WO/2015/076689 PROCESS FOR MIXTROPHIC CULTIVATION OF ALGAE||WO||28.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000025||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE
PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM,||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refers to a process of mixotrophic cultivation of unicellular algae. Through this process the compounds resulted from preparation of algal biomass processed for biofuels production are used for supplementation of the autotrophic cultivation media, respectively raw glycerol, resulting from the transesterification of algal lipids, as source of carbon, and hydrolysates of proteins and nucleic acids from unicellular algae defatted biomass, as source of nitrogen and phosphorus. Raw glycerol is added in concentrations between 2 and 5 g/l mixotrophic media and hydrolysates of proteins and nucleic acids from algal biomass, normalized to 5% toal nitrogen and 1.5% total phosphorus, are used in the concentration of 12.5 g/l.
WO/2015/076688 PROCESS FOR OBTAINMENT OF FERTILIZERS FROM VINASSE||WO||28.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000023||SC TRANSPROIECT ORGANIC SRL||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refers to a process for obtainment from vinasse of an organo- mineral fertilizer that contains humic acids, and a nitrogen fertilizer with osmo- protectant action due to the presence of (glycine)betaine. The process consists of the following steps: separation of an yeast concentrate from vinasse; high pressure homogenization of yeast concentrate; addition of steel slag in clarified vinasse and maintaining vinasse on aerated and agitated medium, in order to promote the catalytic action of manganese and iron oxides present in steel slag on the reaction of humification of fulvic acids to humic acids; precipitation of humic acids by addition of bio-char and acidification; separation of the filtrate and use as osmo-protectant fertilizer; pelletizing of the precipitate together with yeast homogenate, bio-char and softwood sawdust, in order to obtain an organo-mineral fertilizer.
WO/2015/076687 PROCESS FOR OBTAINING AVIATION BIOFUEL FROM MICROALGAL BIOMASS||WO||28.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000020||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||S.C.CHIMIGAZ S.R.L.|
The invention relates to a process for producing aviation biofuel from microalgal biomass, by processing in an integrated system, in several steps, characterized in that in the first step the microalgal biomass is extracted in an ultrasound extractor with a solvent, the microalgal oil is treated with methanol and with a super- acid solid catalyst. The previously delipidized biomass is treated under stirring with hydrochloric acid 37%, and the obtained 5-chloromethylfurfural is extracted in toluene, toluene is removed by distillation from the 5-chloromethylfurfural solution, which subsequently is treated with methanol at the ambient temperature, obtaining, after removing the excess methanol, 5-methoxymethylfurfural, which is condensed with acetone, resulting in an aldolic condensate, which is mixed with the reaction product of the previously prepared methyl esters of fatty acids, and the mixture of aldolic condensate and hydrogenated and hydrocracked methyl esters of fatty acids is subjected to the hydrodeoxygenation and then hydroisomerization resulting in a mixture of n/isoalkanes, from which a fraction with the boiling point range of 145-275°C is separated by rectification to produce the aviation biofuel.
WO/2015/072872 COMPOSITION FOR THE LIMITATION OF MYCOTOXIN PRODUCTION AND PROCESS FOR ITS OBTAINMENT||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000024||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE
PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refer to a composition including 42.1 parts of fatty acid ethyl esters of linseed oil, 15 parts of lecithin, 13.7 parts of ethyl alcohol, 6 parts essential oil of Syzygium aromaticum flower buds, 6 parts of essential oil of Ageratum houstonianum flower, 5 parts of potassium salts of fatty acids, expressed as oleate, 3.3 parts of glycerin, 3.9 parts triglycerides, 3 parts maltol, 0.5 parts water, difference up to 100 parts being unsaponifiable substances and salts. This composition limits the production of: aflatoxins and fumonisins on corn before harvesting, trichothecenes on wheat before the harvesting, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in the stored corn, ochratoxin in stored barley. The process of obtainment involves the use of an excess of alcohol in the trans-esterification reaction, maintaining the reaction products of trans-esterification and excess alcohol, and mixing the obtained reaction mass with essential oils, lecithin and maltol.
