WO/2015/072871 HYDROTALCITE-BASED CATALYST FOR THE HYDROGENATION OF FATTY ACID ESTERS||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000022||SC CHIMIGAZ SRL||CRUCEAN, Augustin Constantin|
The invention relates to a Ru-Sn/ hydrotalcite type catalyst for the selective hydrogenation and to a process of the hydrogenation of fatty acid esters in the presence of the prepared catalyst. The catalyst according to the present invention is prepared by sequential impregnation by means of incipient wetting method of Ru at a concentration of 0.1% to 1.1% and Sn at a concentration of 0,2% to 2.2% (related to the support mass), on a granular Mg-Al-CO3 type hydrotalcite type support, followed by calcination at 350°C to 500°C and activation by treatment with an aqueous solution of sodium borohydride and hydrogen flow. The process according to the invention, consists in the selective hydrogenation of fatty acid esters to fatty alcohols, by the prepared catalyst in fixed bed catalyst at a temperature of 200°C to 340°C, a pressure of 10atm to 150atm, liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) of methyl oleate 0.1 h-1 to 0.8 h-1, molar ratio of H2/ methyl oleat 5 to 20.
WO/2015/072873 NANNOCHLORIS SP. STRAIN FOR OBTAINMENT OF BIO-BASED AVIATION FUEL||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000026||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refers to a strain of Nannochloris sp. 424-1, deposited under number CCAP 251/10 in the Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP), intended to be used to sequestrate carbon dioxide form different industrial gas emissions, in order to obtain algal biomass which is easy processable into aviation bio-based fuel. The strain was obtained by mutation - selection, after cultivation on media with metronidazole, from a wild strain, and has the ability to grow at light intensities between 100 and 1100 μΙ Em-2s-1, with reduced accumulation of anti-oxidants carotenoids. It presents a high competence of specific ecotechnological niches colonization, due to high rate of growth, between 0.275 and 0.4 OD/day, and a short doubling time, from 1 to 3 days. The strain forms phycocenosis, with high efficiency in carbon dioxide sequestration from industrial emissions or waste water treatment. The strain resists to high concentrations, of 7% and higher, of carbon dioxide in the aeration gases and tolerates high concentrations of salts, particularly NaHCO3 / Na2CO3. Has the ability to grow together with beneficial bacteria and can also be used to sequestrate carbon dioxide through cultivation on epurated wastewater, with concomitant reduction of nitrogen and phosphorus level.
WO/2015/072872 COMPOSITION FOR THE LIMITATION OF MYCOTOXIN PRODUCTION AND PROCESS FOR ITS OBTAINMENT||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000024||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE
PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||OANCEA, Florin|
The invention refer to a composition including 42.1 parts of fatty acid ethyl esters of linseed oil, 15 parts of lecithin, 13.7 parts of ethyl alcohol, 6 parts essential oil of Syzygium aromaticum flower buds, 6 parts of essential oil of Ageratum houstonianum flower, 5 parts of potassium salts of fatty acids, expressed as oleate, 3.3 parts of glycerin, 3.9 parts triglycerides, 3 parts maltol, 0.5 parts water, difference up to 100 parts being unsaponifiable substances and salts. This composition limits the production of: aflatoxins and fumonisins on corn before harvesting, trichothecenes on wheat before the harvesting, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in the stored corn, ochratoxin in stored barley. The process of obtainment involves the use of an excess of alcohol in the trans-esterification reaction, maintaining the reaction products of trans-esterification and excess alcohol, and mixing the obtained reaction mass with essential oils, lecithin and maltol.
