, wherein the crude feed comprises one or more alkali metal salts of one or more organic acids, one or more alkaline-earth metal salts of one or more organic acids, or mixtures thereof, the crude feed having, per gram of crude feed, a total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of at least 0.00001 grams, and the contacting conditions are also controlled such that the crude product has a total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of at most 90% of the content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids in the crude feed, wherein content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids is as determined by ASTM Method Dl 318.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the crude product has a total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of at most 50%o, or at most

5% of the content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids in the crude feed.
14. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-13, wherein the crude product has a total acid number (TAN) of less than 0.3.
15. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-14, wherein a crude feed/total product mixture is produced during contacting, and the crude feed/total product mixture has a P-Value of at least 1.5 during contacting.
16. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-15, wherein the crude feed is contacted in a contacting zone that is on or coupled to an offshore facility.

17. The method as claimed in any of claims 1-16, wherein the method further comprises combining the crude product with a crude that is the same as or different from the crude feed to form a blend.
18. A crude product or a blend obtainable by a method as claimed in any of claims 1 -17.
19. A method of producing transportation fuel, heating fuel, lubricants, or chemicals, comprising processing a crude product or a blend as claimed in claim 18.
20. The method as claimed in claim 19, wherein the processing comprises distilling the crude product or the blend into one or more distillate fractions.
21. The method as claimed in claims 19 or 20, wherein the processing comprises hydrotreating.