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1. WO2020197752 - ÉMULATION DE DÉCHARGE PASSIVE D'ÉLECTRODES À L'AIDE D'UN COURANT DE DÉCHARGE À AMPLITUDE À DÉCROISSANCE EXPONENTIELLE PROGRAMMABLE

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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An implantable medical device (IMD), comprising:

stimulation circuitry for controlling delivery of a medical therapy to a patient; a processor for controlling the IMD according to executable code;

a power source; and

current regulator circuitry comprising:

electrode selection circuitry configured to select one or more electrodes for use during a discharge mode; and

a programmable current regulator configured to provide an exponentially decreasing discharge current to the selected one or more electrodes from the power source.

2. The IMD of claim 1 , wherein the programmable current regulator comprises:

an error amplifier having a first input coupled to a programmable voltage source and a second input coupled to a programmable resistor, wherein a current at an output of the current regulator is determined by a voltage of the

programmable voltage source and a resistance of the programmable resistor.

3. The IMD of claim 1 , wherein a current output of the programmable current regulator is decreased in precalculated steps to create the exponentially decreasing discharge current provided to the electrodes.

4. The IMD of claim 1 , further comprising:

memory for storing data and executable instructions, wherein the executable instructions comprise code for causing the processor to (1 ) apply a therapy pulse using the selected two or more stimulation electrodes; and (2) apply the exponentially decreasing discharge current to the selected two or more electrodes.

5. The IMD of claim 4, wherein the executable instructions further comprise code for causing the processor to (a) select between a passive discharge mode and an active discharge mode; (b) when the passive discharge mode is selected, electrically short the selected two or more electrodes to dissipate charge build up after applying the therapy pulse; and (c) when the active discharge mode is selected, apply the exponentially decreasing discharge current to the selected two or more electrodes.

6. The IMD of claim 1 , further comprising:

passive discharge circuitry configured to electrically short the selected two or more electrodes during the discharge mode.

7. The IMD of claim 4, further comprising:

wireless communication circuitry for conducting wireless communications; and

wherein the executable instructions further comprise code for causing the processor to (a) conduct a communication session between the IMD and an external programming device, (b) receive an active discharge mode command from the external programming device, and (c) enter an active discharge mode in which the exponentially decreasing discharge current is applied to the selected two or more electrodes.

8. The IMD of claim 7, wherein the active discharge mode command comprises one or more of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan mode command and an electromagnetic interference (EMI) mode command.

9. The IMD of claim 1 , further comprising:

detection circuitry for identifying one or more of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity and electromagnetic interference (EMI).

10. A method of discharging electrodes in an implantable medical device (IMD), comprising:

selecting two or more electrodes to deliver stimulation to a patient using the

IMD;

applying a therapy pulse from the IMD to the selected electrodes, wherein the selected electrodes have a first polarity while applying the therapy pulse; and applying an exponentially decreasing discharge current from the IMD to the selected electrodes, wherein the selected electrodes have a second polarity that is complementary to the first polarity while applying the exponentially decreasing discharge current.

1 1. The method of claim 10, wherein the first polarity causes the selected electrodes to function as anodes and cathodes, and wherein the second polarity causes the selected electrodes to function in a complementary fashion as cathodes and anodes.

12. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

selecting between a passive discharge mode and an active discharge mode for the IMD;

when the passive discharge mode is selected, electrically shorting the selected electrodes together to dissipate charge build up after applying the therapy pulse; and

when the active mode is selected, applying the exponentially decreasing discharge current to the selected electrodes after applying the therapy pulse.

13. The method of claim 10, wherein the exponentially decreasing discharge current is applied using a programmable current regulator comprising: an error amplifier having a first input coupled to a programmable voltage source and a second input coupled to a programmable resistor, wherein a current at an output of the current regulator is determined by a voltage of the

programmable voltage source and a resistance of the programmable resistor.

14. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

conducting a communication session between the IMD and an external programming device;

receiving an active discharge mode command from the external programming device; and

entering an active discharge mode in which the exponentially decreasing discharge current is applied to the electrodes.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein the active discharge mode command comprises one or more of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan mode command and an electromagnetic interference (EMI) mode command.

16. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

Identifying the presence of one or more of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity and electromagnetic interference (EMI); and

entering an active discharge mode in which the exponentially decreasing discharge current is applied to the electrodes after applying the therapy pulse.

17. The method of claim 10, wherein a current output of a programmable current regulator is decreased in precalculated steps to create the exponentially decreasing discharge current applied to the selected electrodes.

18. An implantable pulse generator (IPG) for providing a

neurostimulation therapy to a patient, comprising:

pulse generating circuitry for generating electrical pulses for stimulating neural tissue of the patient; and

switching circuitry for outputting the generated electricals from the IPG; wherein the IPG controls the pulse generating circuitry and switching circuitry, in at least one mode of operation, to provide stimulation pulses followed by respective active discharge pulses wherein electrode polarities are reversed for a given stimulation pulse and its corresponding active discharge pulse;

wherein the stimulation pulses are constant current pulses;

wherein the pulse generating circuitry is configured to control discharge current for the active discharge pulses to follow a programmed exponentially decreasing current pattern.

19. The IPG of claim 18, wherein a current output of the pulse generating circuitry is decreased in precalculated steps to follow a programmed exponentially decreasing current pattern.

20. The IPG of claim 18, further comprising:

passive discharge circuitry configured to electrically short the select one or more electrodes during the discharge mode.

21. The IPG of claim 18, further comprising:

wireless communication circuitry for conducting wireless communications; and

wherein the IPG comprises executable instructions that comprise code for causing the processor to (a) conduct a communication session between the IMD and an external programming device, (b) receive an active discharge mode command from the external programming device, and (c) enter an active discharge mode in which exponentially decreasing current is applied to the selected one or more electrodes.

22. The IPG of claim 18, further comprising:

detection circuitry for identifying one or more of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity and electromagnetic interference (EMI).

23. A method of operating an implantable pulse generator (IPG) to provide a neurostimulation therapy to a patient, comprising:

selecting one or more electrodes to deliver pulses for the neurostimulation therapy to the patient using the IPG;

selecting an active discharge mode for operation of the IPG;

generating electrical pulses, during the active discharge mode, for the neurostimulation therapy that include stimulation pulses and respective active discharge pulses; and

outputting the generated electrical pulses for application to neural tissue of the patient using the selected one or more electrodes, wherein the selected electrodes have a first polarity while applying the stimulation pulses and the selected electrodes have a second opposite polarity while applying the active discharge pulses;

wherein the stimulation pulses are constant current pulses;

wherein the generating operates active current control circuitry during generation of the active discharge pulses to control discharge current to follow a programmed exponentially decreasing current pattern.

24. The method of claim 23, wherein the first polarity causes the selected electrodes to function as anodes, and wherein the second polarity causes the selected electrodes to function as cathodes.

25. The method of claim 23, further comprising:

selecting between a passive discharge mode and an active discharge mode for the IPG; and

when the passive discharge mode is selected, electrically shorting the selected electrodes to dissipate charge build up after applying the therapy pulse.

26. The method of claim 23, wherein exponentially decreasing current is applied using a programmable current source comprising:

an error amplifier having a first input coupled to a programmable voltage source and a second input coupled to a programmable resistor, wherein a current at an output of the error amplifier is determined by a voltage of the programmable voltage source and a resistance of the programmable resistor.

27. The method of claim 23, further comprising:

conducting a communication session between the IMD and an external programming device;

receiving an active discharge mode command from the external programming device; and

entering the active discharge mode in which exponentially decreasing current is applied to electrodes for active discharge pulses.

28. The method of claim 27, wherein the active discharge mode command comprises one or more of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan mode command and an electromagnetic interference (EMI) mode command.

29. The method of claim 23, further comprising:

identifying the presence of one or more of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity and electromagnetic interference (EMI); and

automatically entering the active discharge mode in which exponentially decreasing current is applied to electrodes for active discharge pulses.

30. The method of claim 23, wherein a current output of a programmable current source is decreased in precalculated steps to create exponentially decreasing current applied to the selected electrodes for active discharge pulses.