WO/2015/072870 THE PROCESS FOR OBTAINING 5-(CHLOROMETHYL)FURFURAL AND ITS ETHERS FROM ALGAL BIOMASS||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000021||SC INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI PRODUSE AUXILIARE ORGANICE SA||BOMBOŞ, Dorin|
The present invention relates to an improvement of the technologies for obtaining halide derivates of furfurals, 5 (chloromethyl) furfural (CMF), by dehydration of the soluble polysaccharides from the de-oiled algal biomass through 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (HMF), possibly with small amounts of levulinic acid (LA). The reaction is acid catalyzed in a biphasic mixture of toluene-water in the presence of dispersion substances based of water-soluble salts in an aqueous medium of lower oligomers of the product of β-naphthalenesulfonic acid condensation with formaldehyde. Furthermore by treating with activated natural Ca-bentonite with specific characteristics with a role of inhibition of the polymerization reaction. The synthesis of these components is carried out at temperatures ranging from 60 to 75°C, with high yields between 90- 95%.
WO/2015/069129 PROCESS AND CATALYST FOR OBTAINING FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS||WO||14.05.2015|
||PCT/RO2013/000019||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU CHIMIE SI PETROCHIMIE - ICECHIM||STEPAN, Emil|
The invention refers to a process and catalyst for obtaining fatty acid methyl esters, by the chemical processing of fats with content of free fatty acids, in order to be used as diesel biofuel, also referred to as biodiesel, intermediates for synthetic biofuels for aviation, or environmental-friendly solvents. The process according to the invention consists of treating the fats with methanol and with super-acid solid catalyst S0427Ti02-La203j at temperatures of 68±2°C, the water resulting din esterification reaction of the fatty acids is separated from methanol in a rectification column and is removed, and methanol is recirculated, until the acidity index of the reaction mass drops under 2 mg KOH/g, the super-acid solid catalyst is removed by filtration, and the filtrate is treated in the next step with a heterogeneous alkaline catalyst, at temperatures of 67±2°C, for 60-90 minute, the catalyst is removed by filtration or centrifugation, glycerine is separated from the methyl esters of fatty acids by decantation or centrifugation, and is then treated with the heterogeneous alkaline catalyst separated before, at temperatures of 67±2°C, for 60-90 minute, the catalyst is removed by filtration or centrifugation, and excess methanol is removed by distillation, first at atmospheric pressure and then under vacuum, glycerine is separated from the methyl esters of fatty acids by decantation or centrifugation, which is finally filtered through an inorganic filtering layer. The heterogeneous alkaline catalyst according to the invention has the molecular formula: CH2,464- 2.5350o,428-o,528No.o3i-o.o43Clo.o3 i-o.o43Cao. io5-o.i29Sio.o64-o.o73, and the process for obtaining it consists of treating the calcium oxide with methanol with a molar ratio of 1 :4, at a temperature of 65°C for 60 minutes, treating the mixture with glycerine with a molar ratio of 1 : 1 to the calcium oxide, at temperatures of 65-70°C for 60 minutes, methanol is removed by distillation from the reaction mass, which is treated with a solvent, with triethanolamine with a molar ratio of 1 :2 to the calcium oxide, and with trialkylchlorosilane with a molar ratio of 1 :2 to the calcium oxide, at ambient temperature, for 60-120 minutes, the resulting suspension is filtered, and the solvent is removed by drying.
WO/2015/057093 ELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR USING POTABLE WATER, WITH OXYGEN AND HYDROGEN RELEASE||WO||23.04.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000021||IONESCU, Iuliu||IONESCU, Iuliu|
The utility model consists of an electricity generator with drinking water, discharging oxygen and hydrogen based on the differential electronegativity phenomenon of chemical elements, which uses drinkable water to transfer the electrical loads. The novelty lies in the fact that by using electrodes having particular physical structures, made of different materials and adding a condenser, an alternative impulse generator and a doubler or a voltage multiplier useful, stronger power is achieved. In this process, water electrolysis takes place concomitantly, gas bubbles appearing in the two electrodes. As we know, oxygen is discharged to the anode, in the case in point, the aluminium electrode, and hydrogen to the cathode, in our case the copper electrode. In a larger generator, these gases may be collected and used to produce heat energy or in industry, agriculture, medicine etc. It can be used in any field of industry, agriculture, medicine, household etc.
