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1. WO2020115773 - APPAREIL ET PROCÉDÉ DE DÉTECTION ET DE FOURNITURE D'UN TRAITEMENT THÉRAPEUTIQUE POUR TROUBLES RESPIRATOIRES DU SOMMEIL

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. An apparatus for detecting and providing treatment for sleep disorder comprising: a means for placing head of a user (110) comprising an outer portion having a head portion (115) and a neck portion (120), and an inner portion comprising a processing unit (125) operably configured to a transceiver (140);

a detecting unit comprising plurality of sensors to detect snoring or obstructive upper airflow in the upper respiratory airway or breathing pauses of a person and is communicatively coupled to the transceiver (140); wherein

the said means for placing the head (110) comprises an active mechanism, at the inner portion, for adjusting the biomechanics of the person by an orthopedic non-implant/non-invasive body apparatus to stop the obstructive upper airflow or breathing pauses or snoring of the person to restore normal breathing airflow without awakening the person from sleep, wherein the active mechanism is activated by the processing unit (125), upon receiving, by the transceiver (140), signals of disordered breathing from the detecting unit for more than a threshold unit of time.

2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the threshold unit of time is 10 seconds.

3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the processing unit (125) is configured to identify the acoustics of snoring or obstructive sleep apnea or upper airflow or breathing pauses or vibration sounds of an anatomical structure in the upper pharyngeal airway of the user; and wherein the processing unit (125) is configured to distinguish the snore sound from non-snore sounds and further configured to analyse the sound characteristics.

4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the processing unit (125) is configured to analyze the sound characteristics by power spectrum method to obtain an Apnea-hypopnea Index (AHI) score for the user, wherein the AHI score is less than 1 for a snorer and AHI score is more than or equal to 1 for obstructive sleep apnea.

5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the active mechanism is a mechanical arrangement comprising an Electro-Mechanical Angular Active Mechanism, EMAAM, (155) and Gear Integration Turning Assemble, GITA, operably coupled to each other to adjust the biomechanics of the person by adjusting the head portion (115), neck portion (120) and the cervical spinal alignment of the person.

6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein the EMAAM (155) is operated for head-neck adjustment biomechanically with down slope wedge extension to support the upper back to provide muscle relaxation when the person is sleeping.

7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein the active mechanism is a fabric or textile material comprising, two chambers on left side and right side of the means for placing the head wherein a tilting control chamber having the EMAAM (155) or the GITA is fixed midway wherein the said chamber is in between the side edges in a middle active layer of two passive layers.

8. The apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the EMAAM comprises an active layer of motion bio-sensors and a passive layer of motion bio-sensors configured to detect the tactile head-neck movements.

9. The device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the EMAAM and the GITA are configured to restore breathing airflow in the upper airway respiratory track and adjust the position of head and neck without waking the user from sleep simultaneously.

10. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the processing unit (125) is configured to track the body physical characteristics of the user for a pre-set time and identify a pattern in the characteristics; and determining a pre-determined physical characteristics specific to the user from the identified pattern, wherein a pre-determined physical characteristics specific to the user is determined using Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) data analytics to the plurality of sensors (150).

11. The device as claimed in claim 10, wherein the physical characteristics is the plurality of sleep positions of the user, wherein the device is further configured to activate the EMAAM, when the processing unit detects the predetermined physical characteristics of identified patterns and the processing unit (125) is configured to detect on-going and/or up-coming physical characteristics from the identified pattern of the user during sleep of the individual.

12. The device as claimed in claim 11, wherein the EMAAM and the GITA are configured to tilt the body of the user to a determined orientation of the body based on the up-coming or on-going event; wherein the body is tilted corresponding to an angle of inclination, wherein the said angle of inclination is in the range between 0 degree to a maximum 90 degree to the horizontal axis on the opposite side of the head position or movement.

13. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the device is configured to operate in continued feedback loop to restore normal breathing airflow without awakening the user from sleep based on predetermined physical characteristics of sleep-disordered.

14. The device as claimed in claim 10, wherein apparatus is configured to detect positional sleep Apnea by tracking the body physical characteristics movements in supine or non-supine or lateral sleeping position or starfish sleeping position or sleeping on stomach position of the user; wherein when positional sleep Apnea is detected the device is configured to correct the position of the user.

15. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the orthopedic apparatus is a head and cervical support having anatomically contorted shaped to provide muscle relaxation when the person is sleeping.

16. The apparatus as claimed in claim 15, wherein the apparatus comprises an upper side slope of downhill curve shape with an angle of curve for head positioning and a biomechanical head support surface.

17. The apparatus as claimed in claim 15, wherein the apparatus further comprises a lower curve shape having an angle of inclination within the apparatus in the middle part to support the cervical upper back and the hyper-extension of the neck to keep open the airway of the person.

18. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein detecting unit comprises at least one Infrared (IR) Sensor or a camera (160), plurality of sound sensors (165A, 165B), at least one vibration sensor (145), at least one motion bio-sensor (150), and a tactile mechanism (158); wherein the detecting unit is configured to obtain information about sleep positions of the user, sound produced during the sleep and movement of the user.

19. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the detecting unit comprises an active layer of at least network of motion bio-sensors arranged in an arrangement of 1-D array or 2-D array of bio-sensors placed as adjacent elements configured to control the head movements and

a support section.

20. The device as claimed in claim 19, wherein the arrangements include Quadrilateral arrangements, triangle on right side and/or left side or other possible combinations arrangements.

21. The apparatus as claimed in claim 18, wherein the at least one IR sensor (160) for detecting movement of the user when the user is resting head on the means for placing the head (110) and at least one sound sensor (165A) for detecting breathing sounds are adapted to be placed external to the means for placing the head (110).

22. The apparatus as claimed in claim 18, wherein the at least one vibration sensor (145) for detecting vibrations in the means for placing the head (110), the at least one motion bio-sensor (150) for detecting motion in the means for placing the head (110) and the at least one tactile mechanism (158) for detecting the head-neck movements by monitoring the movements internally or externally are provided at the inner portion of the means for placing the head (110).

23. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the head portion (115) is comparatively lower to the neck portion (120) such that when the person lies down on the means for placing the head (110), the person can position the head at the head portion (115) and neck at the neck portion (120).

24. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the detecting unit detects the obstructive upper airflow or breathing pauses in any sleep positions of the body of the sleeping person.

25. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the means for placing the head (110) is communicatively coupled to an electronic device (200) of the person, wherein the electronic device (200) is a mobile phone, a tablet, a smart watch, a desktop computer, a cloud application and/or a data analytics platform.

26. The apparatus as claimed in claim 25, wherein the apparatus is communicatively coupled to a server-cloud application and a data analytics platform for performing data analytics on the sleep patterns of the person and for reporting AHI index score.

27. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the means for placing the head (110) comprises an interface (135) to communicate with other computing devices.

28. A method of rectifying sleeping disorder by an apparatus (100) having a means for placing the head (110), wherein the method comprises:

detecting, by a detecting unit, an obstructive upper airflow in the upper respiratory airway or breathing pauses of a person sleeping;

communicating the detected signal, by the detecting unit, to a processing unit

(125);

activating, by the processing unit, an active mechanism of the means for placing the head (110), if an obstructive upper airflow in the upper respiratory airway or breathing pauses is detected for a threshold unit of time; and

adjusting, by the active mechanism, biomechanics of the person by an orthopedic non-implant/non-invasive body apparatus to stop the obstructive upper airflow or breathing pauses of the person to restore normal breathing airflow without awakening the person from sleep.

29. The method as claimed in claim 28, wherein detecting unit comprises at least one Infrared (IR) Sensor or a camera (160), plurality of sound sensors (165A, 165B), at least one vibration sensor (145), at least one motion bio-sensor (150), and a tactile mechanism (158).

30. The method as claimed in claim 28, wherein the processing unit (125) continuously checks with the IR sensors (160) and the sound sensors (165) for movements and undesired sounds, and the processing unit (125) deactivates EMAAM (155) and the motion bio-sensor (150), upon detecting that the body or head movements and the undesired sounds have stopped.

31. The method as claimed in claim 28, wherein the steps are repeated whenever the IR sensors (160), the sound sensor (165) and the tactile mechanism (158) detect movements and/or undesired sounds.

32. The method as claimed in claim 28, wherein the threshold unit of time is 10 seconds.