WO/2016/187679 METHOD FOR PREPARATION OF A CANNABINOID EXTRACT FROM HEMP||WO||01.12.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000016||"POBELCH - GLE" OOD||IVANOV, Ervin, Milenov|
The invention relates to a method for extraction and separation of cannabinoids from industrial hemp, designed for medicinal purposes, and also the preparation of an extract, not containing tetrahydrocannabinol, and the preparation of maximum refined individual cannabinoids. The advantage of the method according to the invention consists in the preparation of an extract from hemp, which contains at a high percentage medically useful cannabinoids and doesn't contain undesirable admixtures and tetrahydrocannabinol, so that it can be used without any restrictions as a pharmaceutical. Moreover, the method allows the possibility of separation, if required, into individual useful cannabinoids as pure compounds, in ecological terms, without environmental pollution, as it is according to the most synthetic methods. The possibility of producing pure compounds represents a great contribution to the research of substances, related to a concrete medical application and the preparation of various combinations thereof, with the objective of expansion the field of application. The method is also cost-effective. The method consists in that the extract, obtained in accordance with various methods, undergoes a centrifugal countercurrent liquid-liquid chromatography, as the operation includes a centrifugation of solvents and the extract, obtained during the previous operations; the solvents form two phases, the phase, which the extract is dissolved in, is mobile, and the other one is stationary, whereby the mobile phase passes through the stationary phase, wherein several amounts of the components of the extract content are captured; this passing of the mobile phase through the stationary phase is repeated many times, until separation of the desired substances, which are analyzed in a familiar way, whereby as stationary phase solvents are used, which are selected from the group of straight-chain and branched-chain hydrocarbons, produced from crude oil, straight-chain and/or branched-chain alcohols, straight-chain and/or branched-chain ketones, straight-chain and/or branched chain carboxylic acids, straight-chain and/or branched-chain nitriles, gases in supercritical and subcritical condition, like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, water with modified acidity with or without salts of organic and non-organic substances dissolved therein, as for example NaS03, carbonate compounds or mixtures of the above-mentioned solvents, and as mobile phase solvents are used, which are selected from the group of straight-chain and branched-chain hydrocarbons, produced from crude oil, straight-chain and/or branched-chain alcohols, straight-chain and/or branched-chain ketones, straight-chain and/or branched chain carboxylic acids, straight-chain and/or branched-chain nitriles, gases in supercritical and subcritical condition, like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, water with modified acidity by organic and/or inorganic acids and bases, as well as Lewis acids and bases in the interval from 0 to 14 pH, with or without salts of organic and non-organic substances dissolved therein, as for example NaS03, carbonate compounds, or mixtures of the above-mentioned solvents, while the choice of the solvents between the two phases is conditional on that, they shall be different and immiscible with each other; the centrifugation revolutions and the flow speed of the mobile phase are designed (calculated or determined experimentally) depending on the total phase volume; thus at the finish of the process the tetrahydrocannabinols and/or the tetrahydrocannabinol acids are separated from the remaining cannabinoids and/or cannabinoid acids in the solution, the other cannabinoids in the process can also be separated as a pure substance, separate in a solution and the solvents are evaporated respectively, in order to obtain a pure substance.
WO/2016/183643 PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM FOR GENERATING AND SUPPLYING ENERGY TO DC GRID AND ITS CONSUMERS||WO||24.11.2016|
||PCT/BG2015/000022||NORTHEAST ENERGY LTD||NENOV, Konstantin Vassilev|
The system is designed for direct coupling to DC-grids, as these of public transport. It works synchronously with conventional power supplies and remains permanently connected to the DC-grid even if the consumption is low or zero. The PV-system includes PV-field, composed from photovoltaic structure representing a single PV-panel or group of PV-panels. Each PV-structure has the (+)output and (-)output, to which an optimizer (12) is connected. Each of optimizers has outputs connected to each other and/or in the configuration of the PV-field to the common (+) and (-)output lines (9,10). The optimizer's type fulfill both of conditions - PV-field to have nominal voltage, relevant to the voltage of the DC-Grid (1) and limited voltage lower than the maximum permissible voltage of the DC-Grid (1), which makes the system efficient in terms of voltage controlling.
