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1. US20130206439 - Machine tool equipped with floating mechanism

注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

Claims

1. A machine tool equipped with a floating mechanism for machining a workpiece by using various tools fit to a machine having a robot arm or a numerical control (NC) device, the machine tool comprising:
a hollow cylinder section including a tubular piston;
a tool driving section at least one portion of which is fixed in an internal space of the hollow cylinder section to drive the various tools; and
a floating section which exists between the tool driving section and the hollow cylinder section, wherein one portion of the floating section comes in contact with the tubular piston and is pressed by the tubular piston at a predetermined pressure; and
said floating section includes a hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring having an outer circumferential surface portion, a top surface portion, and a bottom surface portion, and an outer ring having an inner circumferential surface portion and an inner ring receiving portion, the outer ring being fixed to a side of the robot arm, the inner ring being fixed to a side of the tool driving section, and an outer circumferential surface of the inner ring being formed of a spherical surface equidistant from a center point of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring.
2. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the bottom surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring has a taper-shaped portion that comes in contact with the inner ring receiving portion of the outer ring.
3. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 2, wherein a tip portion of the tubular piston comes in contact with the top surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring and has a taper-shaped portion.
4. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 3, wherein a tilt angle of the taper-shaped portion of the portion formed on the bottom surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring that comes in contact with the inner ring receiving portion of the outer ring is substantially equal to a tilt angle of the taper-shaped portion formed on the tip portion of the tubular piston.
5. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a tip portion of the tubular piston comes in contact with the top surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring and includes an O-ring.
6. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the inner circumferential surface portion of the outer ring has a baffle segment at a position where the inner circumferential surface comes in contact with the outer circumferential surface portion of the inner ring.
7. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 1, comprising a twister ring at a position where an outer circumferential surface of the tubular piston comes in contact with a surface of the hollow cylinder section.
8. A machine tool equipped with floating mechanism for machining a workpiece by using various tools fit to a machine having a robot arm or a numerical control (NC) device, the machine tool comprising:
a hollow cylinder section including a tubular piston;
a tool driving section at least one portion of which is fixed in an internal space of the hollow cylinder section to drive the various tools; and
a floating section which exists between the tool driving section and the hollow cylinder section, wherein one portion of the floating section comes in contact with the tubular piston and is pressed by the tubular piston at a predetermined pressure; and
said floating section includes a hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring having an outer circumferential surface portion, a top surface portion, and a bottom surface portion, and an outer ring having an inner circumferential surface portion and an inner ring receiving portion, the outer ring being fixed to a side of the robot arm, the inner ring being fixed to a side of the tool driving section, and an outer circumferential surface of the inner ring being formed of a spherical surface equidistant from a center point of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring,
wherein the bottom surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring has a taper-shaped portion that comes in contact with the inner ring receiving portion of the outer ring.
9. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 8, wherein the tip portion of the tubular piston comes in contact with the top surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring and includes an O-ring.
10. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 8, wherein the inner circumferential surface portion of the outer ring has a baffle segment at a position where the inner circumferential surface comes in contact with the outer circumferential surface portion of the inner ring.
11. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 8, comprising a twister ring at a position where the outer circumferential surface of the tubular piston comes in contact, with a wall surface of the hollow cylinder section.
12. A machine tool equipped with floating mechanism for machining a workpiece by using various tools fit to a machine having a robot arm or an NC device, the machine tool comprising:
a hollow cylinder section including a tubular piston;
a tool driving section at least one portion of which is fixed in an internal space of the hollow cylinder section to drive the various tools; and
a floating section which exists between the tool driving section and the hollow cylinder section, wherein one portion of the floating section comes in contact with the tubular piston and is pressed by the tubular piston at a predetermined pressure; and
said floating section includes a hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring having an outer circumferential surface portion, a top surface portion, and a bottom surface portion, and an outer ring having an inner circumferential surface portion and an inner ring receiving portion, the outer ring being fixed to a side of the robot arm, the inner ring being fixed to a side of the tool driving section, and an outer circumferential surface of the inner ring being formed of a spherical surface equidistant from a center point of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring,
wherein the bottom surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring has a taper-shaped portion that comes in contact with the inner ring receiving portion of the outer ring,
wherein a tip portion of the tubular piston comes in contact with the top surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring and has a taper-shaped portion.
13. The machine tool equipped with floating mechanism according to claim 12, wherein a tilt angle of the taper-shaped portion of the portion formed on the bottom surface portion of the hollow circular-plate-shaped inner ring that comes in contact with the inner ring receiving portion of the outer ring is substantially equal to a tilt angle of the taper-shaped portion formed on the tip portion of the tubular piston.