WO/2015/072871 HYDROTALCITE-BASED CATALYST FOR THE HYDROGENATION OF FATTY ACID ESTERS||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000022||SC CHIMIGAZ SRL||CRUCEAN, Augustin Constantin|
The invention relates to a Ru-Sn/ hydrotalcite type catalyst for the selective hydrogenation and to a process of the hydrogenation of fatty acid esters in the presence of the prepared catalyst. The catalyst according to the present invention is prepared by sequential impregnation by means of incipient wetting method of Ru at a concentration of 0.1% to 1.1% and Sn at a concentration of 0,2% to 2.2% (related to the support mass), on a granular Mg-Al-CO3 type hydrotalcite type support, followed by calcination at 350°C to 500°C and activation by treatment with an aqueous solution of sodium borohydride and hydrogen flow. The process according to the invention, consists in the selective hydrogenation of fatty acid esters to fatty alcohols, by the prepared catalyst in fixed bed catalyst at a temperature of 200°C to 340°C, a pressure of 10atm to 150atm, liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) of methyl oleate 0.1 h-1 to 0.8 h-1, molar ratio of H2/ methyl oleat 5 to 20.
WO/2015/072873 NANNOCHLORIS SP. STRAIN FOR OBTAINMENT OF BIO-BASED AVIATION FUEL||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000026||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refers to a strain of Nannochloris sp. 424-1, deposited under number CCAP 251/10 in the Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP), intended to be used to sequestrate carbon dioxide form different industrial gas emissions, in order to obtain algal biomass which is easy processable into aviation bio-based fuel. The strain was obtained by mutation - selection, after cultivation on media with metronidazole, from a wild strain, and has the ability to grow at light intensities between 100 and 1100 μΙ Em-2s-1, with reduced accumulation of anti-oxidants carotenoids. It presents a high competence of specific ecotechnological niches colonization, due to high rate of growth, between 0.275 and 0.4 OD/day, and a short doubling time, from 1 to 3 days. The strain forms phycocenosis, with high efficiency in carbon dioxide sequestration from industrial emissions or waste water treatment. The strain resists to high concentrations, of 7% and higher, of carbon dioxide in the aeration gases and tolerates high concentrations of salts, particularly NaHCO3 / Na2CO3. Has the ability to grow together with beneficial bacteria and can also be used to sequestrate carbon dioxide through cultivation on epurated wastewater, with concomitant reduction of nitrogen and phosphorus level.
WO/2015/072870 THE PROCESS FOR OBTAINING 5-(CHLOROMETHYL)FURFURAL AND ITS ETHERS FROM ALGAL BIOMASS||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000021||SC INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI PRODUSE AUXILIARE ORGANICE SA||BOMBOŞ, Dorin|
The present invention relates to an improvement of the technologies for obtaining halide derivates of furfurals, 5 (chloromethyl) furfural (CMF), by dehydration of the soluble polysaccharides from the de-oiled algal biomass through 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (HMF), possibly with small amounts of levulinic acid (LA). The reaction is acid catalyzed in a biphasic mixture of toluene-water in the presence of dispersion substances based of water-soluble salts in an aqueous medium of lower oligomers of the product of β-naphthalenesulfonic acid condensation with formaldehyde. Furthermore by treating with activated natural Ca-bentonite with specific characteristics with a role of inhibition of the polymerization reaction. The synthesis of these components is carried out at temperatures ranging from 60 to 75°C, with high yields between 90- 95%.