WO/2016/179671 GAS TURBINE SYSTEM WITH PULSATING GAS FLOW FROM AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE||WO||17.11.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000015||RAYCHINOV, Galin Stefanov||RAYCHINOV, Galin Stefanov|
A gas turbine system with a pulsating gas flow from an internal combustion engine, said system comprising a gas turbine (1), an inlet of which is connected to an exhaust pipe (2) of an internal combustion engine (3), while an outlet of the gas turbine (1) is connected to a pipe or system (4) for discharging exhaust gases, and a shaft of the gas turbine (1) is connected to at least one consumer of mechanical energy (5), is distinguished in that an ejector (6) is mounted between the exhaust pipe (2) of the internal combustion engine (3) and the inlet of the gas turbine (1) in such a way that an ejector (6) inlet for an actuating gas flow is connected to the exhaust pipe (2) of the internal combustion engine, an ejector (6) inlet for an actuated gas flow is connected via a pipe (7) to an outlet of the gas turbine (1), and an ejector (6) outlet for a common gas flow is connected to an inlet of the gas turbine (1). The system constituting the subject matter of the invention provides for decreasing the pressure amplitude and speed amplitude of a gas flow in a gas turbine, and also for increasing the overall mass of the gas flow, thus solving the problem of increasing the weighted average efficiency of the gas turbine in a gas turbine system with a pulsating gas flow from an internal combustion engine, and, as a result, increasing the efficiency of the system as a whole.
WO/2016/179669 ACTUATING A GAS TURBINE BY MEANS OF A PULSATING GAS FLOW||WO||17.11.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000011||RAYCHINOV, Galin Stefanov||RAYCHINOV, Galin Stefanov|
A method for actuating a gas turbine by means of a pulsating gas flow, which involves supplying a pulsating gas flow to a gas turbine, is distinguished in that, in accordance with the instantaneous parameters of the pulsating gas flow at an inlet to the gas turbine, a load on the gas turbine shaft is turned on or increased at times when the instantaneous parameters of the pulsating gas flow can provide a turbine efficiency higher than a preset value, and, at times when the instantaneous parameters of the pulsating gas flow cannot provide for the set turbine efficiency, the load on the turbine shaft is turned off or reduced. A system for actuating a gas turbine by means of a pulsating gas flow, which consists of a source of pulsating gas flow (1), connected to an inlet of a gas turbine (2), the shaft of which is connected to at least one consumer of mechanical energy (3), is distinguished in that it includes at least one sensor (4) of the instantaneous parameters of the pulsating gas flow at the turbine inlet, said sensor being connected to a controller (5) which is connected to a device (6) for controlling the load on the consumer of mechanical energy (3). The method and system constituting the subject matter of the invention provide for increased gas turbine efficiency and decreased turbine resistance relative to a pulsating gas flow supplied to the turbine.
WO/2016/179670 METHOD OF DATA INDEXING AND SORTING||WO||17.11.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000014||STS SOFT AD||TRONKOV, lliya|
The invention is related to a method of data indexing and sorting on external storage devices through the establishment of specific indexing structure, characterized with the fact that it is established only through part of the incoming keys and operates through specific method of selection and merging of data buffers, in order to provide more effective external sorting of all data. The indexing method inherits the model with messages from buffer based trees, but makes a step further by allowing selection and multiple merging of buffers from various levels, and not only merging of subordinated buffers from a node to a slave node. With the method, the number of I/O operations, required for indexing and complete sorting of data is minimized. The method is applicable for database management systems, file systems, systems for sorting of big datasets, systems for parallel or distributed data processing etc.
WO/2016/168902 METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR UNLOCKING OR AUTHENTICATION FOR DEVICES HAVING TOUCHSCREEN MONITOR||WO||27.10.2016|
||PCT/BG2015/000009||TSVETKOV, Aleksander Aleksandrov||TSVETKOV, Aleksander Aleksandrov|
A system and method for authentication, where the password do not have to be entered directly. It can be used to lock and unlock electronic devices. This system, protects passwords of being filmed, seen or recorded during the authentication process. The system is using numbers, letters, pictures and other graphical symbols which are randomly arranged in a matrix. Users are creating their passwords by choosing one or more symbols, which represent their passcode and they appear on the screen randomized and mixed with other symbols, every time. This system requires a new style of password typing, where the symbols will not be entered directly. Instead of clicking on the symbols, users have to slide over the rows or/and columns, containing the correct symbols. With every attempt for access the symbols are mixing and there have to be entered different combination of rows and/or columns.
