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1. WO2020117577 - CIRCUIT SUPRACONDUCTEUR ET PROCÉDÉ DE DÉTECTION D'UN FRONT MONTANT D'UN SIGNAL D'ENTRÉE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A superconducting circuit comprising:

an input terminal for receiving an input signal comprising both positive pulses and negative pulses;

a first stage, coupled to the input terminal and a first node, configured to

suppress both any backward propagating negative pulses and any forward propagating negative pulses, and allow propagation of any forward propagating positive pulses; and

a second stage, coupled to the first node, configured to store a forward propagating positive pulse and reflect a stored positive pulse back to the first node as a negative pulse such that in response to each rising edge of the input signal a retum-to-zero signal comprising both a rising edge and a falling edge is provided as an output at the first node.

2. The superconducting circuit of claim 1 further comprising an output terminal, wherein a third stage is coupled between the first node and the output terminal.

3. The superconducting circuit of claim 2, wherein the third stage is configured to amplify the return-to-zero signal.

4. The superconducting circuit of claim 1, wherein the first stage comprises a first inductor coupled between the input terminal and a second node and a first Josephson junction coupled between the second node and a ground terminal.

5. The superconducting circuit of claim 4, wherein the first stage further

comprises a second Josephson junction coupled between the second node and a third node, and wherein the third node is coupled to a biasing terminal for the first Josephson junction.

6. The superconducting circuit of claim 5, wherein the second Josephson junction is biased in an opposite direction from a direction of bias of the first Josephson junction for pulses arriving via the input terminal, and wherein the second Josephson junction is biased in a same direction as the direction of the bias of the first Josephson junction for pulses arriving via the third node.

7. The superconducting circuit of claim 6, wherein the second stage comprises a storage loop comprising a third Josephson junction and an inductor for storing the forward propagating positive pulse.

8. A method of operating a superconducting circuit comprising:

receiving an input signal comprising positive pulses and negative pulses;

suppressing both any backward propagating negative pulses and any forward propagating negative pulses, and allowing propagation of any forward propagating positive pulses through the superconducting circuit; and storing a forward propagating positive pulse in the superconducting circuit and reflecting a stored positive pulse as a negative pulse such that that in response to each rising edge of the input signal a return-to-zero signal comprising both a rising edge and a falling edge is provided as an output at the first node.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein the superconducting circuit comprises a first stage configured to receive the non-retum-to-zero signal.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the superconducting circuit further comprises a second stage coupled to the first stage and a third stage coupled to both the first stage and the second stage.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the first stage comprises a first Josephson junction coupled between an input terminal configured to receive the non- retum-to-zero signal and a ground terminal.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the first stage further comprises a second Josephson junction placed between the first Josephson junction and a biasing terminal for the first Josephson junction.

13. The method of claim 10, wherein the second stage comprises a storage loop comprising a third Josephson junction and an inductor for storing the forward propagating positive pulse.

14. The method of claim 10, wherein the third stage comprises an inductor coupled to a ground terminal.

15. A superconducting circuit comprising:

an input terminal for receiving an input signal comprising both positive pulses and negative pulses;

a first stage, coupled to the input terminal and a first node, configured to

suppress both any backward propagating negative pulses and any forward propagating negative pulses, and allow propagation of any forward propagating positive pulses;

a second stage, coupled to the first node, configured to store a forward

propagating positive pulse and reflect a stored positive pulse back to the second node as a negative pulse after a selected delay such that that in response to each rising edge of the input signal a return-to-zero signal comprising both a rising edge and a falling edge is provided at the first node; and

a third stage, coupled to the first node and an output terminal, configured to amplify the return-to-zero signal and provide an amplified output signal at the output terminal.