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1. US20120316677 - Robot

注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

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Claims

1. A robot including a plurality of sampling points, comprising:
a detection unit that acquires chemical substance-related information relating to chemical substances included in a fluid at the plurality of sampling points, the detection unit including a sensor outputting spectral data including changes in concentration of an unspecified number of chemical substances;
a communication unit that enables communication with another robot;
a memory that enables storing target chemical data for a search;
an event monitoring unit that determines an occurrence of an event and an occurrence direction of the event relative to the robot based on a temporal change in a chemical constituent and a temporal change in concentration of each detected chemical substance included in the spectral data of each sampling point,
means for self-searching for a chemical using the target chemical data in the memory and the spectral data output by the sensor, and
means for group-searching for a chemical using information transmitted via the communication unit from another robot and the spectral data output by the sensor without interrupting a process of the self-searching means.
2. The robot according to claim 1,
further comprising a moving unit that moves the robot in the occurrence direction of the event.
3. The robot according to claim 1,
further comprising a cause estimating unit that determines an occurrence cause of the event including a type of chemical substance or a type of the event estimated based on the chemical substance-related information of each sampling point.
4. The robot according to claim 3,
further comprising an information acquiring unit that acquires event appended information including at least one of images and sound in the occurrence direction of the event, a location of the robot, a bearing of the occurrence direction of the event, a movement direction of the fluid, and environment data around the robot, and
the cause estimating unit determines the occurrence cause of the event based on the chemical substance-related information of each sampling point and the event appended information.
5. The robot according to claim 3,
further comprising an alarm issuing unit that outputs a warning relating to the occurrence cause of the event and search results of the detection unit as information that can be recognized at least one of visually and audibly.
6. The robot according to claim 1,
wherein the communication unit transfers event information including the occurrence of the event to an outside.
7. The robot according to claim 6,
wherein the event information includes chemical substance-related information, and the robot further comprises an alarm issuing unit that acquires, via the communication unit, an occurrence cause of the event which includes a type of chemical substance or a type of the event estimated based on the chemical substance-related information of each sampling point and outputs a warning relating to the occurrence cause of the event as information that can be recognized at least one of visually and audibly.
8. A robot including a plurality of sampling points, comprising:
a detection unit that acquires chemical substance-related information relating to chemical substances included in a fluid at the plurality of sampling points, the detection unit including a sensor outputting spectral data including changes in concentration of an unspecified numbers of chemical substances;
a memory that enables storing target chemical data for a search;
an event monitoring unit that determines an occurrence of an event and an occurrence direction of the event relative to the robot based on a temporal change in a chemical constituent and a temporal change in concentration of each detected chemical substance included in the spectral data of each sampling point,
wherein the communication unit transfers event information including the occurrence of the event to an outside,
the robot further comprising:
a moving unit that causes the robot to move in the occurrence direction of the event; and
a control unit that exchanges information including the occurrence direction of the event with another robot via the communication unit and controls the moving unit so as to link up with the other robot and track movement of a source of the event or surround the source.
9. The robot according to claim 6,
wherein the communication unit includes a visible light communication unit.
10. The robot according to claim 1, further comprising:
a moving unit that moves the robot; and
an odor outputting unit that emits chemical substances that form a source of a predetermined odor.
11. The robot according to claim 1,
wherein the detection unit includes a plurality of detection sensors respectively corresponding to the plurality of sampling points.
12. The robot according to claim 1,
wherein the detection unit includes a shared detection sensor and a supply unit that supplies the fluids from the plurality of sampling points to the shared detection sensor according to time division.
13. The robot according to claim 1,
wherein the plurality of sampling points include at least three sampling points disposed at different positions in three dimensions.
14. A method for controlling a robot,
wherein the robot includes a memory that enables storing target chemical data, a CPU, a plurality of sampling points, and a detection unit acquiring chemical substance-related information relating to chemical substances included in a fluid at the plurality of sampling points, the detection unit including a sensor outputting spectral data including changes in concentration of an unspecified number of chemical substances, and
the method comprises determining an occurrence of an event and an occurrence direction of the event relative to the robot based on a temporal change in a chemical constituent and a temporal change in concentration of each detected chemical substance included in the spectral data of each sampling point,
self-searching for a chemical using the target chemical data in the memory and the spectral data output by the sensor, and
group-searching for a chemical using information transmitted via the communication unit from another robot and the spectral data output by the sensor without interrupting a process of the self-searching means.
15. The method according to claim 14,
further comprising determining an occurrence cause of the event including a type of chemical substance or a type of event estimated based on the chemical substance-related information of each sampling point.
16. The method according to claim 15,
wherein the robot further includes an information acquiring unit that acquires event appended information including at least one of images and sound in the occurrence direction of the event, a location of the robot, a bearing of the occurrence direction of the event, a movement direction of the fluid, and environment data around the robot, and
the determining occurrence cause of the event includes determining the occurrence cause of the event from the acquired chemical substance-related information of each sampling point and the event appended information.
17. The method according to claim 15,
wherein the communication unit transfers event information including the occurrence of an event and chemical substance-related information of each sampling point to an outside, and
the determining occurrence cause of the event includes acquiring the occurrence cause of the event via the communication unit.
18. The method according to claim 15,
wherein the robot further includes an alarm issuing unit that outputs a warning as information that can be recognized at least one of visually and audibly, and
the method further comprises outputting a warning relating to the occurrence cause of the event and a search result of the self-searching and the group searching from the alarm issuing unit.
19. The method according to claim 14,
wherein the robot includes a moving unit,
and the method further comprises moving in the event occurrence direction using the moving unit.