WO/2016/168903 ADJUSTABLE DRIP HEADS||WO||27.10.2016|
||PCT/BG2015/000025||GENCHEV, Georgi||GENCHEV, Georgi|
The adjustable drip head will find application in the drip irrigation. It consists of a tube (2) in which an upper screw (3) with an inlet tube (4) and a lower screw (1 1) are screwed. There is a gap (6) between them wherein there is a movable upper cylinder (5) conveying the pressure via a pipe (7) through an obstacle (9) to a movable lower cylinder (10) with two drip holes (12) above it. The flow rate depends on the inlet pressure and the distance between the upper screw (3) and the lower screw (1 1) which is defined by the angle of its rotation ( a ). The desired flow rate is set via diagram 1 1 which is a function of a and the water pressure. Drip heads (1 ) bigger than 10 mm with more than two drip holes (12) for higher flow rates can be constructed. The allowed size of the sediments is below 0.5 mm which corresponds to the thickness of the gap (6).
WO/2016/168904 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPINNING OF STAPLE FIBER YARN||WO||27.10.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000008||BAHOVA, Olga Kirilova||BAHOVA, Olga Kirilova|
The method and apparatus are used for spinning yarn of staple fibers entering the zone of pulling (s1), where the free ends of fibers (m), are pulled by the main fibers (n), which are twisted by mechanical high-speed torque (M) created by false twisting device (8). The device includes inlet chamber (36) at the end of which is shaped blocking the twists element (38), which enters in camera for pulling (s1) of the fastening ends of fibers (m), vacuum chamber (37) with the separating element (58) and mounted frictional twisting device.
WO/2016/161489 METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LAYER-WISE GENERATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS FROM POWDERED MATERIAL||WO||13.10.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000010||"PRINT CAST" LTD||TODOROV, Georgi, Dimitrov|
The method and system for layer-wise generation of three-dimensional objects from powdered material includes sequential application of powdered material and suitable binder onto a vertically mobile worktop (2). Depositing is performed by a powdered material application device (1) and a binder application device (3). The two application devices (1 and 3) work in two mutually perpendicular directions along two horizontal planes parallel to each other and the worktop (2), performing the application in both directions of movement between their final positions. Application devices (1 and 3) move and deposit the respective substance at a different optimal rate depending on the process. The method and the system have a wide range of applications in the casting industry for the layer-wise generation of complete sand molds and/or high precision cores directly from a three-dimensional computer model. They reduce the time required to produce casting shapes and improve the accuracy, and also allow the generation of more complex shapes without the need for a physical model.
WO/2016/154688 RESILIENT CUSHIONING RAIL FASTENING WITH HORIZONTAL ELASTICITY IN THE TRANSVERSE DIRECTION FOR SMALL-RADIUS CURVES||WO||06.10.2016|
||PCT/BG2016/000013||"DENDRIT" OOD||BAHAROV, Georgi Stefanov|
A resilient cushioning rail fastening consists of a cast iron baseplate (3) on a wooden sleeper (2). The baseplate has through openings which pass through supporting cones on the underside thereof, said supporting cones being fitted into dimensionally corresponding recesses in the sleeper (2). Steel screws (5) pass through the openings, are screwed into plastic dowels (6) incorporated into the sleeper (2), and clamp the rail (1) via two resilient clips (7). The iron baseplate (3) has two flanges (10) and (11). The outer flange (10) is provided with recesses, into which are inserted helical/disc/shaped springs (9) that press the foot of the rail (1) against flange (11). A strictly defined gap (a) is formed. When rolling stock enters a curve, transverse horizontal forces, overcoming the force of the springs (9), displace the foot (1) until the latter rests against the rigid support (10).