WO/2015/069129 PROCESS AND CATALYST FOR OBTAINING FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS||WO||14.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000019||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||STEPAN, Emil|
The invention refers to a process and catalyst for obtaining fatty acid methyl esters, by the chemical processing of fats with content of free fatty acids, in order to be used as diesel biofuel, also referred to as biodiesel, intermediates for synthetic biofuels for aviation, or environmental-friendly solvents. The process according to the invention consists of treating the fats with methanol and with super-acid solid catalyst S0427Ti02-La203j at temperatures of 68±2°C, the water resulting din esterification reaction of the fatty acids is separated from methanol in a rectification column and is removed, and methanol is recirculated, until the acidity index of the reaction mass drops under 2 mg KOH/g, the super-acid solid catalyst is removed by filtration, and the filtrate is treated in the next step with a heterogeneous alkaline catalyst, at temperatures of 67±2°C, for 60-90 minute, the catalyst is removed by filtration or centrifugation, glycerine is separated from the methyl esters of fatty acids by decantation or centrifugation, and is then treated with the heterogeneous alkaline catalyst separated before, at temperatures of 67±2°C, for 60-90 minute, the catalyst is removed by filtration or centrifugation, and excess methanol is removed by distillation, first at atmospheric pressure and then under vacuum, glycerine is separated from the methyl esters of fatty acids by decantation or centrifugation, which is finally filtered through an inorganic filtering layer. The heterogeneous alkaline catalyst according to the invention has the molecular formula: CH2,464- 2.5350o,428-o,528No.o3i-o.o43Clo.o3 i-o.o43Cao. io5-o.i29Sio.o64-o.o73, and the process for obtaining it consists of treating the calcium oxide with methanol with a molar ratio of 1 :4, at a temperature of 65°C for 60 minutes, treating the mixture with glycerine with a molar ratio of 1 : 1 to the calcium oxide, at temperatures of 65-70°C for 60 minutes, methanol is removed by distillation from the reaction mass, which is treated with a solvent, with triethanolamine with a molar ratio of 1 :2 to the calcium oxide, and with trialkylchlorosilane with a molar ratio of 1 :2 to the calcium oxide, at ambient temperature, for 60-120 minutes, the resulting suspension is filtered, and the solvent is removed by drying.
WO/2015/057093 ELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR USING POTABLE WATER, WITH OXYGEN AND HYDROGEN RELEASE||WO||23.04.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000021||IONESCU, Iuliu||IONESCU, Iuliu|
The utility model consists of an electricity generator with drinking water, discharging oxygen and hydrogen based on the differential electronegativity phenomenon of chemical elements, which uses drinkable water to transfer the electrical loads. The novelty lies in the fact that by using electrodes having particular physical structures, made of different materials and adding a condenser, an alternative impulse generator and a doubler or a voltage multiplier useful, stronger power is achieved. In this process, water electrolysis takes place concomitantly, gas bubbles appearing in the two electrodes. As we know, oxygen is discharged to the anode, in the case in point, the aluminium electrode, and hydrogen to the cathode, in our case the copper electrode. In a larger generator, these gases may be collected and used to produce heat energy or in industry, agriculture, medicine etc. It can be used in any field of industry, agriculture, medicine, household etc.
WO/2015/053644 PROCESS FOR THE ADDITIVE MANUFACTURE OF WORKPIECES USING A FOCUSED ULTRASOUND BEAM||WO||16.04.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000029||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU MICROTEHNOLOGIE - IMT||MOAGĂR-POLADIAN, Gabriel|
The invention refers to a process for rapid manufacturing that uses a focused ultrasound beam according to the invention. The process is based on the local ultrasound welding of the material (2) grains that is under a powder form, welding that takes place solely in the focal spot of the focused ultrasound beam, the focal spot being scanned across the X-Y-Z directions within the powder (2) bed so as to 3D build the entire object (7) that is desired. The processes taking place in the focal spot region are local melting, local melting due to friction followed by filling of the gaps existing between grains, removal of the grain asperities, local inter-diffusion between neighboring grains as well as other phenomena that take place at the interfaces between materials when these are subjected to an ultrasound field.