WO/2015/053644 PROCESS FOR THE ADDITIVE MANUFACTURE OF WORKPIECES USING A FOCUSED ULTRASOUND BEAM||WO||16.04.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000029||INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU MICROTEHNOLOGIE - IMT||MOAGĂR-POLADIAN, Gabriel|
The invention refers to a process for rapid manufacturing that uses a focused ultrasound beam according to the invention. The process is based on the local ultrasound welding of the material (2) grains that is under a powder form, welding that takes place solely in the focal spot of the focused ultrasound beam, the focal spot being scanned across the X-Y-Z directions within the powder (2) bed so as to 3D build the entire object (7) that is desired. The processes taking place in the focal spot region are local melting, local melting due to friction followed by filling of the gaps existing between grains, removal of the grain asperities, local inter-diffusion between neighboring grains as well as other phenomena that take place at the interfaces between materials when these are subjected to an ultrasound field.
WO/2015/050469 COMPLEX SCORING FOR MALWARE DETECTION||WO||09.04.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000027||BITDEFENDER IPR MANAGEMENT LTD||LUKACS, Sandor|
Described systems and methods allow protecting a computer system from malware such as viruses, Trojans, and spyware. For each of a plurality of executable entities (such as processes and threads executing on the computer system), a scoring engine records a plurality of evaluation scores, each score determined according to a distinct evaluation criterion. Every time an entity satisfies an evaluation criterion (e.g, performs an action), the respective score of the entity is updated. Updating a score of an entity may trigger score updates of entities related to the respective entity, even when the related entities are terminated, i.e., no longer active. Related entities include, among others, a parent of the respective entity, and/or an entity injecting code into the respective entity. The scoring engine determines whether an entity is malicious according to the plurality of evaluation scores of the respective entity.
WO/2015/041555 PROCESS AND INSTALLATION FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS||WO||26.03.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000026||CELAC, Vasile||CELAC, Vasile|
The process and the installation for production of synthesis gas is a multi phased method of obtaining synthesis gas (to be referred from now on as syngas) in a continuous flow; the purpose of this gas is using it as an alternative fuel. This process consists of creating, by aid of an injector (3), a continuous flow of a mixture between water and a liquid classical fossil fuel. The liquid mixture is fed into a "rotating cavitation/vaporization device" (6) and is transformed into a continuous flow of a gaseous mixture. The gaseous mixture is further more, successively super-heated: at first in the cylindrical/toroidal (19) part of the double mantle/shell of a horizontal cylindrical furnace (25); the mixture is secondly super-heated in a reforming tube (12), placed inside the burning area (24) of the furnace. The cylindrical furnace (25) is coupled to the lid (17) of a "user boiler" (18) so as to facilitate the practical use of the hot gases resulting from the furnace burning area (24) of the cylindrical furnace (25). As a result, from the successive chemical processes of pyrolysis and of the non- catalytic reforming with steam at high temperatures of the hydrocarbon from the mixture, the syngas is produced. The syngas is then fed into a dualburner (11), replacing the consumption of classic fossil fuels. The classic fossil fuels are initially used to pre-heat the furnace, facilitating the temperatures necessary for the formation of syngas. The heat generated from the ignition and burning of syngas is used to maintain, in the cylindrical furnace (25), the temperatures necessary for the endothermic thermo chemical reactions that sustain the continuous flow of syngas. The heat resulting from the burning of syngas is also used to cogenerate thermal, electrical or/and mechanical energy.
WO/2015/030618 FOUR-WHEEL CYCLE||WO||05.03.2015|
||PCT/RO2014/000004||PANAIT, Lucian||PANAIT, Lucian|
The invention refers to a four-wheel cycle, provided with four small armless wheels, driven by levers by the human driver, used in transportations. The four-wheel cycle, according to the invention, is composed of a frame (1), on which a saddle (149) and a handlebar (148) are positioned. On the frame (1), two front forks (6, 7) and two rear forks (12, 13) are mounted. In these forks, two front wheels (150, 152) and two rear wheels (152, 153) are mounted, in which three fixed arms (20, 21, 22) are disposed. The driving is provided by a driving gear (103, 118), in contact with a chain (137), with two clutch disks (87, 91), with two mobile arms (81, 82). The actuation is made by levers (53, 59).