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1. US20100148514 - WIND TURBINE GENERATING APPARATUS

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Claims

1. A wind turbine generating apparatus in which a driving/generating mechanism coupled to a rotor head having wind turbine blades attached thereto is housed in a nacelle, and control devices are housed in a hub of the rotor head, the apparatus comprising
an air flow forming means for allowing air to circulate between an inside of the rotor head and an inside of the nacelle via a communication path formed between the rotor head and the nacelle.
2. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the air flow forming means is provided as an air circulation guide mounted in the communication path.
3. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 2, wherein two or more of the air circulation guides are attached over a semiperimeter in a circumferential direction of the communication path so as to be fixed on the nacelle side.
4. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 2, wherein two or more of the air circulation guides are attached in a semiperimeter over a circumferential direction of the communication path so as to be fixed on the rotor head side.
5. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the air flow forming means includes:
an air flow path forming member attached to the inside of the rotor head, separating the communication path to an inner peripheral side and an outer peripheral side, separating an internal space of the rotor head to a hub outer peripheral face side and a rotor head inner wall face side, and having an opening for allowing the hub outer peripheral face side and the rotor head inner wall face side to communicate with each other;
inner-peripheral-side air circulation guides fixed to the rotor head side and arranged over an entire circumference along the inner peripheral side of the communication path; and
outer-peripheral-side air circulation guides fixed to the nacelle side and arranged over an entire circumference along the outer peripheral side of the communication path, wherein
air in the nacelle is introduced into the air flow path forming member and circulated therein.
6. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the air flow forming means is provided as an air flow accelerating member disposed so as to be stationary in a predetermined position in the rotor head.
7. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the air flow forming means includes a flow path in a rotor shaft, for allowing the inside of the nacelle and the inside of the hub to communicate with each other, an air blowing means provided in the nacelle, and an outflow hole opened in the hub, and
air in the nacelle is circulated by being introduced into the hub to outflow from the outflow hole, and then being returned into the nacelle via the communication path.
8. The wind turbine generating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the air flow forming means is provided as a fan mounted in the communication path, for operating using rotation on the rotor head side as a driving force.
9. A wind turbine generating apparatus in which a driving/generating mechanism coupled to a rotor head having wind turbine blades attached thereto is housed in a nacelle, and control devices are housed in a hub of the rotor head, the apparatus comprising:
an outside air introducing path allowing an outside of the rotor head and an inside of the hub to communicate with each other and having a louver; and
an outside air circulating path where outside air, which is introduced from an inlet of the outside air introducing path into the hub, passes through an outflow hole opened in the hub and a communication path formed between the rotor head and the nacelle, so as to flow to the outside.
10. A wind turbine generating apparatus in which a driving/generating mechanism coupled to a rotor head having wind turbine blades attached thereto is housed in a nacelle, and control devices are housed in a hub of the rotor head, the apparatus comprising
a heat dissipating means provided to at least one of the rotor head and the hub.