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1. (EP3217710) METHOD, SYSTEM AND RELEVANT DEVICE FOR MEASURING UNAUTHORIZED CARRIER, AND COMPUTER STORAGE MEDIUM
注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。
Claims

1. A measuring method for an unauthorized carrier, comprising:

determining, by a network-side device, an available channel of an unauthorized carrier according to an available state and the availability of an unauthorized carrier channel, and instructing a User Equipment, UE, to measure the available channel.


  2. The measuring method according to claim 1, wherein instructing the UE to measure the available channel comprises: sending a measurement reference signal to the UE during the time period of occupying the available channel, so as to instruct the UE to measure the available channel according to the measurement reference signal.
  3. The measuring method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein determining, by the network-side device, the available channel of the unauthorized carrier according to the available state and the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel comprises:

determining, by the network-side device, the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel as a target according to a regional regulatory requirement, and after determining the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel is a normal used state, measuring the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to a fixed measuring bandwidth or a variable measuring bandwidth, so as to obtain the available channel according to the measurement.


  4. The measuring method according to claim 3, wherein measuring the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the fixed measuring bandwidth or the variable measuring bandwidth comprises:

predetermining, by the network-side device, a measuring bandwidth W1 according to a data sending requirement, and measuring the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measuring bandwidth W1; or

adjusting, by the network-side device, the measuring bandwidth W1 to W2, ..., Wn, and measuring the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to W2, ..., Wn, wherein the W, W2, ..., Wn are different values.


  5. The measuring method according to claim 4, wherein measuring the availability comprises any one of:

1) detecting, by the network-side device, an energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the relationship between the detected energy and a preset threshold;

2) measuring, by the network-side device, a co-system interference and an inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when it is detected that interference signals are inter-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an unavailable channel; when it is detected that interference signals are co-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an available channel; when it is detected that a part of the interference signals is the co-system signals, and the other part of the interference signals is the inter-system signals, according to the preset threshold of the proportion of a co-system signal energy v.s. inter-system signal energy, when the co-system signal energy is greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the co-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the available channel; when the co-system signal energy is not greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel; when the interference signal during silence of a system is detected, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel;

3) presetting, by the network-side device, a first threshold, a second threshold and a third threshold, and detecting the energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels; when the detected energy is less than the first threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the directly available channel; when the detected energy is greater than the first threshold and less than the second threshold, measuring the co-system interference and the inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when the detected energy is greater than the third threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel.


  6. The measuring method according to claim 2, further comprising: sending, by the network-side device, a measurement reference signal in form of Short Control Signaling, SCS, to the UE during the time period of not occupying the available channel.
  7. The measuring method according to claim 6, further comprising: when sending the measurement reference signal in form of short control signaling, SCS, to the UE during the time period of not occupying the available channel, implicitly informing, by the network-side device, the UE of the sending situation of the measurement reference signal in form of SCS through an available state of the available channel, or explicitly inform the UE of the sending situation of the measurement reference signal in form of SCS by sending a downlink control signal to the UE through a Primary Cell, Pcell.
  8. The measuring method according to claim 2, further comprising: still continuing, by the network-side device, detecting the available state and the availability of all the unauthorized carrier channels during the time period of occupying the available channel of the unauthorized carrier, maintaining a list of available channels, and when determining, according to the measurement result reported by the UE, that the channel state of the unauthorized carrier channel being occupied deteriorates, switching to the other channels according to the list of available channels.
  9. The measuring method according to claim 1, further comprising: when uplink transmission on the unauthorized carrier is supported, measuring, by the network-side device, uplink measurement signals discontinuously sent by the UE.
  10. A measuring method for an unauthorized carrier, comprising:

measuring, by a User Equipment, UE, an available channel of an unauthorized carrier indicated by a network-side device, and smoothing the measurement result and reporting the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device.


  11. The measuring method according to claim 10, measuring, by the UE, the available channel of the unauthorized carrier indicated by the network-side device comprises: measuring, by the UE, the available channel of the unauthorized carrier according to a measurement reference signal issued by the network-side device.
  12. The measuring method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein smoothing the measurement result and reporting the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device comprises:

performing, by the UE, statistics on the measurement result according to a time period for occupying the available channel of the unauthorized carrier for each occupying or a specified time period; and reporting the measurement result of the time period of occupying the available channel via an authorized carrier or the unauthorized carrier during the time period of occupying the available channel.


  13. The measuring method according to claim 12, wherein smoothing the measurement result and reporting the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device comprises: after measuring during both the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel, smoothing, by the UE, the measurement results of the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel in any one of:

1) separately smoothing the measurement result of the time period of occupying the available channel, and separately smoothing the measurement result of the time period of not occupying the available channel; and

2) smoothing the measurement results of the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel together through different weighting factors.


  14. A measuring method for an unauthorized carrier, comprising:

determining, by a network-side device, an available channel of an unauthorized carrier according to an available state and the availability of an unauthorized carrier channel, and instructing a User Equipment, UE, to measure the available channel; and

measuring, by the UE, the available channel of the unauthorized carrier indicated by the network-side device, and smoothing the measurement result and reporting the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device.


