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1. US20130110337 - Electric automobile

注意: このテキストは、OCR 処理によってテキスト化されたものです。法的な用途には PDF 版をご利用ください。

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A power supply system, comprising:
a primary side including at least two power supplies whose power supply voltages are variable independently of each other;
a secondary side including an inverter and a drive motor connected to the inverter;
at least two electric power systems connecting the primary side and the secondary side with the at least two power supplies being parallel to each other;
semiconductor switches for being rendered nonconductive separately in a generating direction and a charging direction of bidirectional conduction, one semiconductor switch being disposed per electric power system; and
a control unit for controlling nonconduction of the semiconductor switches;
wherein smoothing capacitors are connected in parallel to the power supplies on the primary side, respectively, and closer to the power supplies than the semiconductor switches;
the semiconductor switches are connected in series with the power supplies and the smoothing capacitors;
the semiconductor switches are connected to the inverter through a single junction on each of a positive side and a negative side, and each of the semiconductor switches are controllable so that each is able to be separately rendered non-conductive in the generating direction and the charging direction of a bidirectional current flow, depending upon modes in which the at least two electric power systems are used;
the semiconductor switches are bidirectional switches each including a generating switching element and a charging switching element, wherein the generating switching element allows or prevents discharge from the associated electric power system to the inverter, and the charging switching element allows or prevents charge from the inverter to the associated electric power system; and
the semiconductor switches are connected to motor windings without an intervening additional smoothing capacitor,
wherein the control unit selectively carries out a first cut-off control process for cutting off both a generating path and a charging path of at least one of the electric power systems and a second cut-off control process for cutting off all generating paths of all the electric power systems, and for fixedly rendering the semiconductor switches conductive or nonconductive in at least one switching period of the semiconductor switches, the control unit carries out at least one of the first cut-off control process and the second cut-off control process, and if the control unit carries out only the first cut-off control process, the control unit controls conduction or nonconduction of the semiconductor switches such that the first cut-off control process is performed on one or more of the electric power systems,
wherein the power supply system is incorporated in an electric automobile and the control unit controls the semiconductor switches for changing from a bidirectionally conductive state of one of the power supplies to a bidirectionally conductive state of another one of the power supplies when the electric automobile is in an intermediate mode between a power mode and a regenerative mode, and
wherein the intermediate mode is determined by a predicted time until actual electric power crosses a zero point.
2. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein a dead time is inserted into drive signals for the semiconductor switches for switching between the generating path of one of the power supplies and the charging path of another one of the power supplies.
3. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the control unit simultaneously turns on at least two of the generating switching elements when the electric automobile is in the power mode.
4. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the control unit simultaneously turns on at least two of the charging switching elements when the electric automobile is in the regenerative mode.
5. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein
it is judged whether the electric automobile is in the power mode or the regenerative mode;
at least two generating switching elements are connected if the electric automobile is in the power mode; and
at least two charging switching elements are connected if the electric automobile is in the regenerative mode.
6. The power supply system according to claim 5, wherein
it is judged whether the electric automobile is in the intermediate mode between the power mode and the regenerative mode; and
the control unit controls the semiconductor switches to render one of the power supplies conductive bidirectionally and render another one of the power supplies nonconductive bidirectionally when the electric automobile is in the intermediate mode.
7. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the intermediate mode is judged based on at least one command value of an input electric power, and an input current of the inverter, and a torque of the drive motor, or a load electric power of the drive motor.
8. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the control unit selectively renders semiconductor switches conductive or nonconductive while a three-phase short-circuited state is being developed in the inverter.
9. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the power supplies include an electric energy storage device.
10. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the power supplies include a fuel cell and an electric energy storage device.
11. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the power supplies include an electric generator and an electric storage device.
12. The power supply system according to claim 6, wherein the intermediate mode is judged based on at least one command value or measured value of an input electric power and an input current of the inverter and a torque and a load electric power of the drive motor.
13. The power supply system according to claim 1, wherein the intermediate mode is judged based on at least one measured value of an input electric power, an input current of the inverter, a torque of the drive motor, or a load electric power of the drive motor.