Traitement en cours

Veuillez attendre...

Paramétrages

Paramétrages

Aller à Demande

1. WO2020115717 - NAVIRE À PROPULSION À VOILE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

Claims

1 . An at least partially wind-propelled ship, comprising a double airfoil mounted on a structure controlled angularly around a generally vertical axis depending on conditions, where the double airfoil comprises a fore flap and an aft flap at least one of which has a fore-to-aft asymmetry and separated by a slit, where each flap comprises a series of shape members distributed in height, wherein said structure comprises a fore mast and an aft mast connected by a boom member and by a gaff member, wherein the shape members of the fore flap are traversed by the fore mast while being able to turn around an axis defined thereby, wherein the shape members of the aft flap are traversed by the aft mast while being able to turn around an axis defined thereby, and wherein said structure is capable of turning on an axis of rotation formed by the fore mast, wherein each of the fore and aft flaps comprise a top member capable of sliding along its respective mast independently of the other, and in that it further comprises two halyards capable of independently hoisting, hauling down and reefing the fore and aft flaps.

2. The ship according to claim 1 , wherein the aft mast is twistable, wherein the shape members of the aft flap are rotationally locked to said aft mast, and wherein the controller is capable of acting on the bottom and the top of the aft mast.

3. The ship according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the fore flap is displaceable over an angular interval defined so as to be angularly offset relative to the median plane formed by the axes of rotation of the two flaps.

4. The ship according to claim 3, wherein the fore flap is free to displace under the effect of the wind laterally urging the fore flap.

5. The ship according to claim 3, further comprising a controller for controlling of the angular displacement of the fore flap.

6. The ship according to one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the angular interval is comprised between about ± 1 ° and ± 15°.

7. The ship according to one of claims 3 to 6, further comprising a controller for controlling the angulation of the aft flap relative to said median plane.

8. The ship according to claim 7, wherein the controller is capable of causing distinct angular displacements of a lower region and an upper region of the aft flap.

9. The ship according to claim 8, wherein the controller is further capable of moving at least one intermediate region of the aft flap.

10. The ship according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the controller comprises a first actuator acting near a lower region of the aft flap and a second actuator located in the lower region of the airfoil and acting near an upper region of the aft flap via a transfer mechanism passing in one of the masts.

1 1 . The ship according to claims 9 or 10, further comprising at least one third actuator acting near an intermediate region of the aft flap by a transfer mechanism passing in a mast of the structure.

12. The ship according to claim 10 or 11 , wherein the actuators are mounted on the boom member.

13. The ship according to one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the gaff member belongs to a gaff assembly comprising said gaff member and a member

capable of sliding along the at least one mast and secured in translation with the upper end of the fore flap and/or the upper end of the aft flap, to make at least one among a droppable and/or a reefable fore flap and/or aft flap.

14. The ship according to one of claims 10 to 12 taken in combination with claim 13, wherein the transfer mechanism combined with the second actuator comprises transfer members mounted on the sliding member of the gaff assembly.

15. The ship according to claim 14, further comprising at least one halyard having a transfer member in the area of the fixed member of the gaff and attached to said sliding member of the gaff assembly.

16. The ship according to one of claims 1 to 15, further comprising an angular controller acting in a region of the foot of the fore mast.

17. The ship according to claim 16, wherein said structure is not shrouded and is capable of turning 360° in response to said angular controller.

18. The ship according to one of claims 1 to 17, wherein at least one of the flaps is made using an assembly of shape members with profiled contours, on which an envelope is stretched.

19. The ship according to one of claims 1 to 18, wherein at least one of the flaps is made using an assembly of generally rigid or semi-rigid boxes engaging telescopically with each other.