  15. A network-side device, comprising: an available channel determining module and a signal issuing module; wherein
the available channel determining module is configured to determine an available channel of an unauthorized carrier according to an available state and the availability of an unauthorized carrier channel; and
the signal issuing module is configured to instruct a User Equipment, UE, to measure the available channel.
  16. The network-side device according to claim 15, wherein the signal issuing module is configured to send a measurement reference signal to the UE during the time period of occupying the available channel, so as to instruct the UE to measure the available channel according to the measurement reference signal.
  17. The network-side device according to claim 15 or 16, wherein the available channel determining module is configured to determine the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel as a target according to a regional regulatory requirement, and after determining the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel is a normal used state, measure the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to a fixed measuring bandwidth or a variable measuring bandwidth, so as to obtain the available channel according to the measurement.
  18. The network-side device according to claim 17, wherein the available channel determining module measures the availability by any one of:

1) detecting an energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the relationship between the detected energy and a preset threshold;

2) measuring a co-system interference and an inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when it is detected that interference signals are inter-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an unavailable channel; when it is detected that interference signals are co-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an available channel; when it is detected that a part of the interference signals is the co-system signals, and the other part of the interference signals is the inter-system signals, according to the preset threshold of the proportion of a co-system signal energy v.s. inter-system signal energy, when the co-system signal energy is greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the co-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the available channel; when the co-system signal energy is not greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel; when the interference signal during silence of a system is detected, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel; and

3) presetting, by the network-side device, a first threshold, a second threshold and a third threshold, and detecting the energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels; when the detected energy is less than the first threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the directly available channel; when the detected energy is greater than the first threshold and less than the second threshold, measuring the co-system interference and the inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when the detected energy is greater than the third threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel.


  19. The network-side device according to claim 16, wherein the signal issuing module is further configured to, when a regional regulation allows the sending of Short Control Signaling, SCS, send a measurement reference signal in form of SCS to the UE during the time period of not occupying the available channel.
  20. The network-side device according to claim 16, wherein the signal issuing module is further configured to implicitly inform the UE of the sending situation of the measurement reference signal in form of SCS through the available state of the available channel, or explicitly inform the UE of the sending situation of the measurement reference signal in form of SCS by sending a downlink control signal to the UE through a Primary Cell, Pcell.
  21. The network-side device according to claim 16, wherein the available channel determining module is further configured to still continue detecting the available state and the availability of all the unauthorized carrier channels during the time period of occupying the available channel of the unauthorized carrier, maintain a list of available channels, and when determining, according to the measurement result reported by the UE, that the channel state of the unauthorized carrier channel being occupied deteriorates, switch to the other channels according to the list of available channels.
  22. The network-side device according to claim 15, further comprising: an uplink measurement module, which is configured to, when uplink transmission on the unauthorized carrier is supported, measure uplink measurement signals discontinuously sent by the UE.
  23. A User Equipment, UE, comprising: a measuring module and a reporting module, wherein
the measuring module is configured to measure an available channel of an unauthorized carrier indicated by a network-side device; and
the reporting module is configured to smooth the measurement result and report the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device.
  24. The UE according to claim 23, wherein the measuring module is configured to measure the available channel of the unauthorized carrier according to a measurement reference signal issued by the network-side device.
  25. The UE according to claim 23 or 24, wherein the reporting module is configured to perform statistics on the measurement results according to a time period for occupying the available channel of the unauthorized carrier for each occupying or a specified time period; and report the measurement result of the time period of occupying the available channel via an authorized carrier or the unauthorized carrier during the time period of occupying the available channel.
  26. The UE according to claim 25, wherein the reporting module is configured to, after the measuring module has measured both the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel, smooth the measurement results of the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel by any one of:

1) separately smoothing the measurement result of the time period of occupying the available channel, and separately smoothing the measurement result of the time period of not occupying the available channel; and

2) smoothing the measurement results of the time period of occupying the available channel and the time period of not occupying the available channel together through different weighting factors.


  27. A system for measuring an unauthorized carrier, comprising: a network-side device and a User Equipment, UE; wherein
the network-side device is configured to determine an available channel of an unauthorized carrier according to an available state and the availability of an unauthorized carrier channel, and instruct the UE to measure the available channel; and
the UE is configured to measure the available channel of the unauthorized carrier indicated by the network-side device, and smooth the measurement result and report the smoothed measurement result to the network-side device.
  28. The system for measuring according to claim 27, wherein the network-side device is configured to send a measurement reference signal to the UE during the time period of occupying the available channel, so as to instruct the UE to measure the available channel according to the measurement reference signal;
correspondingly, the UE is configured to measure the available channel of the unauthorized carrier according to the measurement reference signal issued by the network-side device.
  29. The system for measuring according to claim 27, wherein the network-side device is configured to determine the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel as a target according to a regional regulatory requirement, and after determining the available state of the unauthorized carrier channel is a normal used state, measure the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to a fixed measuring bandwidth or a variable measuring bandwidth, so as to obtain the available channel according to the measurement.
  30. The network-side device according to claim 29, wherein the network-side device measures the availability by any one of:

1) detecting an energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the relationship between the detected energy and a preset threshold;

2) measuring a co-system interference and an inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when it is detected that interference signals are inter-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an unavailable channel; when it is detected that interference signals are co-system signals, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as an available channel; when it is detected that a part of the interference signals is the co-system signals, and the other part of the interference signals is the inter-system signals, according to the preset threshold of the proportion of a co-system signal energy v.s. inter-system signal energy, when the co-system signal energy is greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the co-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the available channel; when the co-system signal energy is not greater than the threshold, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel; when the interference signal during silence of a system is detected, determining the interference as the inter-system interference, and considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel; and

3) presetting a first threshold, a second threshold and a third threshold, and detecting the energy on one or more unauthorized carrier channels; when the detected energy is less than the first threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the directly available channel; when the detected energy is greater than the first threshold and less than the second threshold, measuring the co-system interference and the inter-system interference of the unauthorized carrier channel, and determining the availability of the unauthorized carrier channel according to the measured interference result; when the detected energy is greater than the third threshold, considering the unauthorized carrier channel as the unavailable channel.


  31. A computer storage medium containing a set of instructions that, when being executed, cause at least one processor to perform the measuring method for an unauthorized carrier according to any one of claims 1 to 9, or perform the measuring method for an unauthorized carrier according to any one of claims 10 to 13.